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2 Lord. Let it flow this way, my good lord. Apem.
Flow this way!
[Eats and drinks.
My love in heart ;but it is not necessary. Johnson. So, in Chaucer's Knightes Tales, 2685:
“ And was all his in chere, as his in herte." Again, in Sir Amyas Poulet's letter to Sir Francis Walsingham, refusing have any hand in the assassination of Mary Queen of Scots: " - he [Sir Drue Drury) forbeareth to make any particular answer, but subscribeth in heart to my opinon." Again, in King Henry IV, Part I, Act IV, sc.i:
in heart desiring still “ You may behold,” &c. Again, in Love's Labour's Lost, Act V, sc. ü:
Dost thou not wish in heart, "The chain were longer, and the letter short?" Steevens,
Timon Those healths - ] This speech, except the concluding couplet, is printed as prose in the old copy; nor could it be exhibited as verse but by transferring the word Timon, which follows-look ill, to its present place. The transposition was made by Mr. Ca. pell. The word might have been an interlineation, and so have been misplaced. Yet, after all, I suspect many of the speethes in this play, which the modern editors have exhibited in a loose kind of metre, were intended by the author as prose; in which form they appear in the old copy. Malone.
s Rich men sin,) Dr. Farmer proposes to read--sing. Reed.
Much good dich thy good heart, Apemantus!
Tim. Captain Alcibiades, your heart's in the field now.. Alcib. My heart is ever at your service, my lord.
Tim. You had rather be at a breakfast of enemies, than a dinner of friends.
Alcib. So they were bleeding-new, my lord, there 's no meat like them; I could wish my best friend at such a feast.
Apem. 'Would all those flatterers were thine enemies. then; that then thou might'st kill 'em, and bid me to 'em.
i Lord. Might we but have that happiness, my lord, that you would once use our hearts, whereby we might express some part of our zeals, we should think ourselves for ever perfect.
Tim. O, no doubt, my good friends, but the gods themselves have provided that I shall have much help from you: How had you been my friends else? why have you that charitable title from thousands, did you not chiefly belong to my heart?? I have told more of you to myself, than you can with modesty speak in your own behalf; and thus far I confirm you.8 O, you gods, think I, what need we have any friends, if we should never have need of them? they were the most necdless creatures living, should we ne'er have use for them: and' would most
- for ever perfect.] That is, arrived at the perfection of happiness. Johnson. So, in Macbeth: “ Then comes my fit again; I had else been perfect; _"
Steevena.. ? How had you been my friends else? why have you that charitable title from thousands, did you not chiefly belong to my heart.?] Charitable signifies, dear, endearing. So, Milton:
“ Relations dear, and all the charities
“Of father, son, and brother." Alms, in English, are called charities, and from thence we may collect that our ancestors knew well in what the virtue of alms.giving consisted; not in the act, but in the disposition. Warburton.
The meaning is probably this:--Why are you distinguished from thousands by that title of endearment, was there not a par. ticular connection and intercourse of tenderness between you and me? Johnson. 8 I confirm you.] I fix your characters firmly in my own mind.
Johnson. they were the most needless creatures living, should we ne’er have use for them: and - ] This passage I have restored from the old copy. Steevens.
kesemble sweet instruments hung up in cases, that keep their sounds to themselves. Why, I have often wished myself poorer, that I might come nearer to you. We are born to do benefits: and what better or properer can we call our own, than the riches of our friends? O, what a precious comfort ’tis, to have so many, like brothers, commanding one another's fortunes! O joy, e'en made away ere it can be born!' Mine eyes cannot hold out water, methinks:' to forget their faults, I drink to you.
Apem. Thou weepest to make them drink, 3 Timon.
2 Lord. Joy had the like conception in our eyes, And, at that instant, like a babe* sprung up.
10 joy, e'en made away ere it can be born!] Tears being the effect both of joy and grief, supplied our author with an opportunity of conceit, which he seldom fails to indulge. Timon, weeping with a kind of tender pleasure, cries out, o joy, e'en maite away, destroyed, turned to tears, before it can be born, before it can be fully possessed. Fohnson. So, in Romeo and Juliet:
“ These violent delights have violent ends,
“ And in their triuinph die." The old copy has-joys. It was corrected by Mr. Rowe.
