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and, generally speaking, does, aged and infirm one, and a young trust' in God for his supplies du- and active one. Where this ring the period of old age and in- can be done, it should be done. firmity; but man is a frail crea- Honourable instances are to be ture, weak in faith, and feeble in found, in which churches have rehope, and we should pity our bro- leased their pastors from the cares ther, and avert, as much as pos- of office, and testified their gratisible, his temptations to unbelief tude and love by settling upon and distrust. Our lay-brethren them a handsome annuity. They are just as much called upon to felt that they owed their own trust in God for futurity as we selves, their very souls, to those are, and yet ihey lay up for old who had laboured among them, age.
as long as they could labour, in There is another point of view word and doctrine. Yes, there in which the subject may be con- are church-members who have templated, and that is, its bear- such a sense of their obligations ing upon the prosperity of our to a faithful holy minister, that churches. Is it not the case, that rather than he should want, or be an aged minister is often tempted supported in old age by foreign to cling to a situation in which he assistance, they would sell every has outlived his usefulness, merely article of plate in their house, and, because his daily bread depends, if that were not enough, would at least in his view, in remaining share their loaf with the man of where he is ? Who will elect him God. “ He is ours," they exat his time of life? What hope claim, “ours to the very last. has he of gaining another situ- He cannot be a burden to us, and ation, if he quit the one he occu- he never shall be to others. We pies? His church is far too poor. lived spiritually upon the vigour to allow him an annuity, and of his mind, while he was yet in raise a salary for his successor. the meridian of his strength; and They respect and love him, and now that he is old and grey-headed, are prevented by these feelings of he shall live temporally upon the attachment from doing any thing fruits of our industry.” to hurt his mind; but still they There are such churches; and cannot be so blinded by their there would be more of them, if attachment, as not to perceive that others had property equal to their their numbers are diminishing un- affection for their ministers. For der the enfeebled ministry of their those, then, who would, but canpastor. What a struggle is all not, provide for an aged or infirm this time going on in the good pastor, a source of supply is inman's mind, between the convic- dispensable. tion that he should resign, and That no adequate fund exists the dread of that destitution which to meet this case, is, I believe, adwould be likely to follow his re- mitted. How, then, shall it be signation! We want a provision raised? To the plan proposed by for such a minister as this, by your respectable and benevolent which the church would be reliev- correspondent, I have a most deed from its embarrassing situation, cided objection. The money col- the pastor taken care of, and the lected after the Lord's Supper is cause of religion furthered by the given for a special purpose, and choice of a more efficient, because that purpose is the relief of such more able-bodied, labourer. of the members of the church as
The cases are very many in may then be in a state of distress, which" the church could not either by poverty or sickness. It provide for two ministers - an would be taking advantage of a
term to say, that because it is col. scription, to a small amount, and lected for the saints, therefore it keep the monies raised at the Supmay be applied with propriety to per to be exclusively applied to the ministers. I believe it will be object for which they are given. conceded to me by all, that the I do not like the principle of touchfund collected at the Lord's Sup- ing, for any object whatever, the per is rarely adequate to the ob- donations given by the brethren ject for which it is raised. There for the members of their own body is a gross neglect of the spirit, at that time in actual distress. whatever conformity there may Perhaps I shall be asked, if I be to the letter, of this part of the have any other plan of my own to: duty connected with the institute propose. I have. First, then, I of the Supper. Our necessitous say, Let all our MOST AFFLUENT members do not receive the as- MINISTERS themselves come forsistance which they ought. In ward with a liberal donation tomost.cases, double the amount of wards forming a fund for the relief what is contributed ought to be of their poorer brethren. Such gathered and expended. I am men we have among us--men who aware that the sum which it is are living in all the comfort and proposed should be abstracted most of the luxury of life, to whom from this fund, is very small; but a handsome sum. would be no as the whole is already too little great sacrifice. The writer of this to meet the wants of the church, I article, although not one of the object to the deducting of a foremost in this class, yet desires penny.
