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ble reception. " That (cried he) the future the coblers of Flanders you are welcome to but I would might bear for their arms a bout, not to day have dishonoured St. with the emperor's crown upon it. Crispin to have worked for the em. That request was granted, and as peror." Charles, pleased with the his ambition was so moderate, the honest good-nature and humour of emperor bid him make another. the fellow, sent for him next morn- “ If (says he) I am to have my uting to court. You must imagine most wishes, command, that for the his surprise to see and hear his late future the company of coblers shall guest was his sovereign-he feared take place of the company of thoehis joke on his long nose must be makers.” It was accordingly fo'orpunished with death. The empe- dained, and to this day there is to ror thanked him for his hospitality, be seen a chapel in Flanders, adorn. and, as a reward for it, bid him asked round with a boot and imperial for what he moft desired, and take crown on it, and in all processions the whole night to settle his surprise the company of coblers take place and his ambition. Next day he of the company of Ihoe-makers, appeared, and requested, that for

ES S'A Y on EN V Y. ---ENVY is almost the only vice principles of science, yet suffers per.. Is which is practicable at all times, secution from innumerable criticks, and in every place, the only passion whose acrimony is excited merely which can never lie quiet for want by the pain of seeing others pleased, of irritation ; its effects, therefore, and of hearing applauses which anoare every where discoverable, and ther enjoys. ; . its attempts always to be dreaded. The frequency of envy makes it

It is impoflible to mention a name fo familiar, that it escapes our fnowhich any advantageous distinction tice ; nor do we often reflect upon has made eminent, but some latent its turpitude or malignity, till we animosity will burst out. The happen to feel its influence. When wealthy trader, however he may ab. he that has given no provocation to stract himself from publick affairs, malice, but by attempting to excel will never want those who hint with in some useful art, finds himself pur. Shylock, that Tips are but boards, sued by multitudes whom he never and that no man can properly be saw with implacability of personal termed rich whose fortune is at the resentment ; when he perceives clamercy of the winds. The beauty mour and malice let loose upon him adorned only with the unambitious as a publick enemy, and incited by graces of innocence and modesty, every stratagem of defamation; when provokes, whenever Me appears, a he hears the misfortunes of his fathousand murmurs of detraction and mily, or the follies of his youth exwhispers of suspicion. The genius, posed to the world; and every faileven when he endeavours only to ure of conduct, or defect of oature entertain with pleasing images of aggravated and ridiculed; he then nature, or instruct by uncontested learns to abhor these artifices, at

which he only laughed before, and that the predominance of almost discovers how much the happiness any other quality is to be defired, of life would be advanced by the e. It is one of those lawless enemies of radication of envy from the human society, against which poisoned arheart.

rows may honestly be used. Let it Envy is, indeed, a stubborn weed therefore be constantly remembered, of the mind, and seldom yields to that whoever envies another, coothe culture of philosophy. There fesses his fuperiority; and let those are, however, considerations, which, be reformed by their pride, who if carefully implanted and diligently have lost their virtue. propagated, might in time overpow. It is no sight aggravation of the er and repress it, fince no one can injuries which envy incites, that they nurse it for the sake of pleasure, as are committed againit those who its effects are only shame, anguilh, have given no intentional provocaand preturbation.

tion; and that the sufferer is markIt is above all other vices incon- ed out for ruin, not because he has sistent with the character of a social failed in any duty, but because he being, because it sacrifices truth and has dared to do more than was rekindness to very weak temptations. quired. He that plunders a wealthy neigh- Almost every other crime is prac. bour, gains as much as he takes a- tised by the help of some quality way, and improves his own condi- which might have produced esteem tion in the same proportion as he or love, if it had been well employimpares another's; but he that blastsed ; but envy is a more unmixed and a flourishing reputation, must be genuine evil ; it pursues a hateful content with a small dividend of ad end by despicable means, and deditional fame, so small as can afford fires not so much its own happivery little consolation to balance the ness as another's misery. To avoid guilt by which it is obtained. depraviry like this, it is pot neces.

I have hitherto avoided mention- fary that any one should aspire to ing that dangerous and empiricial heroism or fandity, but only, that morality, which cures one vice by he should resolve not to quit the means of another. But envy, is, fo base rank which nature afligns, and with and detestable, so vile in its origi- to maintain the dignity of a human nal, and To.pernicious in iis effc&s, being.

