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and rank in society:' to those let me retort,, a licence to a similar humiliation? This that, if wealth and titles have been the formality being gone through, could not due reward of the virtues and illustrious the ring be pulled off the offender's finger deeds of a long list of ancestors, she who by the parish clerk or beadlë, and be finally on the reverse becomes notorious on ac- suspended in the vestry by the clergyman, count only of her sporting in the paths of who would then pronounce the dissolution vice, is no more to be considered as a de- of the former union. The fees here are scendant of that honourable race, than the rated, and within every' body's reach. weeds in a corn-field are a portion of the So far it will be acknowledged I hope, luxuriant primary support of the human that enough was done for punishment and species.

example; neither will it be denied but : If it be admitted that a divorce is to be door should always be left operi to repentobtained in some cases, is it not to be la- || ance: the delinquent above alluded to, mented, in a countrị where all are equal | were it only on account of the pangs of in the eye of the law,' that none but the || remorse which she has endured, must beopulent can attempt to procure one, owing come an object of mercy; besides her púbto the exorbitant charges of the limbs of lic disgrace should be made everlasting. the law ? Or is it to be understood that de- || Let it be considered that by depriving fier linquents are to be found only among the of the right of being the mother of a lezi. higher classes. This inconvenience, howtimate family, it would be robbing the ever, might easily be rernoved, if the le-country,' the riches whereof partly consists gislature would but enact that the connu- in its population. 11herefore will be heard bial bond should be untied by the same tily thankful to yourself, Sir," or to any of hand' that had fastened it. Could not the your correspondents, who would suggest divorce proposed to be announced three the means of restoring tbe unfortunate fer times, in the same manner as the intended male to a state of respectability. Mannu sti) marriage had been proclaimed from the

R! HUMANUS pulpit, subjecting those who had procured

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NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 1

The County Infirmary is neither beauti NorthampTON.—This town is finely si | ful nor magnificent in outward appearance; tửated on an eminence, gently sloping to but the subscription which supports - it the river: the streets are strait and hand does infinite honour to the province, as it somely buült: few towns can boast such a evinces the great benevolence of its inhas market-place; this is a real ornament to bitants. The County-Hall is a very hand Northampton.

some building, and the jail is situated at The church of the Holy Sepulchre is short distance from the Sessions-House supposed to have been built exactly after The Town Hall is a very apcient building, the model of that at Jerusalem, by the in which the corporation transacts business. Knights Templars. The imitative part is Northampton was incorporated by Henry round, with a nave issuing from it. II.; and Henry III. gave it the power of

St. Peter's church is a very singular chusing anually a mayor and two bailiffs, building. Two corners of the tower are to be elected by all the freemet ; but ornamented with three round pillars. Henry VII. ordered, by charter, that the Above these are two, and above them one ; | mayor and his brethren, the late mayors, all gradually less than the others. The should name forty-eight persons of the inmiddle of the tower is ornamented with babitants, with liberty of changing them small round arches carved with zig-zag as often as should be found requisite: ?.. work. The advowson of this church was Northampton is among the most ancient given by Edward III. to the hospital of of our boroughs. In the time of Edward L. St. Catharine, near the Tower, in London, it was one of nineteen trading towas which and still continues under its patronage. sent two inembers each. Every inhabi

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tant, resident or not resident, free or not || bridgeshire, together with a great revenue: free, has still the liberty of votiug: a cruel | the priory of Castle Hymel gave them privilege!

footing in Northamptonshire, and they .: Between Hardingstone and Northamp- came in for parcels of the appurtenance of ton, in 1460, Heury VI. encamped with his | St Alban's, and Mount grace, in Yorkshire; insolent uobility, immediately before the the house of the friars, preachers in Exer sanguinary battle of Northampton. Humble ter, with the revenges belowgiay to the proposals were sent by the Earl of March, foundation; and finally, the estate about afterwards Edward IV, and Warwick. Covent-Gardew, with a field adjoining, Queen Margaret's answer breathed only called the Seven Acres, on which Long, contempt and scorn; for to her the answer acre has been built, appurtenances to the must be attributed, and not to the mild | Abbey of Westminster. How will papal and pusillanimous King Henry.

superstition wonder that no signal judg.

