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298

NÄRRATIVE OF AN EXPEDITION TO THE RIVER ZAIRE.

his dirty bannian and trowsers : on his head, to leave the boats, and proceed to Yellala he had a black glazed hat, with an evor- || by land; Yellala had been described as a mous' grenadier's 'feather, and 'round his | cataract, little inferior to the Niagara. waist a silk sash, with a ship's Cutlass. || Thirteen med, and the gentlemen of the ex. Soon after his arrival home, he begged a pedition, composed the party. They were piece of cloth to envelope the body of his much disappointed at finding little more aunt, who had been dead seven years, and than a brook, bubbling over a stony bed. was then to be buried in two months, hay The Captain now determined to chuse ing arrived at a size“ to make a genteel fu- the North Bank for his future progress, and neral; the custom being to wrap the body on the 21st, with fourleen men, he set out in European cottons, perpetually adding for the banza of Inga, by laud, sending the more and more wrappers, and the bulk, || boats down the river to rejoin the Congo among the rich, is limited to the power of sloop. Simmons had been engaged as an being carried to the grave.

interpreter, but he deserted the first day; On the 5th of August, Captain Tuckey and it was with extreme difficulty that allo"again left the Congo, and, accompanied by ther could be procured. On the 28d they the Lieutenant, the master, one mate, the rejoined the river, which seemed to be so four scientific gentlemen, and his friend, I entirely filled with rocks, that there was Mr. Galwey, they proceeded up the river scarce room for a canoe to pass through. in the double boats, the transport's long- || At noon, the same day, they reached Inga. boat, two gigs, and one of the pants. On || The people had never before beheld au Euthe 8th, as they advanced, they found the ropean. On the 24th, in the evening, they hills more barren ; palm trees were uo | again reached the river at Mavoonda Boaya, longer to be seen, nor, indeed, any kind of and found it lined with rocks, but having a cultivation. On the 10th, the difficulties free current in the middle: Some informaincreased so niuch, from the ledges of roeks, tion was here received, that, after a passage and the violence of the current, that the il of ten days in a canoë, they would reach a gentlemen found they should not be able large sandy island, making two channels, to proceed further in boats: " Hearing that one to the north-west, and the other to the some Madouza men were at Noki, the Cap- | north-east; that in the latter was'a fall, tain resolved to pay a visit to the King, and over which canoes could be taken; and procure guides. They had a very fatiguing | twenty days above this fall, the river issued march, before they reached the 4 banza; | in small streams from a'muddy marsh. The often being obliged to scramble up hills Zaire, therefore, by these accounts, becomes almost perpendicular, descending, at times, again navigable about twenty miles above into vallies covered with vegetation. They the cataracts of Yellala: "32150 found the chief living in a much greater With a reduced party, Captain Tuckey style of savage magoificence than the King 1 set out, by land, to Bamba Yanzg, where of Embomina. The ground was covered the river ceased to be obstructed'; 'ou the with the skins of lions and leopards, to 1st of September it began to rise, and on tread on which was a crime, punished by the 4th it was seen to expand to the breadth slavery. One of the pobles squirted from of three miles. On the 6th, canoes were his mouth a portion of brandy into that of procured: but, instead of holding twenty another nobleman; perhaps this was a re men each, as had been agreed on, they finement of civility. The king was dressed would scarce contain eight, so that some of in a red cloak, laced, and bad on bis head the party were obliged to march by land. an enormous cap, made of the white fea- || On the 7th, the canoe, containing some of thers of the heron. After a difficult jour- | the most useful and requisite articles, was ney, Captain Tuckey and his friends resunk, by the negligence of the natives. gained their boats in the evening, having | On the 8th, the canoe men deserted, so that marked the peculiar scarcity of provisions the party were again compelled to proceed in the parts they visited : the value of goods on foot. On the 9th, their marketable given in exchange for meat, made it con- commodities being reduced to a very small siderably above a shilling per pound compass, they found it impossible to go any

On the 14th, Captain Tuckey determined farther.

NARRATIVE OF AN EXPEDITION TO THE RIVER ZAIRE.

