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LETTERS OF A PRUSSIAN TRAVELLER.

that they style every respectable looking tra- || is much frequented by the fasbionable ladies. veller ' Ihre Gnaden,' 'your grace,' or ' most It is a beautiful garden, situated on the bor gracious lady;' and on receiving any thing ders of the sea, decorated with fine statues, they usually kiss the band. I could not help and commanding a charming view of the smiling at seeing the postilion extend the bay." same act of respectful homage to the servant

INHABITANTS OF MODERN ROME. of my friend Mr. Maxwell. The latter was an unceremonious Scotchman, who, as be « The Romans are generally badly dressed, was unaware of the custom of the country, and pay very little attention to their persons. and unused to such extreme politeness, ima. The ladies maintain their ancient reputation gined tbat the poor postilion wished to insult for beauty of person and dignity of deporthim; but no intimations could induce the meat: they are generally tall, bave fine lively other to relax from his accustomed polite- eyes, and the aquiline pose, for which their ness, and he was obliged to submit to the vation is remarkable. Most of them wear ceremonious salute, tbough not without a black veils, and those of the second class a suffusion of blushes. Such, however, is the black silk cap, wbich is very becomiog. They effect which homage of every kind has on the are, in general, but indifferently educated, mind, and so soon do we learn to know our and are of course deficieot in many of those own importance, that afterwards the blush. softer groces which render an English woman ing Scotchman imperiously reached out his so attractive. They rise very late, take a hand for his vassals to kiss, with as much turn in the Corsa, or receive their visitors; gravity and consequence as the cross-embroi. but after this are seldom to be seen in public. dered slipper of the Vatican itself is extended The places of public worship are very tbioly to the kneeling suppliavt.”

attended, and a respectable inhabitant re.

marked to me, The above extracts from the first volume

that he did not believe there will serve to shew the amusing and versa

was a place in Europe, where ibe inbabitants

are less religious than at Rome.' " tile style of this interesting publication. We shall not follow the author through

DESCRIPTION OF VENICE. Alexandria, nor the Holy Land: little

“ The general aspect of Venice presents new can be said on either; and though

an assemblage of magnificent edifices, both Mr. Bramsen has thrown an air of novelty

public and private; aud though the generaon this part of his travels, and rendered itlity of them are by no means in the purest highly interesting by his judicious remarks, style of architecture, or affording the most yet our limits will not allow us to insert pleasing combinations of ornament, yet their them, we therefore shall proceed to give united effect is grand and imposing. The the following extracts from the second first building of consequence that we visited volume :

was the church of St. Marco. This edifice

is overloaded with a varietyof inconsistent ornaMASQUERADES AT NAPLES.

ments, so as to resemble rather an Eastern Pa. « On masquerade vights the pit and the goda tban a Christian temple; yet tbe splenstage are formed into a level, and the boxes

dour of its paintings, and the richness of its are so large and commodious, that in them | mosaic, recompense in some measure for Jadies of rank frequently entertain a supper l these defects, and divert the eye of the visitparty. A table is placed in the middle of the

ant from criticising with too great severity. box and a curtain drawo before it, so that the

The pavement is also very rich in marbles of company may amuse themselves free from

different colours, representing a variety of observation. The champaign often circu

apimals and a profusion of foliage. lates very freely, iosomuch that I once saw some ladies so far enlivened by its iospiration,

“ San Giorgio is another very elegant as to pour the contents of whole glasses, by

church, from the designs of Palladio. Its way of libation, upon i be pit, which, instead

cloisters are very bold and elevated. It was of propitiating, served but to rouse the indig- held, when, with a spirit worthy the best

in this church that the last couclave was nation of the divinities in masks below; a Pan | days of the republic, ihe Cardinals proceeded and a Flora, in particular, expressed their wrath very audibly."

upon the election of a new Pontiff, unbiassed

by the miscbievous politics of the time, and THE CHIAJA.

unawed by the influence of Bonaparte or bis « The Chiaja is the favourite walk, and || satellites,

LETTERS OF A PRUSSIAN TRAVELLER.

