ページの画像
PDF
ePub
[blocks in formation]

his amanuensis. He directed me to answer them with ingratitude ? O, ye women, your letter."_" Ah! Madam, however sen your real friend is not the man whom your sible I might be of my happiness, I could beauty allures; it is he, who, with a symnot have imagined it was so great!" "And | pathising heart, laments the absence of your although I do not always object to ex external accomplishments!" aggeration, yet I invite you not to make so The president's lady took me to the asmuch of a trifling occurrence. I had fore- sembly-room, where two seats had been seen your anxiety to visit this house, and il kept for us; the company was numerous, had proposed to come and meet you, as a but partly composed of queer-looking fiforeigoer; I am only sorry I came too late, gures: the members of the society soon for I would not have shewn you that nau after entered in a body, each of them bearseous cabinet that you have been viewing." || ing over his heart an eye io a medallion,

-“Why, indeed, Madarn, in that pretend suspended by a chain of braided hair.ed exhibition of a woman anatomized, 1 | They were all either superannuated or have found every thing except a woman. young men ; but whilst the countenance of Is she, then, amidst all her ornaments, a the former breathed indulgence and urmere accessary article, that may be omitted | banity, the latter looked stern, haughty, without any consequence? Who can be and pedantic; to speak the truth, this octhe saucy author of such an inscription}" casioned me no surprise, as at that time of —That bold satirist is a great favourite | life they should adore, and not scrutinize of mine, he is my husband, Sir: the deno women. Nevertheless, I discovered, upon mination is nothing, nevertheless, it is the more strict investigation, that those indivithing itself that is horrid. After having | duals, whom I had mistaken for old men, viewed that scandalous collection of our were less burthened with years than deceptions, confess now that you must hate brought to premature decay in consequence us.”—“ I, Madam! Ah! heaven grant of excessive laborious study: and as, on the some benevolent deity had so skilfully dis contrary, it is a common thing to see astroguised all the imperfections in which our nomers attain, with unimpaired constituworld abounds! The innocent artificestions, the remotest periods of human life,* of the toilet are an homage paid to our

I concluded that it was less favourable to taste: they evince a particular attention to longevity to be au observer of women than please us men, which, for my part, 1 feel of the skies. proud at our suggesting. Has not unkind, The president at length rang his little unpropitious nature, occasioned sorrow suf bell, and delivered the following animated ficient to those victims who are forced to speech. recur to them, without our overwhelming

TOPOGRAPHICAL MUSEUM.No. XXIII.

WARWICKSHIRE.

Simon, and his wife Alice, who both lie COLESHILL-This place had long under a tomb erected by himself. He died been a royal demesne; it was possessed by in 1519; she survived him, and left by her Edward the Confessor, and afterwards by will a silver penny to every child under the the Conqueror. In the reign of William Rufus it fell into the hands of the Clintons ; || Eratosthem, so ; Copernic, 70; Galileo, 78;

* Thales lived 90 years; Democritus, 109 ; from them to the Mountforts, who held it | Stoftler, 79; Fernel, 72; Mercator, 82; Clatill the reign of Henry VII. Coleshill, || vius, 75; Briggs, 78; Borelli

, 71; Newton, 85; after the execution of Perkin Warbeck, || Halley, 86; Bradley, 70; Mouton, 78; Hevilms, was immediately bestowed on Simon Dig- ||76; Sethward, 73; Kirch, 71; Labire, 78 by, ancestor to the present Lord Digby,

Flamstead, 74; Desplaces, 77; John Bernouilli, now the possessor; in the church are vari | 71; Daniel, 82; Dominic Cassini, 89; Jacques,

84; Francis, 71; Huygheps, 66 ; Delisle, 80; ous fine tombs belonging to the Digbys. Evler, 77 ; La Condamine, 71; Pingre, 83; LeAmong others, that of the above-mentioned l monnier, 84.

Dda

[blocks in formation]

BEDFORDSHIRE.

age of nine, whose parents were house The famous translator Philemon Holland keepers in the parish, on condition that lies buried in Trinity church; he is said to every day in the year, after mass, they have written a large folio with only one should kneel down at the altar, and say pen, which never wanted mending; which five paternosters, an ave, and a creed for gave occasion to the following lines: her soul and that of her husband, and all « With one sole pen I wrote this book, Christian souls; she likewise left to the * “ Made of a grey-goose quill ; Dean the annual sum of six shillings and

“ A pen it was when it I look,

“ And a pen I leave it still." eightpenice to see this duty performed, which continued till the reformation. The COMBE ABBEY.-Notwithstanding the inhabitants purchased from the crown the conversion of this ancient building to the lands charged with this money, part of seat of a nobleman, it yet retains the form

