See Nicholas! whom yet in early years,
To honours of command the land prefers.
Ile shall the vain designs of Tydeus quell,

300 Who rashly dares against his power

In rising dawn of youth, his sole delight
In rugged arms, and labours of the fight;
By which he soon obtains a mighty name,
Amid the greatest chiefs the first in fame.

Ile makes his foes their vain endeavours mourn,
And on themselves their cruel arts shall turn.
Otho the third in vain his

power withstands, (Tyrant of Rheggio and of Parma's lands) At once resigning, in the fatal strife,

310 To him his kingdom and his wicked life. IIe shall the limits of his sway extend, But nc'er, unjust, another's rights offend. For this th' Eternal Ruler of the heaven No stated bound has to his empire given:

315 All his designs shall ever prosperous prove, "Till snatch'd from earth to grace the skies above. See Lionel; and next (a mighty name!) Borso behold, his happy age's fame!

to the country: these people, who were most of them fishermen, are said to be desirous of storms, because at that time great quantities of fish are thrown up in the fens.

Ver. 248. Sce Nicholas ! whom yct---] Azo of Estè, who had been driven from his country, seeing Alberto dead, who left only an infant son, named Nicholas, thought of returning, with the assistance 01' Tyileus, count of Conio; but the child's guardians opposed him, and made Nicholas lord of Ferrara, who, being grown to man's estate, slew Otho 111. who hari usurped Rheggio and Parma, and chtained the government of these cities by the voluntary consent of their inhabitants.

Ver, 313. See Lionel; Borso behold,--] Lionel and Borso were natural sons of Nicholas; Ilercules and Sigismund, legitimate :

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He shall in calm repose preserve with care
Those realms his ancestors had gained in war.
lle cruel Wars in gloomy caves restrains,
And binds the hands of Raye in iron chains.
The great designs that iill his generous breast,
Shall all be turn'd) to make his people blest.
Lo! Jercules! of whom 'twere hard to teil
If he in arts of peace or war excel.
IIc, by his virtues, shall at length obtain
The lordshir, thirty years his right in vain!
Pulians, Calabrians, and Lucanians find
Jlis glorious deeds, and bear them still in mind:
Conquest for him ber brightest wreath prepares,
\Vhen, for the kmg of Catalan he dares


Nicholas, dying, left his legitimate children his heirs, and reconmended them to the protecuon of Lionel, who, seizing the government, contined the two brothers at laples, and reigned nine years. At his death, ie leit behind him a young son, named Nicholas, to the care of his lizother Borsu, who generously recalieri the two brothers, and educated them as luy own children. This prince was universally beloved for his many virtues; and baring magnificently entertained the emperor Frederie, was by him honoured with the titic of duke of Ferrara, which title was confirmed by pope Patil 11. since which time his successors Kinued the names of dukes of Ferrara.

Ver. 326. Lo! Ticrcules I--) IIerculos I. the accond ruke of rurara, after the death of Porse, succeeded to the dukedom which had been his right for thirty years, and beheaded! Nicholas, the son of Lionel, who came with the aid of the marquis of Mantha, to get possession of the government. Being afterwards embroiler with the Venetians, he was despoiled of many lanes, and besieged in terrara. A peace being made, llercules fought in the service of Alphonso, king of the Catalans, and gained many victories for him: by his prudence and good conduct, he escaped the oppression of Charles Vill. king of France, who had subduer great partoi Italy, and driven the beforementioned Alphonso from his kingdoin.



Th'embattled field; nor shall one deed alone
Exalt him midst the princes of renown:
For ne'er before shall ruler of the land
Deserve such honour at his country's hand :
Not that their city (with industrious toil)
Jle moves from fens, and builds in fertile soil ;
And for his citizens extends the bound,
And sinks a fosse, and raises walls around;
Adorns with porticos the spacious streets,
With temples, theatres, and princely seats.
Not that, inweary'd in his country's cause,
Ile frees her from the winged lion's paws:
Or when proud Gallia rouses all to arms,
And Italy is kindled with alarms,
Ilis state alone enjoys a peace sincere,
From abject tribute free and servile fear:
Not even for these, and many blessings more,
Ilis native soil shall Hercules adore,
So much, as that he leaves, to bless mankind,
Alphonso and Hippolito behind :
Whose friendship may be match'd with that of old
By story'd page of Leda's offspring told;




Ver. 315..--the ving'd lion's paws :) The arms of the country put, by a figure, for the country itself.

