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account. How he could have assistance from those to whose remade this blunder, I cannot com, ligious Societies the Scottish peoprehend; but surely such a master ple have contributed. of arithmetic * should have known It also appears from this statewhen the accounts opened on both ment, that while the London Missides, and not have entered any sionary Society was receiving one money as received, four years be- twentieth part of her annual income fore it came to hand. If he looks from Scotland, the Scottish Misinto the cash-book of the Trea- sionary Society was receiving one surer of the Scottish Missionary eighth part of her annual income Society, he will find no receipts from England. This, perhaps, from England till the spring of will be a new view of the subject 1819.
to the “ Friend of Missions ;" but Now for the application of the I cannot see why it should not principle laid down. The writer, be considered as more correct I suppose, knows that the Society than his own. principally supported by the Dis Thirdly. He seems to take for senters in England, is the London granted, that the sums transmitted Missionary Society-not because it to England, to assist her religious acts as a Dissenting Institution, Institutions, could have been as or promotes, in heathen countries, well, or better, spent in the north, their peculiar views; but because among the religious Societies its constitution is Catholic. On there; and that, perhaps, in future, this ground it might, without pre- the better plan would be, to be sumption, be called the British less liberal to the Societies of Missionary Society.
England, and keep more for themThe candid view, then, of the selves. Such is certainly the drift account would be as follows:-- of his last paragraph.
The writer should have been Amount received by the London Missionary Society from Scot
aware that, as it regards some of land during six years, that is,
the Institutions, if the money had from 1819 to 1825. (This is
not been sent to England, not from the Reports.) About . . . £8,000
one fiftieth part of the amount Amount contributed chiefly by the Friends of the London Mission
would have been given to Scottish ary Society to the Scottish Mis
Institutions. Nay, more than sionary Society for six years,
this: the friends of religion in from 1819 to 1825........
Scotland must either have with£ 225
held assistance altogether from some important objects, or have
sent the money to England. There Here the balance against the
le were no Societies in Scotland Dissenters in England is very
that could, or did, at the time, small. The other sums, received by other Institutions in England,
promote the same objects : so
that, if they were to enjoy the should not be inserted, till every
very luxury of doing good to some of means have been employed to get the most important branches of
Christian benevolence, the amount * There is another error-small indeed must be transmitted to the south. when compared with the other -- which I
Here I allude particularly to the merely notice en passant : It will be found in summing up the Cr. side of the ac
British and Foreign Bible Socount. It is only £1,000. too much. I ciety, the Hibernian School Sotake some credit to myself for mentioning ciety, and the Translation departit, as it makes the English liable for
ment of the Baptist Missionary £1,000. more! Perhaps it may be a typographical error. On the Dr. side there is Society. such an error of £360.
Here, then, I affirm, especially
with regard to the Bible Society, giving funds to be expended in the distinction of England and this country--but to establish and Scotland should cease. It is a support Schools in benighted IreBritish object-not Scotland con- land. Scotland should rather tributing to England, but the view this as discharging a debt to united contributions of Great Bri- that ill-used country, than as an tain and Ireland collected for pro obligation conferred on England. moting the same object, and Scotland does not possess an Inwhich could be better done by stitution similar to that of the Hione great Society, than by a sepa- bernian Society. Because she rate Society in each county or does not, would she withhold help kingdom. I view the contribu- from the sister island, merely on tions received by the Bible So- account of the Society in London ciety as coming, not from Eng- being the channel through which land, or Scotland, as such, but as she must convey her assistance? the offerings of British Christians This she could not do. Why then to aid the circulation of the word debit the account of England of God.
with the amount sent for the relief On this principle, the sum of of Ireland ? £75,200., contributed by Scot. I leave this view of the subject land to the British and Foreign with your readers, both in the Bible Society, should be deducted North and South. I do not think from the amount against England. my representation is unfair ; but It was not one country laying the viewing it as a moral question, not other country under obligation, but as a mere financial arrangement, the north combining with the south a mere commercial transaction; I to promote one great and glorious cannot consider that England object, and which could be better should be viewed as under obligaeffected by one, than by several tion to Scotland, for all the sums independent Institutions. What that she has received for the I now say, regards the past. The various Institutions of this country. future lies in obscurity ; but I may Contributions, sent for objects, be permitted to express a hope, which could not be promoted in notwithstanding present difficulties, Scotland, for if they could have that it will be thought better to been, one-half of the amount, act on the same plan for the time would not have been committed to to come.
