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Behold Bertoldo's dearest plede in view,
Ver. 213. Thy own Rinaldo---) Rinaldo, son of the fourth marquis of Estè, Anno, 1102, with many other Italian poientates, fonght against the emperor Frederic Barbarossii, and Octavian the antipope, in defence of pope Alexander III. This Alexander is he, who, being closely pressed by Frederic, lied to Venice, where hie resided for some time in the convent of Carita, in the habit of a cook, till he was discovered to the superior, and at last re-tored to the popedom. Rinaldo, in this enterprise, bore for bus standard a white eagle in an azuire field, which was afterwards worn for the arms of the house of Este.
Ver. 227. Two Guelphos:---] In the faction of the Guelphs and Ghibellines, arising from the disputes between the emperor Frederic II. and the pope; the lords of Este sided with the Guelplis against the emperor, for which cause the church bestowed on them the dutchy of Spoleti. This faction took its name from Guelpho and Ghibello, the heads of each party.
Of him I speak (Azo the fifth survey)
Ver. 230. Ačo the fifth---] Ezellino de Romano, for his unexampled cruelty, called the son of the devil, by the favour of the emperor Frederic II. entering Lombardy with a vast army, made himself master of many cities, among which was Padua; when desiring to usurp the dominion of Milan, he left it to go to the siege of Mantua. Azo V. having retaken Padua, set at erty above two thousand prisoners, besides many women of quality. In the dungeons, above four hundred and sixty persons were found so worn with hunger, and covered with filth, as not to be known, though most of them afterwards appeared to be Paduans*. His prison was a labyrinth, in which he caused the person who made the model, to be first shut up; at his return from the siege of Mantua, he commanded all the Paduans in Verona to be massacred; of eleven thousand, only twenty-eight, remained alive. He then marched to Padua, but finding it not to be retaken, returned to Verona, and ordered the twenty-eight he had before spared, to be hanged in the market. place : at last being taken by Azo, who gave him three wounds, he was sent to Sonzino, where refusing nourishment, and, as some say, tearing open his wounds, he ended his detestable life.
Ver. 235, ---fir tusonia---] The ancient name for Italy.
Ver. 236. --- Marius, Nero, --] Caius Caligula, and Nero, emperors of Rome, whose reigns were one continned scene of cruelty : Marius and Sylla, the first conse), and the last dictator, in the time of the republic, massacred many Romans in the civil contest between them: by Antonius, he means Marc Antony, wiro after the death of Julius Cæsar, in concert with Angustus, was author of the bloody proscription, which cut off so many of the commonwealth party, among whom fell that celebrated orator, Marcus Tullius Cicero.
* The cruelties of Ezellino are testified by Pietro Gerardo, of Padua, who was his contemporary.
Echold the second Frederic's forces vield,
Ver. 2 10. --- the happylimni presiile,---, Ferrara, situated on the banks of the Po. Fretlerie, persenting the church, was excommunicated by Honorius Ill. and many cities were taken from him, among which was Ferrard, which was givello 12) oi Este', for hig gallant behaviour agamst Trederic.
Ver. 212..--his breathiess son---) Phaeton, u 111, inndertaking to guide the chariot of tiie sun, set the world ou fire: he was thunder--truck by Jupiter, and fell me the Po: liis si-icts, lamenting his death, were changert into trees dropping aruber, and his grandiather Cygnus into a swan. See (tid. Vit. R. ii.
Ver. 218. --- his brothor Ildobranolin--] Otho Il'. making war against the church, assisted by the Ghibelline faction, obliged pope Innocent IV. to retire into the capitol. Aktobrandin of Esil, the first marquis of Ferrara, with other powers, obliged Otho to return to Germany. The marquis, being in want of money in carry on tlie war, borrowed large sums of the Florentine, leaving his brother Azo with them in pledge; and having defeated the emperor, and killed the earl of Celano), who e-ponsed the cause of Otho, he died in the lower of his age, not without suspicion of poison, leaving his brother Azo his heir.
He, wanting treasure to pursue the war,
Ver. 272. Rinaldo next,---] Rinaldo, son of Azo, and defender of the church, was confined in Naples by Frederic II, where being taken off by poison, his natural son Obizo, was by pope Innocent III. with the consent of the emperor, legitimated, and succeeded to the lordship of Ferrara: he afterwards, by force of arms, reduced Modena and Rheggio.
Ilis offspring Azo sec, the sixth that wears
280 The name, whose hand the Christian standard bears. Adria is his; in nuptial union ty’l, Sicilia's daughter shines his blooming bride. Lo! iv yon amiable and friendly band, The most illustrious princes of the land,
285 Obizo, Aldobrand, for virtue nam’d: For love and clemency, Alberto fan'd; With Nicholas : but time denies t explain How with Faenza they enlarg’d their reign; And Adria more sccu ccurely made their own,
200 By whose proud name the briny seas are known; With that fair town, which from the blushing rose, To Grecian bards its pleasing title uwes. And, near the Po, a place whose walls contain A crew that wish for tempests on the main. 295 I leave Argento, Lugo, many a town, And many a castle of deserv'd renown.
Ver. 280.---Azo see, the sirth---] Many Christians being besieged in the city of Prolemais in Syria, in the time of Charles 11. king of Sicily and Naples, a crusade was proclaimed for their deliverance : in this enterprise Azo was made standard bearer, and for bis merits obtained to wife Beatrice, the daughter of king Charles,
Ver. 287.-- Alberto fam’d; ---- Ilith Nicholas :--) Nicholas of Este, and Alberto his brother, purchased, for twenty thousand ducats, the city of Faenza, of John Awcati, an English captain of the pope’s: they afterwards obtained many victories against Bernabo Visconti and other potentates. Nicholas is said, never to have been too inuch elated with prosperity, or depressed by adversity:
Ver. 290.---Adria-] A city, not far from Ferrara, which gives name to the Adriatic gulph.
Ver. 293....its pleasing title owes.] He means Rovigo, called in Latin Rhodigium, from Rhodos, which in Creek signifies a rose.
Ver. 291.---( place whose walls contains 1 crere---] Comacchia, a town in the Ferrarese, sitnated between Primaio and Poiano, two branches of the Po, which often overtiow's and does great dainage