to be thankful that he has bread Besides, it would have the ap- enough, and to spare; and he pearance of selfishness on the part calls upon his brethren in simiof the ministers, thus to take from lar circumstances to come forthe poor for their own comfort. ward in this business. We have It is not that the amount thus ap- no fears upon us of an old plied would be great; but the age of penury and neglect. We principle itself is objectionable. can live without the bounty of our It looks too much like careing for friends, if to-morrow we should beourselves. There would be, of come infirm and incompetent to course, no right, on the part of the duties of our office. We are either pastor or deacons, to make the men to be first looked to, and such an appropriation as is pro- from whom help may be first ex- . posed, without the consent of the pected. We may be supposed to church; and how many of our have a fellow feeling for our minismembers are there who, it may be terial brethren, and should set the expected, would object to it, and example. When we have done who, if their views were over our duty, and set our example, ruled by a majority, would with then with what confidence may draw their contribution altogether. we go to our lay friends, and Would not the subject excite the especially the richer ones, and clamour of the poor, and endanger ask them to do likewise ? I chalthe peace of the whole body? lenge, therefore, my brethren to
To this it may be replied, that come forward. I will join them it is only for the members to con- in the business, and lend all the tribute a little more at their month- little influence in my power to ly communion, and the end will promote the object. be accomplished without any di. When the MOST AFFLUENT have minution of the assistance afforded done their duty, the next class to the poor. But would it not will not be wanting in theirs, till be better to have a separate sube almost the poorest will do some
thing. Let the business. first be ally, the more wealthy among taken up by ministers, and our them, upon this subject; and he flocks will be sure to follow. If earnestly hopes, and firmly bea subscription on this scale be set lieves, that there is. generosity on foot through the kingdom, and enough among them to enter corthe fund be supported by small dially into the plan. On us, it annual contributions from our depends whether such a desidechurches, the end would be speedi- ratum as a provision for infirm ly and easily accomplished
and superannuated ministers shall *The writer of this article will be be made. happy to correspond with the in-. dividual who sent the paper which
1. P: S.-My name and address appeared in the May number, or may
er or may be known by application to with any of his brethren, especi
• the Publisher.
XVI.- Rev. Cornelius Winter, to litated frame is a great hindrance to Mr. Lee, Wem, Shropshire. business. I either do not work at all,
or I work lazily. I can indulge reading, Painswick, May 26, 1797. . though I am much fatigued by it. But SHALL apology for an unreasonable de- the instant I give up my mind to thinklay of a letter, which, as a letter of ing, I am stopped in my progress. Yet gratitude, should have been written in- I lave always something to do, and stantly on-the receipt of your great pre- something that I am obliged to perform sent, meet your eye, my very dear Sir, immediately. When several concerns at this unreasonable distance from the of equal necessity intrude upon an obtime in which it ought to have been structed mind, it is difficult to determine written? Indeed, I am ashamed to what is first to be done. Perhaps, my write in the apologetical strain. If it dear Sir, you are pressed with the same would be any mitigation of the shame. difficulty in your department. If so, I ful neglect, I can, with great truth, say, shall have your sympathy. I hope no“ I have you in my heart.” Not a day thing of your former complaint returns passes without your occurring to my upon you, but that you are strong in mind, especially when my palate is re- body, and strong in soul; strong in the galed with that fine and mellow cheese, Lord, and in the power of his might. hardly to be matched in our neighbour- Spiritual strength is of the first consehood, and which would never have quience, that. we may encounter sin, come to my share, but as presented by Satan, and the world, by whom we are so kind and dear a friend. I was beguiled into sin; and that we may mortified exceedingly, on my return persevere in the Christian race to the from Wilts, to find I had lost the plea- end of our days. For this we are insure of your company, but hope, our sufficient of ourselves, and should have lives being spared, that pleasure is yet to been as indisposed as we are insufficient, come. In the mean while, and as soon had not the Lord, by his Spirit, excited as possible, convince me, by a line from in us a desire, and shown us the imyour friendly pen, that you are disposed portance of turning our feet unto his to forgive the delay you might justly re- testimonies. O blessed discovery! 0 sent.
