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fering on minor points, are to be portance as to be unworthy of seen uniting in one mighty body, investigation by those who profess and directing all their energies to them ; if it be a thing of so inone glorious end. Different parties different a nature as to render it are ranged under the same ban- altogether unimportant whether its rer; prejudices have, in a great true grounds .be understood or degree, vanished away, and love not, surely it becomes such indiand harmony bind in silken cords viduals to consider whether they the followers of Jesus. The pros- are not guilty of a sectarian spirit pect is truly delightful. It is a in separating from the Establishrelief to the mind, after contem- ment of their country. For if plating the bigotry and prejudice there is no good end to be anof past ages, to behold the full swered by the · separation, then flow of christian feeling which is would it not be prudent to renow exhibited, and to reflect upon turn to the bosom of the “ Mother the unanimity which prevails, on Church,” and confess their folly many subjects, among the dif- and ingratitude in leaving its comferent portions of the church of munion? But if the subject inChrist. But the best things are volve in it considerations of the liable to abuse; and there is dan- highest interest; if the question ger of candour and liberality de- be, whether we are to obey God generating into mere indifference, rather than man, whether we are on points which, although not es to admit human authority to dic. sential to salvation, are neverthe- tate to us in matters of religion, less of great importance. It is not and whether we are to act accordnecessary that, while we give the ing to. the monitions of our conright hand of fellowship to Chris- science, or follow the prescriptions tians of all denominations, and wel- of fallible men like ourselves, on come to our hearts, as brethren, all subjects which relate to the soul who love the Lord Jesus Christ in and eternity; then does it argue sincerity and in truth, we should an inexcusable negligence, and a abandon our principles, or become criminal indifference to the ininsepsible to their powerful claims. terests of truth, if we refuse to In looking abroad upon our va- examine into the true nature of rious churches and congregations, the principles which we profess, how many do we find who have and use no efforts to satisfy our scarcely ever thought upon the reason and our conscience, as well subject of nonconformity, and are as our feelings, as to the propriety totally ignorant of its peculiar of the conduct we are pursuing. characteristics. They may be Dis- That these important points are senters from education, or from å involved in the question, every variety of adventitious circum- conscientious Dissenter must adstances; but they are not Dis- mit; and if such be the case, then senters from principle. They range the subject is not of so indifferent themselves under the standard of a nature as some may be ready to nonconformity; but, if asked, they imagine. The principles of noncan hardly tell the reason why: conformity did not spring from the and as 'to giving a satisfactory heated and distempered imaginaexposition of their principles, ortion of some wild enthusiast; they reasonable grounds for their con- did not take their rise from a maduct, it is altogether out of the lignant hostility and deep-rooted question. Now it is very obvious aversion to the established system. that such a state of things ought They are neither the production of not to exist. If the principles of the hot-bed of fanaticism, nor the nonconformity are of so little im- offspring of hatred and malice. · The great fathers of nonconformity would warrant, in order to live in