309

VENICE.

“ Santa Maria della Satute is another of || I seemed individually interested for Shylock the works of Palladio, and bears testimony lo when I thought of his reproach to Antonio the taste and invention of that great archi

" And oft on the Rialto you have rated me.'' tect. It contains several very superior paiut. ings by Bassano and Paul Veronese, together STRANGE PREJUDICE IN FAVOUR OF with some well executed relievos and statues from the chissels of celebrated artists.

From the manner in wbich some authors “ Among the palaces that of Grimani and I have described Venice, one would be led to the Ducal palace claim the most particular | imagine that it was one of the most enchantattention. The latter is in the Gothic style, ing spots upon earth. I must say, that to and presents an appearance of ponderous me the very reverse appeared the fact. Its magnificence. It is remarkable as being the chief attractions consist in a continual rouplace where the senate and different councils tine of licentious and frivolous amusement, of stale used to assemble in the days of her | which must soon disgust and weary every republican glory. It is also particularly rich reflecting mind: por can those wbo cease to in paintings, and especially in the master take pleasure in them find bere any relief in pieces of Paul Veronese, whose subjects are Ibe charms of nature. The luxury of a ramfull of poetical feeling, though this great ble in' the fields is not to be obtained. The master was too fond of wasting bis time and only walks are through noisy streets, or amid displaying bis ingenuity in the more subordi the everlasting bnstle of the Piazza di St. Date parts of his composition : bis satins and Marco; and there is no other way to vary the velvets must bave cost him infinite and uppe scene but by being rowed about in a gondola, cessary pains. Here we also admired Tinto- || the very motion of which generates indolence, retti's Paradise, with its wonderful profusion and where the senses are continually annoyed, of figures, and Palma's Last Judgment, which, || both by the sight of disagreeable objects and in its various details, may almost be said to

the noisome effluvia that exhales at low rival the Inferno of Dante.

tide." “ The interior of the Opera House is very

UNPLEASANT CLIMATE OF VENICE. splendid and well lighted, and far surpasses the idea which a stranger is led to form from “ The climate can be scarcely otherwise its external appearance. We found the sing. than upbealthy at Venice, as rains are very ing excellent. Among the best performers frequent and extremely heavy, particularly in was a Sigoor Veluti, wbo bas a fine voice, but the spring. The north-east wind, which by no means a graceful de portment; we saw | generally prevails, likewise renders the air bim in the character of a Roman Emperor, chilly and the rooms so damp, tbat we found but he trod the stage with so little dignity, it necessary to have constant fires. The that be rather reminded us of a Lazzaroni on winters are in proportion as severe as the heat the wharf at Naples, than of so august a per•

ia summer is oppressive. In the latter seasonage. The corps du ballet was but very

son the tides are so low, as to render the indifferent, which we were sorprised to ob canals not only offensive, but pestilential; serve, the French having so lately quitted the and during the winter gales the lower parts of city, for they are always professed partizans the town are frequently inundated. To comof this species of amusement. There are plete this catalogue of grievances I must several other theatres in the place, but they || add, the water is at all times disagreeable to are seldom open, except in the time of the the palate, and unwholesome to the constituCarnival.

tion." “ The beauty of the bridge, called the Ri.

FINE BUILDINGS AT MUNICH. alto, is greatly impaired by the double row of shops thal runs across it, and impedes the “ Among many other fine buildings, may fine view of the city that it would otherwise be ranked the old palace, and that which is incommand. The bridge itself is entirely of babited by Prince Eugene, late Viceroy of marble, consisting of a single arch minety | Italy; together with a number of splendid feet in width. It is the privilege of great mansions belonging to the nobility. The ar. names to confer interes! upou objects of senal and the cathedral are also superior strucwhich they make even the most trivial men

tures ;

the interior of the latter is oroamented tion : the line whicb Shakspeare has given witb three beautiful paintings, though, in to this boast of Venice rushed into my mind other respects, it is rather deficient in decora. as I stoud admiring its fine proportions, and tion. Of the churches, which are built in a

310

LETTERS OF A PRUSSIAN TRAVELLER.

