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It is this weakness that the fat. truth fhould sometimes be disguised, terer is'always sure to attack, knowing and not always appear in its naked, the part by which he is moft easily be open colours, especially when the fet, on the side of his vanity person is witness to bis own prais
No wonder that he is liberal of es, or when it is immediately addrejt his praises, which cost him nothing, to him. provided he can serve by it any pri- A discerning person may easily vate adyantage.
distinguish between flattery and difBut adulation, instead of gaining simulation, truth and fincerity. the affections, will rather excite the The one is varmthed over with all . contempt of the wise and prudent: the flowers of rhetoric, all the or they will look upon it as an indigni- naments of eloquence and false coty offered to their understandings, lourings that human cunning can and resent it accordingly.
invent, or specious artifices put toTrue merit consists in our not be. .gether, like the heathen orator Tering conscious of it ourselves. Vanity tullus, using all the dexterity of adeclipses the luftre of our virtues. It dress, all the enticing words of man's is the sure mark, the distinguishing wisdom. characteristic of real desert, to be as On the other hand, it is the prodesirous to Thun applause, as allidu- perty of truth and sincerity to stand ous to deserve it.
forth to view, without any studied Vanity is a frailty too incident to disguises, unadorned by any specihuman nature; whatever praises, ous colourings, diverted of all exwhatever encomiums are past upon ternal ornaments, and needs no us, we are apt to think it is no beauty to set it off to advantage. more than the just tribute of our The clergy most certainly ought merit and deserts.
to guard not only against flattery it. " Praising, as it is commonly ma- self, but against every thing that has naged, (an eminent writer remarks) the most remote resemblance to it. is nothing else but a trial of skill up. They, whose duty it is rightly to on a man, how many good things “ divide the word of truth," ought we can poflibly fay of him. All the not to have mens persons in admiration, treasuries of oratory are ransacked or give flattering titles. It is beneath
all the fine things that ever were the dignity of the pulpit to descend said are heaped together for his sake; to any thing that is adulatory, in and no matter whether it belongs the last degree. Nothing of that to them or not, so that there be but kind should find admiflion there, enough of it.”
where the praises of God, and him To give honour where honour is only, is the proper theme. due, to give every one the just tri- Happy it is for us, that we have bute of their deferts, may be thought a prince on the throne, who hatha pardonable, as it is confiftent with so early expreft his difpleasure against truth; but there is a nicety to be the sycophants that furround it; who observed, so to temper the expreffion is so well able to distinguish between and sentiment, as not to offend mo- that counsel, ubich is given out of desty, nor incur the imputation of private interell, and that which a Hattery.
fpirit of patriotism suggests. Delicacy' requires, that even the It is not the person who glofles
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over false council by fair speeches, whom he always fets before bim) it is not those that speak smooth things he says, “ Give me thy heart." and utter deceits, it is not the cun. He delires nothing else, for every ning, the designing hypocrite, the thing besides is vain and empty. inveigling, the insinuating diffem. It is the Ifraelite indeed, in whom bier;- no, it is he who is most fin- is no guile, and speaketh forth the cere in his advice, who hath the words of truth and Soberness—'tis welfare of his country moft in view, such an one only that the king deligbi. and speaketh the truth from his beart; etb 10 bonour. such an one hath the royal ear. Like I am, Gentlemen, your's, &c. that being (whom be bath learnt to
E. WATKINSON. know, and resolved to imitate, and Chart P. Kent.
NATURAL HISTORY of the BAOBAB TREE.
T HE Baobab, a tree of a new from the roots to the branches; but
k genus which grows in Sene- he had seen several feventy-five and gal, may be juttly reputed the lar- seventy-eight feet round, that is, gest vegetable production in nature, from twenty-five to twenty-seven its valt magnitude being a more fin- feet in diameter. The farft brancbgular and remarkable phenomenon es extend almost horizontally; and than all the histories of botany, or being very thick and about fixty perhaps of the world have yet pro. feet in length, their own weight duced.
bends down their extremities to the The real name of this tree is bao- ground; the center branches rise bab ; the Qualofs, natives of the perpendicularly, but so as to make country, call it goui, and its fruit a shelving, and the tree being thus boui; and the French know it by regularly rounded, its trunk is abfo. the name of calabafier, or calibalh- lutely hidden, and it appears as an tree, and call its fruit pain-de-linge, hemispherical mass of verdure, of or monkey's bread,
about 120, 130, or 140 feet in diThe baobab cannot grow out of ameter. a very hot climate; it delights in a The roots of the Baobab are an. sandy and moist foil, especially if swerable to its fize in all respects: 10 this foil is free from stones that the branches above, there is a cormighe hurt its roots ; for the least respondent number of radical branchscratch they receive is soon followed es below. That of the middle forms by a caries communicating itself to a pivot that strikes very deep into the trunk of the tree, and causing the earth, but the rest spread to. it infallibly to perish.
