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were Christiansand Christians of Review of Nonconformity. But the highest order. We do not we can assure him, 'that his discomplain that Mr. G. has not course did not escape our attendone them justice, or that he has tion at tlie time of its first appearfailed to tell us,'that all their high ing; and we really suspect, that qualities of intellect and heroism the full confidence we had as to its were combined with a profound speedy and extensive circulation respect for revelation; we do not may have exercised some unconcomplain that he has, after the scious influence in leading us to example of the heartless Hume, mislay it for so long a period of and the malignant Gibbon, derided time. Mr. Ely, before this, had the men on account of their reli- presented to the public two or gion, or wounded their religion three single sermons, indicating a through the sides of the men. considerable share of talent; but There is evidently too much of rather wanting in chasteness and true greatness of soul about Mr. condensation of style. But, in G. to have betrayed him into such the present discourse, we find an folly ; but all we regret is, that he unusual quantity of thought and is morally incapable of doing jus. information, distinguished by great tice to the prime and predominant force and compression. It preingredient in the characters of the sents a rapid indeed, but most vamen he admires. He has done luable history of Nonconformity, justice to their names, and to their in language at once clear and deeds ; but the inspiring cause of energetic. all their greatness, their intense After taking a comprehensive devotedness to the love of God view of the rise and progress of and man, and the conscientious the Reformation, the writer addiscipleship they had submitted to verts to that miserable policy, in the school of Christianity, is which produced the Uniformity but slightly noticed. We are not Act. He takes notice, of course, unwilling, however, to accept Mr. of the Five Mile Act, proGodwin's services as far as they nounces an eulogium on the mereach, and though we could have mory of William the Third, and wished for a deeper tinge of sym- expresses that high sense of repathetic feeling in the religious gard, which, we believe, all Disprinciple of the great men, whose senters entertain for the house of history he emblazons, we yet tender Hanover. From the second part him our best thanks for the can- of this discourse, in which Mr. dour and respect he has uni- Ely proceeds to certain general formly shown to religion and reli. positions, we quote his remarks on gious men-a candour and re schism. spect which appear to us to indicate a state of mind, in reference to
“ Separation is not necessarily schism ;
and, therefore, how will the Church of Christianity, considerably melio
England roll away the charge of schism rated from that of his earlier years, for its separation from the Church of
Rome? or how shall we interpret the
Scripture injunction, to withdraw ourA Review of Nonconformity: a selves from such as walk disorderly ? Nor Discourse delivered at the Ordi
is the party of separatists necessarily
schismatics, because it happens to be infenation of the Rev. J. Kennedy,
rior in number or in power; for after the at Bury, Lancashire, September manner which the predominant voice called 7, 1825. By John Ely. Lou heresy, did the primitive Christians wor. don: F. Westley.
ship the God of their fathers. Though the
separatist were a single individual, he We certainly owe an apology to might perchance have rights, and truth, the very respectable author of this and conscience on his side. . . . . . Nor would the separatist be necessarily particularly into the minds of the schismatic, even though the party from young, some erroneous ideas. Inwhich he might separate should be a true church; for, when Paul saw those that
i stead of designating any period
stea • were apostles before' him, endeavouring of persecution by particular epithet, to impose the yoke of Jewish ceremonies such, for instance, as pagan, or on the church; even to them, • he gave ponish, we would rather represent place by subjection, no, not for an hour;' but boldly rémonstrated with Peter, say.
i every persecution as the effect of ing, .If thou, being a Jew, livest after the that carnal mind which is enmity manner of the Gentiles, and not as do the against God, or, at best, of that Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to misapprehension respecting the po. live as do the Jews ?”—pp. 24, 23.
litical innocence of mere theoloWe believe the author is per- gical opinion, which has clung to fectly correct when he adds
the minds of some from whom we
might have expected better things. “ How reluctant the Nonconformists
Popery, indeed, as a religious were to separate from the English Church, is manifest from the whole bistory. Long system, appears to us essentially did they continue silent, hoping for better and unalterably intolerant, and times, before they ventured to disunite its tendencies to persecution are themselves. Earnestly did they petition for that liberty of conscience which was
too obvious; but we wish to do refused them. For more than a century
all the good we can to Cathodid they solicit for a comprehension. They lics, and doubt whether we are at wished not to impose their views upon all likely to obtain a patient and their brethren; all that they desired was,
S candid hearing from them, after
candid hearing from thom to be allowed liberty in certain points, in
aftor regard to wbich Iheir own consciences de. we have reminded them of the murred.
