« 前へ次へ »
Some Account es Antonio Verrio, an Italian Pointer. Ftom Mr. Walpole's
Antcdottt ef Painting.
CHARLES II. having a mind to revive the manufactory of tapestry at Mortlack, which had been interrupted by the civil war, sent for Verrio, a Neopolitan, to England; but changing his purpose, consigned over Windsor to his pencil. The king was induced to this by seeing some of his paintings at lord Arlington's, at the end of St. James'sparlc, where at present stands Buckingham-house. The first picture Verrio drew for the king was his majesty in naval triumph, now in the public dining-room in the castle. He executed most of the cielings there, one whole side of St. George'shall, and the chapel. On the deling of the former he has pictured Antony earl of Shaftfbury, in the character of Faction,dispersing libels; as in another place he revenged a private quanel with the house-keeper, Mrs. Marriot, by borrowing her ugly face for one of the furies. With still greater impropriety he has introduced himself, Sir Godfrey KnelItr, and Bap. May, surveyor of the works, in long perukes, as spectators of Christ healing the sick. He is recorded as operator of all these gaudy works in a large inscription over the tribune at the end of the hall.
The king paid him generously. Vertue met with a memorandum of monies he had received for his performances * at Windsor: As the comparison os prices in different ages may be one of the most useful parts
of this work, and as it is remembered what Annibal Caracci received for his glorious labour in the Farnese palace at Rome, it will not perhaps be thought tedious if I set down this account, f An account of monies paid for painting done in Windsor-castle for his majesty, by Signior Verrio, since July 1676. 1. S. d.
King's guard-chamber 300 o o King's presence chamber zoo o o Privie-chamber - 200 o o Queen's drawing-room 250 o o Queen's bed chamber 100 o o King's great bed chamber no o o King's little bed-chamber 5009 King's drawing-room 250 o o King's closset - 50 o o
King's eating-room 250 o o
Queen's long gallery 25000 Queen's chapel - 110 o o King's privie back-stairs 100 o o The king's gratuity 200 0 O
The king's carved stairs 150 o o TheQueen'sprivie-chamberzoo o o King's guard chaniber-slairs2oo o e Queen's presence chamber zoo o o • Queen's great stairs - 200 o o Queen's guard-chamber 200 o o Privie-gallery - 200 o o
Court-yard - "200 o 6
Pension at Midsum. 1680 100 o o A gratitude of 200 guineas 215 8 4 Pension at Christmas, 1680 100 0 0 Pension at Midsum. 1681 100 o o The King's chapel - 900 o o Over-work in the chapel i>o, o o
• St. George's-haU is not specified-; Hupposcit was done afterwards.
f Copied, fays, Vertue, from a half sheet ot paper, fairly writ in a hand of the time
p2 Description of the
On the back of this Paper.
His majesty's gift, a gold
chain « - 200 o o
More by the tlukeof Albemarle for a cieling - 60 o •
More my lord of Essex - 40 o 0
More from Mr. Montague
of London - 800 o o
More of Mr. Montague of
Woodcutt - 1300 o o
In all — 6845 8 4 The king's bounty did not stop here; Verrio had a place of mastergardener, and a lodging at the end of the park, now Carelton-house. He was expensive, and kept a great table, and often pressed the king for money with a freedom which his majesty's own frankness indulged. Once at Hampton-Court, when he had but lately received an advance of a thousand pounds, he found the king in such a circle that he could not approach. He called out, Sire, I desire the favour of speaking to your majesty. Well, Verrio, said the king, what is your request? Money, Sir, I am so short in cash, that [ am not able to pay my workmen; and your majesty and 1 have learned by experience, that pedlers and painters cannot give credit long. The king smiled, and said he had but lately ordered him a thousand pounds.
City of Paris. British
Yes, sir, replied he, but that was soon paid away, and I have no gold left. At that late, said the king, you would spend more than I do, to maintain my family. True, answered Verrio, but does your majesty keep open table as I do?
The Revolution was by no means agreeable to Verrio's religion or principles. He quitted his place, and even refused to work for king William. From that time he was for some years employed at the lord Exeter's at Burleigh, and afterwards at Chatsivorth. At "he former he painted several chambers, which are reckoned among his best works. He has placed his own portrait in the room where he represented the history of Mars and Venus; and for the Bacchus bestriding a hogshead, he has, according to his usual liberty *, borrowed the countenance of a dean f, with whom he was at variance. At last; by persuasion of lord Exeter, he condescended to serve king William, and was sent to Hampton-Conrt, where among other things he painted the great , stair-cafe, and as ill, as if he had spoiled it out of principle. His eyes failing him, queen Anne gave him a pension of two hundred a year for life, but he did not enjoy it long, dying at Hampton-Court in 1707.
