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VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

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recent should be collected together in such ,, in the Province of Calabria Ulteriore, in the a work: of those in Le Portefeuille Fran- | kingdom of Naples. çais, we have long ago published several. Night, a descriptive poem, by M.E.Elliot,

The poetry of the Portefeuille is good, || jun.: being an attempt to paint the scenery and well chosen ; but some of our very best of night as connected with great and interFrench scholars in England are known to esting events. declare, that they do not admire French Revenge Defeated and Self-Punished, a poetry, and are blind to many of its most dramatic poem. prominent beauties. Though we earnestly wish to see the

MUSICAL REVIEW. talents of many of our indigent and unemployed authors, of true genius, occupied | A Refutation of Fallacies and Misrepresenin this, our native land, in improving its tations in a Pamphlet entitled “ An Expoliterature, and adding to the treasures of its sition of the New System of Musical Edupress, yet we by no means wish to exclude cation. By J. B. Logier. 8vo. Hunthe industrious foreigner from disseminat.

ter, St. Paul's Church-yard. ing knowledge also among us; we were The above well-written Refutation, by unjust else; had it been our lot to sojourn the inventor of the new system, carries with in a foreign clime, we should feel ourselves | it much force of reasoning and truth : invenhappy to be employed, and especially to be tion ought never to be confounded with inclassed amongst its literati. We, therefore, i povation; and that a new and improved wish Mr. Semouin every success; though, system of musical education is as requisite at the same time, we scarce dare hope it ; | in that delightful science as in any other and trust he will pardon the hints we have part of iustruction, no one, surely, will be suggested, as they were given only, from weak or prejudiced enough to deny. Man, our knowledge of this country's taste, with with all his knowledge of the arts, is yet a wish to promote his interest.

very far from a state of perfection in any: it behoves him, then, to employ his talents

in continual search after improvement, in WORKS IN THE PRESS.

order to attain that wished-for end. If the NEARLY ready for publication, in one committee of musical professors, as Mr. volume, 18mo. A Fortnight's Visit ; con Logier declares, in his well-written and taining original, moral, and instructive | modest dedication, approved his plan, and tales for young gentlemen, with wood cuts, exerted themselves in his favour, how can by Branston.

any one be so mad, we might almost say, to There is now printing, in three volumes, | endeavour at a refutation of what such men, a novel entitled The Mock Moralist; or, of known science, approve. A Dressing for Special Dissenters.

The invention of the Chiroplast is as inNearly ready for publication, in one vo genious as useful; it gives ease, where forlume, 12mo. Prince Chilia; a satirical bis- merly there was much labour, in enabling tory of all nations in the world, after the a person, at small trouble, to hold the hands manner of Dean Swift's Gulliver-by Tom well, when playing on the piano-forte, Brown.

which is sometimes not sufficiently attend. Preparing for publication, The Iron || ed to: the invention of Mr. Logier has Mask, a poem. By the anthor of the po been approved of both by Cramer and Clepular poem called The Recluse of the Py- | menti; and we must say, that we ever find TONCES.

men of real merit and science eager in their Miss Hutton is about to publish The encouragement of what may add to the Tour of Africa, containing a concise ac improvement of the art, be it what it will, count of all the countries in that quarter of || in which they themselves excel : those who the globe, hitherto visited by Europeans; carp and cavil are seldom more than half with the manners and customs of the inha- perfect. bitants.

Having given our opinion on this head, Lieutenant Elmhirst is about to publish we shall now let Mr. Logier speak for him. Occurrences during a Six Months' Residence ll self:

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VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

NOTE ON SIR G. SMART'S EXAMINATION, &c. guineas for communicating my mode of instruc.

“ When Sir G. Smart arrived in Dublin, I. tion to a professor, be answered, why not? I see waited on him in company with Mr. Munro, and no reason why any man should not charge wbat invited him to my academy." No, Sir,” said he thinks proper for bis talent." he, “I cannot come. I am a man of candour.