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HAMBURGH.

more classical style of architecture, those of , bousen, an Hanoverian minister, whose porSt. Augustine and St. Peter rank the first, and trait is conspicuous in the library of the first are enriched with several paintings of excel-story, which is the finest and most complete lence,"

in Germany, containing above a hundred and

thirty thousand volumes, among which are ATTEMPT ON THE KING OF FRANCE.

several curious works; one of wbich is the “ The post-master pointed out to our no. Bible, written upon leaves of the palm trees. tice here, the mark of a ball, which was fired “ The University is now in a very flourishat the present King of France, wbile be was ing condition, possessing above eight hundred standing at a window of one of the front rooms. students, among whom are some English noTbe ball happily missed his Majesty, and en blemen, with their tutors. The students have tered the frame of the window. It is surpris- acquired a good character from the inhabiing, that though this took place in the broad tants, who praise them for their peaceable day, i he perpetrator of so during and atrocious disposition.” an attempt should, to this very moment, have escaped unnoticed.”

“ For the extent and prosperity of its com(MUNDEN.

merce, Hamburgh, al ope period during the “ This small town is situated at the con war, was supposed to be inferior only to Lon. fluence of the Weser and Fulda. We bad don and Amsterdam. Its port is crowded with scarcely alighted at tbe ion, when we were vessels, which, at ebb tide lye aground, but waited upon by a young officer of bussars, are not damaged, in consequence of the bed who came to invite us, in the name of the of the river being very soft. The climate is Colonel, to attend a ball which was that even - rendered very unwholesome by the constant ing to be given in honour of the birth-day of rains, and the parrowness of the streets in his Majesty the King of England; and it was which so immense a population is crowded. with no small degree of regret, that we were Many of the inbabitants, whose poverty necessitated to decline this invitation, our de. obliges them to live in cellars, suffer severely parture being arranged for a very early hour by the inundations, which are occasioned by the following morning.

the height of the tide in some seasons of the “ Towards evening the whole place present. 1 year. ed a scene of life and busile. Hairdressers “ The Hamburghers consider industry as were seen busily posting from bouse to house, the most useful of all virtues ; and it is on and the marchandes de modes were all on the this occount, that Hamburgb can boast of so alert. A fiacre, which, we understood, was great a number of wealthy citizens, many of tbe only one in the place, was in couslaut re wbom seem determined to preserve the dress quisition; so im perious was the demand for and manners, as well as the spirit and enterits services, that, notwithstanding the misera. prize of their forefathers. Tbe women are ble and half-starved condition of the animals remarkably bandsome, and particularly attenwho drew it, and in spite of the broken win tive to the neatness and propriety of tbeir apdows of the shattered vehicle, it was constant. pearance. The inhabitants of Hamburgh ly rolling through the street. Two or three were uever celebrated for morality, but their families were couveyed at the same time, so depravily seens to have increased in a sboekanxious and urgent was the occasion. The ing degree since the French revolution. It is uninvited part of the inhabitants sat before to be hoped, that the re-established governtheir doors to enjoy the sight of the fas bion ment will tend to abolisb some of the purseables thus rapidly whirled along to the scene ries of vice, with which this city, at present, of gaiety. I could not look on many of tbese too mucb abounds, groups without a smile; the men were “ For the management of their poor, they phlegmatically smoking tbeir pipes in their deserve, however, particular commendation. long wbile night caps, and powdered beads, | By the praise-worthy exertions of a body of while the women sat by in their broad bon two buvdred of the most respectable part of nets, decorated with a profusion of long float. the inhabitants, a few years since employment ing ribbons, sometimes gazing with delight was provided for the lower classes of the peo. on the passing spectacle, sometimes busily ple, health was restored to the sick, instrucoccupied in kvitting."

tion given to the ignorant, and mendicity en

tirely banished from the streets. Those benefits UNIVERSITY OF GOTTINGEN.

were effected by tbe most humane, benevolent, « Founded in 1734, by Baron de Munchen.! and judicious regulations."

