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An Account of some fubterraneous Apartments, quitb Etruscan Inferiptions and

Paintings, discovered ar Civita Turchino in Italy: communicated from Joseph Wilcox, Elgi F.S.A. By Charles Morton, M. D. F.R. S.

(Read before the Royal Society)

CIvita Turchino, about three miles these apartments have an elevated

to the north of Corneto, is an part that runs all round the wall, hill of an oblong form, the summit being a part of the rock left for of which is almost one continued that purpose. The moveables found plain. From the quantities of me. in these apartments confift chiefiy in dals, intaglio's, fragınents of in- Etruscan vases of various forms ; in fcriptions, &c. that are occasionally fome indeed have been found some found here, this is believed to be the plain farcophagi of stone with bones yery spot where the powerful and in them. The whole of these apart. most ancient city of Tarquinii once ments are stucco'd, and ornamented stood : though at prefevr it is only in various manners; some indeed one continued field of coro. On are plain, but others, particularly the south eaft side of it runs the three, are richiy adorned; having a ridge of an hill, which unites it to double row of Etruscan inscriptions Cornelo. - This sidge is at least running round the upper parts of Phree or four miles. in. length, and the walls, and under it a kind of 'almoft entirely covered by · several frieze of figures in painting; Tome hundreds of artificial hillocks, which have an ornament'under the figures, are called, by the inhabitants, Monti that seem to Tupply the place of an Rolli.. About twelve of these hil., architrave. There have been no Jocks have at different times been relievos in stucco hitherto discover opened ; and in every one of them ed. The paintings seem to be in have been found feveral subterranean fresco, and are in general in the apartments cut our of the folid rock. same tlile as those which are vfually There apartments are of various seen on the Etruscan vases; though forms and dimensions; some copfilt some of them are much fuperior of a large outer room, and a small perhaps to any thing'as yet feen of one within; others of a fmall room the Etruscan art in painting. The at the first entrance, and a larger paintings, though in general light, one within ; others are supported are well conceived, and prove that by a column of the folid rock, left the artist was capable of producing in the centre, with openings on every Things more studied and more fipart, from twenty to thirty feet. nished; though in fuch a subterra. The entrance to them all is by a pean fituation, almost void of light, door of about five feet in height, by where the delicacy of a finished work two feet and an half in breadth. would have been in a great measure Some of thele, have no other thrown away; these artists (as the light but from the door, while Romans did in their best ages, when pihers seem to have had a small employed in such fepulchral svorks) light from above, through an hole have in general contented themAt a pyramidical form. Many of selves with lightly expresing their


thoughts. But among the immense art, in times of such early and renumber of those subterranean apart- mote antiquity, but as perhaps it ments which are yet unopened, it is may also be the occafion of making to all appearance very probable that some considerable discoveries in the many paintings and inscriptions may history of a nation, in itself very be discovered, sufficient to form a great, though, to the regret of all very entertaining, and perhaps a the learned world, at present almost very useful, work; a work which unknown. 'This great scene of an would doubtless interest all the learn, tiquities is almost entirely unknown, ed and curious world, not only as it even in Rome. Mr, Jenkins, now may bring to light (if success attends resident at Rome, is the first and this undertaking) many works of only Englishman who ever visited it.

Method of guarding again

fmutty Crops of Wheat, by a due Preparation

of the Seeds

To the Authors of ibe British Magazine, GENTLEMEN, A S the smut in wheat is an evil hours, till a kind of strong lye is

1 greatly complained of, and made, which, at the end of that not without some reason, among time, the groffer matter being subfacmers, I have no doubt but your sided, I cause to be carefully drained readers will be well pleased to be off, and put into a large keeve, or informed of a means of preventing tub, for use. the damage which is annually expe- This quantity is sufficient for ricnced in this respect. Z

e ighty bufhels of seed-wheat. As I write from experience, what My next care is to shoot into this I communicate may be depended steep a manageable quantity of my on; and I have great foundation for seed, wbich is immediately to be thinking it will be found of particu. violently agitated, with either birchen lar service to such of your readers brooms, or 'the rudders that are as are practical farmers, and who made use of in stirring the malt in yet are unacquainted with the me the mash-tub in a brewing-office. thod I intend to recommend. As the light graips rise, they must

