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burial fifty-two days, scarcely retained on, contending which should pass first. the human form. On arriving at Boro- The strongest threw into the river those dino, my consternation was inexpressible who were weaker, and hindered their pasat finding the 20,000 men, who had pe sage, or unfeelingly trampled under foot rished there, lying uncovered.
all the sick they found in their way. Many “ November 8th.--The goldiers vainly hundreds were crushed to death by the struggling with the snow and the wind, wheels of the cannon. Thousands and which rushed upon them with the violence thousands of victims, deprived of all bope, of a whirlwind, could no longer distinguish threw themselves headlong into the Berethe road ; and falling into the ditches sina, and were lost in the waves. which bordered it, found a grave. How " December 4.-The route was covered many unfortunate beings on this dreadful with soldiers, who no longer relained the day, dying of cold and famine, struggled human form, and whom the enemy dis. hard with the agonies of death. Stretched dained to make prisoners. Some had lost on the road, we could distinguish only their hearing, others their speech; and the heaps of snow which covered them, many, by excessive cold and hunger, were and which, at almost every step, formed reduced to a state of frantic stupidity, in little undulations like so many graves. wbich they roasted the dead bodies of their The Cossacs came to the succour of the comrades, or even gnawed their own peasants, and drove back to the great hands and arms. Some were so weak, road, already filled with the dying and the that, unable to lift a piece of wood, or roli dead, those who escaped from the carnage a stone towards the fires which they had made among them. Tormented with kindled, they sat down upon the dead hunger, we saw them run after every bodies of their comrades, and, with a horse the moment it fell. They devoured haggard countenance, stedfastly gazed it like dogs, and fought among themselves upon the burning coals. No sooner was for the mangled limbs.
the fire extinguished, than these living 6 November 13th. It was horrible to spectres, unable to rise, fell by the side see and hear the enormous dogs with of those on whom they had sat.' We saw shaggy hair, which, driven from the vile many who were absolutely insane. To lages we had burned, followed us along warm their frozen feet, they plunged them our march. Dying with hunger, they ut- naked into the middle of the fire. Some, tered one incessant and frightful howl, and with a convulsive laugh, threw themselves often disputed with the soldiers the car- into the flames, and perished in the most casses of the horses which fell in the route. horrible convulsions, and uttering the In addition to this, the ravens, attracted most piercing cries; while others, equally by the scent of dead bodies, hovered over insane, immediately followed them, and us in black and innumerable crowds, and experienced the same fate. by their cries of mournful presage, struck “ On the morning of the 13th of Dethe stoutest hearts with terror.
cember, of 400,000 warriors, who had “ Happily we were but two leagues from crossed the Niemen at the opening of the Smolensko. But what was our grief, campaign, scarcely 20,000 men repassed when we heard that the ninth corps was it, of whom at least two-thirds had not gone, and that the provisions were all con- seen the kremlin. Arrived at the opposumed. A thunderbolt falling at our feet, site bank, like ghosts returned from the would have confounded us less than did infernal regions, we fearfully looked bethis news,
hind us, and beheld with horror, the 6 November 28th.--The wreck of the savage countries where we had suffered so French army arrived at the Beresina ; and mnch."-pp. 45--49. Labaume says, Now began a frightful contention between the foot-soldiers, and the
The moral evils of war, in its efhorsemen. Many perished by the hands fect on the socialties, which subject of their comrades, but a greater number occupies two letters, are strongly were suffoeated at the edge of the bridge ; exhibited. fortified by the sentin and the dead bodies of men and horses so choked cvery avenue, that it was necessary
ments of Erasmus, Lord Clarento climb over mountains of carcasses to don, Archbishop Secker, Bishop arrive at the river. Some who were buried Porteus, etc. in these horrible heaps, still breathed, and struggling with the agonies of death, caught hold of those who mounted over them; but these kicked them with vio.
ric. The whole Works of the Rev. Oliver lence to disengage themselves, and with Heywood, B. A. Now first colout remorse, trod them'underfoot.