wards the furface. M. Adanfon bad 'The trunk of this singular tree is seen one laid open by a current of not very high: M. Adanson, (who water, in the extent of upwards 116 had lately communicaied his obser- fect; and it was easy to judge by its vations on the Baobab to the bulk, that what still remained onFrench * academicians) faw bardly der ground, was at least forty of any exceeding twelve or fifteen feet, 6fty feet long; and yet this tree, * Printed in their memoirs for the year 13761.
compared with others, was but of self into a great number of bodies, middling bulk. .
with several facets, each containing · The bark of the trunk is greyish, a brown shining seed, nearly of the smooth, and, as it were, un cuous figure of a kidney bean, five lines to the touch : ftripping it off, the in length, and three in breadth; and inside appears of a green, pricked the pulp that surrounds theme is with red; the thickness is about easily reduced into a powder, brought eight or nine lines. The bark of hither from the Levant, and known, the younger branches is green and for a long time, by the very improthinly diffeminated with hairs : the per name of Terra Sigillata of wood of the tree is very soft and Lemnos. white. . .
M. Adanson believes that the Baş The leaves are about five inches obab may be naturally claffed with long and two broad, and pointed the malvaceous plants that have but at both extremities, pretty thick, of one calix. This free cannot be a sprightly green on the upper fide, transplanted neither when it begins and pale underneath ; and adhering to rise, nor when it is ten years old, three, five, or seven, but most com, as its root would almoft infallibly monly seven, in the manner of a perith. The best plant is that which fan, on a common pedicle, much is from six months to two years old; like those of the chelnut-tree: they branches sometimes take from a sip, only grow on the young branches, but they frequently fail ; and the whereon the pedicles are alternately progress even of those that do is al. placed. The blossoms or flowers ways slower than that of the plant are in proportion to the tree, not rising from the seed. Besides the yielding in magnitude to the largest caries that attacks the trunk of the we know of. They form, when tree when its roots are hurt, it is still in the bud, a globe of about also subject to another malady, more three inches diameter ; and when rare indeed, but not less fatal to it, blown, are four inches long and fix This is a kind of mouldiness that broad. After the falling of the pe- gets into the whole ligneous body, tals and the Itamina, the ovarium, and which without changing the texas it ripens, becomes an oblong fruit, ture of its fibres, softens it to the pointed at both extremities, fifreen degree of its having no more confiftor eighteen feet long, and five or ence than the ordinary pith of trees; sıx broad, cloathed with a kind of then it becomes incapable of resift. greenith down, under which is found ing the ordinary blasts of winds, and a ligneous, hard, almost black rind this monstrous trunk is broke down or peel, and marked with twelve or by the least form. fourteen furrows, dividing it length. The real country of the Baobab wise into ribs. This fruit hangs is Africa, and particularly the westfrom the tree by a pedicle of aboutern coalt of that part which extends two feet in length, and contains a from the Niger to the kingdom of kind of pulp. or wbitish fubliance, Benin. It is not found in the cata. fpungy, and full of fourith water. logues of the Asiatic plants, nor in The pulp seems to make but one those of America ; yet mighư be acmass, when the fruit is now; but, tually in some of the climates of jo drying, shrinks and divides of it, those two parts of the world, which
resemble the part of Africa that pro- there perfe&tly, and become real duces it ; but the tree does not mummies, without any other pregrow there spontaneously.