I have, for many years past, be diligently skimmed off ; and after escaped having smutty crops, by a the feed has been agitated in this proper care of the feed-wheat before manner 'for the space of perhaps it is put into the ground; and the half an hour, it may be taken out method I pursue, though efficacious, of the steep, and fown out of hand, is in itself simple and cheap. with great Safety; and I can venture

I take four bushels of pigeons to say, that if the land is in good dung, which I put into a large tub; heart, and has been properly tilled, on this I pour a sufficient quantity it will not, when Town with these of boiling water, and, mixing them precautions, produce a sirutty crop, well together, let them Itand fix

I am, &c.


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RECITATIVE. HUS of his Delia, forc'd away, 1 An anxious swain was heard to fay :

. His folded arms and head reclin'd, Expreft the tempest in his mind,

But the regions left behind,
Of dry lands and foil unkind,

Overcast with pain the mind, And fright th'altonithid sun.

Air by HOPE. : To fortune never yield, Nor let thine adverse fare surprize;

Thy bliss may be conceald In what has fill'd thy breast with fighs,

By constancy you'll gain, But never, never by despair,

What thus you with in vain The presence of thine absent fair.

Quick from these vales retreat, O Youth! of heart and foul fincere,"

New pleasures thou Malt meet; But thou'can' it never find them here,

In lovely Delia's arms,
Pofrest of every social bliss,

Thou Maalt forget all harms,
Adieu ! 'Tis Hope who tells you this.


AIR, Olet the lonely grove,

Responsive to my woes, Tell my departed dove

How much my borom glows. For you, my absent Maid,

I quit all circles gay, And seek the filent shade,

And thun the light of day. That day, which once fo bright

Arore when you were here, Seis low'ring into night,

Since you 'no more appear. Me, in the dusky gloom,

Let weeping Cupids join : To me let SORROW come,

And mingle woes with mine. With there I'll spend my days,

From ev'ry scene retir'd, Where erst I run'd the lays '

Our mutual fame inspir'd.
Thro' vallies and o'er bills

Our filent course we'll sicer;
And Twell the weeping rills
- With many a penfive tear.
There oft, in happier loves,

The downy flocks combine ;
And, as kind Nature moves,

Obey its call divine.
O.! wou'd the lates decree,

Dear Maid! whom I adore,
You thus thou'd live with me

What cou'd the gods give more?

Gradi costei gran Tempo, o'l moftrà forse,'
Del Giovane amoroso il puro affetto :
Ma non fi tefto (or vedi inftabil Donna!)
Ruflico paflorel l'ebbe guarara,
Che i primi sguardi non Jeffenne, i primi
Safpiri,--e tutta al nucvo amor fi diede.


I. . . VES, Chloe önce I loved, 'tis true; 1 And Chloe faid, me lov'd me too :

But, oh! too soon may jealous eyes
Could see, that of her faithless beart,
Myrtillo had the greater part

And all her vows to me were lyes,
O what cou'd equal my surprize!

Chloe, said I, and cou'd thou bear
With me thy live-long life to share ;

"When that Myrtillo, happy (waio!
Is all thy dazzled soul's delight,
Thy with by day, thy with by night?

Believe me, Chloe, you'd sustain
But very ill the hated chain.

INI. i
Chloe replied, Indeed, my dear,
3 blush ruch mortal sounds to hear.

The Shepherd paus'd, o'ercome with grief;
When jce divineft Hope arise ;
Her smuing face foretold relief,
And pleasure sparkled in lier eyes.

Placed before the thining fair
were bright palaces of air,

Villas fine and gardens rare,
With many a glitt'ring crown;


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