299

Dess.

The occurrences of the week, from the

mane purpose of rescuing the Dutch from tenth to the sixteenth of September, when the vengeance of the native chiefs, his right Captain Tuckey got on board the Congo, arm was broken by a musket, and of this consist of little else than the impositions arm be never recovered the perfect use. practised by the natives, and the successive He set the arm bimself, and that so badly, failures of bis party from fatigue and sick that a surgeon was obliged to break it again.

Happily their fate was prolonged He was appointed a Lieutenant before the till they were enabled to receive the kind usual time, for baving quelled a mutiny in and soothing attention of their countrymen; Ceylon. In 1799, he was employed in the when their Captain, on his return, penned Red Sea, during the time that the French the pious sentence of “ Thank God, for bis occupied Egypt. A liver complaiut obliged great mercies in bringing me thus far!" him to return to his rative country; and,

This interesting and amiable officer, on as soon as his health was restored, he enerthe day after he reached the Congo sloop, getically applied for employment, and obwent, for better accommodation, on board tained it in 1802: wheu lie served in an exthe Dorothy transport, which lay at a place pedition, fitted out to form another selilecalled the Tall Trees. He was much ex ment in New South Wales. He returued hausted, but free from fever or pain; his to England in 1804 He published a narpulse weak, but irritable, and his skiu some rative of this voyage; but all his testimotimes dry, but oftener clammy. On the nials were rendered abortive, by his cap28th of September, he fancied himself bet ture in the Calentta, of fitty guns. A heavy ter; ou the 30th, an irritable feeling, of captivity of nige years succeeded : and in which he had constantly complained, in 1806 he married a fellow prisoner, Miss creased; to which succeeded extreme de- || Stuart, the daughter of an officer in the bility and lowness of spirits; and he uttered || East India- Company's service. Ju 1810, the conyiction, that every method taken for she gained permission to come to England, his recovery would be ineffectual. On the to attend to the domestic affairs of her hus. 4th of October he expired. Professor Smith- band. Oo her return, she was detained at died on the 21st of September; and Lieut. Morlaix six weeks, and sent back again to Hawkey only survived bis Captaju till the Eugland, without being allowed to join her 11th of October.

husband at Verdup. When Mr. Tuekey Of Captain Tuckey's opinions relative obtained his liberation at the peace, he was to the identity of the Niger and the Zaire, promoted to the rank of. commander; and it is now impossible to speak with any de. when the scheme of an expedition to the gree of certainty. We find, in the early | Zaire became publicly kuown, the claims part of his narrative, that he was disap- of Captain Tuckey superseded those of al pointed in the magnitude of the river, and other candidates. .. therefore, perhaps his belief in the identity

We have given, in our abridgement of of the two rivers was somewhat staggered.

this interesting narrative, so true an outline It may not be uninteresting to our read

of the publication, that we shall only offer, ers to learn something of this enterprising the following extracts to our readers, as and worthy man, Captain Tuckey: he was

not directly bearing a part with the relathe youngest son of an Irish gentleman, re

tion of the expedition to the Zaire:siding at Greenhill, in the county of Cork he was born in August, 1776 ; his parents | INSUPPORTABLE URAT IN THE REÐ SEA. dying while he was yet an infant, he was

“ It may surprise you to bear me complain educated under the care of his maternal

of heat, after six years broiling between the grandmother. From his earliest years he

tropics; but the hottest day I ever felt, eiiber shewed a strong propensity to the sea ser.

in the East or West Iodies, was winter io the vice, and, on the opening of the revolu.

coolest one we had in the Red Sea. The whole tionary war, he was received on board the

coast of Araby tbe Blest,' from Babelmaneb Suffolk ; was present at the capture of to Suez, for forty miles inland, is an arid sand, Trincomale from the Dutch, where he re producing not a single blade of grass, nor af. ceived a slight wound. When he assisted | fording one drop of fresh water; that which at the surrender of Amboyna, in the hu

we drank for nine montbs, on being analized, No. 118.-Supplement.

