it proceeded from avarice or curiosity, able to the age in which this ingenious whether they are sold to the antiqua- and laborious antiquarian, John Stow, rian or the brazier, is exceedingly to lived, that after dedicating the greatest be lamented, as i is a kind of lacri- part of a life extended far beyond the lege which has been, I fear, universally usual period of existence to literary prevalent, having had occasion to re researches, to ftudies in which the mark this violation of fepulture in a public was eilentially interested, and great number of churches and cemete- the nation ultimately benefited ; after ries in various parts of the kingdom. having, with infinite folicitude and

These brief observations forced them. anxiety, collected materials, and comfelves upon my attention while I was poled volumes, which shewed in a new walking up the middle aile of this point of view the grandeur, the im. church'; but it was soon arrested by an portance, the opulence of his native object of still more speculative import- city; this excellent author fould, ance, namely, a monument at the upper when suffering under the tortures of end of the north aille, reprelenting, in an excruciating disease, and upon the a kind of niche, a figure at a desk writ. very verge of the grave, have been ing. This I found, by the inicription, obliged to ask alms of his fellow.citi. was the effigy of that diligent collector zens and countrymen : yet howsoever of domestic antiquities, John Stow, strange this may seem, it is neverthewho died the sth of April 1895, at the le's true, that in the year 1604, this age of eighty. This monument seems worthy Citizen obtained from that to be of stone ; but Mr. Styrpe fays, learned Monarch, and great encourager “ he was told by an ingenious person of learning, James the First, a licence that it was only of burnt clay (Terra to collect the charitable benevo Cotta) painted." This it is impossible lence of well-disposed people” for his now to discover without injuring the subsistence. In this Brief, his various figure. So many coats of paint have labours for forty-five years, spent in been laid on, one very lately, by the composing his "Chronicles, and also directors of the works of this fabric, eight years dedicated to his Survey that the traces by which the different London, his merit, and his age, are operations of the chisel or modelling. recited, and power is given to him, or stick might have been discerned, are his deputies, to ask charity at the dif, now totally obliterated ; but if it be ferent churches through a great num; really composed of burnt earth, of ber of counties and cities in England, which, upon the authority of Styrpe, with an exhortation and persuasion to I have scarce any doubt, there is one persons to contribute. This was in very natural observation arises in the the second year of the King. Ano mind, which is, that the art of making other Brief had been granted, of the figures in artificial stone, that was same tenor and to the same effe&t in thought to have been invented about the first. A letter from the King on the year 1769 *, was of a much more the same subject is also extant, on the ancient date, even in this kingdom : back of which seven Thillings and fix in Italy we know it was practised in pence was fet down as the subscrip the days of Michael Angelo t. tion of the parish of St. Mary Wool,

It is a curious circumitance, but one noth, with the churchwarden's name that is certainly extremely discredit. indorsed. L * Vide the European Magazine for January 1802.

ť In fact, we might carry the date of this art back to the most remote ages of antiquity.. What are the ancient bricks, pottery, &c. but artificial ftone ? Of what but artificial stone was the composition of many of the laces, lamps, altars, vases, and sacrificing vessels of the ancients. The same observation will apply to our earthen ware in general, and particularly what used to be termed Staffordshire, as also to the muffles and crucibles of the chymilts. What are these but artificial kone ? composed of the same materials, and vitrified by nearly the same process. With respect to the revival of the art of formning figures and ornaments of this compofition, I think it does honour to the age and country, and that it may be attended with great national advantage. I mult observe, that it was correctly ftated in the Magazine I have quoted above, that this art owed much of its elegance to the labours of that ingenious sculptor and truly excellent man, the late John Bacon, Esq.

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“ He died," faith his hiftorian, "on of the liberality of the Court, or City, the fifth of April following, in less towards men of letters, when one of than fix months after. So that it is the eminence of Stow was, in his exfeared the poor man had made but treme old age, obliged to ask charity in little progress in his collection.” The a manner the publicity of which must remark upon this transaction is ob- have exceedingly hurt his feelings, vious, that it is singular that this very and have been, from the tardinets of extraordinary mode of relieving the the means taken to relieve him, luffered distrelles of so ingenious and learned to languish under the pressure of a an individual, while any other could disease, the pains of which were, perhave been fuggefted, should ever have haps, rendered more acute by the accu. been adopted, and it neither pre- mulated evils of poverty and dilappollefses us with a very favourable idea pointment.

