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6$2 Remarkable Story of the Emperor Charles V. British
George II. He was afterwards made Scarborough, viscount Luroley, and
treasurer to his royal highness Frederick prince of Wales, and surveyor of the customs. His lordship married the lady Frances, second daughter to George Hamilton earl of Oi kriey, by whom he had issue two sons,
colonel of the northern battalion of the Lincolnshire militia.
Arms.] Argent, a fess, gules, between three parrots, proper, collared as the second.
Crest.} On a wreath, in her nest,
Richard lord Lumley, and George, proper, a pelican feeding her young, who died December II, 173* ; and argent, vulned, proper.
three daughters. He died March 15, 1752, and was succeeded by his only son
(4th E.) Richard the present earl of Scarborough, who married on the 1 zth of December 1752, Miss Barbara Saville, sister to Sir George Yorkshire; at Sranstead, in Sussex; Saville, barr. by whom he has issue at Glentworth, in Lincolnstvre; three sons and a daughter. and in Grosvenor-street, London.
His lordship's titles are, Earl of
Supporters.] Two parrots, with wings expanded, proper, i. e. vert, beaked and membered, gules.
Motto.] Murut ttneta confeitntia/ana. A good conscience is a brazen wall. Chief Sean.] At Sandbeck, in
Remarkable Story of the Emperer C H A R L E S V.
/">HARI,ES V. in his intervals of come, we are as merry as the em
relaxation, used to retire to Brussels. He was a prince curious to know the sentiments of his meanest subjects concerning himself, and his administration ; therefore often went out incog, and mixed himself in such companies and conversation as he thought proper. One night his boot requiring immediate mending, he was directed to acobler: unluckily it happened it to be St. Crispin's holiday; and, instead of finding the cobler inclined for work, he was in the height of his jollity among his z-quaintance. The emperor acquainted him what he wanted, and offered him a handsome gratuity. «' What! friend, says the fellow, do you know no better than to ask any of our craft to wotk on Sr. C ispin? was it Charles the Vlh hi nsclf, I'd not do a stitch for him now—but if you'll come in, aud drink St. Crispin, do, and wel
peror 01 n be.'' The sovereign ac-
blt on Envy. 633
Mag. Essay ble reception. "That (cried he) yon are welcome to—but I would not to day have dishonoured St. Crispin to have worked for the emperor." Charles, pleased with the honest good-nature and humour of the follow, sent for him next morning to court. You must imagine his surprise to see and hear his late guest was his sovereign—he feared his joke on his long nose must be punished with death. The emperor thanked him for his hospitality, and, as a reward for it, bid him ask for what he most desired, and take the whole night to settle his surprise and his ambition. Next day he appeared, and requested, that for
the future the cob!ors of Flanders might bear for their arms a boot, with the emperor's crown upon it. That request was granted, and as his ambition was so moderate, the emperor bid him make another. "If (fays he) I am to have my utmost wishes, command, that for the future the company of coblers shall take place of the company of shoemakers." It was accordingly so ordained, and to this day there is to be seen a chapel in Flanders, adorned round with a boot and imperial crown on it, and in all processions the company of coblers take place of the company of shoe-makers.
UNVY is almost the only vice *~* which is practicable at all times, and in every place, the only paflion which can never lie quiet for want of irritation; its effects, therefore, are every where discoverable, and its attempts always to be dreaded.