cruel and antichristian conduct of " If their demur be deemed perverse their forefathers. Besides, how and vexatious, because it respected vest
many denominations of professing ments, and postures, and ceremonies ; let it be recollected, that these things stood
Christians are there, who could intimately associated with the papal super- with propriety assert an entire stition, and exerted over a people, but just exemption from all culpability on emancipated from the papal yoke, a most this bediSome besides
this head! Some, besides the Cadangerous influence. Let it be recollected, that it was the principle of human imposi
tholics, have been very deeply intion, rather than the minute ceremonial to volved in this kind of criminality; which they objected. And let it be recol. and it is, therefore, quite unfair to lected, that it was not they that attached
represent the adherents of popery, so much importance to these ceremonials, they wished them to be left indifferent ;
as the only persecutors. Mr. Ely it was by their enemies that they were justly remarksmade terms of communion."-pp. 25, 26.
“ The Nonconformist Martyrology miglit
constitute another folio, in which the We should very unwillingly take i
names of thousands and tens of thousands a low station assigned us among might be enrolled. They suffered fine and the opposers of the errors of po- imprisonment; they dwelt in woods, and pery ; but we have often thought, went into voluntary exile; they were
' that there is something highly ob
treated with ribald scorn by lordly eccle
siastics, and exposed in pillories to the jectionable, in so frequently pub- hootings of the mob; their Alesh was lishing cheap abridgments of Fox's branded with hot iron, and their persons Book of Martyrs; not that we at were cruelly dismembered.”-- p. 26. all doubt the general accuracy of We could easily extend our his melancholy and horrifying quotations, but must content ourstatements; but we think, that the selves with recommending this disabstracted manner in which they course as one of the best on the are, for the most part, brought Subject that ever came under our before the public, tends to instil, notice.
LIST or NEW PUBLICATIONS, with SHORT NOTICES.
A SERMON ON THE DEATH OF JOSEPH MEMOIRS OF TITE LIFE AND WRITButterWORTH, Esq. late M. P. for INGS OF THE REV. ANDREW FULLER, Dover. Preached at Great Queen Street Pastor of the Church at Kettering, 8c. Chapel, on Sunday, July 9, 1826. By By J. W. Morris. New Edition, corRichard Watson. 8vo. pp. 33. Kershaw. rected and enlarged. 8vo. pp. 375. -This interesting sermon is rather a Wightman and Cramp, 1826. Price biographical portraiture, or a funeral 7s.6d.-It gives us great satisfaction to oration, than a discourse on the text, announce a “new and corrected edition" (Gal. i. 24,) which the preacher selected of this valuable work. On former occafor the occasion. It is, however, cha- sions, we have recorded our opinion of racterised by that accurate discrimina- the high character and distinguished extion, and impassioned fervour, which cellence of the late Andrew Fuller. usually mark the discourses of Mr. Wat The memoir before us is in many reson. After an eloquent and impressive spects different from the interesting introduction, containing some remarks volume, published by the late venerable on the text; the entire sermon is con- Dr. Ryland. The materials for biografined to an exhibition of the private and phical detail, in the possession of Mr. public character of the worthy and Morris, were less minute and ample benevolent individual, whose death all than those entrusted to the Doctor; but classes of the Christian world must sin- he has made better use of them, and has cerely deplore. Mr. W.commences his presented a portraiture of the inteleulogy, by referring to the evidence of lectual and ministerial character of Mr. Mr. Butterworth's is conversion to the Fuller, so marked by versimilitude, and true knowledge and faith of our Lord so admirably graphic in its expression, Jesus Christ," as the basis of all his that it starts like life from the canvass, personal and social worth. Of his reli- and gives every impartial beholder, gion, he observes, that “it was devo- the decisive impression of its fidelity. tional"_" social” and “ truly Catho- To the theological student in particular, lic." . To his " zeal and benevolence," we recommend the volume before us, he then refers, as marked traits of his as one that presents an admirable acpersonal character, and enters more par- count of the leading publications of one ticularly into the consideration of his of the most acute and powerful writers public life. We cannot follow Mr. W. of the present age. into all his detail of the political con duct, and Parliamentary principles of
PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION. his friend ; nor on one topic especially, are we prepared to record our approba
The Amulet; or, Christian and Litetion in terms so unqualified as those rary Remembrancer, for the year 1827. adopted by the reverend panegyrist. It will be published early in the month of But we are nevertheless firmly per
November next, and will be embellished suaded, that Christian principles and
by twelve beautiful and interesting en
gravings of the very bighest character, . motives had a preponderating influence
from paintings by many of the most emiin forming the public character of Mr. nent Artists of the age, including Howard. B., and that his ultimate objects, in all R. A., Stothard, R. A., Wright, Stephahis Parliamentary connexions, were such noff, Corbould, Westall, R. A., Farrer, as regarded the honour and interests of &c. &c. The Literary portion of the his country, and the promotion of truth Work, consisting of nearly a hundred and happiness through the world. We original Tales, Essays, Descriptions, and wish that more of fact and incident Poems, has been contributed by above could have been supplied, as illustrative fifty of our most popular living Authors-of the character of the Christian and among others, by Mr. Montgomery, Mrs. the philanthropist; for these were the
a Hemans, Mrs. Opie, B. Barton, Miss highest distinctions possessed by the sub
Edgeworth, Miss Mitford, Rev. Dr. Walsh,
Mrs. Hofland, Miss Landon, the Author of ject of the oration before us; and while
“ May you like it," Rev. T. Dale, Josiah we devoutly regret his removal, we sin- Condér, Mr. Jerdan, Rev. W. s Gilly, cerely recommend this valuable memở. John Anster. LL.D., &c. &c.--A new rial of his character and his worth.