CARD-PLAYING, THER! is no diversion which has to play, fit down to play with a mutual

maintained its ground, in fpite of declaration of boftilities, which com, che fickleness of fanion, so uniformly mence immediately on the trump card as Card-playing. Other diversions being proclaimed. The object, then, have rilen, fucceeded for a time, then is to make the most of the game. But declined into difuse; but cards still are the opposite party, perhaps, are suc. in general estimation. Few families cessful: unealiness begins to arise in are entirely without them, and few the breast, which in a little time lwells individuals can acquit themlélves of with anger and envy. It needs no very having fjent many hours in playing able phylognomift to read the mind in them. They have interfered at times the eye, if there were no other indicawith every other amusement; nay, tions. The Huth in the face, the biring with the neceffary engagements of our of the lip, the sinothered – What shall i relative tations. Politicians have been fay? Oath! Certainly fomething apknown to continue at the card-table proaching to it-the discontented air when the Senate demanded their atten. in throwing down the card-all the le tion ; nd a magnificent card-party, at suficiently indicate, that the mind is the house of a woman of quality, has in a state of agitation not very friendly left “ an Account of empty Buxes” to good-humour, to benevolence, or to at the theatre. Dancing has not un, virtue. These symptoms are chiefly frequently been interrupted hy a hand discernible where the sum played for is at quadrille ; and those whole tongues conliderable. But why men and wo. it is not easy to restrain at other tiines, men, pofluffed of reason, thould assemble voluntarily fubjcet themselves for hours to hazard a loss which may affect them, to the profound Glence of whift. Cards, and call this divertion, is with me : it has been said, have spoiled conversa solecism; and I leave it to be ex. tion. It might with greater propriety plained by those who are acquainted be said, that they have entirely banited with the pleasure of loting more money it. Those attainments are not now de.. than they can attord. fired which gave scope for converfa. It is not to be denied, nor shall I tion : and to supply the detect, cards attempt to deny, that I have hitherto are called for. Those who could have had the fair-tex principally in view. discovered no talents at remark, or My fair readers will not accuse me of repartee, can now play a good hand; taking up an opinion haltily against and thus so many men and women, who them, nor of urging centure with would otherwise have been useless to severity. But the truth is, and to company, are placed in a situation me a very unpleafant truth, that pawhere they may appear to advantage rents are very generally to blame, at the card table !

for being so ready to finish this branch With conversation, I will not hesi. of education in their daughters. Cards tate to say, that cards have in a great are introduced too frequently in fami. measure destroyed good-humour. Those lies of middling rank, and sums of mo, who are eager in the game, and without ney are played for, which cannot always a certain portion of zeal it is impoffible be spared by the lofing party. Time,


the most precious gift of Heaven, is ought to have its weight with the wasted in the molt unprofitable of all fair-lex; and this is, that they seldom amusemenis-an amusement which is

or never appear to advantage in the innocent only where the tum played eyes of men while at the card table. for is trifling, and where the time con. It is by associating with ladies in comsumed is short ; but absolutely perni. pany that love is produced, that love cious both to the head and heart, where which ends in the most endearing of the sum is so great as to engage the all connexions. Let us figure to ouraffections, and where the time con selves a young gentleman who has seen fumed is more than can be spared from a lady he has a liking to. He withes to the regular hours of sleep. Conversa- know if her mind answers to her face ; tion would not fag if cards were not if her disposition be correspondent to expected. But because they are ex his ideas of the agreeable ; and, in a pected, people do not give themselves word, whether the be such a one as he the trouble to cultivate the arts of con can with prudence choose to be his versation. Who would qualify him. companion for life. If he never sees self to shine in conversation, when he this lady but at the card-table, and may supply the place of wit and learn never has a nearer intercourse than ing by a pack of cards ? And what being her partner at whist, when noyoung lady will give herself any un- thing must be spoken, how is he to easiness to appear pleasing by the charms judge of her ? I leave this case to the of conversation, when the can do it at consideration of my readers. It is not so easy a rate as playing a rubber of an uncommon one, and deserves fome whift?