ARRAIGNMENTS AGAINST MR. LOGIER. I know nothing about it, and I do not wish to be a party man."-I replied, that not to come “ I am first arraigned for having said, that would be to make himself a party man, because the master is ob to wade through many it shewed an unwillingness to satisfy himself tedious hours before he can produce a proper whether my enemies spoke falsely or not. I disposition of the hand of the pupil, and that wished him to come and judge for bimself, and by means of the Chiroplast this labour is quickly he would then be at liberty to offer his opinion surmounted.' Now these gentlemen roundly or not, as he thought proper. He said, that deny there is any labour in this part of iostrnche had seen a pamphlet, in which it was report. lion, which, in the same breath, they admit to be ed, that I had asserted nobody knew how to one of the greatest importance to the beginner. teach but myself. I replied, that he had seen Does not this savour of incongruity? and I apthe work of an anonymous enemy, audl begged peal to the decision of every one who has ever he would read my own syllabuses, and learn to heen present at the early instruction of a scholar, the contrary. I accordingly sent them to him, whether this has not always been a serious diffibut received no reply. After this first visit, I culty, of which the master was ever complaining. wrote to Mr. Webbe an account of the testy I have made a most unbecoming insinuation too, manner in which I had been received, and im. it seems, by hinting that ibis defect is often slur. mediately had an answer from him, which spoke red over by the master, for fear of losing a scholar of the Knight in the following handsome terms : by its rigid correction. Whence comes it then • I am inclined, in general, to think extremely that so few who play on the piano-forte hold their well of Smart, and of his motives of action; and hands well, since the difficulty of obviating it is I can perfectly well make ont, that, as his con so slight? Will not the master even give himself nections in London are very extensive and nu this trifling trouble to prevent it? Who can merous, and that there are many, I bave no utter a more gross libel than this upon their prodoubt, who are, in a great measure, dependent fessional brethren? I am further charged with upon him and his good word for their well-being, making one of my chief objects, the depreciation be might very reasonably feel fearful, as you say, of the motives and actions of all other teachers; of being convinced of the efficacy of the system, but to this I give the downright and flat contra-as it might hereafter interfere with a conscientious diction. The very principle on which they recommendation of the aforesaid friends and de- ground this assertion, involves a manifest absurpendents.' This opinion of Mr. Webbe's, in- dity; for it has been spread about, that I deduced me to renew my invitation to the Knight nounce my fellow professors as guilty of gross by a letter, on receipt of which be called at my imposition on the public, because they have been bouse, and left his card, saying he would come practising a mode of instruction different from to my academy, but begged to be allowed to mine. Now I pretend to something new in my bring a friend with him. To this I replied, he mode of instruction, and what absurdity would might bring as many as be chose. He accord- | there not be in my blaming men for not employingly came with Mr. Drouet. I requested both ing a method before it was invented ? Really these gentlemen to ask my pupils any questions these gentlemen do not give me credit for that they pleased; but they declined asking any. portion of common sense which, without much There were about thirty children in the room, 1 exertion of generosity, they might believe me to most of whom executed something on the piano- | possess. forte, or in harmony; and since the committee “ On the authority of Dr. Carnahy, I am have so often repeated that the four young ladies charged with bringing forward a child at my from Ireland have been trained for the purpose examination, who, according to my own account, of exbibition, I beg to ask Sir George, if these had been taught two years by an eminent prothirty children were also trained for this pur- | fessor, and at the expiration of that time bad pose ? After my pupils had gone through vari. been turned off as incurable. For this act I am ous modulations, and two classes had each har. || called an empiric, harbouring deep and dangermonized an air, I asked Sir George what he ous designs against the profession. How these thought of their performance? To wbich he gentlemen strive to monster my nothings,' this replied, that be saw nothing in it but what an passage sufficiently evinces. Now who would able professor might do. But, Sir, said I, you imagine that the whole circumstance, thus pomwill recollect that this bas not been done by ponsly set forth, amounted merely lo this :-A professors, but by children ; and to this point young lady, whom her pareats were very desirI wish to fix your attention, that by my mode of ous of having instructed in music, was put un. instruction I enable children to effect that which der a master; but for two years the child was so you say an able professor may do. When Iin. disheartened by the first difficulties which the formed Sir George that I charged an hundred " study presented, that she made no progress, and

VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

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ERROR IN OPINION IN PLAYING AT SIGHT.

qoitted it in disgust; but on being tried with my passage. Afier all, no pupil should ever :

er attempt mode of instruction, she found these difficulties this trial in the way of exhibition, as the Comso easily overcome that it gave a sudden turn to mittee so reasonably expected my pupils to do, her mind, and she made as rapid a progress as

and as they shall still do, and also play from those wbo had shewn a much more promising figured basses, if they will allow it to be in comcommencement.

petition with their owo. Let this be reserved “ As for what M. de Monti says of the Chiro for the perfect master only." plast, and what he saw in Bohemia before I was

The author's mode of exercise is demonborn, it is too far fetebed, and too long ago to

strated at the conclusion, with a list of most Deed a comment. Whenever be will produce a proof of his assertion it will be sufficient time for respectable names of those who have apme then to bring an answer. But I am sorry for proved his plan, together with a prospectus, him, poor man, he is very much vexed, and says for the perusal of which we refer our readers any ibing that comes into his bead,"

to his well written work. APPROBATION FROM MEN OF SCIENCE. « Mr. Clementi says, 'I have examined your Dew invention, &c. and I am so well persuaded of

CURIOUS ACCOUNT OF A DEAD its great utility, that I cannot but give it the

MONK'S REANIMATION. warmest approbation and recommendation.' “ Mr. Cramer says, 'I consider your invention

It is a well known fact that throughout admirably calculated to lay the best foundation all the monasteries in Sicily the dead bodies for forming the hand of the pupil in the true no of the mouks are dried and made to stand tion of touching the piano-forte.'

erect in niches placed round a kiud of “Mr Kalbrenner says, “I bave found your sepulchral chamber, where one of the bro. Cbiroplast as iogenious as useful, not only for a

thers of the holy order take it in turn to beginper, but for every performer who has con

watch for two hours every night, to put tracted bad habits in the position of the hands.”

them in constant mind of the last awful

change that every one is destined to un" The general notion of playing at sight, is dergo. that a young lady should sit down to a piece of

A monk of Palermo was passing part of music, never having seen it before, and play it straight onward, from beginning to end, without the night in the manuer above mentioned, pause or breach of time. To every musician of when in the interval of his devotional extaste and judgment this idea is preposterous and ercises, he fancied he heard every now and revolting; and indeed wbat can be more so, then a very unusual noise; and looking whether we consider the injustice done to the steadfastly at that part of the room from author, who is thus abused and misunderstood ;

whence it proceeded, he perceived one of or to the performer, whose blunders and misconceptions are thus mortifyingly exposed to

the dead monks nod to him; he held up

every ear of the least discrimination.' Mr. Cramer, his lamp, and the head nodded again : he who is, perhaps, gifted with a greater readiness instantly hastened up stairs to the couvent, of reading than any other man, says, 'there is to acquaint the brethren with this fearful no such thing as playing at sight.' At all events

The monks laughed at his fears, it can only rationally advert to an extraordinary and persuaded him it was a mere illusion aptitude-such as can be possessed only by a consinmate master of his art, in perceiving at a

of the imagination; he, therefore, summonsingle glance the whole drift and design of an

ed

courage to return, but took care to go author, and in conveying that design to the to a different part of these exteusive gal. minds of others by executing at the instant what- | leries, where he remained a while in auxiever the eye perceives. Mr. Cramer's remark is

ous suspence. Finding all still and mostill, however, made out; for there are anthors which no master could read and execute at the

tionless, he began to think he must have instant!

