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M. GARNERIN'S ACCOUNT OF his" ASCENT FROM Sr. GEORGE'S PR
RADE, North Audler-STREET, and DESCENT WITH A PARACHUTE,
ascent, and of my tith descent in distinguished perfonages. The parza parachute, took place on Tuesday chute was gradualiy tulpended, ani the lait, on a very tine day, and in the pre- breeze, which was very gentle, did not fence of an immense crowd of specta- produce the least obfacle.--Ar length tors, who filled the streets, windows, I haltened to ballalt my cylindrical and houses, and the scatfoldings erected bark, and to place myseif in it; a fight round the place of my departure, which, which the public conteinplated with alas ! was the only spot not crowded deep intereit-it seemed at that mo. with spectators!
ment as if every heart beat in unison; It is necessary, when I undertake the for, though I have not tire advantage experiment of the parachute, that I of speaking Englilli, every one underfhould know the State of the atmo. ttood my lagns. I allertained the Ipliere, in order to enable me to judge height of the barometer, which was at of the courle I am to take ; and allo to 29; inches. I now prelled the moment adopt the precautions proper to ensure of my departure, and the period of tulsuccess. About three in the afternoon, filling my engagements with the BriI had the fatistaćtion of having a first silh pubiic. All the cords were cut; indication from the agreeable eifect of I role amidst the most expresive a very pretty Montgolfier balloon, filence, and, launching into infinite which was fent off froin the environs space, diicovered from on high the of St. George's Parade, and which countless multitude that sent up their took a direction over Mary-la-bonne- fighs and prayers for my fafety. My fields.
parachute, in the form of a dome over Tbe success of this experiment ought my head, had a majestic effect. I not to prevent me from expresling my quickened my ascending impulse, and opinion of the dangers that may result role through light and thin vapours, to the general latety from the daily where the cold informed me that I was abuse of those night. experiments, entering into the upper region. I fol which are not always directed by per- lowed attentively the route I was takfons conversant with the subject. One ing, and perceived that I had reached fhudders when one thinks, that a ma.. the extreinity of the City, and that ini. chine of this kind may fall, and fall on mense fields and meadows offered themfire, upon the cordage of a thip, and felves for my descent.*. : I examined thus involve, in one great confagra, my baronieter, which I found fallen to tion, all that conititutes the wealth of 23 inches--the sky was clear, the mo. one of the first Cities in the world.
ment favourable, and I threw down The use of these machines was prohi- my flag to endeavour to thew to the bited in France; and the Consular Go- people affembled that I was on the vernment confided to me alone the di. point of cutting the cord that lubrection of night balloons, which I pended me between Heaven and Earth. conceived and introduced into the na. I made every neceffay disposition, pre. tional fetes,
pared my ballait, and meatured with my . Convinced of the direction of the eye the vast (pace that separated me wind, I hattened the filling of the bal. from the rest of the human race. I loon, and at five P. M. I tilled the pi felt my courage confirmed by the cer. Jot balloon which Mrs. Sheridan did tainty ihat my combinations were juit. me the honour to launch. 1: leened I then took out my knife, and witba to me that I was conciliating the fa: band frm, from a conscience wid of reo vour of Heaven by the interference of proach, and which, bas never been lijiet the Graces. This pilot balloon ałcendagriaf any one but in the field of valory, ed quickly, and was soon out of light, I cut the cord. Ny balloon role, marking out my career towards the and I det mylelf precipitated with North-eat. Whilst the anxious crowd a velocity which M3s shecked. liy were following the path of my little the suddin and of my palapilot, I suspended the parachute to tlie chute. I fiw tuit all my cricula balloon: this painful and dificult ope- tions were junt ant my wine recained sation was executed with all posible calm and lesore, I endeavduttii to mo:.
According to. M. Garnerin's calculation, he had bef' to the height-ef:#6154 French feet, on Tuelday lait.
dulate my gravitation, and the oscilla- Frencham Mill, three miles beyond tion which I experienced increaled in Farnham, in Surry; where it is in proportion as I approached ihe breeze lafery: that blows in the middle regions; nearly “ Among the congratulations I ten minutes had elapsed, and I felt that have had the benour of receiving from the more time I took in descending, the most distinguished pertons, I have the later I thould reach the ground. not had any more flattering than those At length I perceived thouiands of I have received from Sir Sidney Smith; persons, fome on horleback, others on who came to me, with General Doug. toot, following me, all of whom encou las," on purpole," as he laid to me, saged me by their wishes, while they
" to shake hands with a brave man.". opened their arms to receive me. I came This compliment is of the greatett near the earth, and, after one bound, value from the mouth of one of the I landed, and quitted the parachute, braveit foldiers in Europe. without any fhock or accident. The first " I now enjoy the pleasure of
