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with this world; it is a sufficient and just con. lordships to consider, that this honour is riction of those who would divide themselves not done to us, but our profession; which, betwixt God and the world, and bestow whatever we be in our several persons, any main part of their time upon secular cannot easily be capable of too much affairs; bnt it bath no operation at all respect from your lordships. Non Tibi, upon this tenet, which we have in hand; sed Isidi; as he said of old. that a man, dedicate to God, may not so “ Neither is this any new grace, that is
when he is required, cast a put upon our calling; which, if it were glance of his eye, or some minutes of now to begin, Inight perhaps be justly time, or some motions of his tongue, grudged to our unworthiness; but it is upon the public business of his king and an ancient right and inheritance, inherent country. Those, that expect this from us, in our station ; no less ancient than these may as well, and upon the same reason, walls wherein we sit : yea, more: before hold that a minister must have no family ever there were parliaments, in the Magnir at all; or, if he have one, must not care Concilia of the kingdom we had our places. for it: yea, that he must have no body to And as for my predecessors, ever since the tend; but be all spirit.
conqueror's time, I can show your lord"My lords, we are men of the same ships a just catalogue of them, that have composition with others; and our breed- sat before me here; and, truly, though I ing hath been accordingly. We cannot have just cause to be mean in mine own have lived in the world, but we have seen eyes, yet why or wherein there s'iould be it, and observed it too; and our long ex- more unworthiness in me than the rest, perience and conversation, both in men that I should be stripped of that privilege and in books, cannot but have put soine- which they so long enjoyed, though there thing into us for the good of others; and were no law to hold me here, I cannot see now, having a double capacity, quà Cives, or confess. quà Ecclesiastici; as members of the com- “ What respects of honour have been inonwealth, as ministers and governors of put upon the prime clergy of old, both by the church; we are ready to do our best Pagans, and Jews, and Christians, and service in both. One of them is no way in- what are still both within Christendom and compatible with the other : yea, the subjects without, I shall not need to urge; it is of them both are so united with the church enough to say, this of ours is not merely and commonwealth, that they cannot be arbitrary, but stands so firmly established severed ; yea, so, as that, not the one is in by law and custom, that I hope it neither the other, but the one is the other, is will nor can be remored, except you will both : so as the services, which we do, shake those foundations, which I believe upon the occasions, to the commonwealth, you desire to hold firm and inviolable. are inseparable from our good offices to Shortly, then, my lords, the church the church; so as, upon this ground, crares no new honour from you; and there is no reason of our exclusion. justly hopes you will not be guilty of
“ If ye say that our sitting in parlia. pulling down the old. As you are the ment takes up much time, which we eldest sons, and next under his majesty, might have employed in our studies or the honourable patrons of the church; so pulpits ; consider, I beseech you, that she expects and beseeches you to receive while you hare a parliament, we must her into your tenderest care : so to order have a convocation; and that our at- her affairs, that ye leave her to posterity tendance upon that will call for the same in no worse case than you found her. expence of time, which we afford to this " It is a true word of Damasus, Uti service; so as, herein, we have neither got vilescit nomen Episcopi, omnis statua perturnor lost.
batur Ecclesiæ. If this be suffered, the “But, I fear it is not, on some bands, misery will be the church's; the disthe tender regard of the full scope to our honour and blur of the act in future ages calling, that is so much here stood upon; as the conceit of too much honour, that is “ To shut up, therefore, let us be taken done us, in taking up the room of peers, off from all ordinary trade of secular eniand voting in this high court; for surely, ployments ; and, if you please, abridge us those that are averse from our votes, yet of intermeddling with matters of common could be content we should have place justice; but leave us possessed of those upon the woolsacks; and could allow us places and privileges in parliament, which ears, but not tongues.
our predecessors have so long and peace“If this be the matter, I beseech your ably enjoyed."
will be yours.
Literaria Rediviva; or, The Book worm.