ment has overtaken the children of sacri. BEDFORDSHIRE,

lege, when it is certain that no house in WOBURN.A small town, rendered im- | Britain has been more prosperous than that portant from having long been the estate of Russell ? of the Dukes of Bedford: there is in it a The Dake of Bedford's mansion, at Wor free school, founded by Francis l. Earl of burn, is situated in a pleasant park, well Bedford, and a charity school for thirty wooded, but wanting water; the dans boys by Wriothesly, Duke of Bedford. being mach too conspicuous. The interior The church was built by the last Abbot of of the house is a treasure of fine paintings; Woburn : the steeple seems oddly disjoint. || amongst them is a sweet portrait of Lady ed from the church. The chancel has been || Jane Seymour, the third wife to Henry elegantly fitted up by the grandfather of VIII. Her person is elegant, but if the the present Duke. The pulpit is a fine painter has done her justice, her countepiece of Gothic carving, most probably | nance is, by no means, beautiful. Also a cæval with the Abbey.

full-length of Queen Elizabeth, with a fan At a short distance from the town was of feathers in her hand, which she used at situated the Abbey, founded in 1145, by the wedding of Mrs. Ante Russell with Hugh de Bolebec, a wealthy nobleman in Lord Herbert, having condescended to acthe neighbourhood, and who peopled it cept of the said fan as a present from a Dr. with nonks of the Cistercian order. The Puddin, at whose house her Majesty had place prospered, and was found at the stopped by the way. dissolation possessed of excellent revenues. AMPTHILL-A small market town on a The last Abbot, Robert Hobbs, was hanged | rising ground; famous for having been the at Woburn, for not acknowledging the residence of that injured Princess, CathaKing's supremacy. Tbe monastery and its rine of Arragon, who retired there during revendes, in 1547, were granted by Ed. the period that her divorce was in agitā. ward VI. to Lord Russell, soon after creat- tion : and hence she was cited to appear ed Earl of Bedford by that young monarch before the commissioners at Dunstable. The immense fortune, even to this present In Ampthill church is a monument to time, originates from gifts of this nature; the memory of Richard Nicolls, Governor pot only in Bedfordshire, but much of the of Long Island. He was slain in the me. Bedford property in Buckinghamshire is morable engagement of May 28th, 1872, as owing to this grant, and also the rich he was attending his Royal Highuess the Abbey of Tavistock, and vast fortunes in Duke of York on board his ship. In this Devonshire; which to render more exten- monument is preserved the very ball with sive, that of Dunkeswell was added. The ll which he was killed, a five or six pounder, donation of Tbornby Abbey gave to this and which is placed within the pedimento family an amazing traet of fens in Cam. 1 inlaid in the marble.

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..!!, ANECDOTES OR ILLUSTRIOUS FEMALES.

tu 91910 1901

-114 traKtheu 210.0 (170 Tre! to SIC!rol 7. I 1919 191 THE GRAND PUCHESS, OF SAXE-WEIMAR. have all the erect dignity of the old court.

This illustrious avd respectable speci- Her dress is that of a respectable bourgeoise men of the late German court is still living; she wears a bigla mob cap fastened under and of which court she once formed the her: chin, and generally a slate-coloured chief ornament. It was owing to her un.

silk gown, bin is 'THI 7.32 daunted influence that the Grand Duke

$100 ja viral was prevented joining Bonaparte:' and

MADAME DE LAJESKI, I when the battle of Jena decided the fate of The presence of this lady at the court the north of Germany, though the Grand of France under the usurpation of Bona. Duke was absent with his army, the parte, excited fear and jealousy amongst Duchess still remained at Weimar. Firm all the ladies of the Empress Maria Louisa's in her refusal to abandon the Castle, the household. To see a foreigner overwhelm-' interview which followed between her anded with favours, and engrossing the sinītes Napoleon would have afforded a fine sube of their sovereign, was to theni intolerable. ject for an historical painter. Her noble Finally, they prevailed 'on the Queen of deportment caused him to withdraw his Naples to propose that the Empress should cruel order for pillaging the town. The send her governess back to Vienna, though Grand Duchess undergoing every hardship Madame de Lajeski had been prontised and privation while she remained in her that she should retain her situation for a Castle with her faithful subjects, almost year. No resistance was made by 'ber without the mere necessaries of life., on illustrious charge, and Madame de Lajeski

She is now, about sixty years of age and returned from Muzieh' to Vientia, carrying the traces of her former beauty are gone; along with her the favourite little dog but her countenance still pleases by its pelonging to her mistress, the dismissal or culiar intelligence, and an expression of which was likewise required, "under prer! character Arm, decided, and somewhat-sentence that Napoléon 'Had frequently comvere; but this latter expression changes to plained of the annoyance caused by Jose a sweet cheerfulness as soon as she enters phine's dogs." While the Empress made into conversation, in which she discovers all these sacrifices, Madame de Lajeski rebut much good nature and simplicity, but which mained firmly attached to her, though is always more rational than gay. Y Yet compelled to this separation and the little there is a native shrewdness often in what favourite quadruped of Maria Louisa te she utters, and her manners are plain sud ceived from her the most'untemitting sincere, while her carriage and deportment. Il and kindness. bj.) in w. 10. 25.1919

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201714 6 101 A PICTURESQUE TOUR THROUGH THE GRISONS. .