The cloisters are which maintains a school; the rest is dis- of its conventual state. tributed to such children who repair to the preserved on three sides of the ancient church every morning at ten o'clock, and court, glazed as wben occupied by its forsay the Lord's prayer; and the clerk has | mer owners.. an allowance for seeing the performance, Lord Harrington was the refounder of and ringing the bell to summons them. this house, which is beautifully adorned

Coleshill Hall, the deserted seat of the within, with portraits of distinguished chaDigbys, lies about a mile or two from the racters. town, in a fine park. The house consists of but one story, besides garrets; yet the apartments are numerous; approachable DUNSTABLE_A long old town, where only by strange and unintelligible entrances. Roman money has been very frequently

Coventry. The time of the foundation found. According to the monkish legends of this city is unknown: the traitor Edric its name was Dup's stable, or the stable of ravaged the country in 1016, and burnt a robber named Dun. It very probably the nunnery in Coventry: on its ruins, was a waste at the time of the conquest, Leofric, the fifth Earl of Mercia, founded and might have been a barbour for thieves, a monastery. The town was made a cor by reason of the woods with wbich the poration in the reign of Edward III. In country was overrun. This determined that of Henry IV. two Parliaments were Heory 1. to colonize the spot, and he enheld there.

couraged the people, by proclamation, to Coventry is seated on a ground gently settle there. He also built a royal palace, sloping on most sides; the streets are in called Kingsbury, which stood near the geveral narrow, and composed of very an- ! church ; the site of which palace is now cient buildings. The church of St. Michael occupied by a farm-house. Here Henry has a specimen of the most beautiful steeple kept his Christmas, with his whole court, in Europe; a tower enriched with saintly in 1123. He made the town a borough, figures on the sides, and an octagon rising bestowed on it a fair and market, and seveout of it, lengthened into a most elegant ral other privileges. He kept the town spire. Sir Christopher Wren used to speak seventeen years in his own bands, and then of this as a complete masterpiece of archi- bestowed it, with all its privileges, on the tecture : in King Stephen's time this church priory, which he founded here for black was a chapel to the monks; became after canons about 1131. The church, and an wards a vicarage ; and on the dissolution | arch in the adjoining wall, are the only of the religious houses, fell to the crown. remaius of the priory. The front of the The above-mentioned beautiful steeple was church is singular, having a gallery divided begun in the reigu of Edward III. in 1372, by carved Gothic arches; a great door, by two brothers, Adam and William Bota, with a round arch, richly carved with at their own charges, which amounted an scrolls and ovals, including human figures; mually to one hundred pounds; it was and the capitals of the pillars cut into grotwenty years in building. Coventry used tesque forms. The steeple is attached to to be styled the secret harbour of Margaret one side of the front. of Aujou.

The town of Dunstable is now chiefly

[blocks in formation]

HERTFORDSHIRE.

supported by the continual passing of tra, Gothic tabernacle work: the high altar fills vellers. A neat manufacture of straw hats, the end of the choir; a rich and elegant baskets, and toys, support many of the piece of Gothic workmanship, and once poor.

adorned with images of gold and silver, About four miles from Dunstable is Mar- | placed in beautiful niches: the middle part ket Cell, now a gentleman's seat, but for- l is modern and clumsy. This altar was merly a nunnery of Benedictines, dedicated made in the reign of Edward IV. or to the Holy Trinity of the Wood. The Richard III. and cost eleven hundred monkish legend says it owed its origin to

marks. Roger, a monk of St. Alban's, who, on his The superb shrine of St. Alban was return from Jerusalem, led there an ere- || placed in a chapel dedicated to that saint, mitical life; and taking under his care behind the choir : a small wouden gallery Christina, a rich virgin of Huntingdon, in- | is yet standing, where a careful and trusty spired her with the same contempt of the mook used to keep watch and ward, to preworld. She succeeded to his cell, and vent the precious jewels, and other valuable many temptations did she resist, and was ornaments about this shrine, from being visited by divine visions, and had many | stolen. miracles wrought in her favour. She was On the south side of St. Alban's chapel constituted first Abbess of Market Cell by is the magnificent tomb of Humphrey, the Geoffry, Abbot of St. Alban's in 1119. good Duke of Gloucester. He was uncle

