Mag. A Diteraty

their importunities became so pressing, that no other shifts remained but to ship them for England, and leave them to the mercy of the government. On their arrival, application was made in their behalf to the board of trade; but the forms of office prevented immediate relief, and, in the mean-time, Stumpel came ever, with a view to endeavour to

Anecdote, &c. 599

justify his conduct, and to know how his people would be received; but finding the ministry incensed, his patent revoked, and writs out againsi him to make good his engagements, he watched his opportunity, left the kingdom, and returned to the continent, but to what part is not yet publickly known.

A Literary Anecdote in Relation to thefamous Book entitled, The Poli. . tical Testament of Cardinal de Richlieu.

"]U[ de Voltaire has asserted, that the treatise entitled, Maxima d'Etat, ou Teftamtnt Politique d'Armand du Plejjii, Cardinal Due de Ricblieu, is a spurious performance, and was never composed by that famous cardinal. His reasons are specious, and the faulty and incorrect editions of this work, that have hitherto appeared, gave an additional air of probability to his opinion. This literary diseuflion has excited the attention' of the descendants of this great minister, who are interested, in his reputation, and bear his name; and they have solemnly declared, that by an uninterrupted tradition, which has been handed down in their family from father to son, since the time of the cardinal, it appears evident, that he was the real author of that Political Testament which bears his name. They have also made diligent search among the archives and papers that are preserved in the public offices, and particularly in that of the secre•tary of state for foreign affairs^, as also in the Sorbonne/ and in some private libraries, altd have there

found different original manuscripts of this work, which have escaped the knowledge of Mons. de Voltaire. Among others, they have made a discovery, which decides entirely the point in debate, and that is, a manuscript which contains a supplement to the first chapter of the Political Testament, and which is corrected, in several places, by the cardinal's oivn band. In consequence of all this, a new and correct edition of this famous work has been lately published by Breton, the king's printer, in z volumes 8vo. In this edition, which may be looked upon as the only authentic one, the text N corrected after the original manuscripts, and enriched with notes critical and historical ; the manuscript that was corrected by the cardinal's hand is inserted, and the whole accompanied with a new letter of Monsieur de Foncemagne, in whic'i that learned academician refutes Voltaire, with victorious argument and good manners, and proves demnnstrably the authenticity of the Political Testament.

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T0 the Authort of tbi British Magazine.


THE complicated events arising and the pleasure os making a new from love intrigues seldom fail captive generally obliterates all atto please readers cf every rank, as tachmeats of that kind. Loveless all are more or less subject to the in- was very assiduous in his courtship fluence of this bewitching passion; ofBellamira, whilst Lovewcll, with nor are those of a gay and comic-equal ardour,pursued Clarinda. The turn less acceptable than the more two lovers were equally well reserious and romantic. For this rea- ceived by their mistresses, and Ciason I flatter myself, that the account rinda, without much difficulty, conwhich I herewith send you, and sensed to meet Lovewell at one of which is not the effect of invention, the bagnios of Covent-Garden: she but a real fact, will prove agreea- was punctual to the assignation; but ble to the public. A gentleman of after having waited a considerable considerable fortune, whom I shall, time, how great was her surprise in this my narrative, call by the when Loveless rushed into the room name of Loveless, was deeply sinit- in raptures, and embracing her with ten by the charms of the beauteous the utmost ardour, called her his Clarinda^ who was then a reigniDg dear Bellamira : however, they both toast; but Loveless had not been soon perceived their mistake, and relong married to Clarinda, when Hy- mained for a while quite silent and men, as it often happens, quite ex- amazed. At last Clartada, who had tinguislicd the flames of love. Cla- a presence of mind equal to any of rinda imputed this change in her huf- her sex, burst into tears, and bitterly band's affections to his natural in- reproached her hulband with hafio( constancy ; but she never once sus- rnade an assignation with a lady at ptcted that her intimate friend Bel- that house. — Loveless, whose conlainira had given occasion to it. science told him that her reproaches Far from giving way to grief or were just, answered with a heCtamelancholy upon this occasion, she ting voice, and in the utmost cooresolved to follow the'example of fusion; whereupon Clarinda pressed her husband, and console herself him still more hard, so that at last fqr his neglect, by listening to the he was obliged to acknowledge his addresses of a new lover. It was fault, and ask her pardon. In the not long btforc an opportunity of- meantime, a scene of a similiar D»fered. Mr. Lovewell, for so I (ball ture passed in the next room; Lo«call the husband of Bciiamira, shortly welU who had made an assignation after declared a passion It r her, and with Clarirda, had been, hy another Cl3iinda, notwithstanding her reite- mistake of thonw-aiter, shewn into rated possessions of friendship for the room where Bellamira, in Bellamira. listened favourably to his patient expectation, waited for Loreaddresses, for bve is generally too less. The surprize cn both sides Iv.id for friendship between ladies; Was as great here as at the meeting