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Builts As Abe bulunan It is about two thousand four hundred, of Upper Italy, part of the ancient inha. and fifty years since the country of Granr | bitants of the country songht a'refuge in bunten, otherwise called the Grisous, was the Appenines and in Hetruria, whilst resorted to by a colony of Italians, to whom others, with Rhetús at their head, retired! the Greeks and Romaus gave the name of to the Alps of Rhetia, where they founded, Thyrennians, Tusci, or Hetrusci, and who in the Valtelines the boroughs of Tiranbo peaceably occupied the lands comprehend, and of Teglio, naming the first after Tyre ed between the Alps and the Tiber, where thenus, who was said to have brought ale they formed a confederation, composed of colony of Asiaties into Italy, and the secondo a great number of towns and cities. from the words to jl, which signifies hemp

Bellovése, à Gaul warrior, having cross ur fax, of which they made plantations. [13 ed 'the Alps in the year 620, A. Grand To their cestablishments in the Engadire marched his savage hordes into the plains they gave the nanies of several towns of

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We be seen in the church of St. Luziensteig, | first time, at Trons, in iach met, for the TOUR THROUGH THE GRISONS, VA

267 thus was principal boroughs of the valley of Dom ants had possessed in Rhetia. Tlis kind Jeschg called Tusis, &c. To the whole of goveroment lasted till the tenth century, country fbey gave the name of Rhetit from when Miat country was united to the Ger. Rhetus their leader. BAIT ES esbo | mao empire. From that period the feudar The Rhetians, availing themselves of their mobility that had been introduced under the independence, and of the advantageous po£|| Goths and the Franos, multiplied to an ex sition of their mountains, would frequentlycess throughont the vallies of Rhetia harrass the Romans, who, 'till the reign of whicli country, for five centuries together, Augustus, considered then only as a race otfered the sad melancholy spectacle of a of warlike barbariansa Augustus; drow- | ratiou enslaved and oppressed by a multiever, eighteen years before the birth of plicity of Counts," "Barons, and Bishops. Sul Christ, sent his two sons-in-law, Tiberius: These Lords would constantly lead their and Drusus, against the Rhetians, whien vassals, sometimes to fight under the bay-the Romans made their attack from Lindau, vers of the Emperors, and sometimes un a fortress on the lake of Coustavce. ! ?fre d'er those of the 'Popes, according "as they war lasted several years, at the expiration courted the protection of either, our of which Rhetia, was entirely subduedoui In the thirteenth century,

, after the over

101. 1991 The books in which Tit Livbal. written throw of the house of Hohenstarifen, the an account of the Rbetian war, no longer | Rhetians' beheld their fulers exist, and it is only mentioned accidentally each other like so many wild beasts, with Lib. V. cap. 38. 40

mint a byte (1312 pcha ssilla view of extending theit" domains, and The Romans continued possessors of Rhe of securing their independence. At length tia tip the invasion of the Germans. Prior however, the perpetual wars between the

unsufferable Alpina, to distinguish it from the adjacento tyrants, gave rise to a spirit of liberty, and Jauds that denominated Rhetja Sed suggested, in the minds of the oppressed, cunda, or Plana, and which at present desire of protectibg their persons and prom, compose Suabia aud Bavaria.

perty against the attacks of arbitrary power, In the fifth century Rhetia was success. The example of the Swiss, in all probas fully subjected to the Ostrogoths, the Loh || bility, was greatly conducive to rouse and

and the Francs. In the year 600 of strengthen the generous disposition of the our Lord, through partiality for a wealthy | Rhetians. In the year 1400, all the citizen of the valley of Domleschg, of the mons, dependent on the abbey of Diseutis, created him Count of Coire, and chief of Glaris, to which them with the canton of