to Henry VI. and regent of the kingdom

during the King's nonage: his many excelSt. Alban's. This town spreads along | lent qualities gained him the love of the the slopes and top of a hill. The church, people, but bis popularity caused bim to in its present state, is a grand and vene- be bated by the Queen and her partyrable pile; its form is that of a cross, with | They first effected the ruiu of his Duchess a tower. The height of the tower is one by a ridiculous charge of witchcraft, and hundred and forty-four feet ; that of the afterwards brought a grouudless charge of body, sixty-five; of the aisles, thirty; and treason against himself. He was conveyed the breadth of the body, two hundred and to St. Edmund's Bury, where a parliament seventeen. By neglect, or by the ravages was convened in 1446, before whom he of war, the original church fell to decay; was accused; but his enemies fearing to exand a famine prevented the building of the ecute bim publicly, caused bim to be stifled pew church under the Abbot Leofric. The in his bed, and then pretended he died troubles that ensued under the remaining with vexation at his disgrace. Gloucester Saxon monarchs, and the unsettled state of || had always great predilection for St. Althe kingdom at the conquest, caused the ban's; he had beslowed on it rich vestplan to lie dormant till 1077, when it was ments, to the value of three thousand executed by Paul, a Norman monk. Many || marks, and the manor of Pembroke, that other parts were afterwards pulled down the monks might pray for his soul; and he and rebuilt in the style of the times; but particularly directed that his body should the present windows are certainly long || be buried within those holy walls. posterior to those coeval with the walls, In the middle of this beautiful tomb is a being painted, and quite in the taste of an pervious arch, adorned above with the coat other age: it is in the inside only of the of arms of the deceased, and others along a church that any part of the original build- || frieze, with bis supporters, two antelopes ing, or its genuine Saxon architecture, is with collars. From the frieze arises a light preserved; which may be seen in the round elegant tabernacle work, with niches, conarches that support the tower. Above the taining on one side the effigies of our prinancient arches are galleries, with openings ces; the other side is despoiled of the around of a style probably coeval with the figures. former.

Iu 1703, the vault containing the illusThe upper part of the choir is entirely of trious remains of Duke Humphrey was Gothic architecture, and is divided from the opened. The body was preserved in a body by a stone screen, pruamented with ! leaden coffin, in a strong pickle, and over

[blocks in formation]

that was another case of wood, now perish- ,, general, filled with ancient buildings: it ed. Against the wall is painted a cruci- originally sprung from a few houses, built fixion, with four chalices receiving the blood, by King Offa, for the convenience of the and a hand pointing to a label, inscribed officers and servants of the monastery.Lord have mercy upon me."

About the year 950 it was so increased, A long inscription against a column re that King Ethelred gave it a grant of a ports the celebrated Sir John Mandeville | market, and the rank of a borough : but to be buried here; but though St. Alban's || the town was always considered a part of was his birth-place, it did not receive his | the abbey demesne, and at the conquest remains. He found a grave at Liege, in was part of its possession. At the time of the convent of the Gulielmites, in 1971.the dissolution, it fell into the hands of He was the greatest traveller of his or any || Henry VIII.; and bis son, Edward VI. on other age, having been out thirty-four i March 12, 1558, made the town of St. Al years; and as a pilgrim, a knight errant, il ban's a body corporate, by the name of and a man of observation, he visited the mayor and burgesses. These were changed greatest part of Asia and Africa. He left by Charles II. into a mayor, recorder, to posterity a faithful account of his travels, twelve aldermen, and twenty-four assistwhich were shamefully falsified by the ants. monks; who long preserved, as relics, his In the civil wars between York and Lan. knives, horse furniture, and spurs, and caster, this town was a scene of general showed them to strangers, who visited their carnage. Here was shed the first blood in convent at Liege.

that ancient quarrel: and here a bloody St. Peter's church lies at the upper end battle was fought under the resolute Marof the town; it was founded by Abbot Ul. || garet of Anjou: in the second battle, as fin, and formerly belonged to the abbey; she attempted to pass through the town, it is now a vicarage, in the gift of the she was repulsed by a shower of arrows; Bishop of Ely.

but through the treachery or cowardice of The town of St. Alban's is large, and, in the adverse party, she was again victorious.

JAHIA AND MEIMOUNE.-A TURKISH TALE.

(Concluded from Page 177.)