lected, revised, and arranged, in" At length the Russians advanced in
cluding some Tracts extremely a mass. At the sight of the enemy, the artillery, the baggage waggons, the ca
scarce, and others from unpubvalry, and the foot-soldiers, all pressed lished Manuscripts : with Me
moirs of his Life. In Five Vo- wood is entitled to our high and lumes. Volume the Second. 8vo. grateful veneration. During his pp. 500.
life he was eminently laborious The name of Oliver Heywood is and successful. Before his ejectfragrant and refreshing to our ment by the Act of Uniformity, spirits! The memoirs of his life, he was greatly honoured in the published many years ago, by the usefulness of his ministry; and venerable Dr. Fawcett, contain though he suffered peculiar hardsome peculiarly interesting anec ships and privations for many dotes, illustrative of the mournful years before the revolution, he intolerance of the dominant party still continued, as opportunities in the age of the Second Charles, were afforded, his self-den ying and well adapted to strengthen the labours. On some occasions he faith of the suffering Christian, in was reduced to the greatest diffithe time of trial. Those days are culties; and the malignity with happily passed away; but the re- which he was treated by his ecclemembrance of them is calculated, siastical oppressors, served only not only to promote our devout to develop the strength of his gratitude, but to confirm our at- faith, and the meekness of his tachment to the great principles of spirit. When the dark storm of Protestantism and Nonconformity persecution had ceased, and he -principles essentially identical, could again breathe the air, and and to the influence of which may enjoy the sunshine of liberty, he be ascribed, under a divine agency, resumed his pastoral labours, and the establishment of civil and reli- engaged so extensively in itinegious liberty, and the preservation rating through all parts of the and extension of the still more im- county in which he lived, that, as portant interests of evangelical the esteeined editor of his work Christianity. The men of that has observed, he might have been stormy period were giant-spirits, called “ the Apostle of Yorkfitted to encounter its contests, shire.” His activity and vigour and endure its heart-stirring agita- continued to the latest period of tions. Theirs was not a “ carpet his life; and in many parts of the warfare," a doyouayła, in which district where he laboured, his they might flourish and declaim name is still held in grateful venewithout fear. They entered the ration through the traditional rescenes of combat, and with holy membrance of his virtues and his daring retained a firm and un- usefulness.' yielding grasp of their principles. The publications of this excelThey felt their importance; and lent man are not appreciated as forming comprehensive views of they deserve. Their local influtheir results and connexions, they ence must have been considerable were led by an enlightened and at the time of their appearance; prospective policy, to prefer suf- and some have gone through sevefering and privation to dishonour- ral editions since the death of their able subjection. They “ endured author. His style of composition as seeing Him who is invisible”- is eminently marked by simplicity; “ Unshaken, unseduced, unterri- and a rich vein of spiritual sentified;" and the wreath of their ment and holy feeling may be glory is amaranthine !
traced through all his writings. Amongst these illustrious con- We are sometimes reminded of fessors, many of whom suffered Philip Henry in his quaintness “unto death," and all of whom and faithfulness, and antithetical possessed the spirit, and deserve point; and sometimes, of Leighton, the appellation of martyrs, Hey, in the higher qualities of thought
and illustration. He has not the enterprising booksellers, with new erudition of Owen, or the eloquent and rather tempting means of its and original reasoning of Howe, continued observance. Elegant or the overwhelming force and little volumes, in imitation of the awful grandeur of Baxter ; but German literary almanacks, are we feel no hesitation in assigning now annually published of this him an eminent place in the second purpose, and, doubtless, many a class of the theologians of his age; copy of “ the Literary Souvenir,” and sincerely rejoice that a uniform the “ Forget me not,” or of edition of his work is announced, “ Friendship’s Offering,” has been under the judicious superintende received by our fair readers, as an ance of the Rev. W. Vint, the acceptable expression of regard, esteemed President of the Theo- and a pleasing omen of future logical Institution at Idle. The happiness. Though we are not volume before us is the second of soothsayers, yet our profession is the series; and the first volume, surely grave enough to allow us which is to contain the memoirs, to predict, that should any of our will not be published till the other youthful friends receive “ the volumes have appeared. We shall Amulet” now before us, as a new reserve, therefore, a more extended year's gift, and become thereby, consideration of the life and works for the first time, acquainted with of Heywood, till the whole are that which constitutes its greatest before the public; and, at present, charm, they will through life concontent ourselves with most cor- sider, that it was, indeed, a “ token dially recommending this edition for good”-a good more permato the patronage and support of nent, a happiness more enduring all the friends of evangelical reli. than heathen sages could imagine, gion; but more especially to those, or time itself can bound. " The who in this age of spurious can- Amulet” is a Christian as'well as a dour, and unscriptural liberality, literary Remembrancer, and while venerate, the fathers of the non- it will bear comparison with any conformist churches, and can ap- of its competitors which we have preciate the great principles by seen in the beauty of its typowhich they were actuated in their graphy, and the elegance of its sufferings and labours !
