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fhall close the article with noticing Transport Ofice, for this considerable some of the most interesting subjects in improvement; and all persons conthe remaining Chapters. The first is cerned in marine affairs will undoubtthe modern invention of theathing of : cdly find their account in peruling the thips with copper, the first experiment information relative to its successful of which, on a fingle ship, was made application to vesels of different denoin the year 1958; but it did not be- minations, in Chapter xiii. come the general practice till about the ... There are three more Chapters year 1776, when it was extended to which complete the' work, and they commercial vessels, as well as thips of are all wholly taken up with scientific

The detail of the methods made , difcuffions and observations peculiarly use of prior to this invention; to pre- adapted to promote a more accurate vent the penetration of worms into knowledge of marine architecture, and fhips' bottoms, is very curious, and to convey instruction to fhip builders, will be found in Chapter ix. which also naval surveyors, and all persons concontains general reinarks on the im. nected with or engaged in the servics provement and state of marine archi- of the Royal navy, and in the foreign tecture in Afia and America.

commerce carried on by merchant In the next Chapter, we have a com- fhips. parative view of the conduct and con Lastly, at the conclusion of an abdition of the different naval powers of Atract account of recent discoveries and Europe ; an historical relation of the improvements in marine architecture, naval tranfa&tions and marine forces of we have a description of the Life-boat, the Turksy Russians, Swedes, and so interesting to the public in general, Danes ; and of the general events that we snail make no apology for in. which took place previous to the close ferting ir, convinced that our author of the last century:

will not disapprove of the free circu. The names, principal dimensions, lation of this philanthropic invention. and tonnage, as well of the ships and " The Life boat was built under the vessels purposely built for the Royal inspection, and by the subscription of navy, from the year 1700 to the end a few private persons at South Shields, of the year 1800, as those which, who had been the immediate spectathough not to built, have at different tors of the many dreadful disasters periods been received into it, on being which had overwhelmed thips driven either captured from tlie enemy, pure on the fands, at the South entrance of chaled from merchants, or hired for a Tynemouth harbour, for the truly vatime as chartered vefsels, are the most luable purpose of attempting the preimportant subjects of Chapter xi. servation of persons so unfortunately

A general statement of the marine circumstanced. A boat was accordbelonging to the different African ingly built about thirty feet in length, powers, with a description of the ves- and ten feet broad, the tides famming sels in use among the States of Bar. out for the purposes of preventing the bary, the Chinese, the Japanese, and broken waves from running into the the Indians; and an account of the boat. It was decked at the floor heads, canoes and vessels used by the inhábi. rowed with twelve oars, and fteered tants of the South Sea Mands, and a allo by one: it was covered with cork comparison between them and the gal. on the outside, two or three streaks lies of the ancients, are the chief con- down from the gunwale, and was tents of Chapter xii.

found to answer the expected purpose An enquiry into the general prin- fo fully, that though cork jackets ciples of marine architecture, the pro- were, for the production of greater perties and requifites of veliels, rea- safety, purchared for all the people, fons why ships fo constructed as to when the boat was first employed, they draw but little water fail best before the were almost immediately disregarded, wind, with a narrative of the inven- and after a very thort time, never taken tion of fiding keels, and a dissertation to sea. The success of this most on their utility, which can only be amiably noble measure, czuled it to understood by professional men, appears be followed by his Grace the Duke of to be remarkably curious. The navy Northumberland, who, at his own exftands indebted to Capt. Schank, one pence, caused a second boat to be built of the present Commissioners of the on the same conitruction; and by the

united VOL. XLII. SEPT. 1802.

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united efforts of these philanthropic tain, from the Admiral to the Lieu. colleagues, the lives of some hundreds tenant in the Royal navy, and from the of persons have already been forta. great thip-builders and owners down nately preserved, who would otherwise io the matters of commercial vessels, have fallen victims to the rage of the having it in their power to exercise ocein."

their liberality on this occasion, and at 1 Final, benevolentobfervation : "The the same time to consult their own in.

Science of Marine Architecture has, tereft, by purchaling it. for many ages, been subfervient to the In this volume, as in the preceding impulses of ambition, avarice, luxury, ones, the excellence of our Britilh enor curiosity ; it remained for Britain, gravers is displayed to great advan. towards the close of the eighteenth tage; for there are no less than forty• century, to direct it to purposes more fix illustrative and explanatory plates, truly noble and patriotic, of general the major part by Newton and Tom. benefit, and of universal extent; to kins, the remainder by Greig, Barthe prevention of domestic misery, to low, and Hall. Amongst other beauthe inaintenance of national popula- tiful subjects we distinguish the view of tion, and to the preservation of the the Glorioso Spanish man of war, of human species."

the Invincible French ship of war, of Be it permitted to add, that we in. the Royal George, a British first rate, dulge the pleasing hope that the inge, of the Commerce de Marseilles, of a nious and induttrious author of this Venetian gondola, of a modern gal. very useful and curious work, will ley rowing in a calm, of a Chinese vefmeet with a luitable reward for his la. fel, and of a Aying proa of the Labours, in its extensive Sale; the great drone Islands. body of se.taring people in Great Bri.

