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same pistol-shots going off, what has been wanting in his duty. It would the puppies do then ? cock is a dispensation of Providencetheir ears all of them and trot a the puppy has “turned out” gunlittle nearer, led by the most shy, and the beautiful young dog's courageous, to hear what the com- first day is also his last. motion was.

Dogs and human Let us look now at the method beings are in nowise different from adopted by those conversant with one another in some important the " disease," to secure immunity particulars. Some are constitu- from it. A writer in the · Field tionally bold, others timid, and who signs his name, and is evithe more timid a dog is, the greater dently a sportsman, gravely advothe distance should be between him cates the following course of inand the gun when he hears it for struction :the first time, and when you pro

“ Having taught him this lessonpose to accustom him to the sound

to answer to whistle-take him one of it. If keepers appreciated this day on to the lawn, and crack off a axiom, and would take a little half-charged cartridge. If he bolts trouble, a gun-shy dog would be off to his kennel, try the whistle. & rara avis indeed; and I am Probably no effect: then simply bold enough to say that any dog follow him and chain him up whilst can be put beyond the possibility comforting his shattered nerves. If of becoming gun-shy in half-a-dozen your pup is shy the first shot, try him lessons of ten minutes each. Some again shortly, making much of him :

he will soon come to. keepers take a considerable amount of trouble in teaching their dogs I have read many recipes, but to fetch and carry; but it never this fairly beats all. A surer way enters into their calculations that of ruining your dog could not be a puppy may fail in the most devised. You are simply recomimportant particular, or that it mended in cold blood to create is in their power to avert what the disease and then give yourself possibly may happen on the the task of curing it. If the twelfth of August, or the first puppy's nerves are " shattered, of September. A young and the harm is done, and he will fear rather timid dog is taken out, the second discharge more than generally on a cord; a right and the first. You have now got a left, perhaps from more than one gun-shy dog, and though you may gun, is suddenly fired nearly over cure him, it will only be by the exhis back. The noise frightens penditure of an enormous amount him, the restraint of the cord of patience and perseverance. makes matters worse, and he is Some keepers are in the habit thoroughly cowed. “Damn the of firing a pistol before feedingbrute, he's gun-shy,” says some time, the meaning of this manœuvre intelligent sportsman; “shoot being that the dogs may associate him." "So he is,” says Donald. the sound with something pleas"That is a peety; the very puppy ant, and in longing for their food, the maister picket oot for hissel' long for the noise that invariably —the best-looking o'the lot.” announces it. The idea is not a

Neither he nor his master, when particularly original one, and the he draws him aside that evening success or otherwise of the system and tells him with bated breath depends on the size of the pistol the result of the puppy's first day, and the disposition of the dog. A has the slightest idea that any one large pistol would undoubtedly

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a funk which, in nine cases out of tisement means anything, it means ten, is permanent. How to make presumably to satisfy those who him come to heel or to his proper look upon the failing as place is treated of later on; and how hereditary taint latent in the to handle him so as to put him at canine race -a taint of a most once beyond the possibility of being mysterious nature, ready to break “gun-shy” is of vital importance. out with complications at any

A gun-shy dog, it goes without time, like the influenza, and consaying, is useless to a sportsman. clude that “Rab and his friends The very mention of the word -I mean Bang, Rex, and Co.carries consternation with it. The having had many attacks, have wretched animal proved to be outgrown the disease, and are not suffering from this vice, or disease, likely to have any more. "Shiror whatever you please to call it, ley's dogs often turn out gun-shy," is straightway doomed to destruc- said a friend to me when we were tion; and were he the handsomest one day conversing on things and best-tempered dog in the ken- canine. Now, no dogs nel, the sentence is ruthlessly out” gun-shy, whether they becarried out without loss of time; long to Mr Shirley or to any one and so apprehensive are the pur- else; they are made gun-shy by chasing public of being "let in,” the ignorance and imbecility of that advertisements akin to the the keeper or breaker to whom following, which appeared in the they are intrusted for their edu'Field’ quite recently, are occasion- cation. A gun-shy dog is simply ally met with.