* It was more excusable, that when his patron obliged him to insert a pope, in a procession rot very honourable to the Romiih religion, he added the portrait of the archbishop of Canutbui y then living. f Giaham.
Afjg.' t)rscription es the
streets great and small, and upwards of 20,000 houses, besides religious structures, colleges, halls, and shops; 52 parishes, 56 monasteries inhabited by friars, 78 by nuns, 14000 coaches, and about 400,000 inhabitants: These consume annually above ico,000 muids of corn, each mutd 2600 pounds weight; 140,000 exen or cows; 550,000 sheep; 125,000 calves, and 40,000 hogs; •00,000 muids of wine, each equivalent to 300 of our quarts, besides brandy, beer, and cyder.
Tho' Paris stands on more ground tr«r> London, which may be much doubted since the great increase of ntw buildings in the latter; it is not so populous, London exceeding it by at least 200,000 fouls.
The houses of Paris are built of •hire hewn-stone and uniform; the streets are of a competent breadth, the foil of which is conveyed into a tana], and washed-down by means of 'large body of water conveyed from 'neighbouring fountain.
As almost every French nobleman h»s a palace, or hotel as they call it, m this city, with courts and gardens belonging to it, in this respect Paris surpasses any thing of that kind to be set with in London. The Louvre, ibeTuillieries, and other royal palaces here, are indeed large and spacious, but old and decayed building'.
Paris has three capital divisions; namely, I. The town, which lies to 'ne north of the Seine: li. The n7i which is entirely surrounded by the river, being in the center of all, t* called L'lsle du Pala s, the Island °s the palace, as the royal pnlace ,Jk«up a great part of it 5 and, 3. The university, which lies to the south of the Seine, together with '"•five suburbs. The whole is far
City es Paris. . 93
ther subdivided into twentyquartiers, or wards.
Paris is the fee of an archbisliop, the feat of the principal parliament of the kingdom, and other chief courts. There is an univerty and fifty-four colleges, but in only fen of these are public exercises performed. The Sorbonue is one of the finest colleges in Europe, and formerly very famous, by which name the whole university is frequently signified : but it is present very much on the decline, on account of its civil jurisdiction, and the other privileges it former enjoyed, being taken from it.
Besides the royal academy of sciences, of much the fame nat. re as our royal society; here is an academy for refining the French language; also academies of painting, sculpture, and architecture; with manv others for the improvement of all mechanic arts and manufactures, as tapestry, Mosaic works in plate, iron, steel, brass, embroidery,&c.
The principal manufactures in Paris are geld and silver stuffs, also lace of the fame materials, tapestry, ribbons, linen, and glass.
The most considerable palaces in Paris are the Louvre, behind which is the Tnillieries; beyond that is a sine walk, called the Queen's-Walk, a Le Coin s de la Reine, the palace of Orleans or Lnxemberg, the roval palace, with the palace where the parliament mee's. Btsides these, there is the Basiile, a prison for state prisoners, and Inch as are taken up by lettres-de-cache t; the Arsenal; the King's Library; the Royal Physic-Garden; the Royal Observatory; the Gobelins for all sortsof manufactures; and the Town house in the square called she Grcve.
Irs principal churches are, the Ctthedru! of Notre-Dame, St. GcneO vieve,
94 Pemariahle Story from Grose's
vieve, the abby of St.'Germain,with the church and nunnery of Val-deGrace, &c.
The first magistrate of Paris is called Prevot des Marchands, or the provost of merchants.
In Paris are ten bridges, the three most considerable of which are the Pont-au-Change, the Pont neuf, and the Pont-royal.
On both fides of the Seine are very
Voyage to the East-Indies. British
fine quays in several places; and in this city are upwards of twenty hospitals, of which the Hotel-Dieu is the largest, &c.
In the square called La Place des Victoires, is a noble statue of Louis XIV. but very much degraded by flattering inscriptions, and the mean prostrations, &c. used formerly, even to a degree of adoration, by the duke de Feuillade who erected it.