paration. The greatest number of The Baobab, as all the other the bodies so dried is of the Guiri. plants of the malvaceous tribe, has ots: these people may be compared anemollient virtue, capable of main- to the ancient bards and jugglers, taining in the body an abundant fo famous among our ancestors. transpiration, and of opposing the They are poets and musicians, and too great heat of the blood. The have a kind of inspection over feasts negroes dry its leaves in the shade, and dances. Their number is al. and reduce them into a powder they ways pretty considerable at the courts call lalo, which they mix with their of the negro kings, whom they dialiments, not for giving them a re vert and flatter to an extravagant lish, for the lalo has scarce any taste, degree in their poetical compofiti. but for obtaining the just mentioned ons. This kind of superiority of effect. M. Adanson himself expe- talents makes them dreaded by the rienced the same virtue ; and the de- negroes during their life; they atcoction of these leaves preserved him tribute it to something supernatu. and a French officer, who confined ral: but, instead of making, as the himself to this regimen, from the ancient Greeks, their poets the chilheat of urine and hot fevers which dren of the gods, they regard them, usually attack foreigners at Senegal on the contrary, as sorcerers, and during the month of September, ministers of the devil, and believe in and which raged still more furiously that quality they should draw down in 1751, than they had for several maledi&tion on the earth, or even on years past. The fresh or newly ga- the waters which might receive their thered fruit of this tree is not less bodies; it is therefore that they hide useful than its leaves ; its pulp is and dry them in the hollow truoks eaten, which is subacid and agree of the Baobab. able enough; and in mixing its juice Homer relates, that Ulyfies had with water and a little sugar, a li. made for himself at Ithaca, a comquor is made, attended with the best pleat bedstead of the trunk of an ocffects in all hot affections, and in live tree, supported on its roots, aputrid or pestilential fevers; lastly, bout which he had afterwards built when the fruit is spoiled, the ne- a chamber. If this prince had in groes make an excellent soap of it, the precinct of his palace a Baobab by burning it, and mixing its a les tree, he might have extended the
with the oil of the palm tree that fingularity still farther, and procu· begins to grow rancid.
red himself a chamber and all its furThe negroes make ftill a very fin. niture cut in the same piece of wood. gular use of this monstrous tree. The Baobab was never described We have said that it was subject to properly, either as to leaves, fruit, a caries, which often hollows its or flowers, before M. Adanson; and trunk; they enlarge those cavities, as Senegal is now one of our posand make a sort of chambers, where sessions on the coast of Africa, the they hang the dead bodies of those produce of this tree may in a great they are not willing to grant the ho. measure become an important object nours of burial to; thole bodies dry of our commerce.
JOURNS Y through a WRITER'S HEAD. A DREAM
:, .. To the Author's of the BRITISH MAGAZINE, GentleMEN, T HE fixth book of the Eneid way was through a thick skull, of
1 has always been a favourite which we at once took poffeffion, with me, for the noble sentiments and plunged into the abyss... of morality and the inimitable strain At our first entrance a confused of poetry which run thro'it. I fre- noise assailed our ears, and we were quently režil ic with the most tranf- instantly beset by a number of phan: porting pleasure, and after finilhing tom's placed round the portal. The it, I cannot but look down very god Somnus lay stretched at full much upon the degenerate fate of length, diffusing round him vapoetry among the moderns : for the pours and in sensibility ; a group of ftrong nervous' thought and natural wild dreams and reveries hovered oexpresion, they have substituted ver him, and below flowed the ripretty conceit, quaint phrases, turns, ver of Animal Spirits, dull, now, ftrokes, and I know not what, tend- and lazy. Numbers were gathered ing to a general depravity of taste round the banks, begging a passage among us. Filled with these thoughts; into this gloomy world; but the I lately retired to rest, when queen Charon of the place, a torpid decreMab immediately appeared to me, pid fellow, known there by the name and from the mixture of ideas fluc- of Perception, gave a fe:v of them tuating in my mind, the dressed up a rardy admittance, and to the greatthe following scene to my imagina. er part he was entirely deaf. Ation.
mong those whom he rejected, I perI thought he commanded me to ceived a train, which I took for the set out on a journey through the head Nine Mures, but was informed they of a modern writer, which I instant- never had attempted to pass that way; ly agreed to, and the god Jefs ac- and, upon a nearer view, I found cordingly took me in her chariot. they were the amiable band of mo, In a short time we arrived at the a- ral virtues, who seemed to be expartment where the bard lat, fick tremely dejected at meeting with a lied over with the pale 'caft' of repulse from any human being, thought: Ar mitfirft approach to They gave me to understand, that wards the intellectrial regions, a ter- it is now become fashionable to difrible efflavium, " proceeding," as card them every where, at which I Shakespear has it, "s from the heat. expressed my uneasiness, begged a opprelied brain," struck my fenfes; more intimate acquaintance with but I was 'oon diverted from that them, and advanced towards the uneafy station by a personage who hoarman, Perceprion, who with offered to be my guide : from a con- the help of his spectacles at length scious fimper, a careless difpofiiion descried me, and received me into of his person, and the tenor of his his care. discourse, I knew him to be Vaniry, The river had a great many turnand accepted the compliment. Our ings and windings (for ductile dulla