Ver. 35.3. lphonso and lippolito--) Alphonso I. the third duke of Ferrara, and cardinal Hippolito, his brother, both patrons of Ariosto.

Ver. 355.---of Lerlu's ofispring told ;] Castor and Pollux: Castor was the son of Tyndarus and Leda, and Pollux the son of Jupiter, bezou by him, under the form of a swan, of Leda: these brothers were celebrated for their friendship; and Pollux, who inherited inmortality from Jupiter, desired that he might share it with his brother, virich being granted, they are reigned to live and die by turns.


Who each, by turns, could seek the nether reign
To give his brother to the world again.
So shall these two for ever stand prepar'l,
Each with his own the other's life to guard ;
And more defend their land in raging war,
Than steely bulwarks rais'd by Vulcan's care.
Alphonso see! the prince, whose soul shall shine
With wisdom and with piety divine;
That men shall deem Astrea left the carth
To visit after ages at his birth!
Nor shall he less in adverse times require
The prudence and the valour of his sire;

For with a scanty force, he sees at hand
On one side Venice with a numerous band;
She, on the other, who may better claim
A fury's title, than a mother's name;
Against her offspring cruel wars to wage
With more than Progne's or Medea's rage !



Ver. 362. Alphonso see! the prince ,---] Alphonso being at variance with the pope and the Venetians, the former made a league with Ferrando, king of Naples, who sent him Fabritius Colonna, with four hundred men at arms, and Pietro Navarro, with two legions of old Spanish soldiers : he likewise took the Switzers into bis pay, and equipped a feet in the Tyrrhene seas. Navarro entering, by Ro, mania, into the Ferrarese, took Bastia by storm, a fortress belonging to the duke, cutting all to pieces. Alphonso, taking the field, routed the enemy, and recovered Bastia : being wounded with a stone, in the head, his men, who believed him slain, to revenge his death, put all the pope's people to the sword. He afterwards signalized himself at Ravenna, in defence of the king of France, where he gained that memorable victory over the forces of Spain and pope Julius II.

Ver 371.---than a mother's name.] The poet here seems to mean the pope, or mother church, that, till then, hari always cherished the race of Estd as her sons.

Oft as he issues forth by day or night,
lle puts his foes by land and sea to flight.

Ilis forces shall Romania's power o’erthrow,
And stain with blushing streams the banks of Po.
The hireling Spaniard shall his anger feel,
Who for the pontiff' draws th' avenging steel.
The foe at first shall Bastia's castle gain,

380 The captain, in the sudden onset, slain. But soon the victor must his conquest mourn: See! great Alphonso swift to vengeance turn; When not a wretch escapes the general doom To bear the fatal tidings back to Rome.

380 IIis counsel, with his lance united, gains The laurell'd glories of Romania's plaius, Against stern Julius, and the Spanish bands; He gives tlie conquest into Gallia's hands. The country round shall pour a crimson flood,

390 Where floundering steeds shall swim in seas of blood; The deai unbury'd lie: such heaps shall fall; The Spaniard, Greek, Italian, Dutch, and Gaul ! Hle, whom his vest pontifical reveals, Whose honour'd brows the sacred hat conceals, 395 Is bc---íhe curlinal in future time, The church's great support! in prose and rhyme, The theme of every tongue; whose boundless praise, Like Cesar's, shall demand a Virgil's lays, Tis his with noblest decds ľadorn his race: 100 So Phobus' bears the frame of nature grace, Put Lume, and the fainting stars to flight, And shining conquer every other light.

Ver. Syü.---17.c Cirijinii,---} lipolito,

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