graphic illustrations, yet it is the high moral and religious feeling
which pervades its pages, that The Amulet; or, Christian and Li- forms, in our esteem, its best at. terary Remembrancer.-Baines traction. and Son, pp. 390, with Twelve This pleasing miscellany combeautiful Engravings. 12s.
prises upwards of sixty contribuLong before the Christian era tions in prose and verse, from the gifts were presented amongst pens of some of the most esteemed friends on new year's day, as the writers in the republic of sanctified tokens of affectionate regard, and literature. Where there are so those who received such pledges many excellent papers, it is not of favour hailed them as the happy easy, nor perhaps is it perfectly omens of a prosperous year. just, to individuate, yet we cannot
The lapse of eighteen centuries, help directing our readers to “ Joan with all the revolutions which have of Kent,” as an 'able and afattended it, has not abolished this fecting sketch. The description kind-hearted usage, which, indeed, of the Primate Cranmer is admiraof late years, has been supplied ble, and calls at once to mind his by the diversified talents of inge- stern and melancholy air, as denious artists, elegant writers, and picted by Gerbrius Flicciis, in his
unique portrait of the Archbishop The Lord of All above, bencatlı, in the British Museum.
Was bow'd with sorrow unto death. Mrs. Cameron's tale of ic Prejudice and Pride” is happily told,
The sun set in a fearful hour;
The heavens might well grotv dim, and furnishes a valuable lesson to When this mortality had power, bigots of every communion The So to o'ershadow Him! descriptive paper on “ Jerusalem” That He who gave man's breath might is from the pen of Mr. Josiaha
know Conder, who has repeatedly proved
The very depths of human woe. how familiar he is with the topo- He knew them all!--the doubt, the strife, graphy of the holy city, and must The faint perplexing dread; be read and admired as it deserves. The mists that hang o'er parting life, Dr. Walshe's account of the Chal
All darken'd round His head;
And the Deliverer knelt to pray-dean Christians is highly interest
Yet pass'd it not, that cup, away! ing, and will inspire fervent desires in the mind of every pious reader, It pass'd not--tho' the stormy wave that this antient people may learn, Had sunk beneath His tread; from the Sacred Scriptures promised
ures promised It pass'd not--tho' to Him the grave to them, how needless it is to send
Had yielded up its dead.
But there was sent Him, from on high, delegates to Rome. The poetic A gift of strength, for man to die ! division of the work is rich in popular names-Milman, Montgomery, And was His mortal hour beset Bowring, B. Barton, Bowles, Ed
With anguish and dismay ?
How may we meet our conflict yet meston, Clare, Mrs. Hemans, Mrs.
