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of future excellence, induced Mr. Colman, || artist. who was just then disappointed of a young |

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LA BELLE ASSEMBLÉE;

For OCTOBER, 1818.

a Pew and Improved Series,

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ILLUSTRIOUS AND

DISTINGUISHED CHARACTERS

Pumber One Hundred and fifteen.

The young lady whose Portrait em- l, lady whom he expected for the opening of bellishes our present Number, is the third the Haymarket Theatre, to solicit Miss and youngest daughter of Mr. William Blanchard's assistance for the first night Blanchard, of the Theatre Royal Covent of the season. The play fixed upon was Garden, and is now in her eighteenth year, Il The Poor Gentleman; Miss Blanchard had having been born on the 15th of November, never studied Emily Worthington, but un1800. When our heroine was only six || dertook it at three days' notice: and in her years of age she had the misfortune to lose performance, though her timidity almost her mother; from which time her father, ll overcame her powers, yet she evinced such to the best of his ability, and with equal merit, and was so warmly encouraged by justice to his other children, has endea- | the audience, as to secure an immediate voured to discharge the anxious duty which engagement from the managers, upon the devolved to him, by giving her an educa | most liberal terms. tion suitable to some respectable situation Miss Blanchard has since been the rein life, but without any reference to the presentative of Berissa, in The Africans ; stage as a profession. Miss Blanchard had, || Miss Neville, in She Stoops to Conquer ; bowever, it seems, made up her mind to Zorayda, in The Mountaineers ; Jessey Oatbecome an actress; and at length, with land, in A Cure for the Heart Ache; Maria, some difficulty, prevailed upon her father llin X. Y. Z. &c. &c. to permit her trying her talents before the We cannot forbear subjoining our meed best judges and most generous public in l of praise to that excellent artist, Miss the world: the result was her making her Drummond, who painted the original of debút in Miss Blandford (the only charac the engraving presented to our readers : a ter she had then attempted to study), in more faithful likeness, we pronounce, was Moreton's comedy of Speed the Plough, on never taken, and the turn of the head, and Friday the 19th of June, 1818, and for Mr. graceful demeanour of the figure altoBlanchard's benefit. The flattering recepll gether, confer the highest honour on the tion she met with, and the evident promise talents of this young and excellent female of future excellence, induced Mr. Colman, artist. who was just then disappointed of a young

148

HISTORY OF MUSIC.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF MUSIC.

. (Continued from page 102.)

Before we say more of the state of played the best, the Queen of Scots or hermusic under James I. and his immediate self? Melvil declared that he found himsuccessors, we must revert to it as it stood self compelled to give the preference to under Queen Elizabeth, who, on her com- ll Queen Elizabeth's playing. Melvil was a ing to the throne, reckoned music amongst true courtier, and perhaps was only comher most favourite amusements, and for pelled by the presence of Elizabeth: for many years delighted iu the performance Brantome, in enumerating the accomplishof it. Sir James Melvil, when sent on an ments of Mary Stuart, declares that she embassy from Mary Queen of Scots to Eli-ll not only touched the lute with unrivalled zabeth, gives an account of a curious con skill, but that she had also talents at comversation he had with the latter. Amongst position. A manuscript, however, is preother questions, as which of the two were served of the Virginal Book of Queen Eli. tallest, which fairest, &c. the English zabeth ; of which Dr. Burney, and other Queen inquired of the Ambassador what writers on music declare, that if her Mawere Mary's recreations ? Sir James re- jesty was able to perform several of the plied, that her Majesty played on the lute difficult pieces of music it contains, she and the virginals.—“ Does she play well?" | must have been a very excellent player asked Elizabeth.—“ Reasonably well for a indeed. Dr. Burney even goes so far as Queen,” replied Melvil. .