Condensed it runs a timid dog mismanaged in breakfollows: “ Messrs Warner, ing. The same dog would almost Sheppard, & Wade · will sell to a certainty be a whip-shy dog, * Bang,” “Rex,''Don,'” &c., naming or an umbrella-suddenly opened-inseven pointers. “All are steady his-face-shy dog, to make rather a and reliable dogs, and have been long adjective of it. Say that heavily shot over. ‘Box,' a first- two or three puppies were playing rate no-slip retriever, All above in a farmyard, and a pack of are warranted not gun-shy.What hounds came suddenly through, would be thought, I wonder, of an the servants cracking their whips advertisement describing a hunter after the stragglers like pistolas “a very fine fencer and tem- shots, what would the puppies do? perate, suitable for an elderly Bolt, every man of them-one to gentleman, has been broken." Yet the stable, another to the byre, the latter advertisement is no more another among the ducks and ridiculous than the former. How geese. One, however, it might dogs that are afraid of the gun can be, would stand his ground longer be described as heavily shot over than the rest. Say, on the other and perfect no-slip retrievers passes hand, that the hounds were passmy comprehension. If the adver- ing some fields away, with the

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1 “Goad, I wudna wonder if he's rinnin' the sheep,” I once overheard a Lowland keeper remark, whose dog had unaccountably disappeared ; and “ rinnin'" them he was with a vengeance, being about three-quarters of a mile away with a lot of “Cheviots" in front of him; and this man had had the dog under his charge from puppyhood in a country where there was little else than sheep !

2 When I advertised recently two puppies for sale, six weeks old, an individual wrote to ask if I would guarantee them not gun-shy !

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same pistol-shots going off, what has been wanting in his duty. It would the puppies do then ? cock is a dispensation of Providencetheir ears all of them and trot a

the puppy has “turned out” gunlittle nearer, led by the most shy, and the beautiful young dog's courageous, to hear what the com- first day is also his last. motion was.

Dogs and human Let us look now at the method beings are in nowise different from adopted by those conversant with one another in some important the " disease," to secure immunity particulars. Some are constitu- from it. A writer in the Field' tionally bold, others timid, and who signs his name, and is evithe more timid a dog is, the greater dently a sportsman, gravely advothe distance should be between him cates the following course of inand the gun when he hears it for struction :: the first time, and when you propose to accustom him to the sound

“Having taught him this lesson

to answer to whistle-take hi of it. If keepers appreciated this day on to the lawn, and crack off a axiom, and would take a little half-charged cartridge. If he bolts trouble, a gun-shy dog would be off to his kennel, try the whistle. a rara avis indeed ; and I am Probably no effect : then simply bold enough to say that any dog follow him and chain him up whilst can be put beyond the possibility comforting his shattered nerves. If of becoming gun-shy in half-a-dozen your pup is shy the first shot, try him lessons of ten minutes each. Some again shortly, making much of him :

he will soon come to. keepers take a considerable amount of trouble in teaching their dogs I have read many recipes, but to fetch and carry; but it never this fairly beats all. A surer way enters into their calculations that of ruining your dog could not be a puppy may fail in the most devised. You are simply recomimportant particular, or that it mended in cold blood to create is in their power to avert what the disease and then give yourself possibly may happen on the the task of curing it. If the twelfth of August, or the first puppy's nerves " shattered," of September.

A young and the harm is done, and he will fear rather timid dog is taken out the second discharge more than generally on a cord; a right and the first. You have now got a left, perhaps from more than one gun-shy dog, and though you may gun, is suddenly fired nearly over cure him, it will only be by the exhis back. The noise frightens penditure of an enormous amount him, the restraint of the cord of patience and perseverance. makes matters worse, and he is Some keepers are in the habit thoroughly cowed. "Damn the of firing a pistol before feedingbrute, he's gun-shy," says some time, the meaning of this maneuvre intelligent sportsman; "shoot being that the dogs may associate him.” “So he is,” says Donald, the sound with something pleas“That is a peety; the very puppy ant, and in longing for their food, the maister picket oot for hissel' long for the noise that invariably —the best-looking o' the lot." announces it. The idea is not a

Neither he nor his master, when particularly original one, and the he draws him aside that evening success or otherwise of the system and tells him with bated breath depends on the size of the pistol the result of the puppy's first day, and the disposition of the dog. A has the slightest idea that any one large pistol would undoubtedly

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frighten a timid dog ; a pistol toy the gallop gets shorter day by day, might not. Perhaps keepers with and before very long they take many dogs under their charge lay little or no notice of its approach. in a stock of the weapons in Pursue the same tactics with your question, from the old-fashioned dog when accustoming him to the " horse" to the modern “Derin- gun. The modus operandi-simple

. ger," to suit their patients. But enough in all conscience-should why, I would ask, run the risk at be as follows. Take him into a all? Why fire a pistol, large or courtyard with a gate to it, or into small, near a young dog till you a field behind a wire fence, or into know he will not be afraid of it?