M.

The Caledonian Herd boy: A rural Poem. This is the third year of a very use.

By D. Service, a native of Scotland. ful publication, which appears to us Yarmouth, 12mo.

well calculated to proinote the interests The notice taken of Stephen Duck, of Asiatic literature and science, and more than halt a century ago, was the to enable the public to form correct means of bringing before the public notions on Indian affairs. It contains various efforts of the unlettered muse. all the information arising from Eastern In the like manner we expect the iuc- affairs, at home or abroad, during the 'cess of Bioomfield will draw forth course of the year, and many useful niore effusions of uneducated genius. and interelting papers. The author of the poem betore us was a herd boy for five years on the north

The History of the Roman Wall, which banks of the Clyde, was afterwards an

crosses ibe land of Britain from the apprentice at Greenock to a thoemaker,

German Ocean to the Irish Sea. Deand has followed that employment for

fcribing its ancient State and its Appear. fix years in England. His attention to ance in the Year 1301. By W. Hutton,

F. A. S.S. 8vo. the muses bas not interfered with his trade, as we are told that his poem Mr. Hurton con Gders himself as the “ was written of mornings before his first man that ever travelled the whole bufness commenced, or of evenings breadth of the Roman Wall, which he after the labour of the day was finish has deicribed we doubt not with greitt ext.i'. He describes scenes of rural lite, accuracy: . Ju the course of this jour. whichi, conlidering that he never re. ney, which he performed at the age of ceived. as he says, “ a common educa- feventy-eight, he tells us he low by tion," appear to deserve commenda- perspiration one stone of animal weight, tion, and will be read with pleasure. and spent forty guineas in thirty-five The Arctic Annual Regiller ; or, A Vietu days, and in a walk of six hundred and

of the Hiftory of Hindoflan ; and of the one miles. We have read some former Politics, Commerce, and Literature of works of this author with more enter. Ajo, jor ile tear 1801. &vo.

tainment. * This lisief ahltract may he considered as a supplement to Warner's account of the Liti-h ae in our lali Magazine, tos August, page 101,

Corneration,

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Confiderations on the late Eleftions for jeěts of Nature and Art ; tbe History of

Westminster, and Middle fex, together Men and Animals, in a State of Health with some Facts relating to the House or Disease ; and Practical Hints respecte of Correction in Cold Bath Fields. 8vo. ing ibe Arts and Manufactures, both

The proceedings at these Elections, familiar and commercial. By A. F. M. we are sorry to say, refle&t no credit

Willich, M. D. Author of the Leatures on the British character. That a po

on Diet and Regimen, &c. &c. 4 vols,

8vo. pular clamour, excited by audacity and kept up by confident' falsehood, The nature of this work is suffi. fhould influence an election, is an un. ciently explained in the title-page, favourable symptom of the times, and which shews it to be intended for dothreatens a return of the follies and meftic reference. We cannot withhold extravagancies of the days in which from its Compiler the praise due to the cry of Wilkes and Liberty set the pains and diligence generally well-dibrains a madding of a frantic and rected. Much useful every day inunthinking, populace. The conduct formation has been drawn together of Mr. Aris; the Governor of the from the best Authors on different New Baftile, as it has been invidiously subjects; and though it may sometimes called, is in this pamphlet satisfactorily be thought that Dr. Willich has given defended.

rather an undue proportion of his

labour to the subjects of Chemistry, The Domestic Encyclopædia ; or, a Diction. Medicine, Mechanics, and Rural Af

ary of Facts and Useful Knowledge; fairs, we must declare his book to be comprehending a concise View of the highly deserving of a place in every latest Discoveries, Inventions, and Im- fainily library. "It is illustrated with provements, chiefly applicable to Rural twenty-eight copper plate, and a hunand Domestic Economy ; togetber with dred wood, engravings; and has coDefcriptions of the most interesting Ob. pious Indices.

PUBLIC DISPUTATIONS IN THE ORIENTAL LANGUAGES

AT BENGAL.

[From the CALCUTTA GAZETTE, Feb. 11, 1802.)

COLLEGE OF FORT WILLIAM, FEB. II, Provost, in the presence of the Acting 1802.