the care of Societies in London, On the principle alluded to, Let it be observed, that I apply three-fourths of the contributions this principle only to those Instigiven to the Baptist Missionary tutions, to which there is nothing Society should not be taken into similar in the North; and which the account against England, be- are yet so important, that the cause that proportion of the sums Christians of Scotland deem it a given was for translations, to aid privilege to assist them, though the operations at Serampore. The their head-quarters should be in friends of religion in Scotland London. could not assist the translation of I consider that the same remarks the Scriptures in India in any do not apply to Missionary So. other way: so that, of necessity, cieties, because there are similar they had to give their contribů- Institutions in Scotland. It is here tions to the Baptist Missionary then, and here alone, that we should Society.
estimate the comparative liberality The same might be asserted of of the North and South. If this the Hibernian School Society. plan should be adopted, the followIt is not helpiug England-noting statement would come nearer the true comparative view, which as if all of them had been treated should be taken of the contribu- unkindly by their brethren of the tions of Scotland to England, and south? vice versa.
What should we suppose from
his remarks ? Nay, what is the The Amount sent to England
avowed opinion of the writer ? during ten years .......£150,000 For reasons above stated, de
It is, that a great change must duct the Amount sent to the
take place on the part of England, British and Foreign Bible
in the way of giving and receivSociety .............
ing, or Scotland will see it neces£ 74,800
sary to withhold the greater part Correcting the Error of your
of her contributions. Correspondent, and taking the
Now, where does this disconAverage, and calculating six
tent exist ? Is it in the Cominstead of ten Years, we shall
mittee of the Gaelic School Sonow require to deduct .... 29,920
ciety; or does it appear in the
£ 44,880 Reports of the Congregational Deduct also the two following
Union ? No! it is only the ComItems, for reasons already
mittee of the Scottish Missionary mentioned : Three fourths of the
Society that has arraigned the reAmount given to the
ligious public of England at the Baptist Miss. Society
bar of their country, and given for Translations, for
advice which could only be justisix Years .......£8,042 Contributions to Hiber
fied by a case of the greatest nenian Society, for the
cessity. same Period ......9,010
Whence has arisen this claim 17,052
for cquality of amount of contribu£ 27,828 tions between the two countries,
when the circumstances are so This is what remains for eight
different, as it regards the number
of the Societies, and their expenEnglish Institutions, as contribu.
diture ? But is it an equality, or tions from Scotland for six years -Institutions, let it be observed,
proportion equal to the expendi
ture of the Institutions belonging belonging to every Denomination. Let all those Denominations, there
to the two countries, that is
wished ? This already exists fore, be applied to, before the
nay, more than exists. The fol. charge of unwillingness to assist
lowing comparison will prove it : Scotland be made; and made prin
The amount of contributions sent cipally against a body of Chris
from Scotland for six years, actians who, we have seen, come
cording to the statement of your within £225. of all which their particular Society had received
correspondent, will be £90,000.
The expenditure of the English from Scotland, without mention
Institutions so assisted during six ing the £2,657. given to the Con
years, will have been, at least, gregational Union.
One Million. Thus, the proporFourthly. Does the writer of the
tion which Scotland has supplied “ Reply” wish his readers to un
will have been about one eleventh. derstand that, on account of the
Again, the amount received by treatment received last year, in
the Scottish Institutions from London, by the Deputation of the Scottish Missionary Society, a
England during six years, was, at feeling of discontent exists among
least, £14,000.* The expendithe friends of all the various re
* The following are the items :ligious Institutions of Scotland, The Scottish Missionary Society for six New Series, No. 17.
ture of the religious Institutions ance, and help you out of your Scotland assisted during the same difficulties.” The Secretary was, period is, as far as I can calculate at the same time, recommended to from the imperfect documents in apply to one of the most estimable my possession, £83,000. The Scottish ministers in London, proportion, therefore, of this out- whose praise has long been in all lay which England has contri- the churches, for his advice and cobuted, is about one sixth. What operation. This was done, and will your readers say to this view the result was, that the Secretary of the subject?-to this claim for came to London, and made arequality? when, in proportion to rangements; and the Committee the expenditure of the Institutions decided on sending a Deputation of the two countries, England has to England in the spring of 1819. given nearly double what Scot- A most respectable and efficient land has, notwithstanding her li- Deputation canue to this country. berality, which I am ready, and It was most cordially received; most happy, to acknowledge. nearly all the Dissenting chapels
It is but fair that your readers in London were opened to receive should know the occasion of the their ministers. They left Lonfirst application of the Scottish don with upwards of £2,400., ex. "Missionary Society to the Eng- clusive of what was obtained in lish public, and the very different some other towns. Here was a ground taken then, from that proof of a readiness to give aswhich is now done by its friends. sistance, when a case was made,
I happen to know the indivi- out that required it.* dual with whom one of the Secre- But I wish your readers partaries of that Society corre- ticularly to notice that, when the sponded in the end of 1818. In a above Deputation visited England, letter received by my friend, in- under the pressing circumstances formation was given respecting alluded to, it was distinctly, urgthe heavy debt incurred by the ed, as a powerful addition to Society, in consequence of the their claims, that it was owing to purchase of buildings in Russia for missionary premises; and he * It is said, and I have beard tbe rewas asked if he thought the friends port on the best authority, that, when the
Deputation returned to the north, after its of Missions in England would
successful mission, an opportunity was give them any help, if a Deputa- presented in Edinburgh of publicly stating tion should be sent to the south. the kind reception given to it in the south.