Рp

300

NOTES ON A JOURNEY IN AMERICA.

was found 10 contain a very considerable por- 1| party of thirty, who set out on the land jour. tion of sea salt.”

bey above the cataracts; the other four were

attacked on board the Congo; two died in the DOMÉSTIC GORROW OF MR. TUCKEY ON THE

passage out, and the serjeant of marinės at ADVANCE OF THE ALLIES INTO FRANCE,

the hospital at Balia, making the total pum1814.

ber of deaths amount to twenty one." “ I had, indeed, a hard trial with my little “ It appears from the report of Mr. M'Kerboy, for after attending bim day and night row, the assistant-surgeon of the Congo, that for tbree weeks (he had no mother, no ser though the greater number were carried off vant, no friend båt me to watch over bim), 1 by a most violent fever of the remittant type, received his last breath, and then bad, not some of them appeared to bave po obber ailonly to direct his interment, but also to follow ment than tbat wbich had been caused by exbim to the grave, and recommend his inno- | treme fatigue, and actually to have died from ceat soul to his God; this was, indeed, a se exhaustion. The greater sumber, however, vere trial; but it was a duty, and I did sot of the whole crew caught the fever, and some shrink from it."

of them died of it who had been left aboard

the Cougo below the cataracts; but these AMONGST THE GENTLEMEN

were permitted to go on shore on liberty, OF THE EXPEDITION TO ZAIRE:

where the day was passed in running about “ Captain Tuckey, Lieutevant Hawkey, the country, from one village to another, and Mr, Eyre, (the purser) and ten of the Congo's || during the night lying in huts, or the open air; crew, Professor Smith, Mr. Cranch, Mr. Tu. and though the dews were scarcely sensible at dor, and Mr. Galwey, iu all eighteen persons, this season, the fall of the thermometer was died in the short space of less than three very cousiderable-15 or 90 degrees below the months which they remained in the river, or day. Spirituous liquors were not to be obwithin a few days after leaving the river. I ained, but other excesses were freely indulged Fourteen of the above mentioned were of the in."

MORTALITY

NOTES ON A JOURNEY IN AMERICA.

Notes on a Journey in America, from the Coast of Virginia to the territory of the Ilinois.

By Morris Birkbeck, 8vo. Ridgeway and Sons.

The important subjects contained in beautiful district, extending through Hathese few pages must render their perusal gar's town to the Blue ridge;, he next interesting to every Englishman. The au passes the Alleghany ridge, and next across thor is one of our best agriculturalists; be a mountainous track of one hundred and addresses this small work to his English thirty miles. friends, after having emigrated, with all his Instead of following the usual course family and his capital, to those remote and down the Ohio, the author proceeded to wild parts of the trans-atlantic boundaries, travel with his family westward, and trawhich are situated in the United States; versed the wilderness with horses they had assigning the motives which urged him to purchased at Pittsburgh, with travelling quit his couutry, to select a home in the 11- equipments: these consisted of a blanket, Jinois.

under the saddle, another over it, a pair of The western state of North America is, saddle-bags, and a great coat and umbrella at this period, fraught with interest. Every tied behipd. He found the country beauspring the emigration from the eastern tiful and fertile, affording, to a numerous states increases. The soil is found more population, every comfort that nature cap fertile than on the eastern side; and the produce. The land and water are excel climate is more temperate and more healthy. | lent, and the air wholesome. Lime, coal,

Mr. Birkbeck landed at Norfolk, in Vir mills, and navigation, are not wantinga ginie, May 3d, 1817, and proceeds forwards and land is worth from twenty to thirty on his travels, ascending the Potowmack | dollars an acre. river; and from Maryland he describes a Mr. Birkbeck agyanced, through the

NOTES ON A JOURNEY IN AMERICA.