Two Discourses ; 1. Concerning the honour, as a bend dexter or a bat
different Wits of Men. 2. Of toon would be to Norroy King at the Mysterie of Vintners: by Arms. The more sturdy go yet Walter Charleton, D. M. Lon- farther : they read to the very don, 1675. 8vo.
colophon, and, like Hannibal after
crossing the Alps, are entitled to Ex quovis ligno non fit Mercurius: the praise of having done what no that is, “ every insect is not born to man ever adventured to do before, be a book-worm.” Some men choose the author excepted. The pertheir volumes for the elegance of severance with which these latter their backs, the only part of them worms will creep through a dusty which is ever looked at. The volume in search of their food, is genuine book-worm has no predi- truly praiseworthy. We are aclection for finery. His volumes quainted with one who seriously retain their original suit of rusty enterprized the perusal of Brocklesbrown, and would appear as ridi- by's "Gospel 'Theism,” an eleculous in the modish attire of mo- phantine folio of 1,065 closely dern times, as Cromwell in the printed pages, each page the fruitdisguise of a London dandy. ful parent of half a dozen quotaHere and there one solitary tome tions in all the learned languages, is dressed in more fashionable excepting the Hottentot and the garb, his antique covering having Esquimaux, besides innumerable been sacrilegiously stripped off marginal references to all authors, his shoulders by some rapacious living and dead, from Maimonides cheesemonger; but, in such cases, to Dr. Burthogge inclusive. O a sufficient caution is given by the Burthogge, nothing ever exceeded impress of the date on his back, the ruggedness of thy name, exto prevent the suspicion of his cept thy writings! After wading being a plebeian upstart, intruding through one third of this theologihimself into the society of his an- cal quagmire, he boasted, with incient and honourable companions. finite complacency, as an ample The fraternity are, moreover, dis- remuneration for his labour, that tinguished from the herd of book- he was now thoroughly convinced fancyers by this characteristic, they that Plato's philosophy, and read their books, or at least their Brocklesby's religion were of a spetitle-pages. A thorough-paced cies altogether dissimilar to any with book-worm is a walking cata- which the world was acquainted; logue, and is as profound in the but what they were, he was, as dates of his volumes, and as elo- yet, entirely ignorant of. This quent in the enumeration of their sage possessed a copy of Cusanus's several editions, as a Newmarket Idiota,” which to use his own jockey in the birth and genealogy scientific language) was “12mo. of his stud. He is a literary 1650, printed for William Leake, herald, and is as skilful in the and sold at the signe of the crowne proper adjustment of title-pages, as in Fleet Street, betweene the two Gwylim himself in the blazonry temple gates.” This antiquated of an escutcheon. Tall folios, and duodecimo was considered by him pot quartos are to him as indubit- as a jewel altogether unique. He able additions or diminutions of had pored over its mystic pages,
like an antiquary over the polished 1699 are worth purchasing. Some surface of what was once a Ro- few exceptions are allowed to this man medal, and at length had rule, but the rule itself stands unconcluded, that the legend was in- impeached, it being self evident finitely interesting, because it was that learning and genius were contotally unintelligible. In short, fined to that age in which authors a book-worm is a creature sui had not learned to spell. 3dly, A generis : his march is not impeded, book which is invaluable in a folio like that of other travellers, by size, may be reduced to the price any attention to the surrounding of waste paper in any other form, prospect. Let his journey lie it being demonstrable by pure phithrough interminable flats, or over losophy, that it is the form, and stupendous eminences, be the path not the matter, which determines rough or smooth, he eats his way the specitic nature of any entity. straight on, and never stops till he 4thly, A book is worthy of our has perforated his allotted task. regard in exact proportion to the The obscurity of dulness does not neglect with which our fathers deter, nor the splendour of genius treated it: a book which has had dazzle him : he shuts his eyes, and but one edition, is more valuable gropes to the end of his journey. than one which has had many : the The praise of disinterestedness smaller the impression of an edimust be awarded him, for no crea- tion, the more it enhances the ture labours so hard, with so little value of a copy: so, if only one self-improvement. He floats on
of a book were known to the ocean of literature like a buoy, exist, it would be almost invawhich, while it warns the richly luable; it follows, that if none at freighted vessels of others against all existed, it would be better still. vortices and quicksands, secures But we must not initiate the pronothing to itself, by all its bustle, fanum vulgus into all the mysteries but weeds and barnacles.