free grace, that has wrought in us to · I have partook largely of the afflic- will, and that has provided for us, in tion of the times, as it respects indispo, Jesus Christ, power to do! Indepensition. At the time you was at our dent of Jesus we can do nothing ; and house, I was so exceedingly ill, that I it is only as he worketh in us, that our knew not whether my return would be motion and work can be speedy. As practicable, I have not been thoroughly the sails of a ship can swell but in prowell since, and some part of the time portion to the quantity, of wind that have continued very poorly. My debis fills them; or the wlieels of a mill (de
pendent upon the wind that moves of our shame. May this meet you un. them) are slow or swift in their motion, der the abundance of grace, active in in proportion as the sails receive force the discharge of what you have found from the wind, so we can only act as we necessary to be done, and yet inquiring, are endued with the grace that comes “What good thing shall I do? It is from the fulness that is in Christ. Con- good to have work before us, as well as vinced of this, his direction will be our work in hand; and if we be always em-rule of conduct: he hath said, “Ask.” ployed, as we ought to be, the spirit His promise will be fulfilled, wherein and principle of our action will lead us he bath said, “ Ye shall receive." We to renounce the merit, and give the shall receive according to the proportion glory of our work to God. To be deof faith in which we ask. Great faith voted to his service, and diligently walkis not contented with a small gift. Itsing in his ways, is an effectual security demand is great, and the grant will be against the temptations of Satan. in proportion. Therefore we have not Excuse the prolixity of this letter. I at all, or we have but in a small de- imagine you as sitting with me, only I gree, because we ask not, or are not want the pleasure of your reply to any.
large and constant in our application. thing I may propose. It will afford me * By this observation I stand reproved. pleasure to receive good news as it may He that is instant in prayer, is not poor respect the prosperity of the cause in in grace. If the prayer offered to God which you are concerned. I hope. Mr. be the prayer of faith, it will avail much. and Mrs. · Henshaw, Miss Allen, and May that prayer proceed from you, my Mr. E--, enjoy much health. To as dear Sir, that shall bring, in return, many as you may mention me, I beg to large portions from the unsearchable be affectionately remembered. You will riches of Christ! and may his commu- be pleased to hear the youth I proposed nications to you enable you to carry the to your consideration is comfortably * savour of his name, and make it mani- fixed with a capable and pious apothe
fest, wherever you go ! May you have cary. His brother goes on well at Cama very long life in which to diffuse the bridge. I have intruded upon Mr. odour of that precious name! And, G- 's patience, by neglecting to write in consequence of your knowledge of to him, but I hear his sitaation, notyour name being written in heaven, be withstanding some crosses he has lately ready and pleased to receive your dis- met with, promises to be useful and * mission from the state of mortality, prosperous. He will learn prudence by whenever it may be sent to you. It is meeting with contradiction. Mrs. Win. but short, at longest, we have to be ter sends her respectful salutations. "here. The circle of my old friends is She was not thoughtful by preventing entirely broken.. The evening of my your writing, which I'find you kindly day advances 'apace; it advances nearer intended. Now, my dear Sir, please to the night, in which no' man can work.write soon, and thereby add to all the I review life past with a concern that I - obligations conferred upon have not been more active for God. Yours affectionately, Time is to be redeemed for present
in our dear Lord Jesus. . action, but the remissness of the past
CORNELIUS WINTER. days leave the consequence. The ta·lent, though not buried, may not be im
proved to all the purposes for which it (I.- Rev. G. Whitefield to * is given ; and any degree of neglect lays
• Lord Leven * a foundation for painful reflection. It is well we have a Saviour's compassion
Edinburgh, Sept. 23, 1741, engaged on our behalf; and that, though
Past ten at Night. we cannot forgive ourselves, God, for MY LORD-Though nature calls for the sake of his dear Son, is abundant in rest, yet love and gratitude oblige me to forgiveness towards us, and will own us sit up to answer your Lordship's letter, to be his servants, though we have been : lest I should not have time in the mornunprofitable ; yea, his sons, unworthy as iny. Blessed be the glorious Redeemer, we are to be called such. The gracious who seems to be, in some measure, disposition of our God will not erase working upon your heart. My prayer