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An Autumn near the Rhine ; or, Sketches of Courls, Society, Scenery, fc.

8vo. Longman and Co.

THE GERMAN WOMEN.

The chief merit of this volume is in aod gardens, formerly of the Electors of May. its beauty of style, against which the nicest epce, now of the Prince of Bavaria, called critic cannot possibly have any thing to

Schöne Busch (Beautiful Bush). A long alley urge. The route of the traveller has lain of poplars conducted us for a league up to the through Mayence to Darmstadt; from gardens; the lawys, lakes, wildernesses, and thence to Frankfort, &c. &c. Baden, Man- parterres of which, are disposed with much heim, and Worms: it concludes with his looking figures were exploring them at the

taste and beauty. A crew of poisy, grotesque. return, by the Rhine, to Cologne and Aix

same time, whom we presently recognized for la-Chapelle.

students from the university, who generally As the author journies along we seem spead their summer vacations in rambling to accompany him, so well, and so agree over the country on foot. You never fail to ably does be describe the places he visits: | distinguish them by their strange costume the small-talk of the higher classes of so- | and looks, and riotous behaviour. One of the ciety, the manners and customs of those in youths, pursuing the same route with oura subordinate sphere, are all admirably de- selves, joined us. He was a bandsome lad of lineated, and told with ease, familiarity, eighteen, whose long hair flowing on his and elegance.

shoulders, uncravated neck, and quaint red But what work is perfect? Pity it is cap, with the Bavarian cockade, and knapthat, in some places, this agreeable volume

sack at bis back, did not quite so ill become teems with confusion and heedless irregu- full-grown men whom you often meet similar

his pretty face and figure, as the awkward, larity! And the author is guilty of inter

ly disfigured.” larding his work with too many French phrases. The French language is very universally known; but there are many “ Those of the upper, that is, the noble very competent judges and admirers of classes, are brought up from the cradle under English literature, who do not understand a sort of upper servant, dignified by the title modern gallicisms.

of governess, and who generally couples with The two subjoined short extracts will her biglier fuvctions those of nursery-maid, serve to shew the pleasing manner in which bousekeeper, and assistant at the toilette of

the poble mamma. this autumnal traveller writes :

They learn to waltz, a

little music, to speak French enough for use DESCRIPTION OF ASCHAFFENBURG, &c. by-avd-by at court, to make gowns, bonnets,

« On a terrace covered with shrubs, over. and turbons. Their acquaintance with books looking the Maine, stands the venerabl.

rarely extends beyond sentimental romances castle of Ascbaffenburg, a large red stone and wasby poems; and many a lady of no edifice, whose slated minaret towers, and meav title, writes neither French nor her own grotesque pivnacles and ornaments, present language with moderate correctness. Sixteen an imposing but incongruous mélange of every is the important era when they emerge from description of architecture. Most of the pa. this petty sphere to the full enjoyment of the laces and public buildings in the neighbour- l court, to which they have looked forward hood, of a few centuries date, display the from infancy. Mamma is often a heavy, unsame impure variely. The castle, formerly informed, or, still worse, a coquettisb and unthe seat of the Electors of Mayence, and scrupulous person, who little constrains ber since of the Prince Primate of the Rbenish favourite speculations on sentiment, intrigue, Confederation, is now the summer residence

or dress, before her attentive daughters. An of the Prince Royal of Bivaria, wbo keeps old Baroness, with the reputation of ci-devant here a pleasant little court.

beauty and iutrigues, entertained me on my « Descending from the terrace on which frei visit, and in the presence of two fair re. the castle stands, we passed the pieturesque anons under twenty, with a sufficiently intelslone bridge over the Maine towards Darm- lligible bistory of her intimacy with one of stadt; visiting, in our way, a country house my compatriots at a German court,"

12

INQUIRY INTO CURIOUS SUBJECTS OF HISTORY, &c.