type has been cast especially for the pubA TREATISE ON THE DIVINE Sove- lication, and every exertion has been used REIGNTY. By Robert Wilson, A. M. to make the volume worthy of the ad8vo. 6s. 60.-12mo, 3s.
vanced state of literature and the arts.
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM ITALY. . Splendid canopy, and surrounded by every
· blood of the saint. It was carried under a St. Januarius's Day--a grand Procession-- circumstance that could make it imposing.
the Miracle of liquifuing his Blood--a I wish Mr. C. could have been tbere ; it Phrenological Observation on the Monks would have done his heart good to have ---the Festa of the Madonna del Arco,
seen his enlightened friends, gentle and &c. &c.
simple churchmen, noblemen and plebeians, Naples, May 25, 1826.
all falling down on their knees in humble
adoration, as this precious relic was paI went to the church of Santa Chiara raded before their eyes ; a present Deity (Saint Clair), on St. Gennaro's, or Saint could hardly have produced a greater senJanuarius's day, to see the liquifying of sation. Ať length it reached the altar, the saint's blood, which the people say and was placed, by the hands of the Cardiis a standing miracle, expressly performed nal Archbishop, opposite to the image of to maintain in its full vigour the faith of the saint. Some persons, and amongst the inhabitants of Naples. The sides of them some English, of which number I the church were crowded by the populace contrived to be, were admitted within the when I arrived; but the centre was kept altar, and formed a crowd close round the clear by soldiers, who made way for me, as precious object of all this ceremony. The a foreigner, to pass up near the altar, where vial was taken out of the splendidly decoseats were arranged for the strangers, rated vase, and shown to the people; it conand where I found most of the travelling tained some brown matter, that looked Eoglish, as well as French, Russians, and like congealed oil, and after sundry turnItalians from the provinces. The image inys before the light, and sundry kissings of the saint, within the silver head of of the devout, accompanied by the loud which is the real skull, was brought from and piercing screams of tbe before-menthe cathedral in the morning, and was tioned old women, who called in no very placed at one side of the altar. On the elegant or gentle terms on their sainily left hand, separated from the rest of the relative to keep his promise, and, who impeople, were arranged about 100 old patient of delay, at length raised tbeir women, descendants from the family of voices to a shriek, that seemed to rend the saint, or from his purse. These are asunder the church itself, the stuff began privileged people, and claim a great share to spread, and as the Archbishop turned in the ceremony. After sitting some time, it round, it ran in two distinct streams on the music, from a temporary orcbestra, the side of the glass ; at this moment the began playing rery sweetly, and there ap- ringing of a little bell announced to the peared at the door the commencement of people that the miracle was accomplished. the procession. All the monks, from all The old women gave the key note, and the different monasteries of Naples, bear. sounds of joy and gladness filled the airing their different banners, passed with every face beamed with delight, and the slow and solemn step up the centre of the people went away to their homes, praising church, bowing one and all as they ap their patron saint, and rejoicing in this proached the inage. Then came other fresh assurance of his continued protecimages of saints, male and female, to the tion. amount of forty, borne on men's shoulders; As a mere matter of ceremony and every one in its turn stopping before their picturesque parade, this was a very amuschief and patron at the altar. A priest ing scene, quite as splendid as any of the stood on the steps to do homage to each Pope's puppet-shews at the theatre of St. of these worthy silver-wigged personages, Peter's, and even better and more agree. and while he shook incense under their ably arranged. The churchmen of Naples noses, the old women hailed them with understand something of picturesque effect; screains of welcome, making a discord in it took place near the twenty-fourth hour, the church, wbich could only be permitted just as the sun was setting, after a fine to St. Gennaro's relatives. Then followed spring day. The partial darkness which nobles and state officers, and all the dis began to come over the church, gave to tinguished personages of the court and the lights, which the processioners bore, the city, in their dresses of state, and last all their value, and the solema step of the of all, at the end of a procession, which bare-footed monks, left us time to oboccupied at least an hour, came the serve the expression of their countenances, thing, which was the heart, and soul, and as they passed before us in the twilight spirit of the whole matter the thing by gloom. I made one phrenological observawhich, and on account of which, all the tion, which accords so much with my puppets had been put in motion--the theory of monkhood, that I could not help