In the dark, narrow way? Gilbert, and several other distin- How, but thro' Hiin, that path who trod?--guished votaries of the muses, have, Save, or we perish, Son of God!” by their contributions, increased
pp. 345, 346. the attractions of the volume. Montgomery’s “ Elijah in the
It only remains for us to add, Wilderness," is in every sense wor
that the plates are from designs thy of his holy and elevated muse,
by Martin, Westall, Corbould,
Wright, Brooke, Stephen, &c. we select with more pleasure, but and engraved in a very pleasing its length forbids it. We can,
style by Heath, Finden, Mitchell, however, devote space enough for
Melville, &c, and that the whole the following plaintive verses by
work is published with such a reMrs. Hemans.
gard to good taste and morals, as
to deserve the support of all those CHRIST IN THE GARDEN.
who wish to see the laurel and the “He knelt-the Saviour knelt and pray'd, When but His Father's eye
palm entwined, to grace the brows Look'd thro' the lonely Garden's shade, of the rising generation. On that dread agony !
Literaria Rediviva; or, The Book Worm.
The Lives of Dr. John Donne, Sir subject are to be delineated. For
Henry Wotton, Mr. Richard the sake of effect, a few subsidiHooker, and Mr. George Her- aries may be admitted in the back bert, written by Isaac Walton, ground, as the painter judiciously 1670. 8vo.
intimates the student by his reclinGenuine biography is an intel- ing books, and the soldier by his. lectual miniature, in which the fea, military trophies; but these adtures, complexion, and spirit of the ditaments must not be crowded,
New Series, No. 13.
nor ushered into, undue promi- those miserable creatures who are nence: a shade of indistinctness so unfortunate as to be within their may even be suffered to cover reach, might be obtruded on the them, that the whole light may world, with as much claim to atrest on the principal figure. In tention, and with as great a probathe generality of works which bility of usefulness. We are thopass under the name of biogra- roughly satiated with lives! No phies we are at some loss to dis- sooner is there a death announced cover the aim of the writer : whe- in one paper, but there is a life ther it be to detail and defend his advertized in another; as though own opinions, or those of his sub- we were determined to fill up a ject. We have said biography vacuum in the natural, by a supershould resemble a miniature : the fætation in the intellectual world. portraits of but few men are re- We have not time sufficient to quired to be drawn at full length; inspect our own lives, in our anxithe artist is content to show the ety to read the lives of others. If face; he leaves the other parts of some remedy be not applied to the body, by which men are less this prolific disease, we have sedistinguished from each other, to rious apprehensions that the monthe imagination of the beholder. strous progeny will eat up all our By far the greatest proportion of old and solid literature, and modern memoirs appear to us to eventually effect the mortality of hear a strong resemblance to those intellect. We have already lives elaborate pictures of sea-fights of children who never attained which adorn the walls of our their sixth year swelled into a country barbers, and other ama- hundred pages; and we think teurs of the fine arts, where all the there is every prospect, if the rage agreement to the original consists go on progressively, that we shall in the fact that, in both, there are soon have lives of those who never ships and waves, confusion and lived at all. We are not sure that destruction. As far as regards some of these precious articles their appropriation to this or that were not intended as a satire on particular engagement, they might, the prevailing taste; if not, nothing with equal felicity, be denomi- less than the “ Memoirs of the nated the battle of Actium, or the Blue-coat-school-Boys," with an arrival of the Danes. To entitle appendix, descriptive of their gymthe history of any individual to nastic games, tops, marbles, and publicity, there must be in that all, can be expected as the climax individual some unusual trait of of this literary mania. character, some prominency in his There was a happy period in mental features, something un- English history, when the public common in the incidents of his cation of a man's life was not life; and, to make the recital of invariably the death of his reputathem profitable, there must be the tion; when his displayed effigy hand of a master to illustrate such was not the sure precursor of his peculiarities, and to deduce from ignominious execution; in short, them some general principles, when the pen was employed pro which may inform and ultimately fama, non fame. It is our comfort benefit the reader. If these ob- that a few relics of that golden jects be forgotten or undervalued, age remain-a few gems which yet the lives of the illustrious warriors sparkle through the dark intervenof the Cherokee or Chicksaw na- ing centuries, and derive additional tions, with an account of their splendour from the cloudiness and several depredations in burning, opacity of the pebbles which our scalping, and tomahawking all modern lapidaries vend. To such