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where he can I have said, and I repeat, that any see what is going on outside. Do puppy can be put beyond the not restrain him by a cord or possibility of being gun - shy in chain. Leave him free to run half-a-dozen short lessons. Gun- about or retreat should he feel so shyness in a dog is no more heredi- inclined. Send your keeper a long tary than train-shyness in a horse. way off-say 150 yards (the more The gun-shy dog and the train-shy timid the dog, remember the horse have been made so by mis- greater should be the distance) — management. Both can be cured, make him fire a shot, watch the and can be made in time to look dog, and you will at once see how on their pet aversions, the gun much nearer—if at all the shot and the train, with equanimity, should be fired next time. After nay, more, in the case of the dog a few shots he will probably be with affection; but, take my advice, eager to get up to the gun, more educate the animals in question especially if you make the day a properly: you will find it very much pleasant one and give him someeasier thancuring them when spoilt. thing to look for. All this seems If you have a pair of young horses much ado about nothing, and that have never seen a train, to keepers are above taking trouble of put them in the family barouche, this sort, but if you have a valucontaining the wife of your bosom, able dog he is worth making sure drive them to a level-crossing, and of. I have two bitches just now, after fastening them to the gates, beautiful workers, very keen, and wait contentedly for the approach very fond of the gun. Both, I am of the "Flying Scotsman," would confident, would have been made be - putting it mildly -- injudi- gun-shy had I not been careful cious. Instead of adopting this with them. You must judge by plan, you halt your horses on the the disposition of the dog how approach of a train at some con- much care is necessary : never risk siderable distance from the line, a shot close by at first, however and if they are not frightened, bold the puppy seems; for retake them a little nearer on the member once the harm is done it next opportunity ; or—what is far can't be undone save at a vast better-you turn them out when expenditure of time and patience. still young into a field by the side When I began breaking retrievers of the railway, and leave them ab- many years ago, I had a wondersolutely free and unfettered to fully reliable old dog, and the gallop away as far as they like method I adopted when comwhen they hear the engine coming. mencing a puppy's education was The very fact of their being free to couple the recruit and the robs the situation of half its terrors, veteran together.

veteran together. The old one from you.

was steady as the Rock of Gib

“Here I am,” he says; raltar, and nothing would induce “ I've done nothing wrong, and I'm him to go till told, and when the not afraid.” He should look on youngone forgot himself and sprang the whip-and dogs which have forward, I could instantly get hold been broken by a capable, evenof him, check him, correct him, tempered, and humane keeper do and give him his head again. I look on it-simply as a deterrent. broke dogs fairly well in this way, They know when they deserve but it is not the right way: punishment, and they know when besides, if you haven't the reliable they don't; and it is beautiful to old dog, you are ruined—horse, see a bold and dashing, yet perfectly foot, and artillery; for to couple a steady, dog with as much confidence young one to one on which you in his master as his master has in cannot rely is to spoil both : more- him-a dog which, after his educaover, one man one dog may pos- tion is finished, is never touched sibly be in the programme

1 when

with the whip from one year's end we come in again.” The reason to the other.1 I have seen men I took to coupling, as far as I flog dogs as you beat carpetsrecollect, was to endeavour to pre- cruel and lazy ruffians, who have vent a pupil constantly straining let the time go by during which on a cord. I had never in those with no correction they might days met a thoroughly capable have moulded the puppy into breaker. I had seen dogs taken anything. Not even in the case out season after season, constantly of an old dog is this incessant and pulling at their keepers and their brutal flogging justifiable. If the keepers pulling at them,- for a animal has got to a certain age, dog is like a horse, the more you you may kill him,

but pull at him the more he pulls at cure him; and a man of experience you; and by using the couples I ought to be able to decide when hoped to restrain a dog without there is a chance of success if you making a puller of him.

persevere, or when education is I was, as I have said, fairly degenerating into cruelty. successful; but, I repeat, it is not The education - properly so the correct way. A thing I detes- called — of a retriever may be ted and eschewed altogether was a shortly summed up, and may be whip: now I am never without said to consist of only two lessons. one, because I have learned how Not much to teach him, you will to use it. If you see a dog afraid say; true, but you must keep him of a keeper when he cracks his at both till he has thoroughly maswhip, or skulking behind, or tered them. These lessons may inclined to bolt, you can have no aptly be subdivided under two surer proof of the man's imbecility heads : Steadiness and Retrieving and cruelty. When you call to a before you take him out shooting, dog and crack a whip to empha- and Steadiness and Retrieving sise your order, he should come when you have him in the field. bounding up to you, not run away It is impossible to exaggerate the

you won't

1 I once bought a setter from a man in rather a large way, who had a shooting adjoining mine. A worse-broken dog I never possessed. After the purchase I saw on two occasions dogs of his on the public road in full retreat for home!dogs, I mean, which he had out shooting with him. A well-broken dog is nerer cowed.

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