The reply, in substance, was, I One of the members of the Deputation did believe, as follows:-“ By all
state, on the occasion, their obligations to
the Scottish Presbyterian ministers of Lonmeans, try; the friends of religion don and their congregations, and justly; will, no doubt, give you assist for they were liberal. But he made rather
an awkward omission. He forgot to name
their obligations to the Independents and years, that is, from 1819 to
Baptists, for their liberality on the same 1825 .............. 7,775 occasion, although nearly four-fifths of the Congregational Union, six years 2,657 wholesum was obtained from these nameless Society for propagating Chris
churches. The meeting would have broken tian Knowledge ........
up without knowing, from that address, Gaelic School Society ......
that the Congregationalists had ever conFrom British and Foreign Bible
tributed to the Deputation at all, had Society . . . . . . .
means not been used to supply the, no Proportion of £1,500. allowed
doubt, unintentional omission. Some of for Omissions .........
the London ministers did hear of the cir
cumstance; and it could not increase their £14,752 desire, on subsequent occasions, to admit
the Deputations of that Society.
their debt that they applied at all; love," and admitting them, withand unless placed in somewhat out jealousy, into the direction of similar circumstances, the visit its affairs. This will guarantee would not be repeated, at least, the non-sectarian spirit of the Infor a considerable time. Such, I stitution, and show that the only assert, was the understanding ex- object is, to convey to foreign isting at that time. There was no lands the knowledge of Christ. intimation that an annual, or even Let them also be able to show biennial, visit would be paid. I that they exerted themselves in do therefore think, under such cir- the north, and that, in every part cumstances, the passage in the of Scotland where help could be Report was altogether uncalled obtained, they have procured it. for.
Let all this be done, and England There was, indeed, at that time, will do her duty. But before all a distinct recognition, on both this be done, let no charge be sides, of the duty and advantage brought against a whole nation, or of mutual co-operation when need- a particular Denomination in it, ed; and I by no means say that though on one occasion, in one city, it was wrong for them to repeat the Deputation of one Society did their visits. No! let them come not receive so much as its friends annually, if they please; but let expected. them not demand, in the name of I say one Society, because I Scotland, a more equal return from have heard of no complaint from one particular body of English any other Institution in Scotland; Christians, when all are liable for and with regard to one Society I the debt, if it is to be viewed as can speak more decidedly. The such. If that Society be indeed Congregational Union of Scotland the representative of all Scottish has sent several Deputations to religious Institutions, let the ap- England, and they have received peal be universal; let it be made important aid from Christians in to all Denominations; let them this country ; not, indeed, equal procure a clergyman of the Esta. in amount to that given to the blishment to advocate their cause Scottish Missionary Society, but in the endowed churches. Let still considerable. The Committhe Methodists also do some. tee of that union of churches and thing; and let the unendowed ministers have, privately and pubchurches do their duty. Let them licly, expressed their gratitude to present their claims in the name their friends in the south, for the of Christ. Let them show that they liberal assistance received from have sent their missionaries to the them. I cannot do better than most favourable stations, where refer to the resolution on this subdoors of usefulness were opened, ject, passed at the meeting of the and where all the security which a Union, after their first Deputation free Government, and equitable returned from England, and which laws, could give to their mission is to be found in the Report for ary premises, and missionary la- 1821 ; and also to the resolution bours, existed. They may not be passed in the meeting of 1825, able to boast of snccess; but this after their last Deputation had is not required. Let them show returned. In these, their grateful that they need help; that they acknowledgments are expressed are desirous to extend their ope- for the kindness of Christian rations; that they wish it to be friends in England. I am more indeed a Scottish Missionary So- particular in this part of my stateciety, embracing all Denomina- ment, than some may suppose tions who hold “the truth in necessary; but I was afraid, from