· ANECDOTE of iße Prince of CONTI. THE prince of Conti being highly considerable value. “Sir, (said he)

pleased with the intrepid be the gold I found in your purse I suphaviour of a grenadier at the siege pose you intended me; but these I of Philipsburgh, in 1734, threw him bring back to you, as having no his purse, excufing the finallness claim to them.” “ You have, fol. of the sum it contained, as being dier, (answered the prince) doubly too poor a reward for bis courage, deserved them by your bravery, and Next moroing the grenadier went by your honesty, therefore they are to the prince with a couple of dia- yours." mond rings, and other jewels of a



I EWIS the eighth, surnamed the Lewis next made himself master of

Lion, was crowned with his St. John d'Angeli, and afterwards confort queen Blanch, on the eighth marched his victorious army to beof August, at Rheims, by the arch- fiege Rochelle. Savari, who had bishop of that city, in the presence the reputation of being one of the of the titular king of Jerusalem, and greatest captains of that age, behathe principal nobility of the king- ved in a manner suitable to that dom. Henry of England, instead character, and follicited continually of coming in person, or sending any relief from England, more especially to represent him at this solemnity, in money; but, being deluded with demanded by an embassy soon after, fallacious promises, and a quarrel athat the king, in pursuance of his rising between the garrison and the treaty and oath, should restore to inhabitants, he was obliged to cahim the dominions which his father pitulate, and was permitted to em. had poffefsed in France. But the bark himself and his garrison for times were changed, and Lewis an- England ; where, looking upon him. swered roundly, that he looked up- self as very ill treated, he returned on his title to the forfeited domini- into France, and entered into the ons, which his father united to the service of king Lewis. All that the crown, as incontestible; and that, English now poflefled was the city with respect to his own treaty, he of Bourdeaux, and the country belooked upon it to be void, because yond the Garonne. To preserve he was informed the English barons ibis, Henry sent a stout squadron, were not restored to all their privi- with a considerable corps of troops liges, and that the French prisoners on board, commanded by his brohad been obliged to pay ransom. ther Richard, whom he made a As it was pretty evident a war would knight, and created earl of Cornensue as soon as the truce expired, wall and count of Poitou, upon this the king renewed his treaty with the occasion. This had an exemperor Frederick, and foon after traordinary effect, the no. 1224. made another with Hughes count bility, clergy, and people, naturally de March, who had married the queen inclined to the English, were so dowager of England. These pre- pleased to have a prince of the royal cautions taken, Lewis resolved to blood amongst them, that they, ena. prosecute his father's design, which bled him to make such efforts as inwas the total expulsion of the En- duced king Lewis to make a truce glish : he raised for this purpose a for three years; for which he is, by numerous army, with which he be- some writers, very much blamed. sieged Niort: the place was defend. The apparent motive of the king's ed by Savari de Mauleon, who had conduct was his being warmly preflhitherto been the chief support of ed by a legate from the pope to take the English interest in Poitou. He the cross, and to march against the made a gallant defence, but was at Albigeois, with which he at length length obliged to capitulate, and re- complied. He accepted, upon this tire with his garrison to Rochelle. occasion, what his father had refu


sed, that is, the cession of the rights bishops in particular, thought very of Amauri de Montfort, to whom unjust), marched directly to Lyons, he promised the high post of con- and from thence, along the banks ftable of France, when it fhould be- of the Rhone, to Avignon ; where come vacant. While he was pre- the people would have submitted, paring for this expedition, a very but that they were afraid of being extraordinary affair happened. There plundered. The king refusing to appeared in Flanders, a man who give them any affurance of the confiled himself Baldwin emperor of trary, they shut their gates, and he Constantinople, and consequently the immediately invefted the place with natural sovereign of that country, an army of fifty thousand men. and as such he was joyfully received. As the people were driven to by the people. The countess, who despair, they made a very had governed from the time of her long and very obstinate defence, till husband Ferdinand's imprisonment, at length the king, who had with finding it impossible to refift, had him the principal nobility of France, recourse to the protection of king forced them to yield to a capitulaLewis ; who summoned this empe- tion ; but found his army fo much ror Baldwin to attend bim at Pe. diminished, and in so miserable a ronne. The man came thither with condition, that he was constrained great intrepidity, related the man- to defer the fiege of Thoulouse, ner in which he had fallen into the which he had likewise meditated, to hands of the Bulgarians, the great the next year; and, retiring from hardships he had endured in his cap. thence into Auvergne, in his paltivity, and the way by which he sage from thence to Paris he was made his escape ; but when they seized with a violent diftemper, of questioned him as to things that had which he died in a week at Montpaffed before he left Flanders, he pensier, in the thirty-ninth year of answered sullenly, that he would his age, and fourth of his reign.. say nothing before such a multitude. Some writers say, that his phylciUpon this the king dismissed him, ans thought he might have recobut with a safe condu&, till he was vered, if he would have taken a soout of his dominions. Upon this man to bis bed; but that he chose the people abandoned him, and, be- rather to die than to commit a moring seized by some of the countess's tal fin. An English historian, horadherents, the caused bim to be tor- ever, who had reason to be well intured to death as an impostor, which formed, and no reason to conceal did not hinder her subjects from re- the truth, gives a very different acproaching her with her ambition and count of his death. He affirms, avarice, that had instigated her to that it happened before the place treat in this manner a person me surrendered ; that the count of knew to be her father. After this, Champagne, who was amorous of the king having assembled his ar- queen Blanch, went to the king and my, and the cardinal legate having told him, that, having served the paved the way, by thundering out full term of forty days, he would an excommunication against the contioue no longer at the siege ; young count of Thoulouse (which that thereupon Lewisthreatened him, the world in general, and many if he departed, he would lay his


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