person that came to me prelled me in his having fulfilled my engagements with • arms; but without losing any time, I tm the public; to whom I owe every acployed ınyself in decaching the principal knowledgement and thanks for the encircie of ihe parachute, anxious to lave coaragement I have received from the instrument that had to well guaran- them, and for the confidence which they lied me; but a crowd soon surrounded placed in my promile at a time when I me - laid hold of me, and carried me in was obliged to defer the experiment of triumph, till an indifpofition, the con the parachute. It is with this grateful lequence and effect of the oscillation sense of their patronage that I am going I had experienced, obliged the procef- to make a new ascent at Bristol. fion to itop. I was then seized with a " Yet, feeling, as I do, these sentipainful vomiting, which I usually ex ments of gratitude, will it be too much perience for several hours after a de to ask the public to revenge with their Icent in a parachute. The interval of contempt the insult to my honous a inoment, however, permitted me to and my moral character that I have get on horseback; a numerous cavalo received from a public paper, which, cade approached to keep off the crowd, upon advices from a correspondent whole enthuliasm and transports in whose veracity they ought to have commoded me not a little. The Duke fuspected, has asked, whether I did not of York was among the horseinen; and play un infarnous part in the French revothe procellion proceeded with great lution* ? There are in France but two, difficulty in the midst of the crowd, my brother and myself, of the name who thouted forth their applause, and of Garnerin, and we have played no had before them the tri-coloured Hag ofher part than that which honour which I had thrown down, and which may avow in all countries, and at all was carried by a Member of Parlia- times. It was upon the frontiers, and ment. Among the prodigious con in the bofom of her armies, that we course of persons on foor, 1 remarked endeavoured to be useful to our connLord Stanhope, from whom I had try. I might refer, in England, to received the counsels of a scientific incontettable evidence relative to my man, and who penetrated through the conduct. I am sure His Royal Highcrowd to thake hands with me. At ness the Duke of York would be dir. length, after several incidents, all pro. pored to do me the justice I delerve, duced by the universal interest with if he recollect the action of Narchi. which I was honoured, I withdrew ennes, in the night of the 3it of Octofrom the crowd without any other ber 1793; in which I had the honour accident than that of having had my of disputing, with a handful of men, right foot jammed between the horse that poit, after it had been surprised code and a horseman who pressed too by a Itrong detachment of his army. close to me. My parachute was pre. The action was extremely bloody, and Served as well as could be expected, terminated in a surrender, which nade a few of the cords only were cut me His Royal Highness's pritoner, and It is now exhibiting at the Pantheon, occafioned me thirty.one munths' imwhere a great concourse of persons prisonment in the prisons of Austria." have been to examine it.
Thursday Sept. 23. 117 have just learned that my balJoon descended on the 22d (Wednes [For M. Gurnerin's Account of his day), at Mr. Abraham Haixing's, near Ascent from Batb, see page 18o.)
* See page 224.
Part of, AUDLEY HOUSE the PRIORY: if the Home The Fire Yomitre Court, Dukes Place, Aldgate,
Published by J.Sewell, Cornhill. Sept.1-1802.
BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.
RUINS OF THE PRIORY OF THE HOLY piece of ground three hundred feet in
TRINITY, DUKE'S PLACE. length, in process of time became a (WITH A PLATE.)
very large church, rich in lands and
ornaments, the Prior whereof was an THE print which forms part of the Alderman of London, viz. of Porto
embellishments of this Magazine foken Ward, why fat in Court, and exhibits a picturesque view of one of rode with the Mayor and his brethren,
the latt vestiges of the Priory of the in scarlet and other liveries, until the 1 Holy Trinity *, once the greatest orna ytar 1531, the 2 34 of Henry the VIIIth,
ment, as well as the molt important when it was surrendered to that Moreligious eitublishment, in the ward of narch t, who gave it to Sir Thomas Aldgate. To be very particular with Audley, Speaker of the Parliament respect to a place upon which so much against Cardinal Wolsey, and afterhas been written and faid, and the wards Lord Chancellor of England, neighbourhood of which the reader who demolished the church, and built will find alluded to in a subsequent a large mansion upon its foundation, article of the work, would, perhaps, wherein he died. This house and its be deemed luperfluous : yet it is ne appurtenances descended, by his marcessary, in pursuit of our comparison riage with Lord Audley's daughter and betwixt ancient and modern times, to heir, to Thomas Duke of Norfolk I, remark, that this Priory was founded and was then called Duke's Place; on the spot upon which' Trinity Chrift which name a great part of its fite and Church, now called St. James, Duke's garden Itill retains. Place, is erected, by Matilda, daughter It appears that the spot from which of Malcolm, King of Scotland, and the view was taken was formerly, and wife to Henry the First, in the same is still, called Mitre Court, probably place where Siredus had begun to erect from the mitre which the Bishop of a church in honour of the Cross and St. London caused to be affixed to the Mary Magdalen, of which the Dean walls of the Priory, to thew his supe, and Chapter of Waltham were wont rior jurisdiction ; but in confequence to have thirty Shillings. The Queen was of a fire that happened at its entrance to acquit her church of this incumbrance, juto Aldgate, in the night of the gift and, in remuneration, gave them a of October 1800, it has been consider. mill. This donation was confirmed by ably inıproved. A stone tablet baş the King, and the Priory bestowed been placed against the side wall of the upon Norman, the first Canon Regular corner house on the right, part of of England.
which appears in the print, with this This Priory, which was built upon a inicription :
Henry Fitz-Alwin, Draper, first Mayor of London. who continued in his office from the firit of Richard the First until the fifteenth of John, more than twenty-four years, and who died 1212, was buried in the priory church of the Holy Trinity, Aldgate.
+ When Henry sent for the Prior upon this occasion, he or mended him greatly for his learning and hospitality, and said, that he was worthy of much higher dignity, to which he promised to prefer him. The priory was accordingly furrendered. Sir Thomas Audley, who seems to have profited by the spoils of the Church, had also a grant of the Charter-houle.
| This Nobleman was the son of John Duke of Norfolk, who was killed at the baitle of Bosworth Field, valiantly fighting for King Richard the Third. The demy.lion hot through the mouth with an arrow, his crest, was till lately on a house in Duke's-place.
« Widened Vol. XLII, SEPT. 1802,