Malone. 8 Mine eyes cannot hold out water, methinks:] In the original edi. tion the words stand thus: Mine eyes cannot hold out water, methinks. To forget their faults I drink to you. Perhaps the true reading is this: Mine eyes cannot hold out; they water Methinks, to forget their faults, I will drink to you. Or it may be explained without any change. Mine eyes cannot holi out water, that is, cannot keep water from breaking in upon them. Johnson.
to make them drink,] Sir T. Hanmer reads-to make them drink thee; and is followed by Dr. Warburton, I think, without sufficient reason. The covert sense of Apemantus is, what thou losest, they get. Fohnson.
like a babe -] That is, a weeping babe. Fohnson. I question if Shakspeare meant the propriety of allusion to be carried quite so far. To look for babies in the eyes of another, is no uncommon expression. Thus, among the anonymous pieces in Lord Surrey's Poems, 1557:
“ In eche of her two cristall eyes
“Smileth a naked boye.” Again, in Love's Mistress, by Heywood, 1636:
“ Joy'd in his looks, look'd babies in his eyes." Again, in The Christian turn'd Turk, 1612: « She makes him sing songs to her, looks fortunes in his fists, and babies in his eyes.”
Apem. Ho, ho! I laugh to think that babe a bastard. 3 Lord. I promise you, my lord, you mov'd me much. Apem. Much!5
[Tucket sounded. Tim. What means that trump?-How now?
Enter a Servant. Serv. Please you, my lord, there are certain ladies most desirous of admittance.
Tim. Ladies? What are their wills?
Serv. There comes with them a forerunner, my lord, which bears that office, to signify their pleasures. Tim. I pray, let them be admitted.
Again, in Churchyard's Tragicall Discours of a dolorous Gentlewoman, 1593:
“Men will not looke for babes in hollow eyen.” Steedens. Does not Lucullus dwell on Timon's metaphor by referring to circumstances preceding the birth, and means joy was conceived in their eyes, and sprung up there, like the motion of a babe in the womb? Tollet.
The word conception, in the preceding line, shows, I think, that Mr. Tollet's interpretation of this passage is the true one. We have a similar imagery in Troilus and Cressida:
-and, almost like the gods, “ Does thoughts unveil in their dumb cradles." Malone. 5 Much!) A pemantus means to say,—That's extraordinary. Much was formerly an expression of admiration. See Vol. V, p. 116, n. 9. Malone.
Much! is frequently used, as here, ironically, and with some indication of contempt. Steevens. 6 The ear, &c.] In former copies
There taste, touch, all pleas'd from thy table rise,
They only now The five senses are talked of by Cupid, but three of them only are made out; and those in a very heavy unintelligible manner. It is plain therefore we should read
Th’ear, taste, touch, smell, pleas’d from thy table rise,
These only now, &c. i. e. the five senses, Timon, acknowledge thee their patron; four of them, viz. the hearing, taste, touch, and smell, are all feasted at thy board; and these ladies come with me to entertain your sight
They only now come but to feast thine eyes.
[Exit Cup. i Lord. You see, my lord, how ample you are belov’d. Musick. Re-enter Cupid, with a masque of Ladies as
Amazons, with Lutes in their Hands, dancing, and playing Afrem. Hey day! what a sweep of vanity comes this
They dance !8 they are mad women.
in a masque. Massinger, in his Duke of Millaine, copied the passage from Shakspeare; and apparently before it was thus corrupt. ed; where, speaking of a banquet, he says
All that may be had
“ Are carefully provided.” Warburton. Dr. Warburton and the subsequenteditors omit the word all, but omission is the most dangerous mode of emendation. The corrupted word-There, shows that- The ear was intended to be contracted into one syllable; and table also was probably used as taking up only the time of a monosyllable. Malone.
Perhaps the present arrangement of the foregoing words, renders monosyllabification needless. Steevens. Musick, make their welcome.] Perhaps, the poet wrote:
Musick, make known their welcome. So, in Macbeth:
“ We will require her welcome,
« Pronounce it for me, sir, to all our friends.” Steevens. 8 They dance.'] I believe They dance to be a marginal note only; and perhaps we should read :
These are mad women. Tyrwhitt. They dance! they are mad women.) Shakspeare seems to have borrowed this idea from the puritanical writers of his own time. Thus in Stubbes's Anatomie of Abuses, 8vo. 1583: “ Dauncers thought to be mad men.'
.” “ And as in all feasts and pastimes dauncing is the last, so it is the extream of all other vice: And again, there were (saith Ludovicus Vives) from far countries certain men brought into our parts of the world, who when they saw men daunce, ran away marvelously affraid, crying out and thinking them to have been mad," &c.
Perhaps the thought originated from the following passage from Cicero pro dalena, 6: “ Nemo enim ferè saltat sobrius, nisi fortè insanit." Steevens.