, the Rhetians; so that the administration of abbot, Albert de Sax, and all the commous the supreme authority in Rhetia, remained, in the neighbourhood of llantz, and of for a series of years, in the hands of the || Lungentz, in the valley of the Lower posterity of Victor, amongst whom are Rhine, acccded. reckoned six chiefs and four prelates. Pas So early as in the year 1969, Johu de cal, one of them, was at the same time Wordenberg, Bishop of Coire, and all the Bishop of Coire, and married to the Count | commons of the vallies of Oberhalbstein, ess Æsopia de Rhaelta, Bishop Tello was| Schams, Domleschg Avers, Vatz, and Berthe last of the race. This latter, who | gun, bad formed a confederacy, which was lived in the year 784, founded the church called the league Caddée, or, of the house of the court at Coire, and bestowedi con of God." To this league the vallies of the siderable landed property on the chapter | Lower and Upper Rhine, as far as Reicheof Coire, and the abbey of Disentis. The nau, opposed that which went by the name tomb and epitaph of Victor Ii are still to of Superior, or Grise, which

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in the vicinity of Coire.it till

to the league of the Ten Jurisdictions, it Charlemaigne, some time after conferred was forined in 1486, in consequence of the on the Bishop of Constance a similar dig: Ilumion or all the conimons between mounta

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Scaletta and Fluela, as far the Rhæticon, ceived them amongst their allies f Zugeba and the Plessour. At last, in March, 1471, wandte Orte) in 1999 the Grisons fought those three federal associations contracted a general and perpetual alliance, that was bian war. In 1525 they rendered themratified in the farm-house of Vatzerel, in the selves masters of the Valtelite, of the district of Belfort.

country of Chiavenna, and of the territory From that period Upper Rhetia, which, of Bormio, 'the' possession of which, not during the middle age, liad been called long after, was entirely ceded to them by Kurisch-Rhæticon, Çurwallen, or Curwal- the Dukes of Milan:" they continued under chen,* which signify,vallies of Coire, as their dominion till the year 1797, when sumed the name of the Grisops,t and its those three provinces were annexed to the inhabitants became a free and independent Lombardo-Venitian kingdom. Prior to peuple, whose constitution, to the present 1798 the Grisons formed an independent time, is more popular than that of any i republic, but now they constitute one of other Swiss democratical canton. In fact, the Swiss cantons. those three leagues, thus united, composed The canton of the Grisons, such as it retwenty-six highjurisdictions (hochgerichte), mains, is, however, one of the most extenthat were to be considered as so many sive and interesting in Switzerland, as it little independent republics, whose combi-contains, over a surface of one hundred and nation constituted what is called a Federa-forty square geographical miles, "a populative Ochlocracy

tion of about seventy-four thousand inho This constitution, however, from its ori. || bitants, and consists of sixty vällies, either gin, was pregnant with those violent in- ll principal or lateral. With some of those testine broils and dissepsions, to which the vallies 1 presume the reader would like to republic of the Grisons was so subject till be made acquainted before he evdettakes the fifteenth century, and that were at. his tour: 1 shall now, therefore, give him tended with such h disastrous consequences. a description of some of the most deserving It was towards the latter end of that same of his particular notice. k.. century that the Helyetic Confederation re

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IRLI by 'o PEREGRINE FORRESTER.--DRAWN FROM LIFE

wanitar AND this, Sir," continued the of mine 1 shall hotd but the dangerous poor wretch, whose life ebbed, but scarcely event naturally 'consequent to the overflowed, " is the memorial I have endea || indulgence of children. The errors of voured 10 draw up-aud which has occu- parents in bringing up their offspring,

may pied those moments when pain, somewhat || prove a triumph to those who have 'none to subsided, had left me sufficient strength spoil, but who fancy 'that they wavë disto proceed. I commenced these unfortu. covered an universal preventive to infantine natę events spon after the morning you | errors. The Edgeworths; the Moores, and found me a prey to menta) anguishi. the Hamiltons, may fancy liat they have

« I shall not, Sir, in this MS., wbich you done much to reform the errors of educa. will read when I am no more, affront you tion, Wut 'however finely they have spun by detailing my crude ideas relative to the their theories, I have yet to learn # their necessity of a proper education. Theories | practice has been commensurate with teir are at all times but poor succedaneum for hopes. Directions or rules for education, practise; these imperfect sentences | drawu up, like players' jackets, to suit all

sizes, cannot be presumed really to fit one: The Rhetians, at that time, went by the The conduct of adults is guided by the name of Walent, and the subjecis of the Bishop power of reason. Children cannot reason, of Coite by that of Curwulen; their language and the parent often finds, when she at was called Walisehz or Welsch, . + The etymology of the word Grisons is not

tempts to apply the system of education kuowa,

which she has juot perusedytbare her child

but in

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