Mag. Recipe fir a Pain

of Loveless and Clarinda ; but as BellamMt was not inferior in wit to her friend, flie had recourse to the same artifice: (he told her husband, that she had been informed that he had an assignation with a lady at that bagnio, and that she came in order to surprize him. This appeared so probable to Mr. Lovewell, that he immediately ceased to reproach his wife for her falfhood, and acknowledging himself to be in fault, intreated her forgiveness. Bellamira graciously condescended to pardon him for that time ; but assured him, that if he was ever guilty of such practices again, she would never see his face more. They hereupon prepared to depart, but upon going down stairs, were somewhat surprised to see Loveless and Clarinda, who were then waiting fora roach.—Bel

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lamira, however, ran to embrace
Clarinda, and Lovewell shook Love-,
less by the hand; they all had par-
ticular reasons for declining to accuse
each other, as conscience suggested
to all that they were equally guilty.
Lovewell invited Loveless and Cla-
rinda to supper, and they past the
nightverychearfully together. Thus
did the negligence of a waiter, who
shewed the two gentlemen into 3
wrong place, for that time prevent
a double cuckoldom; but whether
it prevented it effectually, is what I
shall not take upon me to deter-
mine. Certain it is, that Loveless
and Clarinda often make a ptrtie
quatre with Lovewell and Bellamira,
and that none of the four discover
the least jealousy or suspicion.
I am, Your's, &c.


. 1 —


GEnrge Fred. Charles, Margrave his predecessor. To enable him

of Culmbach, succeeded as self to Jo this, he kept a small num

Margrave of Bareith, in 1726. His ber of counsellors, disoanded 3000

predecessor had left an empty ex- of his troops, reduced his table,

chequer, and many debts (of such wore plain clothes, avoided game

a nature as not to be ranked a- ing; and having established a cqun

mong the debts of the government) cil of regency, left his dominions,

and at his accession he was obliged and went to live incog, with the he

to pay the king of Prussia, 460,000 reditary prince his son at Geneva* florins. To have raised this sum on his people (overburdened by the common taxes) was to feck their ruin. He borrowed it of the states of Franconia at great interest, and undertook to pay off the debts of

tec. He did not return till all the debts were paid off, which was about sixteen years. He then refi7 ded with his son at Bareith, where they lived with all the splendour of sovereifuitv.


TAK E of the best Turkey rhu- with camomile flowers, and drink barb one dram; flice it, or about half a pint thereof, every morncut it into small pieces, and chew it ing fasting, fraught or ten days, at going to bed ; it will almost dis- By these'1 "ffies'ns, relief will \t solve with the saliva in the month. ftninii; b^repe^ing,the dose .of rh«i Jn a day or two after taking the barb, Sec. at proper intervals, a cure .rhubarb, make tea, or an infusion will, in all probability, be tffvcted.


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EPISTLE to a Lady.

/~»HISCO, they fay, comet trotting this way:

My Patsy, beware; a serpent lies there. With uplifted eyes and heart-breaking fighs

He'll tell you a tale will surely prevail;
If, thro' the dark cloak, you see not the

joke. [a tear:

Nay, some people swear, he'll squeeze out That, once on a time, he whin'd it in


And cry'd at a rate was never seen yet. If e'er he does that, away, my dear Pat. Methinks you will fay, (P) Sir, you prattle away, Sir, Not knowing the part he has in my heart. Indeed—(B)—If he there has footing, my ■ dear;

Then farewel all hope, then welcome a rope1. (P) 'Tis pretty indeed! this shews why

you plead! [prefer, You're jealous, sweet Sir, left I should To your filly phiz, that mazzard of his. But know, master Bobby, I'm not such a


In matters so nice, to take your advice. What you'd recommend wculd answer no

end, , [light,

But, soon as you might, to glue one so T'endeavour were vain to loose one again. (B) Nor would you endeavour the tye to

dissever. [release?

From that sweet embrace, who wish'd e'er Bead, Patsy, I pray, Hume David's essay About the Androgyne. There ev'ry dear


Will shew there's a glue express for us two.
That, sexes being one *, that son f of a gun,
With malice at heart, contriv'd 'em to

And, when to repent his wicked intent
The bully began, he gave to each man
A bottle ot ; lut—to join tivo and two.
Then—O what gallanting, what flouncing
and slanting? [what gluing?

What billing, what wooing, what sticking,
But as in the crowd the noise was so loud,
*Twas vain to enquire for you, my desire j.
The dear little part he tort from my heart,

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Continued to stray far out of my way;
'Till, puzzling about, long searching it out,
Some two months ago, in youth's lovely

Brisk, beautiful, gay, as flow'rs in May,
My darling delight, you ravish'd my fight.
That half I can swear, my Patsy jm art\
That half then is mitt. I, Patsy,

am tbiee, Sahs-souci.