of our profession : we must reserve Our readers will now, we trust, some for our future lucubrations. believe the truth of the maxim If our readers should be at a loss with which we commenced this to discover the drift of our forearticle, viz. that it is not within the going observations, they are at power of an ordinary man to be- liberty to understand them as a come a book-worm : it requires a ruse-de-guerre, by which, whilst peculiar talent; a man must be we appear to attack ourselves, we born to it. And supposing the endeavour to prevent our generous possession of natural talent, there adversary from doing so in reality. is a mental discipline absolutely In short, ardour of mind in the necessary for the improvement and pursuit of any object, must apperfection of it. We have had proximate on enthusiasm, or it will serious thoughts of publishing the never bear up against the difficulrudiments of this system of edu- ties which obstruct every plan we cation. In the present instance, form for the acquisition of good. we shall only venture to impart to Happy is that man who is enthuour readers a few maxims, which, siastic only in the pursuit of knowlike the postulata of the mathe- ledge : even his eccentricities are matics, are to be taken for granted more amiable than the tameness by all book-worms, as the data and regularity of those whose deupon which the whole science corum arises from apathy. We rests. 1st, Cæteris paribus, books shall now, without any farther printed in the black letter are prefer- preface, introduce our readers to able to others, because less intelli- this interesting pamphlet. gible. 2dly, No books printed after Dr. William Charleton was born
in Somersetshire. Wood calls him shall therefore extract one or two “ a learned and unhappy man, aged passages, as examples of the auand grave, yet too much given to thor's order of thinking and style, romances. He was physician in and refer our more curious readers ordinary to Charles I. and II. It to the treatise itself, with which, would be vain to pretend to enu- we have no doubt, our good friend, merate Dr. Charleton's produc- Mr. Richard Baynes, of Patertions. It will suffice to say, that noster Row, will be most. happy his principal works are, “ Ter
- Ter- tv furnish them. The following is nary of Paradoxes,” 1650, quarto ; our author's delineation of the with a portrait of the author, much Ready or Nimble Wit :" esteemed.—“ Chorea Gigantum,"
“ Such as are endowed herewith, have quarto and folio.—“ Darkness of
à certain extemporary acuteness of conAtheism dispelled by the Light of ceit, accompanied with a quick delivery of nature,” quarto, 1663.-—" Natu- their thoughts, so as they can, at pleasure, ral History of the Passions," oc
entertain their auditors with facetious pastavo, 1674.-" On the Law of very light occasions. They are therefore
sages, and fluent discourses, even upou Nature and the Precepts of excellent at sudden repiriers ; but being Noah,” octavo.-Several Trea generally impatient of second thoughts tises on his own profession ; and
and deliberation, they seem fitter for plea.
sant colloquies and drollery, than for counsel the present work. His writings and design. Like fly-boats, good only in are said to abound with singular fair weather, and shallow waters; and observations. The " Discourse then, too, more for pleasure than traffic. of the Wits of Men” is, however,
If they be, as for the most part they are,
narrow in the hold, and destitute of baldecidedly his most original and
last sufficient to counterpoise their large interesting work. It has been sails, they reel with every blast of argument, stated, on good authority, that and are often driven upon the sands of a Locke has borrowed much light for nonplus; but where favoured with the his "6 Essay on Human Under- breath of common applause, they sail
smoothly and proudly, and, like the city standing” from this discourse. An pageants, discharge whole vollies of squibs attentive perusal of both willevince and crackers, and skirmish most furithe truth of this remark; thoughously; What can you imagine more speit will be confessed that what is ciously resembling true industry and grace
ful elocution, than the opportune and permerely glanced at in Charleton, is
tinent hitts of these facetious spirits ? reduced to its principles, and car- What more elegant, than to make acute ried out in all its relations by reflections on every occurrent, and to give Locke. Charleton's treatise re
home touches with gentleness, which are
the less resented, because they appear sembles a piece of unwashed ore, suddain and jocular? But this so charmwhich, though misshapen and in- ing swiftness of both phansie and tongue crusted, here and there betrays is not exempt from its failings, and those the value of the hidden metal :
shameful ones, too, sometimes : For take
them from their families, and private conLocke's volumes are the ore re
versation, into grave and severe assemfined, and ready to subserve the blies, whence all extemporary flashes of purposes of life. It appears that wit, all phantastick allusions, and personal the discourse was originally a let- reflections, are excluded ; and there en
gage them in an encountre with solid wister in answer to some noble friend don, not in light skirmishes, but a pitcht of the author's, who had requested field of long and serious debate concerning Dr. Charleton's opinion on the di- any important question, and then you shall
soon discover their weakness, and conversity of genius so observable amongst men. The author did which is incapable of struggling with the
temu that barrenness of understanding not intend an hypothesis, but a difficulties of apodictical knowledge, and letter, and, as a letter, necessa- the deduction of truth from a long series of rily short. A systematic review
reasons. Again, if those very concise sayof what is itself not a system will ings, and lucky repartces, wherein they are
so happy, and which, at first hearing, will not be expected from us. We entertain with so much of pleasure and admiration, be written down, and brought to Betwixt these Ample Wits and the Narrow a strict examination of their pertinency, co- ones, nature herself hath put a certain criherence, and verity, how shallow, how terion, or character of distinction, easily frothy, how forced will they be found! discernible; and it is this : The former, How much will they lose of that applause, being duly conscious of their own dignity, which their tickling of the ear, and present do all things with a bon mine, or good Night through the imagination, has gain'd! grace, and becoming freedomi, far from the In the greatest part, therefore, of such vices of affectation and constrained formen, you ought to expect no deep and mality, as being actuated by spirits not continued river of wit; but only a few bold, but generous and erect, always adplashes, and those, too, not altogether free dressed to noble ends, and contemplating from mud and putrefaction.”