801

state of Indiana to Madison Town, which political existence: and political duties he has is situated on the Ohio, about seventy-five none, except sucb, as under existing circom. miles below Cincinnati, a city, the name of stances, would inevitably consign biin to the which is scarce known to Europeans. The special guardianship of the Secretary of State road was distant from three to six miles

for the home department: from the river: the whole land already

s (o exchangiog the condition of an En. purchased. From Madison to Vincennes, | tor, I'expect to suffer many incouvenieucies ;

glish farmer for that of an American proprie. the author found the first part of the coun

bat I am willing to make a great sacrifice of try uninteresting and poor; but it was succeeded by a well-watered, hilly district, ex

present ease, were it merely for the sake of ob.

taining, in the decline of life, an exemption tending from Camp Tavern to Sholt's Ta from that wearisome solicitude about pecuni. verb on White River, thirty-six miles east ary affairs, from which even the affluent find of Vincennes. The author next takes bis ao refuge in Eogland; and for my cbildreó, ronte to the newly-built capital of the Illi a career of enterprise, and wholesome family pois, Princeton. The town is now three connexions, in a society whose institutione years old; ten miles from the river Wabash, || are favourable to virtue; and, at last, the con. on the banks of which Mr. Birkbeck has solation of leaving them efficient members of finally settled.

a flourisbing, public-spirited, energetic comThe number of inhabitants, according to

munity, where the insolence of wealth, and Mr. Birkbeck's account, in the Obio, In

the servility of pauperism, between whicb, in diana, and Illinois country, is balf a mil

England, bere is scarcely ap interval remain. lion, and he supposes, that in six years they

ing, are alike unknown." will double that amouut.'

NORFOLK, IN VIRGINIA. by We shall now, having seen Mr. Birkbeck

“ Norfolk is a large town, containing ten settled, after bis long journey, proceed to

ibousand inhabitants; the streets are in riglut Jay before our readers a few extracts, from

lives, and sufficiently spacious, with wide a work, evidently written in haste, as the

paved causeways before the houses, wbich are author was travelling; that, however, does

good looking and cleauly. A large market not destroy the interest of its subject; the house in the centre of the principal street, mother country must ever feel awake to with vegrues selling for their masters fiue that of the American colonists, whose pros vegetables, and bad meat-the worst I ever perity ought to be a subject of pleasure to saw, and dearer than the best in Eogland. England, as a free and commercial nation. Veal, such as never was exposed in an English

market, 10 d. per pound; lamb, of similar SITUATION OF AN ENGLISH FARMER, quality and price. Most wretched borses An English farmer, to wbich class I had

waiting, without food or shelter, to drag bome the honour to belong, is in possession of the

the carts wbich bad brought in the provi. same rights and privileges with tbe villains of

sions; but, worst of all, the multitude of neold times, and exhibits, for tbe most part, a

groes, many of them miserable creatures, suitable political character. He has no voice

others cheerful enough; but, on the whole, in the appointment of the legislature, unless

this first glimpse of a slave population is exhe bappen to possess a freehold of forty sbit. tremely depressing. And is it, thought I, to lings a year; and he is then expected to vote

be a member of such a society, that I have in the interest of his landlord. He bas po quitted England.” eoncern with public affairs, excepting as a MR. BIREBECK'S JOURNEY AFTER LEAV! tat-payer, a parish officer, or a militia man:

ING WASHINGTON, &c. He has no rigbt to appear at a county meet. ing, upless the word inhabitant should find

“ We have now fairly turned our backs on its way into the sheriff's invitation : ia this the old world, and find ourselves in the very case, he may shew his face among the mobility, stream of emigration. Old America seems to clergy, and freeholders : a felicity which onee be breaking up, and moving westward. We occurred to myself, when the inhabitants of are seldom out of sight, as we travel on this Surrey were invited to assist the gentry in graod track, towards the Ohio, of family crying down the income tax.

groups, bebind and before us, some with a “ Thus, having no eleetive fraucbise, an view to a particular sput; close to a brother, English-farmer cao scarcely be said to bave a per baps, or a friend, who had gone before, and

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NOTES ON A JOURNEY IN AMERICA reported well of the country. Many, like our twenty miles square, "and it already contains selves, when they arrive in the wilderness, will | thirty thousand inbabitants. Twenty years find no lodge prepared fur them. fo.490833 ago, the vast region, containing the states of

“ A small waggon (so light that you might | Ohio and Indiana, and the territory of Illinois almost carry it, yet strong enough to bear a and Michigan, only amounted to 30,000 in babigood"load of bediting, utensils, and provisions, || tanis : the number that are now living, aod and a swarm of young citizens, and to sustain living happily, in the little county of Hamilmarvellous shocks in its passage over these ton, id'which stands Cincinnati." rocky heighis), with two smalt horses; some times a cow or two, comprise their all, ex.