It is impossible to mention a name which any advantageous distinction has made eminent, but some latent animosity will burst out. The wealthy trader, however he may abstract himself from publick affairs, will never want those who hint with Shylock, that ships are but board?, and that no man can properly be termed rich whose fortune is at the mercy of the winds. The beauty adorned only with the unambitious graces of innocence and modesty, provokes, whenever stie appears, a thousand murmurs of detraction and whispers of suspicion. The genius, even when he endeavours only to entertain with pleasing images of nature, or instruct by uncontesttd
principles of science, yet suffers persecution from innumerable criticks, whose acrimony is excited merely by the pain of seeing others pleased, and of hearing applauses which another enjoys. ■
The frequency of envy makes it so familiar, that it escapes our (notice; nor do we often reflect upon its turpitude or malignity, till we happen to feel its influence. When he that has given no provocation to malice, but by attempting to excel in some useful art, finds himself pursued by multitudes whom he never saw with implacability of personal resentment; when he perceives clamour and malice let loose upon him as a publick enemy, and incited by every stratagem of defamation; when he hears the misfortunes of his family, or the follies of his youth exposed to the world; and every failure of conduct, or defect of nature aggravated and ridiculed; he then learns to abhor these artifices, at
63 + Amcdott is tbt Priaet os Conti. British which he only laughed before, and that the predominance of almost discovers how much the happiness any other quality is to be desired, of life would be advanced by the e- It is one of those lawless enemies of radication of envy from the human society, against which poisoned arheart. rows may honestly be used. Let it Envy is, indeed, a stubborn weed therefore be constantly remembered, of the mind, and seldom yields to that whoever envies another, conthe culture of philosophy. There fesses his superiority; and let those are, however, considerations, which, be reformed by their pride, who if carefully implanted and diligently have lost their virtue, propagated, might in timeoverpow- It is no flight aggravation of the er and repress it, since no one can injuries which envy incites, that they nurse it for the fake of pleasure, as are committed against those who its effects are only shame, anguish, have given no intentional provocaand preturbation. tion; and that the sufferer is markIt is above all other vices incon- ed out for ruin, not because he has listens with the character of a social failed in any duty, but because be being, because it sacrifices truth and has dared to do more than was rekindness to very weak temptations, quired.
He that plunders a wealthy neigh- Almost every other crime is prac.
bour, gains as much as he takes a- fifed by the help of some quality
way, and improves his own condi- which might have produced esteem
tion in the fame proportion as he or love, if it had been w ell employ
impares another's ; but he that blasts ed ; but envy is a more unmixed zai
a flourishing reputation, must be genuine evil; it pursues a hateful
content with a small dividend of ad end by despicable means, and de
ditional fame, so small as can afford sires not so much its own happi
very little consolation to balance the ness as another's misery. To avoid
guilt by which it is obtained. depravity like this, it is not neces
I have hitherto avoided mention- sary that any one should aspire to
ing that dangerous and empiricial heroism or sanctity, but only, that
morality, which cures ope vice by he' should resolve not to quit the
means of another. But envy.i^so base rank which nature assigns, and wish
and detestable, so vile in its origi- to maintain the dignity of a human
nal, and so pernicious io its effects,, being.
'np H E prince of Conti being highly pleased with the intrepid behaviour of a grenadier at the siege of Philipsburgh, in 1734., threw him his purse, excising the fuallness of the sum it contained, as being too poor a reward for his courage. Next morning the grenadier went to the prince w ith a couple of diamond rings, and other jewels of a
<bt Prince (/CONTI.
considerable value. "Sir, (said he) the gold I found in your purse I suppose you intended me; but these I bring back to you, as having no claim to them." "You have, soldier, (answered the prince) doubly deserved them by your bravery, and by your honesty, therefore they are yours."
T EWIS the eighth, surnamed the Lion, was crowned with his consort queen Blanch, on the eighth of August, at Rheims, by the archbishop of that city, in the presence of the titular king of Jerusalem, and the principal nobility of the kingdom. Henry of England, instead of coming in person, or sending any to represent him at this solemnity, demanded by an embassy soon after, that the king, in pursuance of his treaty and oath, should restore to him the dominions which his father had possessed in France. But the times were changed, and Lewis answered roundly, that he looked upon his title to the forfeited dominions, which his father united to the crown, as incontestible; and that, with respect to his own treaty, he looked upon it to be void, because he was informed the English barons were not restored to all their priviliges, and that the French prisoners had been obliged to pay ransom. As it was pretty evident a war would ensue as soon as the truce expired, the king renewed his treaty with the emperor Frederick, and soon after made another with Hughes count de March, who had married the queen dowager of England. These precautions taken, Lewis resolved to prosecute his father's design, which was the total expulsion of the English: he raised for this purpose a numerous army, with which he besieged Niort: the place was defended by Savari de Mauleon, who had hitherto been the chief support of the English interest in Poitou. He made a gallant defence, bat was at length obliged to capitulate, and retire with his garrison to Rochelle.