somewhat diffusive and above vulgar aims.
And this is that semi-divine temper of After a discussion of the nature
the mind, which Aristotle calls Evovia, of the “ Slow Wit,” Dr. Charleton tbe Latins, felicitas ingenii, and we, an uniproceeds :
versal capacity. On the contrary, narrow
and grovelling wits condemn themselves tɔ " In the middle, betwixt the two oppo. abject cogitations and low counsels, never sites, too much heaviness, and too much daring to aspire above the common suglightness, nature seems to bave placed the gestions of their pusillanimous humility; most happy indoles, or Ample Wit ; which yet, in little matters, and such as transcend is seldom out of love with itself, yet never not the sphere of their capacity, they often too indnlgent of itself, and often advanceth proceed with exact diligence, and someits possessors to the highest honours and times also with good success : there being dignities of which subjects are capable. annexed to them a certain astalia, sinistre This usually is attended with no more of or spurious wisdome, called cunning and eloquence than decency allows, or occasion wisdom for one's self, such as is common requires; and that, if cultivated by er!l. also to weak and timorous animals, which dition, or matured by time, is always neat keeps them intent wholly upon their own and graceful, even in familiar conversa safety, and (as we have before deduced it) tion; neither precipitate nor slow in de ariseth only from diffidency of sufficiency in livery, as guided by a judgment, though themselves ; than which there can be no not sharp on the suddain, yet strong and greater enemy to noble and generous unsolid after a little recollection. In fine, dertakings. Besides, if they at any time this is the man most fit to harbour all (as sometimes, puft up with prosperity of virtues; as by nature's benignity compa their crafty and undermining designs, they rated to great prudence, as well publick, as will) offer at ingenuity, it is with so much private; and if touched with a tempera- constraint, formality, and starchedness, mental propensity to some certain vice, that they expose themselves to the smiles yet seldom tainted with any evil habit. and contempt of judicious men.”
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, With SHORT NOTICES.
NARRATIVE OF A Tour or HAWAII, cannot but indulge the most delightful or OwYHEE; with Remarks on the His- anticipations in reference to the “ Sandtory, Traditions, Manners, Customs, and wich Islands.” Recent events, comLanguage of the Inhabitants of the Sand- municated in the journals of the day wich Islands. By William Ellis, Mis- since the return of the Blonde, afford sionary from the Society and Sandwich pleasing confirmation of the intelligence Islands. 8vo. pp. 442. Price 12s. With previously brought to our country by Seven Engravings, and a Mup of the Island. the excellent author of the volume be-We take the earliest opportunity of an fore us. No one, we are persuaded, nouncing the completion of Mr. Ellis's ever heard the details given by Mr. publication. Unless we are greatly mis Ellis at missionary meetings, without taken, there has been no work connected the conviction of his possessing special with the London Missionary Society's ope- claims to the regard and confidence of rations, since their commencement, which the Christian world. The simplicity and is more deserving of public attention, or chasteness of his communications - the more likely to gratity and reward public evident indications of honest feeling and curiosity. While the friends of Chris- unaffected integrity--and the interesting tianity must feel deeply interested in the information respecting the manners, custriumphant success of evangelical mis- toms, and natural history of the Sandsions in the islands of the Pacific, they wich Islands, which characterize his ad