been deceived by his imagination, and “My observations on this subject are

therefore he returned to his former station, meant to discourage the frequent trial of new and fixed his eyes ou the same dead monk. music, but this should only be permitted wheu | He again saw the head move and nod at the pupil has acquired, by constant study and him. Away he ran, and declared, that all practice, a justness of fingering and steadiness

the saints in the calendar should not perof hand, in every description of passage; the

suade him to go down again : he was now master always keeping guard against false playing, even to the nicety of a single note, and con

so positive of the fact he had witnessed standy inculcating a salutary dread of missing a that considerable alarm prevailed in the

omen.

not

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VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICA)..

convent. The monks were called together, y large vault for the bodies of the common and eight or ten descended into the apart- people near the great altar, having an ment with candles and holy water. They opening always left just sufficient to admit were brought opposite to the dead body in one body, with a flag and a ring to it, like question, but just as they drew up, a nod || the coal cellars in England. The priest, of the head put them all to flight. When immediately after the commission of the the superior was informed of it he was ex murder, raised the stone of the vault, and tremely angry, and declared some English threw in the body: he then got water from heretic brad got in and played this trick; | the holy water basin, and with his hand. be therefore went down himself with an kerchief washed the blood from the flags ; other party. As they descended to the after which he let himself out of the church. galleries their courage, in some degree, The murderer, who had taken refuge, wit. abated; and after advancing cautiously to nessed this shocking sceoe without being the place, the superior held up bis lamp to perceived : he declared afterwards that the the mouk. It was no illusion; life had, || act was so justantaneous that it was imindeed, once more entered this frail tene- possible for him to have prevented it. It ment of mortality! At that very moment may be supposed he did not pass a very the head shook violently, and fell from the comfortable night in the church after what body, when out fiew-not the soul of a he had seen, and he began to suspect it monk, but a living rat, which had made its could not be a priest that had committed Dest in the scull.

so foul an act, but rather the devil, who This is a fact which happened lately, I had assumed the shape of a priest. The and is well known and anthenticated at apprehension that his infernal majesty Palermo.

might still be in the church, determined bim to stay there no longer; however,

he could not get out, the doors being all ACCOUNT OF A DREADFUL MURDER locked: but such was the misery of his COMMITTED IN PALERMO.

situation, that the moment the door was A man stimulated by jealousy had a opened for morning service, he left the quarrel with another in the street: be church and gave himself up. stabbed his adversary, and took refuge in

He stated what he had seen, but gave the next church, leaving his knife in the the devil credit for the murder, in which heart of the murdered man. It was late the priests fully supported him. The offi. in the evening, a little before dark. The cers of justice concluded the man was deSicilians have all a firm belief in spectres; ranged: but the story took wind, and as a and as the assassin afterwards declared, he young woman of Palermo was missing and did not feel very easy in his asylam though could not be found, her relations had the he knew he could not be taken in the || vault opened, and there her body was dis. church; yet such were the compunctions covered. The disposition of the higher of guilt on his conscience, that he skulked | powers appeared willing to fix the crime and hid himself behind the columns in on the devil, but the people came in a great agitation. Shortly after he entered body, and, supporting her relations, dethe church it was shut up for the night; | manded justice. Suspicion fell on the he remained absolved in horror of miod, girl's confessor, and he was taken up: the but was roused by seeing a priest, with a man was now couvinced he had not seen very young female, enter from one of the the devil, and gave evidence against the side chapels, along the great aisle; she || priest. Corrupt as may be the government seemed extremely unwilling to go with of Sicily, such acts of atrocity cannot al. him, but partly by persuasion and partly ways be screened: he was found guilty, by force, he brought her to the foot of the and condemned to be hanged. It appeared chief altar: he made her then kneel down, that he had seduced the unfortunate girl, and they appeared to be in prayer, when who became preguant, and fearing detecthe priest suddenly drew a stiletto, stabbedtion, he had persuaded ber to meet him her, and she sunk lifeless on the floor. In in the church, where he committed the most of the parochial churches there is a horrid act as above related. The wretch,

VARIETIES CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

143

however, could not be executed publicly, Spain bas furnished us with wines and because he was a priest : they gave it out snuff, Russia with bemp and tallow, and that he was executed privately, and shew-China with tea. ed a hand for his, nailed up against the jail.