were men of sound and vigorous peace with all men. judgment, of strong and com- And yet these individuals felt manding intellect, of enlarged and themselves bound to leave the liberal views, of profound erudi- communion of the church in which tion, and of sincere and ardent they occupied an official station; piety. Their character and their and so important did they conmotives are placed above sus- sider the question at issue, that picion. But they felt ånd ac- rather than submit to human knowledged the paramount claims authority in matters of religion, of conscience, and they acted in rather than allow the principle of conformity with their convictions, the right of any mortal to lord it They were men of peace, but they over the church of which Christ is would not sacrifice truth for its the only head, they voluntarily preservation. Though separatists, submitted to privation and disthey were not schismatics. They tress, poverty, persecution, and resigned their connexion with the imprisonment. In numerous cases Establishment, only when they they abandoned all their worldly could no longer, with a clear con- possessions; and chose to cast science, maintain it. They did themselves on the providence and not seek for faults; they did not goodness of that God whom they search out reasons to justify an served, and whose honour they so unnecessary secession. They were nobly vindicated, rather than reabsolutely compelled to withdraw tain their livings at the expense of themselves, and were driven, by truth and sincerity. the strong hand of power, from Now, if such men as these their pulpits and their flocks. thought their principles of so high Those holy and devoted men, for importance, as to justify the sewhom we profess such high ad vere and costly sacrifices which miration, were not a body of en- they made in order to maintain vious, dissatisfied, and ambitious them; if they, so far from thinkindividuals, endeavouring to spy ing them of an indifferent and un: out every imperfection in the important nature, were willing to church to which they belonged; forego the comforts of life, to subor wishing to carry everything mit to suffering and reproach, and their own way; and then, because even, if called upon, to death they .were disappointed in their itself, rather than abandon the aims, and baffled in their efforts, cause of truth which they had dissolving all connexion with that espoused; surely it is the bounden church, and forming another dis- duty of all who profess to imbibe tinct body, of which they were their sentiments, and to follow to be considered the heads and their example, to investigate this leaders. No; they were holy and interesting subject, and not to rest devoted men of God, anxiously contented until they have satisconcerned for the souls of their fied themselves of the truth and fellow-creatures, and abundant in reasonableness of the principles their labours for the glory of God; they profess, and until they come and although, as the issue proved, to a clear and full understanding of firm and uncompromising inte- of the question, in all its varied, grity, they were men of conei comprehensive, and importaut liatory spirit, of christian meek- bearings, ness and kindness, and would go. The design of this paper is not to the utmost lengths which con- so much to explain the principles science and the word of God of nonconformity, as to awaken

erected

attention to the subject; not so on the chancel end of All Saints much to describe the fair propor- Church, opposite to the High tions and beautiful harmony of the Street, bearing a long but desystem, as to induce those who faced inscription. Having with have hitherto been careless and some difficulty deciphered it, I unconcerned spectators, (although thought it worthy of transcription, professed admirers,) to examine as affording a very salutary hint its firm foundations, and to mark to many in the present day; and its strong and impregnable bul- for its greater usefulness permit warks; and if, in any instance, me to solicit its insertion in your this effect should be produced, miscellany. the object of the writer will be

This Monument gained. Kingsland Road, J. K. K. to the Memory of Thomas Jetherell, late Oct. 1826.

of this Town, Maltster and Corn Merchant,

who died the 22d of June, 1774. A MONUMENTAL HINT TO

He was an example of piety during his BANKRUPTS.

life, and of honesty at his death, for

though a bankruptcy brought his character (To the Editors. )

for a while under a cloud, his religion in

spired him with sentiments at låst to dissiGENTLEMEN,--It is much to be

pate it, by bequeathing all his after-acdeplored, that in our great com quisitions, which were considerable, to mercial bodies there is found a his creditors, to whom alone his conscience large class of individuals who

could determine them due, that if he had

scandalized the world by some miscarriages, have not learned to distinguish

he hath instructed it by repairing them to between legal obligation and mo the uttermost of his power. Who chose ral duty, and who, when absolved rather to leave his relations in want, than from the obligations of law, by a

to transmit to them a patrimony of male.

diction, and to give them an example of decision in the Insolvent Deb

equity rather than the fruit of injustice. tors' Court, or by the process of • Go thou, and do likewise.”. a commission of bankruptcy, engage again in trade, and acquire

I was happy to learn that some wealth, not for the benefit of their

of the inhabitants of this neat injured creditors, but for their

little town propose to raise a own personal indulgence or family

subscription to repair a tablet, aggrandizement. I will not oc

which celebrates the influence cupy your columns by exposing

of principles that, I am grathe turpitude of such conduct, but

tified to add, have preserved beg to introduce an instance of a

this place from those commercial more honourable and righteous

failures which have involved số

many towns of the empire in alarm procedure.

Spending a few hours in the and ruin. town of Huntingdon, I was at

I am, Gentlemen,

: tracted by a monumental tablet

VIATOR.