attention. The effect of that interest which we As to the effect of card-playing on take in the cards is not temporary, the men, it has been represented so By frequent repetition it becomes habi. often in every moral writing, that little tual, and the, who perhaps first fat remains for me to say. A gamester is down to a barmless game at cards, as it is one who plays cards with a view to termett, becomes in time an accom- gain money, he will consequently avail plifhed gamefter ; and her innocent, himself of every artifice which long her meek, her benevolent temper, is practice has taught him. A difpofileft at the mercy of the four houours tion more hostile, a heart more maligor the odd trick. There are no bad nant, than that of the professed gambler, passions which cards do not excite in cannot well be conceived. And yet it Sonie degree-a reflection which ought is frequently the case, that this dispoDever to be forgotten by those whose lition has been cherished by flow detask it is to rear the female inind. All grees from infancy, from the time the mischiefs which arise from card. when misguider parents were pleased playing, when cards become inviting to see little master play his cards cleinay not happen to lume individuals, verly, and win his school fellows" pocbut they are all to be dreaded, tince ket-money. Most great pices proceed what has happened to one may happen from smali beginnings, and this is one to another.

of them. But there is a consideration wbich

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Great Titchfield street, Sept. 12th, a loss for words to express the deep


sense I have of your Lordship's geneI was unfortunately in the country rous proposal to embellith the hittory

when the Note which your Lordship of your country with observations and did me the honour to lend arrived anecdotes, which will render it more here.

picturesque, and, instead of altering, I am, it is true, an anthor (and one of give a stronger reliet and a higher likethe oldett in England) by profession; ness to its features. but, for the first time, I feel myself at Instances of the il cuftumi, as the Ita

lians VOL. XLII. SEPT. 1802,



lians term the propriety of compofi. Scotland, and not of a woman under. tion, are frequent with foreign writers, covert, which was her apology to fuch as Siri and Brantome, and we Queen Elizabeth. As I shall be very have many amongst the English ; but particular upon the history of that their authenticity is questionable ; unfortunate Princess, I intend to write those, derived from such evidences as to some friends, to know how the Me. your Lordship mentions, must be in- moirs that go under the name of Sir disputable, and shall be treated with James Melville were midwiv'd into the proper attention in any publication in world. Were they ever authenticated ? which I am concerned.

Is the original MS. ostensible ? Were Lord Lyttleton has undoubtedly they not published 100 years after the been too hafty in pronouncing the supposed author's death ? Has their Regiam Majeftatem to be a transcript style the smallest resemblance to that of of Glanville. I have given some of his times ? If I remember rightly (for my reasons in the last Critical Review, it is above 40 years since I saw the first where there is a typographical error of edition), one David Scot was the pub. a hundred years. When that is recti- lisher, and owns that he altered the fied, it will appear that it was far from language, but why did he not direct being imposible for a man not to have us to the original ? But, perhaps, in lived in the time of David the Second publica commoda peccem ; and, if your and James the First, when the revision Lordfhip has had the patience thus of the Regiam Majeftatem commenced. far to advance in this scroll, I am in How then, in so thort a tine, could the wrong to detain you upon past the Members of the Scotch Parliament occurrences, when such torrents of ascribe to David the First what be. living, politics, such at least as pass longed to David the Second, as the here; demand your attention, and there. subsequent revisions were no more than fore I shall beg leave to beg the honour continuations of the firit ?

to profess myself, Is not the seal of your Lordship's

My Lord,
Note a signet of Mary Queen of Scots ?
If so, Queen Elizabeth had some

Your Lordship's most obedient, grounds for her complaints. It seems

And most obliged humble servant, to be the seal of a Sovereign, I mean of



MONTH or two ago, you were

tion I had been furnished with from pleased to insert in your Magazine Boston. a Vaccine Anecdote respecting the After mentioning my “Observations Indian Warrior, denominated « Lit. on the Cow-Pock," he observes, “ The TLE TURTLE," which I received from President of the United States bas been Profeffor Waterhouse, of Boston ; you very instrumental in propagating this seem, therefore, entitled to any further useful knowledge in various parts of particulars connected with this distin- this country, and gave some of the guished Chief of the Miamis.