Lewis next made himself master of St. John d'Angeli, and afterwards marched his victorious army to besiege Rochelle. Savari, who had the reputation of being one of the greatest captains of that age, behaved in a manner suitable to that character, and sollicited continually relief from England, more especially in money; but, being deluded with fallacious promises, and a quarrel arising between the garrison and the inhabitants, he was obliged to capitulate, and was permitted to embalk himself and his garrison for England ; where, looking upon himself 3S very ill treated, he returned into France, and entered into the service of king Lewis. All that the English now possessed was the city of Bourdeaux, and the country beyond the Garonne. To preserve this, Henry sent a stout squadron, with a considerable corps of troops on board, commanded by his brother Richard, whom he made a knight, and created carl of Cornwall and count of Poitou, upon this
occasion'. This had an ex
* 12 2.1
traordinary effect, the no- **
bility, clergy, and people, naturally inclined to the English, were so pleased to have a prince of the royal blood amongst them, that they enabled him to make such efforts as induced king Lewis to make a truce for three years; for which he is, by some writers, very much blamed.
The apparent motive of the king's conduct was his being warmly pressed by a legate from the pope to take the cross, and to march against the Albigeois, with which he at length complied. He accepted, upon this occasion, whnt his father had refused,
636 Cmptndioui History ifFranc*. British fed, that is, the cession of the rights bishops in particular, thought very of Amauri de Montfort, to whom unjust), marched directly to Lyons, he promised the high post of con- and from thence, along the banks stable of France, when it should be- of the Rhone, to Avignon; where come vacant. While he was pre- the people would have submitted, paring for this expedition, a very but that they were afraid of being extraordinaryaffairhappened. There plundered. The king refusing to appeared in Flanders, a man who give them any assurance of the constiled himself Baldwin emperor of trary, they (hut their gates, and he Constantinople, and consequently the immediately invested the place with natural sovereign of that country, an army of fifty thousand men. and as such he was joyfully received As the people weredriven to by the people. The countess, who despair, they made a very 111' had governed from the time of her long and very obstinate defence, till hulband Ferdinand's imprisonment, at length the king, who had with finding it impossible to resist, had him the principal nobility of France, recourse to the protection of king forced them to yield to a capitulaLewis; who summoned this empe- tion j but found his army so much ror Baldwin to attend him at Pe- diminished, and in so miserable a ronne. The man came thither with condition, that he was constrained great intrepidity, related the man- to defer the siege of Thoulousc, ner in which he had fallen into the which he had likewise meditated, to hands of the Bulgarians, the great the next year; and, retiring from hardships he had endured in his cap- thence into Auvergne, in his pastivity, and the way by which he sage from thence to Paris he was made his escape ; but when they seized with a violent distemper, of questioned him as to things that had which he died in a week at Montpassed before he left Flanders, he pensier, in the thirty-ninth year of answered sullenly, that he would his age, and fourth of his reign., fay nothing before such a multitude. Some writers fay, that his phjsici-' Upon this the king dismissed him, ans thought he might have recobut with a safe conduct, till he was vered, if he would have taken awoou<: of his dominions. Upon this man to his bed; but that he chose the people abandoned him, and, be- rather to die than to commit a moring seized by some of the countess's tal sin. An English historian, bowadherents, (he caused him to be tor- ever, who had reason to be well insured to death as an impostor, which formed, and no reason to conceal did not hinder her subjects from re- the truth, gives a very different acproaching her with her ambition and -count of his death. He affirms, avarice, that had instigated her to that it happened before the place treat in this manner a person (he surrendered; that the count of knew to be her father. After this, Champagne, who was amorous of the king having assembled his ar- queen Blanch, went to the king and my, and the cardinal legate having told him, that, having served the paved the way, by thundering out full term of forty days, he would an excommunication against the continue no longer at the sieg*! young count of Thoulouse (which thatthereuponLewisthreatenedhirflt the wcrld in general, and many if he departed, he would l»y ^