Distant to southern climes the sloping fun

Hastens to bend his rays beyond the line, Where Sagittary puts his armour on, Slung is the quiver, where his arrows shine;

His azure bow reflects the solar beam, While his bright darts across th' horizon gleam.

Now first, the woodcock, near the gelid stream, [browned copfc,

Seeks his known haunt, amid th' eraWhere cruel fowlers take their deadly lira, Inglorious triumph I fee, the victim drops I— [swains, Forbear your savage sport—oh ! spare, ye The new adventurers on Bi itanma's plain*!

Now sharper bites the hyperborean blast, While eager morning chills us at the dawn,

With drizzling sleet the sky is overcast, And the white frost bespangles o'er the lawn, [so*

The well-napp'd drugget cloaths the turil

And homely cots display a thicker smoke

Come, Myra, since the woods have loft

their shade, Since undelighting are the hills «nd plM«> Quit we the villas, while their glories fade, To seek the town, where gayer pleasure • reigns; But if the villas still delight my fair, Welcome the howling grove, and brsrr.ii air.

She, like Content, can bless the barren heath, ■ [Crnoots.

Her presence bids the sljagey mtunuk:

For where she tr«ads fresh lieibage spring' beneath, [kx**1:

And myrrfes blow in spite of Winter's Mag.

Pottieal Essays for NOVEMBER, 1764. 603

acknowledging her Crant that from thee our minds may never

Lead where is best, O ! lead ui in thy way:
For thou art All, all domination's thine,
Clory and Might, and Love without con-


The rugged North, charms,

Suspends his anger, and hia blast disarms.

The Danger of immoderate Dejlrei,
By Mr. L—NghN.

s\ N India's plains, where Nature dies
V asvay,

Like Semele, beneath th' embrace of day;

Where the faint shepherd feels no cool drops fall, .. .;

Hears of no stream the murmurs musical,

Two brother swains bewail'd the scorching hour, {shower.

And thus implor'd the genius of the To me, said Hamet, may thy bounty yield

One little rill to feed my thirsty field!"?

Still may it flow in competence and peace,' And their united forces join'd
No funs exhaust it, and no storms increase ! I To bring their measures into play,

7i(RATS and

T F Beea a government maintain,
* Why may not Rats of stronger brain,
And greater pow'r, as well bethought
By Machiavilian axioms taught?
And so they are, for thus of late
It happen'd in the Rats free state.

Their Prince (his subjects more to please)
Had got a mighty Cheshire Cheese,
In which his ministers of state
Might live in plenty, and grow great.
A pow'rful party strait combin'd,

He spoke—Obedient to his modest pray'r, See the cleft rock emit the fountain fair! Fresh rising flowers the welcome stranger

hail, . .' [vale. And laughing Spring pursues it through the 'Fir'd at the light, ambitious Rafchid cries, God of the storms, such meanness I despise. O thou, whose chambers captive oceans

keep! [and steep!

At whose command the wild waves wake Ope thy vast uins, discharge the sounding

rains, ';

And pour another Ganges o'er my plains.

Quick at the word, the solid hills dispart; From their torn sides a thousand torrents

start; [expires, Whelm'd in the tide, the trembling swain The hapless victim of his vain desires!


pARENT of bliss, whose reign, in realms
■ above, [love,
Improves the Christian's faith, refine? his'
Display thy pow'r, nor let fond reasoning

Attempt thy great immensity to scar.
Here, as in Heav'n, let all toy will adore;
Quickly thv promis'd paradise restore
Mean while, submiss to thee, wife Nature's

We'll use whate'er to true obedience tends.
Give tis, with sympathizing hearts to move,
Quick to forgive, forgiving, quick to love:
So we unmerited thy love shall gain.
And ling love's raj t'rons, love's eternal

For none so loyal were as they;
Andmone such patriots to support,
As well the country as the court. ''
No sooner were those dons admitted,.!
But (all those wond'rduS virtues quitted)
Regardless of their, prince, and those'' •
They artfully led by the nose, •
They all the speediest means devise
To raise .themselves and-famrliei.

Another party wdll observing
These pamper'd were, while they were

starving, . •' i
Their ministry brought in disgrace,
Expell'-d them, and supply'd their place]
These on just principles were known
The true supporters of the throne,
And for the subjects liberty,
They'd (marry-wouldthey) freely die;
But, being well fix'd in their station,
Regardless of their prince and nation,
Just like the others, all their skill
Was how they might their paunches fill.

On this, a rat not quite so blind
In state-intrigues as human kind,
But of more honour, thus reply'd,
"Confound ye all on'either side!
A l your contentions are but these,
Whose arts (hall best secure the cheese."

..p.asto«Al Etxcr.
To the Memory of Mr. Ch. CHuaCHIit,
By Chr isTOram Ca Abtk It, Ess.

\r" E echoes, my sentiments hear,
* While Churchill I truly deplore;
And now wet his grave with a tear,
Wham I ireeh/ have cenfui'd before.


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