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

AN INQUIRY INTO SOME OF THE MOST CURIOUS AND INTERESTING

SUBJECTS OF HISTORY, ANTIQUITY, AND SCIENCE.

An Inquiry into some of the most curious and interesting subjects of History, Antiquity,

and Science. By Thomas Moir. 1 vol. 12.no. Lackington, Allen, and Co. London; and Alex. Hogg and others, Edinburgh.

This highly useful work contains a Rouse, or Ross, the Warwick historian, who concise account of all that is curious and in died in 1491. Aserius of Menevia, in his life teresting, in the departments of history and of King Alfred, names pot Oxford, and may science; Mr. Moir has proved himself a

be understood of schools set up by the King truly learned man; and though these works in his own palace; but that St. Grimbald are too often regarded as favouring the taught at Oxford, seems clear from bis seat

there in St. Peter's church. John the Saxon, modern system of book-making, yet such a

and others, were his colleagues. But St. Neot one as the work before us, cannot fail of

never left his solitude; and Aserius mentions, becoming essentially beneficial; where shall we find, amongst youth, a mind of six months every year; for he would always

of himself, only his staying in Alfred's court sufficient inquiry to pore over thick folios spend the other six months in his monastery of antique records ? To such, the study of

at Menevia, or St. David's. Wood, (page 4,) history is rendered easy and delightful, by and others, Arnot in vit. Alfredi, p. 136, a work like Mr. Moir's, and the mind, im- imagine schools at Grecelade and Lechelade bued with a love of science, is led on to the to have flourished under the Britons and study of the historic pages of antiquity. Saxons, and to bave been only translated to

To lead on the female mind to a study of Oxford, and there revived by King Alfred, history, particularly that of our own coun after tbe wars had interrupted them. But the try, we have devoted several of the pages

monuments in which mention is made of them of La Belle Assemblée to a purpose similar

are at best very uncertain; and Lechlade, so to Mr. Moir's “ Inquiry.” We have drawn

called from physicians, is a Saxon, uot a

Bitish word. The scbools at Oxford decayed our information from the most authentic

after Alfred's reign, and that city was burat records, and bave put it into that kind of easy language which is best adopted for the by the Danes in 979, and again in 1089. Ro

bert Poleyn, or Pullus, an Englishman, who feminine taste; some of our researches ex

kad studied at Paris, returning home, restored hibit the same information contained in

sacred studies at Oxford in 1133, in the reiga Mr. Moir's volume; but that contains much

of Henry I. and carried the glory of this Uoi. new and striking matter, highly requisite || versity to the highest pitch. Being made to be known to the lover of history and Cardinal and Chancellor of the Roman church, antiquity; and from these we shall beg to by Lucius II. he obtained the greatest privilay before our readers a few extracts : leges for Ibis University about the year 1150.

• Notbing more sensibly betrays the weak

ness of human nature than the folly of seek. CAMBRIDGE.

ing a false imaginary glory, especially in those “ The chief schools which King Alfred, by who incontestably possess every most illustri. the advice of $i. Neot, founded, were those ous title of true greatness. Some weak and of Oxford, as the archives of that University, yiog imposto.rs pretended to raise the repa. produced by Wood, and as Brompton, Malmes tation of the University of Cambridge by forbury, Higden, Harpsfield, and others, assure geries, which it is a disgrace not to despise,

Wood thinks this King founded there and most severely censure. Nicholas Canteone college for all the sciences, besides gram Tupes, or Cantlow, in 1440, publisbed a colmar schools. Ayliffe, who is less accurate, lection of forged grants of British kings, Gurin his bistory of Oxford, pretends that three gunt, Lucjus, Arthur, and Cadwald, &c. and halle or colleges were erected there by that of several ancient Popes, under the title of Prince, which is indeed affirmed by John the History of Cambridge ; in which his sin

OF THE UNIVERSITIES OF OXFORD AND

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