matter to LITTLE TURTLE, the celeThis consideration encourages me to brated Indian Chief, who commanded communicate extract from a letter at the defeat of our General St. Clair. 1852,” which I

received from my Indians among the Miamis bad inocuingenious friend Dr. Thornton, ref. lated three bundred, and they were dent in that new metropolis. It is arriving from all quarters to be inmore valuable, as the information is oculated when he wrote," he thought fent to me by the Doctor without any that as many more would receive the knowledge of the previous communica matter before the letter could arrive




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here,' I am in hopes that this disease vocal and heartfelt eulogies of Jefferwill no longer be among the enemies of fon, but my letters from Philadelphia these poor people. The Little TUR even more animated in eulogy, TLE is not only one of their greatelt more cordial in gratitude, for his indewarriors, but one of the most polished pendent and falutary administration. and refined, as well as acute, of the When we consider the fatality of the Indians : indeed he is conlidered as a small.pox among the Indians, no man great orator. I took a very extensive of feeling, however remote from the vocabulary from him of the Miamis seat of his government, can refrain language for the President, who had from approbation of his providenc had one taken by Monsieur Volney attention to the lives, and to the in, before ; but I did not find that Mon- ítruction, of a despised, but not a de. heur Volney's would be generally u- graded, race of human beings. derstood when I spoke it. This might I cannot place the desolating ravages proceed from his making use of the of this dreadful disease in a more fora Roman alphabet only, which is in.

cible light, than is afforded in Mackencapable of expressing all the sounds. zie's Travels, and Voyages, just pub. Monsieur Volney, however, wrote a lished; the relation, indeed, exhibits & yery ingenious piece, entitled “ Sim

more dreadful scene of carnage than plification des Langues Orientales," which

what happened many years ago in was intended to exemplify particularly Greenland ; and I requett your inserthe sounds of the Arabic. I found

tion of it in this place. tiiat the Arabians have the two sounds of the English th, as in thine, and in

In the “ Voyages from Montreal on? thin, vocal and aspirate ; and I

the River St. Laurence, through the trace thence the 8 of the Saxons, and Continent of North America, to the 9 of the Greeks."

Frozen and Pacific Oceans, in the In one of your recent Magazines,

Years 1789 and 1793; " the Writer;' you have given the Public, fome Mea in describing fothe settlements by ad moirs of Thomas Jetferson, the prefent the following account of the dreadful

venturers from Canada, has introduced Supreme Magistrate of the United States. In general, memoirs of cha hayock by the small-pox among the racters, especially of the living, are

Indians. too much in panegyric ; but in the

" Two of the establishments on the account you have given of the Pre Alliniboin River were attacked, when fident, you have scarcely done justice several white men, and a greater nunito his merits; and the time, I presume ber of Indians, were killed. In mort, to predict, will arrive, when he who it appeared that the natives had formed now occupies the chair of the late a refolution to extirpate the traders; illustrions Wathington, will not appear and, without entering into any further without lustre, even in that constellation reatonings on the subject, it appears to of American worthies, where a Wath. be incontrovertible, that the irregula. ington indeed, will for ever remain the rity pursued in carıying on the trade moit brilliant Itar in the luminous has brought it into its present forlorn galaxy.

fituation, and nothing but the greatest Jefferson, with the urbanity of a calamity that could have befallen the good heart, influencing a great mind, natives faved the traders from destruchas not only been the prelerver of the tion : this was the small-pox, which lives of the Indians, by the introduc- spread its destructive and defolating lion of vaccine incculation, but has power as the fire consumes the dry taught the wandering tribes to culti- grals of the field. The fatal infection vate the foil, rather than to roam the ipread around with a painful rapidity woods for subsistence ; he has domel which no flight could escape, and with ticated them by the introduction of a fatal effect that nothing could refift. {pinning-wheels, and various other It destroyed with its peitilential breath implements of domestic and agricul. whole families and tribes; and the tural utility; and has thus prepared horrid kene presented to those who them to receive the beneficent.princiliad the nielancholy and afflicting opples of the Chriftian religion. portunity of beholding it, a combina

It is not only from my correspond- tion of the dead, the dying, and luchi ents in Boston, Walhington, and New as, to avoid the fate of their friends York, that I have received unequi- around thens, prepared tv disappoint



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