JANIA was lost in astonishment at the that you will regard me as your father in magpificence of the sheick, and his sur. every respect ; hide nothing from me, and prise took from him the powers of speech. follow the plan of life that I have laid The sheick thus addressed him :

:-“ I am || down from my earliest youth." arrived at the period of old age, and this This speech made Jahia adopt the idea is the first night that I ever dressed myself || he had formed when the sheick first adas you now see me. I have often prayed || dressed him; he took him for a prophet, to God to grant me a son; I have now and, indeed, for the prophet Elias. In the given up all hopes of having one; I there. mean time this voluptuous dwelling, these fore have for some time supplicated him to riches, jewels, and beautiful female slaves, send me an amiable and worthy man who were continually passing before them, whom I might adopt as my child: my soon banished this idea, as well as the prayers are heard, for you have been sent wine which had been brought in, in large to me. Do not be surprised now, when I quantities. Sometimes he fancied that the tell you that, whatever is thought of the sheick was an enchanter : but then, he reo sanctity of the sheicks, they all live in the fiected, what could be his design iu bringsame style that I do. Therefore, if you ing me hither? What motive could he love wine, you may take your fill here; for have for deceiving me? What have I to you know that the dervises are allowed fear? My gold and raiment could tempt the use of it; so as we but avoid public

Wine is forbidden in Turkish scandal that is enough. Now I request I mopasteries under pain of death, and Jahia

no one.

[blocks in formation]

was surprised to see the most superb vases cadi of Scutari, to make over to you in his of gold and silver ostentatiously filled with presence a donation of all I am possessed the prohibited liquor. The sheick pene- || of, and satisfied with your company and trating his thoughts, said:" Do not ima- conversation, I shall devote myself hereafter gine, my son, that I am guilty of drinking || to the service of God.”—“My Lord, and wine; I only had it brought here for you. my father,” said Jahia, “ how can I suffiWe sheicks drink only the wine that is to ciently express my sense of all your benebe found in paradise.”-A golden bottlefits !"-After mutual professions of esteem was now placed beside the sheick, and they and gratitnde, the old man then quitted continued their repast. The sheick helped the apartment, leaving Jahia and MeiJahia to some wine out of the golden | mouvé alone. bottle: it was a kind of sherbet composed As soon as he was out of hearing, the of sugar, musk, and amber : Jahia found it beautiful slave said, with a deep sigh:more agreeable just then to his taste than “ Young man, you have not long to live; wine: and as soon as the desert was placed think of your situation.”—This speech on the table the sheick caused to be made Jahia shudder: he was seized with brought in by his orders a quantity of || an universal tremor, and with a faltering princely habits, which were laid in piles voice, he conjured Meimouné to explain on the sofa." I present you," "said he to her meaning.-“ I feel interested for you," Jahia, “ with all these babits, and also said she; " and present circumstances will any one of my female slaves, who may be save me from the charge of immodesty, found most agreeable in your eyes.”—This when I say also that I love you : this love made the young Mussulman blush ; but inspires me with fresh horror at the crimes to dissipate his confusion, the sheick poured that are here committed. Will you proout another goblet of the celestial wine, mise me,” added she, "to take me with and Jahia drank it without knowing what you, and never to abandon me, if I deliver he was about. The sheick finding his you from the danger that now threatens guest rather disordered with wine, caused you?"-Jahia promised all she desired, and his slaves to take their musical instruments, bound himself by the most solemn oaths.and to play the most tender and amorous | “Know then,” said she, “ that every species airs. Jabia was moved, and began to raise | of wickedness is concentered in that old bis eyes on the fair forms that surrounded man; but if you wish to preserve your him. The sheick examined him atten- | life, you must do exactly what I shall pretively, and again filling his goblet, he said, || scribe to you. The sheick is coming back “My son, look well on those slaves. Chuse again"; but every time that he calls you her that pleases you best, and to-night she || make no answer. He will order me to shall be yours.”—Jahja, fearful that this wake you, and I shall pretend to obey him; was only some stratagem, swore to the but do not you speak; remain quiet in sheick that he knew better what he owed your bed, and you will see all that is passto him, than to cast an eye of desire on any | ing." of his slaves." Chuse," repeated the old

Some time after the sheick came behind man, " it is my desire that you take to one of the curtains; he called Jahia, who yourself her who may be most agreeable to made no answer. He ordered Meimouné

to wake him, but she assured him all her “ Since, then," said Jahia, “it is really efforts were in vain : “ but you have got your wish, I chuse her who sits beside me." the cords," said the old man, “ to tie him “ I admire your good taste," said the to the sofa ; you know I have a great many sheick: “ she is a Circassian, and I give precautions to take; being, as I may say, her to you with pleasure. Come near to the only man in my house; I have now me, Meimouné," and then taking her by fifteen prisoners; what would become of the hand, he gave her to Jahia, with five me if I was to set them at liberty? Take thousand sequins.--" It is," said he, “be good care of him, or your life shall answer cause you left your friends to come and sup || for it." So saying he went away. with me this evening, that I make you these Jahia was in an agony of terror.-“ Now presents; and I shall go-to-morrow to the l' rise," said Meimouné; “I will shew you

you."

« 前へ次へ »