ORIGINAL LETTERS.

nnnnnnn XXV.- The Rev. John and Mrs. of John and Mary to the footstool of

Mary Fletcher, of Madeley, to John the Author of every good gift, and we · Thornton, Esq.

asked, with tears of admiration, that Madeley, July 24-82. your seed sown, might produce a spiriDEAR SIR-Your kindness to John, tual and temporal harvest for you and Mary, and Nathaniel, has filled us with yours. Nathaniel was wanting to our joy and thankfulness. The rich present, little eucharist; the golden shower by a strange attraction, drew the hearts reached him the next day; a serious sister of his was just come to see him, directions he gives to the rich among the and she bore my Mary's part in his joy. French. But if you make a good use I waited two or three days to enclose his of the blessings of Providence, you thanks with mine in this sheet, but he is ought to remember that you have nogone to communicate his joy to Mr. thing but what you have first received. Halton, and to take his directions about That we may all, to the Redeemer's going to Wales; whence (if not from glory, make a better use of all our here) he will date his thankful acknow- talents, is the prayer of, Dear Sir, ledgments. The cloud which hangs Your obliged, devoted Servants, over London, is a picture of that which

John and MARY FLETCHER. hangs over the nation. Blessed be God,

nnnnn some of Abraham's children plead yet XXV. Rev. John Newton to John with the Lord to turn away wrath from this island, and a few righteous, mourn

Thornton, Esq. London. ing Lots, keep yet off the judgments

Olney, ye 27 April, 1776. which threaten Sodom the great. Were MY DEAREST SIR-Your obliging fait not for them, and for such, all the vour of the 25th, coming about the usual plagues which have befallen Babylon term of my writing, I return you imand Ninevah, would soon befal Rome, mediate thanks for it, and for the inLondon, and Paris; for those great closed note. I should not have much cities are only squares of mystic Baby- leisure for writing next week, as I lon, where lives the scarlet whore, where preach at Collingtree on Wednesday, corrupt and bastard Christianity sitteth expect Mr. Venn on Thursday, and on as a queen. My wife and I are much Friday or Saturday go to Bedford and led to look for what St. Paul calls, the Yelling. The following week, that is on blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the 13th of May, I expect Sir Harry Treour great God and Saviour, Jesus Christ'; lawney here, with Mr. Rose. who will come with his triumphant I think the names of Paul Bass, Capt. church, to set at liberty the militant, to Bales, and John Davison, which you be glorified in his saints, and admired in mention, are new to me. I thank you for all them that believe. We sometimes the trouble you took in transcribing the anticipate our resurrection bodies; and letter, which is indeed a very good one. it was well we had them not in reality It is confirming and comforting to see the other day, for we would have rushed how the same Lord teaches the same into your apartment, and you might have leading truths to all his children, howbeen frighted by the apparition of John ever differently situated in life. A seaand Mary, expressing their thanks at faring life affords a very instructive and your feet, and praying that you might easy allusion to the spiritual voyage. have the lot of rich Abraham in the re- When the wind and weather are fair, it newed earth. John and Mary thank is pleasant sailing; and the storms and you, Sir, for your good epigram upon changes after arise, yet the Lord, in his their union. Had John relished Martha's good providence, preserves many a doctrine, Mary would soon have con- vessel in the midst of a thousand danverted him to that of St. Paul, for if she gers and hindrances, and guides them had rivals, she would eclipse them all in safe to the desired haven. In spirituals, his eyes; and next to the two Com- not one of whom he undertakes the forters (Christ and the Spirit) the other charge shall be cast away. Though best gift of God to his unworthy self, many are, for a season, sorely tempest as she helps him both in spirituals and tossed, but a word from him in the time in temporals. He cannot sufficiently of need, can make the storm a calm. admire the goodness of Providence in I quite agree with you in thinking reserving such an help-meet for his old that they who admire the Lord's goodage.

ness and grace in Luke Hayward, in the Your moral counsels in verse contain station in which the Lord has called and much in a few lines; when John was maintained him, should be very cautious abroad he wrote a little French Poem, how they attempt to move him out of it. since published; give him leave to tran- Faithful witnesses are much needed, and scribe some lines of it; the article where may be greatly blessed in the army. The he addresses the rich, he wrote for the poor soldiers have but few helps or op