Visitor :O Saturday laft, the 6th of Febru PERSIAN LANGUAGE. - Mr. J. H. ary, being the anniversary of the Lovett, Medal, and 1500 Rupees ;

Mr. commencement of the First Term of R. Jenkins, Medal, and 1000 Rs; Mr. the College of Fort William, and the C. Lloyd, 500 Rs. day appointed for the public Difpu HINDOSTANEE LANGUAGE.-Mr.W. tations in the Oriental Languages, and B. Bayley, Medal, and 1500 Rs; Mr.J. for the distribution of the prizes and H. Lovett, Medal, and 1000 Rs ; Mr. honorary rewards adjudged at the late C. Lloyd, 500 Rs. Public Examinations, the Honourable ARABIC LANGUAGE.-Mr.J. H. Lothe Acting Visitor, accompanied by vett, Medal, and 1500 Rs. the Members of the Supreme Councii, BENGALEE LANGUAGE.-Mr. W.B. and by the Governors of the College, Bayley, Medai, and 1500 Rs; Nir, W. proceeded to the College.

B. Martin, Medal, and 1010 Rs. The Honourable the Acting Visitor PERSIAN WRITING, Mr. H. Dumwas met at the entrance of the Cole bleron, Medal, and icos Rs. lege by the Provoft, Vice Provost, Pro NAGREE WRITING, - Mr. W. Morfeffors, and Officers of the College, who ton, Medal, and 1000 ks. attended him to the Public Examina BANGALEE WRITING. - Mr.H.Hodg. tion Room, where the students were fon, Medai, and sooo Rs. assembled.

ENGLISH Essays. Second Term ; When the disputations were ended, Mr. W. B. Martin, Medal, and 1000 the following prizes and honorary re Rs.- Chird Term; Mr. T. Humilton, wards, adjudged at the second exami. Medal, and 1030 Rs.-Fouiti lern; Dation of 1801, were distributed by the Mr. F. Wood, Medal, and zoco Rs.

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After

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After the distribution of the prizes have rendered an essential service to the and honorary rewards, the Honoura. Inftitution. ble the Acting Visitor addressed the « Of the students now entering on Students to the following effect : their course of public service, as well

as of those who continue attached to “ GENTLEMEN, « The public service having, de. that there are many who have not only

the College, I am happy to observe, manded the presence of the Most Noble

diftinguished themselves by their prothe Patron and Founder of the Col. ficiency in the Oriental languages and lege of Fort William, in a distant literature, but whose uniform obferv. quarter of the British Empire in India, ance of the Itatutes and rules of the he has been pleased to render it my Institution, and whose general core duty to witness this first distribution rectness of conduct, have afforded an of the prizes and honorary rewards honourable and useful example to their which have been adjudged under the fellow students. I am persuaded that ftatutes of the institution. “The fatisfaction which I have derived further credit on the Institution, and

those deserving characters will reflect from the discharge of this honourable that they will continue to exert their duty, bas been greatly heightened by, endeavours for the attainment of a the additional proot's of the beneficial higher degree of perfection in the effects resulting from this Inftitution, different branches of knowledge of afforded by the public exercises of this which they have so happily laid the day.

foundation. * Those who are yet but imperfectly

“ I entertain a confident hope that acquainted with the nature and objects all the students who remain attached to of this Inftitution, will learn with the College, will emulate the laudable equal surprise and fatisfaction, that students recently arrived in India have characters whom I have described.

example furnished by the meritorious this day ably maintained a public dis- The Institution now affords to those putation in the Oriental Languages. “ The establilhment of the College felves for the important offices which

students the means of qualifying themof Fort William has already excited a

they are destined to exercise under the general attention to Oriental lan.

British Government in India. By diguages, literature, and knowledge, ligently availing themselves of those the most falutary effects in the admi. means, they will proportionally ad

vance their personal interests and reniltration of every branch of the af. fairs of the Honourable Company in putation ; and they will also enjoy the

grateful and animating prospect of India. " The numerous and important be- country; by rendering it effential ar

becoming eminentiy uleful to their nefits to be derived from this Inftitu• Gitance in realizing the important ad. tion, cannot however be justly estimat- vantages to be derived from the extened from the experience of the short live and valuable dominions which it period of one year which has elapsed has acquired in India, and by aiding since it commenced its operation. But it in fulfilling the high moral obligaif succeeding years shall exhibit ad. tions attendant on the posession of its vantages proportionate to those which Indian Empire, on the discharge of have been already manifeited, this which the prosperity and permanency Intitution will realize the inoft fan. of that Empire equally depend." guine expectations which have been entertained of its success.

In the evening, a dinner was given “ I am happy to avail myself of this by the Honourable the Acting Vilitor, occafion to express my fatisfaction at at the College, at which were present the uniform zeal and attention which the Honourable the Chief Justice, and have been manifelted by all the Officers the Judges of the Supreme Court of and Profesors of the College in the Judicature, the Members of the Sudischarge of their public duties. I preme Council, and all the principal also experience great pleasure in ex

Civil and Military Officers at the Prelipreffing my thanks to those Gentlemen dency. who have conducted the public exa Names and proficiency of students mingions, and who, hy affording the who arrived in India within or previous aid of their talents and knowledge, to the year 1798, and who are now

leaving

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