SURE METHOD OF PREVENTING EMIGRA. cepting a little store of hard-earned cash for

TION: the land office of the district; wbere they may

“Why do not the goveromeuts of Europe Cobiaio a title for as many acres as they pos afford such an asylum, in their vast and gloomy sess half dollars, being one-fourth of the par. || forests, for their increasing. myriads of pau. chase money. The waggon bas a tilt, or cover,

pers? This would be an object worthy a conmade of a sheet, ur perbaps a blanket 1 The vention of sovereigns;--if sovereigns were really family are seen before, bebiyd, or within the the fathers of their people: but, jealous as

they are of emigratiou to America, this simple, or perhaps, the spirits of the

and sure mode of preventing it, will never * The new Englanders,

say, may be

occur to tbem.". known by the cheerful 'air of the women, advancing in front of the vehicle; tbe Jersey

THE HUNTER-GUIDE. people, by their beiug fixed steadily within it, while the Pensylvanians creep lingering be

« Incarceration may seem to be a term less hind, as thougb regretting the homes they applicable to the condition of a roving backa

woodsman ibap to any other, and especially have left. A cart and single horse frequeolly afford the means of transfer, sometimes a

unsuitable to the babits of this individual and bor and a packs.edle. Often the back of

his family; for the cabin in which he enterthe poor pilgrim bears all bis effecis, and his

tained us is the third dwelling herbas built

within the last twelve months ; ' and a yery wife follows, naked footed, bendiog under the

slender motive would place him ig a fourth hopes of the family.”

before the ensuing wiuter. lo his general DESCRIPTION OF CINCINNATI.

babits, the bunter ranges as freely as the « Ciocionati is a most thriving place, and

beasts he pursuea; labouring onder no re. backed, as it is already, by a great population straint, his activity is only bounded by bis ową and a most fruitful country, bids fair to be

physical powers: still be is jocarcerated one of the first cities of the west. We are

'Shut from the common air.' Buried in the told, and we cannot doubt the fact, that the

depth of a boundless forest, tbe breeze of health chief of what we see is the work of four years.

never reaches these poor wanderers; the bright Thę kundreds of commodious, well-finished || prospect of distant bills fading away into the brick houses, the spacious and busy markets,

semblance of clouds, never cheered their sigbt. the substantial public buildings, the thousands || They are tall and pale, like vegetables ibat of prosperous, well-dressed, industrious inha grow in a vault, piping for light. bitants; the numerous waggons and drays,

« The man, his pregoant wife, his eldest the gay carriages and elegant females; the son, a tall balf naked youth, just initiated into Shoals of craft on the river, the busy stir pre

the hunters'arts, his three daughters, growing vailing every where; house building, boat up into great rude girls, and a squalling tribe building, paving and levelling streets; the of dirty brats, of both sexes, are of one pale numbers of country people, constantly coming yellow, without the slightest tint of healthful and going; with the spacious taveros, crowded

bloom." with travellers from a distance."

THE HUNTER'S CABIN. RAPID POPULATION, &c. AT CINCINNATI.

« The cabin, which may serve as a speci% I was assured by a respectable gentleman, men of these rudiments of houses, was formed one of the first settlers, and now a man of of round logs, with apertures of three or four wealth and influence, that he remembers when inches between. No cbimney, but large itithere was only one poor cabin where this noble | tervals between the clap boards,' for the towo now stands. The county of Hamilton is escape of the 'smoke. The roof was, however, something under the regular dimensions of a more effectuat covering than we have gendo

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