To the Authors of the British Macazinb. Gentlemen,
I think I have no occasion to make any great apology for troubling you with the inclosed Story, extracted from Mr. Grose's Voyage to the East Indies ; as its circumstances have something extremely interesting in them, and cannot fail of proving entertaining to such of your readers as delight in the marvellous or pathetic. You will doubtless remember to have seen worse incidents selected for the subject of some modern tragedies.
Windsor, Feb. II, lam, &C.
1764. W. J.
AGentoo, a man of substance, residing on the banks of the Gangers, had a wife ofgrear beauty, with whom he lived happy in the utmost reciprocal affection. One morning early, as she went, in the simplicity of their manner of life, to fill a water-vessel at the river, a Mogul nobleman chancing to pass by, was so struck with her at the first sight, that, yielding to the impetuosity of his passion, he spurred up his horse to her, seized her, and laying her a cross his saddle-box, rode off with her, regardless of her cries, and overpowering her struggles. Whether she was alone or accompanied, no one it seems could inform her unfortunate fpouse.who was theravisher, that he might have implored justice against a violence, certainly not tolerated under the Mogul government;
or of what road he had taken, that by his pirquefitions he might find her out and reclaim her. In this dilemma, life being grown odious to the inconsolable husband, he quitted his habitation, and turned wandering Giojjht, with a double intention of humouring his melancholic turn to solitude, and of searching the whole country for her. But while he was thus employed, the Mogul nobleman had accomplished his brutal purpose.and though at first very cautious at first of allowing her the least liberty, for sear of a discovery, on having two children by her, grew relaxed in that point, even more than the Mahometans commonly are, thinking perhaps to gain her heart by that indulgence, customary among the Gentoos. A*"ter two years then, her husband, now a Gioghi,
came Remarkable Story from Grose's Voyage to the East-Indies.
ame by chance to
a: which she was standing, and
a garden door, begged alms of her. It is not said whether he knew her or not; but at the first fight, and sound of his voice, (he knew him, though in a plight so fit to disguise him. Then it was, that ia a rapture of joy she welcomed him, ind related to him all heradventures, wd the innocence of her heart in all the had suffered, concluding with her dttestation of her present condition, and an offer of immediately making her escape, and returning to his bosom. To this the Gentoo made no other answer or objection, but to represent to her the inviolable rule of their religion in such a case, which did not admit of his receiving her again as his wife, or having any communication whatever with her. However, after joining in the bewsilment of the cruelty of their separation, and of the law that prohibited that re-union, for which they both ardently sighed; and after abundance of consultation, about what measures could be taken, it «s agreed between them, that the husband should incessantly repair to the great temple of Jaggernaut, near the sea-side, in the kingdom ofOrixa, near the mouth of the Ganges, there to consult the high-priest and his chief assistants, whether any thing cauld be done to restore her at least to her religion. Accordingly he •ent, and returned to her with such a countenance as prepared her for the worst. He then told her, that he came to bid her an eternal adieu, for that the taking off the excommunication (lie had however innocently incurred, could not be affectuated but en such conditions, as lie tould neither expect, or advise her to comply with. They were these; &:ihe should destroy the chUJien
she had by her ravisher, so as to leave no living monuments of her pollution by his prophane embraces, then fly with her husband to the temple of Jaggernaut, and there have mt.lted lead poured down her throat, by which means only she might be admitted to die in her cast, if she could not live in it. The wife on hearing these terms accepted them, haid as they were, notwithstanding all the tenderst dissuasions on the man's part. Urged then by the manifold incentives of zeal for her religion, love for her husband, and a hatred for her ravisher, that made her sec in those children of hers nothing but his part in them, all conspiring to steel her heart against the motions of nature, she perpetrated the first part of the injunction, and found means to escape undiscovered with her husband, who durst not even renew with her the privilege of one, as her person still remained polluted, and unapproachable by him under the penalty of a mortal sin, and of falling into the same predicament in whiclj she stood. Arrived at the temple, she presented herself with the utmost constancy and intrepidity to the priests, of whom she demanded the fulfilment of the rest of her sentence. After a sequestration of a few days, and other preparatory ceremonies, she was led to the appointed place of execution in the area before the temple, where, in the presence of an innumerable concou: se of oeople, ■she appeared without the least symptom of sear at the dr.ad'ul solemnity and apparatus of tiie sire, ami instruments of her suffering. After a short prayer she Wes blindlolded, and extended on the ground, with her mouth open ready to receive her death in the melted lead. Instead of which, some cold water ptepared
O S so: