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HISTORICAL AND SELECT ANECDOTES.

105

ANECDOTE OF THE LAWFUL KING OF

SWEDEN.

that such a road could not have been un and heroic as the Spartan and Roman known to bim!

dames of old. As it was impossible to find such a female ready made, he must get some infant and mould it according to his

romantic fancy. THE susceptible heart of this unfortunate Mr. Bicknell, a barrister of considerable monarch lately fell into the chains of a practice and unimpeachable moral characbanker's fair daughter, whose friends were ter, was an intimate friend of Mr. Day's, not quite pleased with the nature of his l of whose untainted reputation credentials Majesty's attention, and his proposal of a were procured; and furnished with them, marriage with the left hand by no means these two friends departed for Shrewsbury, satisfied them. The Count Gottorp, how to explore the hospital there for female ever, valiantly persisted in his overtures, | foundlings. Mr. Day selected two beautiand at last procured the opportunity of ful little girls, twelve years of age each; indulging his chivalrous propensities in a one of them was fair, with flaxen locks single combat with his fair one's uncle. || and light eyes; to her he gave the name The impression of the banker's daughter of Lucretia : the other was a clear brunette was not easily effaced. Caroline used to with dark eyes, more ruddy, and her hair appear to him in visions in various attitudes of a bright chesnut; her he called Sabrina. and shapes-sometimes strangely confound Mr. Bicknell being much older than his ed in appearance with a Princess of Meck-friend, he became guarantee to see the Jenburg, with whom his Majesty had once

written conditions performed under which been on the point of marriage. One day these girls were obtained, and which were the disconsolate lover, partly ou the strength as follows:--that Mr. Day should resign of an invitation to England from the Prince them to the protection of some reputable Regent, took a resolution to depart. The tradeswoman, giving one hundred pounds to hour arrived, the post-horses were at the each to bind her apprentice; maintaining her, door, and the royal lover ready to step into if she behaved well, till she married or bethe carriage, when Caroline's little lapdog, gan business for herself. On either of these which had always before been rather shy | events he promised to advance four hundof his Majesty's caresses, presented itself at red more; but he avowed his intentivo of the coach door, and laid hold of his coat. educating them with a view to making one This had too much the air of an embassy || his wife. Solemnly engaged himself never from his relenting fair one not to melt at to betray their virtue, and if he should reonce the King's feeble resolution. The nounce his plan, to maintain them decently Prince Regent's invitation was forgotten, with some creditable family till they mar. the post-horses sent away, and the monarch ried; when he promised each five hundred returned to his pursuit, with his courage pounds as her wedding portion. Mr. Day renovated by the lapdog's caresses.

then went to France with these girls, not

taking an English servant, being resolved CURIOUS PARTICULARS OF MR. DAY, THE they should receive no ideas but what he AUTHOR OF “ SANDFORD AND MERTON." chose to impart. Mr. Day, in his youth, had cherished

They teized him, they quarrelled and some eccentric and visionary ideas in re- | fought incessantly; they caught the small. gard to a female partner for life: he had, pox, and chained him to their bedside by in the first place, resolved, if possible, that crying and screaming, if they were left a his wife should have a taste for literature moment with any oue who could not speak and science, for moral and patriotic philo- English. They lost, however, no beauty sophy, in order that she might be his com by their disease; but as he crossed the panion in retirement, and assist him in Rhone with his wards after their recovery, forming the minds of his children to stub. the boat overset. Being an excellent born virtue and high exertion. At the swimmer he saved them both. same time he resolved that she should be In eight months Mr. Day returned to as simple as a mountain girl in her dress, || England. Sabrina was bis favourite, and her diet, and her manners; yet intrepid !! he placed Lucretia with a chamber milliner; No. 114.-Vol. XVIII.

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THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO.

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she became the wife of a respectable lioen- Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire. When draper, and abrina was intrusted to the she left school he allowed her fifty pounds care of Mr. Bicknell's mother.

per annum. Beautiful, and universally adIn the year 1770, Mr. Day introduced | mired, she passed the dangerous interval the beauteous Sabrina, theu thirteen years from sixteen to twenty-five, without reold, the celebrated Dr. Darwin, at proach, and io her twenty-sixth year mar. Litchfield; and taking a twelvemonth's ried Mr. Bicknell, the friend of Mr. Day. possession of his pleasant mansion in Stowe After she became a widow she ended her Valley, he prepared to implant in her days in the house of the good Dr. Burney. young mind the principles and virtues of Mr. Day found, at last, amongst the Arria, Portia, and Corvelia. His experi class of women he dreaded (fashionable ments did not succeed. When he dropped women), a heart whose tendernes for bim melting sealing wax on her arms, she did supplied all the requisites of those highnot endure the pain heroically, nor when Aown expectations his enthusiastic fancy he fired pistols at her petticoats, which she had formed. believed charged with balls, could she His favourite system was that horses suppress her screams: when he tried her were only unruly and disobedient from the fidelity in secret-keeping, by telling her of ill usage of man. He had reared, fed, and well-iuvented dangers to himself which, if || tamed a favourite foal, and disdaining to known, would produce yet greater danger. || employ a horse-breaker, he would use it he has more than once detected her telling to the bit and burthen himself: he was a them to the servants or her play-fellows. bad horseman, and the animal disliking his

After several fruitless trials, Mr. Day re new situation, plunged, threw his master, nounced all hope of moulding Sabrina into || and with his heels struck him on the head the being that his imagination had formed; a fatal blow. Mrs. Day survived her adored and ceasing to behold in her his future husband only two years. wife, he placed her at a boarding-school in

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THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO;
CONSISTING OF INTERESTING ARTICLES FROM RECENT PUBLICATIONS, PUBLIG

JOURNALS, &c. &c.

MANNERS, &c. OF THE PERSIANS. | haircloth nose-bag for the beast, containHaving had frequent opportunities of ing chopped straw, or chaff. Second, a observing Persians of the poorer class tra- cylindrical case with a cullyoon, baving velling, some with and some without their on its sides pipes for the tongs, an iron rod families, I shall here attempt a general for cleavsing the pipes of the cullyoon, and description of their mode of life during its chillum and tobacco. This case is often their journies. If the man has with him i painted or covered with carpeting. By his wife and family, which is but rarely the side of the beast walks the man, with a the case, except with those who possess

wallet on his back like a knapsack, and some little property, the wife and children bearing a stick knobbed at the lower end; ride on an ass, yaboo-horse, or mule, she he has generally a child either on his waland the youngest child being covered up. let or on bis shoulder, and in some instances Beneath the covering are also the provi. one also walking by his side. The man is sions and clothes in two bags thrown across relieved by the woman froin the ass as often the beast's saddle, and over them the bed. as her strength will permit. At the end ding, with a pillow, or a nummud rolled of every mile or two the party sit down on up; on these, thrown rather far back, the grass or stones, and, in preference, near rider sits. There are rings and books of water. They travel thus by moonlight, iron fixed to the saddle, on which various || and in the cool hours of the mornings and articles are hung, and reach nearly to the evenings. After nine in the forenoon, in ground. These usually consist, first, of all hot weather, they make a longer halt for

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THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO.

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the purpose of preparing their victuals, and their daily nourishment. Sometimes they of eating and sleeping.

are so fortunate as to find a few berries or Having pre-determined on some place wild sorrel, which serve to quench their near water for this purpose, they begin at thirst on the mountains, or a young thistle. some distance on their approach to it, to || This they dig out of the ground as deep as collect dry weeds, sticks, dung of cattle, possible; the green prickly leaves and the and other combustibles on and near the top serve as fodder for the ass; the remain. road, and thus continue gathering until | ing part is eaten by themselves. Sometimes they arrive at the selected spot.

they may have had an opportunity in passThe ass is here unloaded and turned | ing through the last town, to add a few loose, with his saddle on, to pasture on the luxuries to their store, such as a hard white weeds; if the place be totally sterile the curd cheese, leaves of sallad, a green melon, bag of chopped straw is attached to his a few onions, or at least their top-leaves head, he being secured by the long chain which they do not reject, some salt, and a fastened to his head stall, which serves, on few seeds of the poppy; the latter, when the road, both for bridle and whip. The stuck on the flattened dough before baking, nammud is laid on the evenest spot of give the bread a soft and pleasant flavour. ground, in the shade, or behind the wall It is not unworthy of remark, that the of a ruin, if there be one, to screen the practice of strewing bread with poppyfemale from view. The wallet, or double seeds prevails among the Jews in all coun. bag before mentioned, is then opened, the tries, and seems to be one of the customs contents of which, if the travellers be not which this singular race of men have de. in a state of wretchedness, are a cup or rived from their Asiatic ancestors. wooden bowl of sour milk, a quantity of In this minute detail of the travelling dough worked up the preceding evening arrangements of the poor Persians, we may with a little leaven tied up in a tanned skin recognise many circumstances incidentally of sheep or goat, with the hair outward. | alluded to in sacred history. It is not This dough is exposed to the heat of the likely that habits of life, so simple and inmorning sun, or that of the fire, to com- | artificial, can have deviated much from plete its rising. The towa, or flat iron those of the patriarchs of old. The repose baking utensil, is then uphooked from the || in the open air, the preparation of bread, saddle. It is of an oval form, about ten the leisurely journeying, and a variety of inches by five: they place it on the burn- subordinate circumstances, associate intiing fuel to be heated, while pieces of dough mately with the notions that we gather are detached from the mass and adapted to from Scripture of a way-faring life; and the shape of the towa, being about a perhaps from some of these solitary groupes thumb's breadth at the edge and thinner in the wilds of Arabia or Persia, the painter in the middle, like a large biscuit. They might derive many interesting materials for are wrought to this form by pressure with the composition of a Flight into Egypt. the fingers, and pricked with the point of a If these wanderers are travelling through knife. The cake is slowly baked on the a district in which they observe the black plate of iron, but not turned ; the upper tents of the Illyauts, they, depending on side being merely held to the embers until their hospitality, go to them, and generally it is browned. During this process, some either obtain the present of a small quan. times performed by the female, but oftener tity of such food as they want, or are invited by the man, one of the party goes to the with the customary bishmilla, or welcome, Dearest village to purchase a supply of sour to sit down and eat with them. milk, unless there be some of the preceding

There are certain articles almost as nemeal remaining, in which case it is pre- cessary to a Persian as a clasp knife is to served in a leathern bottle hung on the an Euglish ploughman or labourer. These saddle. It is mixed with water, and be are a flint and steel, with amadou, or the comes a very sbarp and acid beverage. | fungous substance commonly called GerThis, and a proportion of the wheat or man tinder, and cotton match; these barley cakes left of former meals, form the implements for ignition are carried together principal part, and generally the whole of "l in one of the numerous small bags, or

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THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO.

purses, attached to the waist of the tra The food of the more opulent sort of veller, who carries also a case-knife for use | people travelling, is chiefly the bread and or defence, stuck in his cummerbund, or acid milk already mentioned, with the adcloth girdle.

dition of meat, cut into small pieces of fat The repast of bread and diluted sour and lean, stuck on a thin iron skewer and milk being ended, they usually smoke the broiled over the fire. Slices of onion are cullyoon, and then repose all together on sometimes introduced among the fat and the nummud; but more frequently the lean. This preparation of meat is called woman and children are placed on it some khebaub. As the mutton and lamb of Perwhat aloof, so as to be screened from ob- sia are extremely fine and very fat, they servation, the man and his son lying on

are revdered very savoury by this easy and the ground. Thus they sleep until the expeditious mode of dressing. scorching heat of the day is past, when Another very savoury dish of the same they arise, replace their loads, and resume nature is thus prepared :-pieces of the their journey.

fleshy part of mutton or lamb are cut into Persians of all ranks use nearly the same

slices like our chops, which are covered costume; the rich and affuent make no

with sliced onions or sbalots, and stewed other distinction in dress than what arises with black pepper; this is kept for the from a finer quality of cloth; and it is next day's march, when the onions are retheir general maxim, at present, to appear moved, and the meat, fried in a little bulin as poor a garb as the mind can condes. ter or mutton fat, is eaten with bread or cend to, in order that they may elude the rice. demands of the poorer classes for relief, but In winter the men wear over their usual principally with a view to exempt them- clothes cloaks or jackets of sheep-skin, and selves as much as possible from the arbi- have caps of the same material, the wool trary and exorbitant requisitions of govern- being kept inside, and the exterior left in ment. The national dress, then, for the its yellow tanned state, or covered by comen, consists of a pair of drawers, generally loured cloths. The sleeves of the cloaks blue, reaching from the waist to below the sometimes reach to the wrists, but more calf of the leg, over this a shirt of the same commonly terminate at the elbow, the wool colour, open near the right breast, and being observable only at the edges. Men there fastened with a button and loop, and of the poorer class have jackets similar in open also at the sides near the bottom,' form and size made of felt, the body and which reaches to the middle of the thigh. sleeves being of one entire piece. These The sleeves are very wide at the shoulders, jackets are generally woru as cloaks, the and descend to the wrists, where they are sleeves hanging loose outside. They have not tied but left loose. Over the shirt | gloves, or rather mittens, of the same ma• they wear one and occasionally two coats, 'terial. which sometimes open by a row of buttons Of the dresses of the females I can say and loops from under the armpits down to but little. They wear drawers like the the elbow, and always from the elbow to men, and a chemise with an opening, not the wrist, and are bound to the waist either

on the right side but iv front, fastened with by a belt of worsted girthing, or by a buttons; the sleeves have also buttons at cloth cummerbuud, blue and white. Ou the wrist. Their drawers are loose, but the head is a cap of felt or of sheep-skin, worked of different colours, and tight at tanned and lined, or, when marching in the ankle. The upper dress consists of hot weather, a chiutz cap. The shoes are an oblong piece of woollen shawl or linen of kuit worsted or cotton, with leather cloth, folding over the chest and arms, and soles, lengthened out, and turned up at the one corner hanging down behind to below point. These shoes reach up to the ankle, the kuees. There are, no doubt, other and being of an elastic make sit light on garments, but the whole person is envee the foot, without pinching. Persons who loped from head to foot with a long wraptravel bind a cloth ligature about four per of chequered cloth, fastened to a coif, inches broad round the ankles, which, they or cushion, on the head, the sides meeting say, prevents them from swelling.

in front, and reaching down to the feet.

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EXTRACTS FROM ANCIENT HISTORY.

109

MENDICITY.

Suspended from the coif, by two hooks, || the women, indeed, are sometimes seen to with chains or strings down each side of carry their clothes to a streamlet, where the bead, is a long strip of white cloth, || they wash them, and after drying them on which covers the face and the junction of the grass, fold them up for future use. the wrapper in front. The part over the Johnson's Journey from India to England, eyes is open-work, and that opposite the in 1817. mouth has a damp, or wet, appearance, occasioned by the moisture of the breath. This thin slip of cloth is called roobunda; The inconceivable power of habit alone it is only kept over the face when the can cause us to behold without horror and female is within view of strangers, at other shuddering the spectacles that are incestimes it is laid aside, as well as the wrap-santly presenting themselves before us; we per, or, if both are worn, the roobuuda is meet continually old men, Jame and mutithrown back, and left to hang over one lated objects, mothers a prey to despair side of the head and shoulder. Both men without clothing, asylum, or bread; and and women, if travelling, wear high-heeled we hear, with the most impenetrable inslippers and boots of red, green, or yellow difference, this heart-rending cry:-“1 am leather.

perishing with hunger !"-And if we beOrnaments appear to be worn mostly stow on these poor creatures a few halfon the head, arms, and wrists. Scarlet

pence, we think we have performed a seems a favourite colour, particularly for humane action, and we pass on without binding or edging other colours on the emotion or pity! In the mean time where part most likely to be seen by strangers are we going? Perhaps to some public near the ankle. The women studiously spectacle, to the play or opera, where fictiavoid exposing any part of the skin; but tious sorrows will excite all our sensibility, I perceive that the middling class are fond and cause us to shed torrents of tears. Are of carrying their children, particularly if we then only alive to pity in a box at the they be fair, to the gardens and walks, | Theatre, at the representation of a drama, where, I believe, a stranger may notice a tragedy, or when we are reading a roand admire them without giving offence. mance? The beauty of a child is presumptive evi Mendicity is a frightful spectacle, the dence of the beauty of its mother; and the shame of a civilized country, and in great ladies of Persia, amidst so much seclusion | cities this distressing picture is a dishonour and restraint, are entitled to no small to luxury and magnificence; and we canpraise for this ingenious and logical mode not but imagine that the repressive laws of asserting their claims to admiration.

of mendicity are only a barbarous hypoEdging, cord, silk, lace of different co-crisy in governments, when their execution lours, are, I observe, very much worn on

serves principally to conceal only the mithe dresses of men, women, and children,

sery. No one should suffer himself to both rich and poor. Blue is the prevailiug | deprive the poor of casual alms, unless he colour of the garments of the middle and assures to him an honest livelihood, or labouring classes, both male and female; || adjudges to him that labour which is prothese garments are seldom if ever washed, portioned to his strength.-From Madame being kept on until they are worn to rags : de Genlis' Dictionnaire des Etiquettes, fc.

INTERESTING EXTRACTS FROM ANCIENT HISTORY.

SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE EMPRESS HELENA, tius Chloris having, when only an officer, MOTHER OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT. an occasion of seeing and admiring Helena,

The birth of this celebrated female, as well for the noble qualifications of her who was so famed for her piety, and for the mind as for the outward charms of her high renown of her son, was so obscure | person, married her, and took her with him that she is said to have been the daughter into Dalmatia, a province of Illyria, where of an innkeeper. The Emperor Constan- || he possessed great wealth, and where his

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