remarking it to a friend. The organ of ferent from the sullen contests and coarse self-estimation was monstrously promi- riots of an English fair. nent, and in some instances, (especially. To make you well understand the naamongst the begging and more austere ture of the miracle, which I described in orders,) it was discoverable to an excess the beginning of this letter, I should tell that I have never seen in any other class you the tradition respecting the blood in of men. "I happened to be present at a the bottle. When old Saint Januarius very favourable exbibition. The people was beheaded, his nurse, who got mingled had got hold of some prophecy, which in the crowd, and approached very near threatened destruction to the city of Naples the place of execution, gathered up some this year, and they hung in consequence of the blood of the saint, which she most with an increased interest on this miracle. sacredly preserved. From the moment Had the stuff shown any reluctance in she became possessed of this precious trearunning, they would all have been in sure, her house was distinguished from all despair; but it melted particularly soon, other houses at Patzzuoli, the town where and this auspicious indication gave rise to he was beheaded, and it soon spread abroad the most extravagant joy.
that she was under the immediate protecThe feast of Pentecost is again come. I went tion of some superior power. The people out to see the festa of the Madonna del Arco: of Benevento, who had the body of the it was not so numerously attended this year, saint, hearing the wonderful stories that on account of the penance having been were told at Patzzuoli, were determined to commenced for the observances of the put the thing to the proof, and they had the Anno Santo, or Jubilee ; but there were head of the saint conveyed there ; suppossufficient number of devotees to make the ing, (I do not know why,) that if the old sight most distressing. There was one woman's bottle really contained the saint's woman, who kept her tongue so steady blood, some sympathy would be manito the ground that she seemed almost fested when they were brought together. choked when she got up to the altar, The event turned out as they expected : and it was a long while before she could as soon as the head approached the bottle, utter her requests, but when she did re- the blood, which was before dry, began to gain her speech, she made amends for her bubble up with a lively joy, as much as long silence. She held by the railing that to say, " how d'ye do ?" A treasure like surrounds the Madonna, and invoked her this was not to be allowed to remain in aid with shrill and piercing shrieks, that the cottage of an old woman. The city of continued for a quarter of an hour, and Naples took possession of it, and to this chilled the blood to hear them. One fa- precious possession the town owes its mily brought up a poor deformed child, preservation from the destructive fires of and by their way of presenting him to the Vesuvius. While alive, on one tremendous Madonna, they seemed to have the most eruption of the mountain, the saint stopped, confident hope that a miracle would be by his personal presence, a flood of burnworked in his favour. No miracle was, ing lava, that was making its way to however, effected. How the faith of these Naples, for which cause he was chosen poor people is kept up in the wonder. patron of the city, and on which account working power of this Madonna, I can. prayers much longer and much more fer. not conceive. There were two fat well vent are addressed to him than to any fed priests sitting in the church, encourag other saint in the calendar. You will pering the exertions of the penitents, and ceive by this story, in what consists the receiving their tribute, which was pre cream of the joke, and why all the pro.' sented in various shapes. One source of cessions that I described to you take profit is a regular shop for the sale of place before the bubbling miracle can be prints of the Virgin, in the very centre of performed. The image of the saint has the church. These prints the people make the real skull within it, and it is not till into a sort of standard, which they deco- the blood is brought in contact with this rate with bows and fowers, and carry skull, that the wonderful sympathy is dishome in triumph. The processions of the played, which gives life to the inhabitants families returning home, when their peni- of Naples, and perpetually renewed as, tence is over, dressed and decorated with, surance of saintly countenance and protecBacchanalian ornaments, is really a very tion. pretty sight. I have made several sketches I have devoted more space than it may of it, and enriched my collection with seem to deserve, to this precious piece many excellent subjects for pictures. The of church juggle; but I do think it of Neapolitans, with all their faults, are so consequence, that these things should be remarkably good natured, and so ready to known. What are we to think of a church, be pleased, that their festas are the prettiest that has recourse to such expedients to things imaginable; their little gaieties are keep up its power over the minds of the entered into with heart and spirit, and the people? And how cautious ought we to whole scene gets an animation very dif. be of allowing any increase of power to a NEW SERIES, No. 21.