to say, that it would be hardly possible to The very same day after dinner, in com- | find a master in Europe who could play pany with Lord Hunsden, Melvil with them well after a full month's practice. drew into a gallery, that he might hear 4 Elizabeth was also a performer on the Elizabeth, in a contiguous apartment, play ) violin, and on an instrument called the on the virginals. Having listened a while, | poliphaut, an instrument not unlike the he ventured to lift up the tapestry that || lute, but strung with wire. hung before the entrance into her chamber, I The chapel establishments of Edward, and seeing the Queen's back was towards Mary, and Elizabeth, continued much the the door, be entered, and stood within the same. Camden says, that the Romish rechamber, delighted with the excellence || ligion remained a full month and more after of her performance. Turning about, the the death of Queen Mary, in the same state Queen discovered him, rose, and advanced, | as before: and certain it is that Elizabeth, and with a badinaye half serious, lifted up who began her reign November 17th, 1558, her hand as if to strike him, telling him | had a solemn service performed for her that she was not accustomed to play be sister Mary at Westminster, December 5th, fore men. The Ambassador, who had aud another December 20th, for the Emresided chiefly in France, knew how to il peror Charles V.; and these, as well as flatter, and excused himself, not particu- her own coronation, were celebrated after Jarly on the custom of that country, but the Romish manner. that he was drawn thither by the melody We find in Neale's History of the Puri. that had so ravished his senses he had | tans, that the service of Elizabeth's chapel forgot all he owed to ceremony and eti- l was not only sung to orgaus, but on other quette; but he was willing to endure any instruments, such as coruets, sackbuts, &c. punishment her Majesty might be pleased especially vu festivals. Under this Queen to inflict on his presumption. Elizabeth | the Church of England, in 1560, might be sat down on a cushion, and Melvil knelt regarded as brought to perfection. Music beside her, but the Queen gave him a | was still retained in divine service, and the cushion with her owu royal hands to place most excellent voices, both of men and under his knee. She then inquired which ll children, that could be procured, were

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pressed into the Queen's service for her have the initials of W. K. and the 106th chapel. Elizabeth, when she first met her ll those of T. C. parliament, requested them to consider reoli Archbishop Parker, during his exile, ligion without heat or partiality; never translated the Psalms into English verse. using the terms papist or heretic in the || He adhered to the Lutheran manner of way of reproach: that they would avoid setting them; they were never published. on one hand the extremes of idolatry and But the most ample and complete edition superstition, and contempt and irreligion of the Psalms, in parts, which appeared in on the other. But this wise Princess re- || England during the sixteenth century, was linquished no prerogative which had been that imprinted at London, by T. Est, 1594; exercised by her ancestors; she issued | the former publications contained only placards for impressing boys into her ser- || forty tunes, but this furnished one to every vice as singers, and paid the greatest atten Psalm. tion to cathedral service.

We are told by Menestrier that psalms Luther, who had first shaken the papal || and hymns were the opera songs of the throne in the time of her father, was both | fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; and Vaa judge and a lover of music: the old me. rillas assures us, that the airs applied to lodies to the Evangelical hymns were all the French version of the Psalms were composed by Lutherans; they are elabo those of the best songs of those times. The rate and florid, like the Latin mass. The Psalms are, in general, now sung in a very metrical Psalmody had its origin in Ger wretched manner, and banish from the many.

mind those devout aspirations they are Calvin was a gloomy and rigid reformer; meant to impart. This is particularly exand the only music he allowed his disciples | emplified in those parish churches where was a monotonous and unmeaning psal. there is no organ. mody, without even the constituent parts Roger Ascham, iu a letter from Augsburg, of mere melody. The inhabitants of Ice- dated 14th of May, 1551, says, “ Three or land, who, in spite of their rigorous climate, four thousand singing at a time in a church once glowed with the most ardent love for in this city is but a trifle." And in Bishop poetry and music, were forbidden to prac- Jewel's letter to Peter Martyr, he says tice the latter in their worship, by the “ Sometimes at Paul's Cross, there will be more freezing religion of Calvin.

| six thousand people singing together." When Sir Joseph Banks visited this In Scotland psalmody was practised very island in 1773, he brought home a very ' early by the reformers; and about the year ancient musical instrument, of a narrow | 1555, one Elizabeth Adamson, a follower and long form, which used to be played of Knox, died singing metrical psalms. on with a bow It was called by the na- The Puritans of England, who, in the tives the long spiel; it has four strings of reign of Elizabeth, devoted our cathedral copper, one of which is used as a drone. service to destruction, assigned the absoPieces of wood are placed at different dis. Ilute necessity of that simple kind of music tances upon the finger-board to serve as which might be understood by the whole frets.

congregation. But all who read the scripSeveral of the Psalms were translated tures will find singing men and singing and versified during the reign of Henry women retained for divine service: and VIII, by Sir Thomas Wyatt, and printed singing necessarily implies a being skilled in 1549. The Earl of Surrey wrote a son- in music. Now, in many conventicles, vet in their praise, and translated others and even parish churches in the country, himself, but both these and the translation each line of a Psalm is pronounced by the by Wyatt are lost.

!' parish clerk before it is sung by the conSteruhold, who versified only fifty-one gregation : this is sufficient to shew that of the Psalms, died in 1549. Hopkins, a the words are injured and disguised by the clergyman and schoolmaster in Suffolk,' mouotonous mamer of geveral psalm-sing. versified fifty-eight; Whittingham five, ing. among which is the 119th; Norton twenty

(To be continued.) seven; Wisdome one; the 7th and 25th

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