from our memory our neglect of him, -to God is, that these convictions may • Snor our misdoings against him ; neither continue till they end in a sound con
can we avoid being confounded, when version. You do well, my Lord, to fear we remember that which is the occasion blest they should wear off. I have had
not so much acquaintance with the world my last letter, which gave an account of as your Lordship, but I know it is a de- my intended preaching at Kinglassy and ceitful thing, and, without the utmost Cowpar. May the glorious Jesus sanccare and watchfulness, will insensibly tify my continuance in these parts to the divert the heart from God. Your Lord- promoting his own glory and the good ship is in a dangerous situation. A fear of souls. I think I can say, to me to of contempt, and a love for honour, live is Christ. It revives me to see so falsely so called, render religion un- many seeking after Jesus. At Kingfashionable amongst the rich and polite lassy the power was extraordinary. Oh, part of the world. But the blood of free grace! that God should make use Jesus is almighty, and can make a soul of such a wretch as I am. I desire to more than conqueror. Here is the lie humbly in the dust, and to say, Why fountain, my Lord, to which you and I me, Lord, why me? Fear not, my Lord. must apply to wash away all our sins I have received remission of sins by the and all our uncleanness. Here my filthy blood of Jesus. Into his arms I am soul has been washed from sins of deep- just about to commend your Lordship. est die; and it is yet open for all poor I pray God visit your soul with his salșinners. Come then, my Lord, and lay vation! And, hoping my humble reyourself at the feet of the blessed Jesus. spects will find acceptance 'with your He can, he will, if you believe on him, Lordship, your Lady, and Lady Ann, I abundantly pardon you. But faith is beg leave to subscribe myself, the gift of God. I pray God give you
My Lord, no rest till you have received a full as Your Lordship's most obedient, surance of faith. Then will you receive
. obliged, humble Servaut, your primitive dignity, trample earth
G. WHITEFIELD. under your feet, and with your heart be.. panting after God. Oh, my Lord, it is
1 . : w* a blessed thing to have fellowship with the Father and the Son. I am a poor,
XVIII.-The Rev. John Newton despised minister of Jesus Christ; but I to a poor Woman of Olney. · would not change my Master for ten thousand worlds. I have food to eat
Nov. 23th, 1797. which the world knows nothing of. I DEAR NANNEY-Why are you so cast long to have your Lordship taste of down! It is, as you say, not probable it too, and shall, as it were, travail
that we shall meet again upon earth; in birth till Jesus Christ be formed in but I have no doubt of meeting you in you. Your Lordship need not remind heaven, if I get there myself, as I trusi I me to pray for you. Your eternal shall, though I ani a chief sinner, for welfare is much upon my heart. Oh, such our Lord Jesus came into the world my Lord, now is the accepted time to save. Yes, I trust you and I, as well
the day of salvation. The blessed as the thief upon the cross, shall join in Spirit is now striving with you, and say-- the song, “ Thou hast redeemed us to ing, “ My son, give me thy heart. What God by thy blood.”. hast thou to do any more with idols ?" The people that were upon the boards I hope your reply will be, Lord, 1 give and broken pieces of the ship all got thee my heart-my whole heart; and safe to shore ; and when we come to will no longer keep from thee the least our journey's end, we shall soon forget part. Then will your Lordship.be truly all the difficulties of the road, and the happy. For so far as we are void of remembrance of our weary steps will God, so far we are miserable. But only make our rest more welcome, and whither am. I running? It is late. But increase our thankfulness to the Lord, your Lordship desired a long letter, and who guided, guarded, and supported therefore I have taken the liberty to such weak and unworthy creatures write thus freely. I am sensible of the through this dangerous and trying wilhonour put upon me by your Lordship, derness. ,' and hope I shall never betray any trust. But how is it that, after so long acreposed in me. I pray God sanctify quaintance with the Gospel, you are this, and bless our fellowship when we still perplexing yourself with so many meet together.
ifs and buts, and doubts and fears? Are I thank your Lordship for your con- you not yet freed from that spirit of cern about the orphans. I am per- bondage which oppressed most of the suaded you will in no wise lose your good women when I lived at Olney? reward. I hope your Lordship received Many of them seenied to think that