French, not to the Thorntons. The portunities--they corrupt one another, cvangelical part of the poem is on the and are hardened in sin by the example address to philosophers, and to the of their officers. Here and there the clergy, and he thinks, with pleasure, Lord places a servant of his amongst that you have given him the hint of the them, and though flesh and blood might

desire a more quiet way of life, and to Duke likewise be set aside, she would be freed from the command of others, exhibit a remarkable instance of the yet I shall be glad to hear Mr. Hayward vanity and instability of worldly granperseveres in preferring usefulness to his deur. The fear of the Lord is the bebrethren, to any pleasing prospects that ginning of wisdom, and his grace is exmay be made him. And if you continue ceedingly valuable, even in a temporal to think that, upon the whole, he is best view, as the only prevention from those where he is, it is probable your advice innumerable evils into which the indulwould help to keep him steady. When gence of unsanctified passions is liable things are done, I endeavour to see the to plunge us continually. Lord's will in them, and to hope the I am glad to hear that the journey event will be right; but I was rather prov'd favorable to Mr. Wilberforce, and sorry when Mr. Scot left the army; I pleasant to all the party. If he should questioned whether he was not mistaken, be willing some time to take a journey though he meant well, in thinking him to Olney, we should rejoice to receive self indispensably called to preach him, and the same company that went publicly. I thought he might, by tread with him this time. We would have ing in the steps of Col. Gardiner, have the house clear of other guests if posbeen very useful in a course of time, sible, when we have expectations of both to officers and soldiers; I trust the such a visit. I wish my bishop's ac- : Lord has blessed him, and made him quaintance with you may prove for his a blessing, since he has worn a black good. If your dozen visitants were coat, for he is gracious to his people, rather a cross and interruption to you, though they may sometimes mistake I imagine they would be pleasing enough their path. But his permission does to him. He has behaved with kindness. not justify the propriety of every mea. to me, and I feel a love for him, and sure they adopt. And I think none therefore pity him. He likes a decent ought to move from their callings, with- clergy, but I am afraid has no idea of out being well satisfied that the pillar any thing further. Alas, they who get and cloud goes before them.

no more by the Gospel, than jurisdiction, After Lord D.'s disappointment about profit, and worldly honor, have a poor Halifax, I think he can hardly be re- all; may the Lord give them to see the fused any thing (especially a small thing), things belonging to their peace. I shall he may think proper to ask, and I hope be glad if my letter to Richard may he will not hesitate to use his interest in have any good effect. Have been infavor of Mr. Rowlands. I find many terrupted several times in writing, but professors' affect to speak with indif- have somehow reached the bottom of ference, or rather contempt, of his Lord. the paper. I preach a funeral sermon ship, which I am sorry for. If they to-morrow for a young woman, the knew him, and knew themselves better, third of my people who have been rethey would not talk so. They have nei- moved within these few weeks. I ought ther knowledge of his situation, nor not to be sorry that they are safe out of candor of spirit sufficient to make due the reach of storms, yet I feel as if allowances. I believe, indeed, that he bereaved. But I trust now and then does not do all he might in espousing one is called to supply their places. It and forwarding the Gospel cause, but is all in the Lord's hands, with whom I surely they who think him able to do desire to leave it. Blessed be his name, every thing they wish are mistaken. unworthy as I am, he has not suffered

I am much obliged to you for accepting me to labor altogether in vain. O for my petition in behalf of the poor man. If a good day to-morrow. You and yours I can give him notice in time, and he are much upon my thoughts, partican go up directly, he will probably be cularly at the close, and on the beginning waiting for you on Tuesday. I shall of every work. Though the world lies give him a line to Mr. Crawford. The in the wicked one, and is drowned in case of the late Duchess of Kingston, dissipation, he knows them that are his, and many others, shows that they who and is near to answer their prayers. I live without God in the world and make beg my best respects, with Mrs. Newlight of his commandments, though they ton's, to Mrs. Thornton. Mrs. Unwin may have a smooth interval, do but pre- desires me always to mention her. I pare sorrow for themselves. If the am, with the most affectionate respect papers may be credited, she is within a and gratitude, possibility of being un-ladied, after

:: My dear Sir, . having been un-duchessed. If this Your most obedient and obliged Servant, should be the event, and the will of the

JOHN NEWTON.

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