DOMESTIC COMFORT.

PERHAPS there is nothing so much conORIGIN OF THE NAME OF LICHFIELD. | tributes to domestic comfort, to the secu.

LICHFIELD, the chief city of Stafford- rity of families, both as to morals and proshire, signifies in the old Saxon tongue, perty, as a good selection of servants. the field of dead bodies ; so called from a Upon their capacity, integrity, and good number of Christian bodies which lay conduct, more depends than can well be massacred and unburied there, in the per-| expressed. The establishment of the Westsecution raised by Dioclesian. Plot's His | minster Central Mart is highly conducive tory of Staffordshire gives a full account of to this end. Its object is to supply families this massacre, and says, that finding the with respectable servants of all classes ; Christians in the exercise of their religion, and not only with those who are in the he took and carried them to the place class of servants, but with such as are ca. where Lichfield now stands, and martyred

pable to undertake the higher departments one thousand of them there, leaving their

in families, namely, those of education and bodies unburied, to be devoured by birds | domestic management. Governesses and and beasts; whence the place still retains housekeepers will find at this establishment the name of Lichfield, or Cadaverum Cam.

a constant demand. Cooks, ladies' maids, pus, the field of dead bodies. The arms of nursery maids, and servants of all work, the city is an escutcheon with many mar.

are likewise in daily attendance. Male

servants are also to be obtained in the dif. tyrs in it, in several manners mangled.

ferent departments of domestic service,

viz--stewards, gamekeepers, butlers, valets, COMMERCIAL ADVANTAGES. footmen, &c. The nobility, gentry, and To Italy, which was in a state of civi- | persons of the most respectable ranks of lization long before the other states of life daily register their names at this office Europe, the English theatre is indebted for (as may be seen on the books), whom the Punch, for Harlequin, Columbine, the conductors undertake to supply according disciples of St. Crispin, and female fortune- to their wants. Thus no disappointment is tellers.

experienced on either side. Servants are The Opera has long drawn all its re- | immediately supplied with situations, and sources from Italy, and masquerades are masters and mistresses are invariably supundubitably of Italian invention.

plied with servants. None but the most To Italy our cookery stands indebled for respectable are permitted to register themVermicelli, Maccaroni, and Bologna sausa selves.-Office, at the corner of Southampges; while our confectionaries are im- ton street, Strand; open every day from proved by ices, sherbet, and a variety of ten till four. liqueurs, all borrowed from the Italians, who have also taught our perfumers the

BIRTHS. art of making the most costly and odorifer

At Cheltenbam, the Lady of Sir Henry Bun

bury, K.C.B. of a daughter. From the Venetians, France and England

At Edinburgh, the Lady of the Hon. Charles first learned the art of making looking. Noel (daugbter of the Hon. Sir George Grey, glasses ; and France, during the reign of Bart.), of a son and beir. Henry IV. had few coaches but what were At Abeny, Lady Gardiner, of a son. fabricated at Milan.

At Kneesworth-house, Cambridgesbire, Lady From the French we have learned to

Jane Pym, of a son.

At Rochester, the Lady of Rear. Adiniral Sir make plaister of Paris and ragouts.

John Gore, K.C. B. of a daughter. We are indebted to the Germans for sour

At Welwyn, the Lady of H. Fyoes, Esq. M.P. crout, and sophistical dramas and romances. of a daughter.

ous essences.

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