One cannot foresee what useful dif- strong ; even so, useful hints may od coveries may occur, by means of conti. cur to the countryman uninformed in nued obfervations and communications philosophical principles. of this kind. The race is not always to the swist, nor the battle to the



The various viciffitudes of life are constant exercise for his abilities: they

fufficiently numerous to stimulate will prevent his heart from relaxing into exertion every passion of the soul. into a tenseless neutrality, prelerve its He who cautiously reviews the scenes of original sprightly tone, and save it from existence and marks the moments as the muddiness of stoical stagnation. they fleet before him, will find an in. The variety of the creation is the only ftructive pleasure in contemplating the thing which could make it lovely, since universal operations of nature, in trac without that variety to touch the fancy ing her through her immense progress and animate the passions, a general fon, and in observing the emotions apathy would seize upon us, and infect which the incites in the heart.

our bosoins with ruit. It is universal The sudden transitions of situation variety, or a conftant diversification of from one extreme to another, the the scenes, that constitutes the fineft ftrokes of strange adventure, the ex- pleasures of life : hence the world altation of fone, and the desolation wears often a comic appearance ; it of others, each concurring to produce would otherwise be a perpetual traunexpected and uncommon effects, gedy, too deep and dismal to be borne. abundantly supply every passion with Hence also diversity of tempers and its proper and congenial objects; and seasons become agreeable ; for the furnishes matter enough to the contem. attachments wethew to the charms plative for their speculation, and to the of novelty are inborn, they are the fprightly for their amusement or cu inclinations we express in our infancy, riofity.

and," growing with our growth," soon The everlasting variety of nature is establish themselves into the grand indeed a magazine from whence the principles of our after conduct.. speculatist may draw inexhaustible This reasoning is plain : for the Atores of thought ; and the wonders of child soon weary of one toy, weeps the moral, natural, and intellectual impatiently for another ; and the man world, will accommodate him with faciated with the polleflions of to-day, the quick Gilver seldom falls lower than 29 deg. 5 min. It therefore follows from hence, that a tall ot one tenth of an inch during the tuinmer, is as sure an indication of rain as a fall of between two and three tenths is in the winter.

It must be observed, that these heights of the barometer hold only in places nearly on a level with the sea; for experiments have taught us, that for every eighty feet of nearly perpendicular height the barometer is placed above the level of the sea, the quickfilver finks one tenth of an inch : now by an accurate comparison between the motion of the barometer in inland and higher places, with its inotion in a place on a level with the sea, the heights of theie inland places may be pretty pearly ascertained ; and observations mult determine the heighis of the quicklilver, which in each place denote fair and foul weather.

In all places nearly on the level with the lea, rain may be expected when the quickblver falls below thirty inches. This points out one cause of the more frequent rains in lofty fituations than in low champaign countries. Thus double the quantity of rain falls at Townly-hall, in Lancashire, that does at London.

Very heavy thunder-ttorms happen without fenfibly affecting the barometer; and in this case the storm seldom reaches far. When a thunder-itorm is attended with a fall of the barometer, its effect is much more extensive. And here I mutt mention an observation which I have often feen verified, viz. that when the quicksilver falls very low, the weather continuing mild and the wind moderare, a violent form happens at that time in some dillant place: this accounts for a false prognostic that the barometer has been often unjuttly charged with.

fighs for a fresh enjoyment to-mor more completely answered. On the row.

other hand, he whose estate is the preThe Father of Nature, therefore, fent of fortune, who has left him inde. knowing the desires of the beings he pendent of toil, and given into bis has formed, extending his kindness hands the fceptre of command, blest beyond the mere formation of his capa. in the ease of his fituation, seldom sity and senfes, has benevolently in- feels the ardour of folicitude, or en dued them with objects perpetually gages in the drudgery of trade to in innovating, and becoming more grate. Crease his possessions, but prizes them ful by their changes. And thus is which the indulgence of fortune has exiftence rendered agreeable without allowed, chiefly in proportion to the surfeit, various without disorder, and convenience or distinction which they entertaining without fatigue.

will produce. There is no man fo abstracted from Thas has every station and season the common fatisfactions of life, nor also its peculiar and characteristic pains any fo loit in vacuity or diffipation, and pleasures. In the first years of as to be in sensible to the beauties our being, while re:son is even less of natural variety. Were we chained forcible than instinct, we are awhile down by a cruel neceslity to one class amused by the rattle, of conceptions, to act only from one

“ Pleas'd with a leather, tickled by a narrow principle, to converfe on one

Itraw :" everlasting theme, who could support the permanent in lipidity Even he but observe the love of variety ; the who possesses the luxuries of life foon gingle of the caral, or the blaze of a difrelishes the disagreeable grandeur, button, will withdraw our attention and feels his palate and his senses ficken from its former joys, and the sudden' with inappetency. He who was con. deprivation of the baubles swells the demned for ever to his gardens or his bosom with the anguish of disappoint? palace, however extensive or superb, ment till we burst into tears. And thus would in a short time, when the novelty it is at a maturer age ; for the fame of his curiosity was satisfied, wander passions, more turbulent, act upon discontented through rooms of state different objects, but “ fenfeiers and pavilions of pleasure, about bowers quite." Examine the common joys of verdure and through anes of flowers, and sorrows of the youth, if the ex. loft to their accuttomed enchantments; pression of Pope in any degree appears and finding every effort to escape im- doubtful : he will be found enchanted posible, the level of the lawn, the tinge with the toys of greatness, melting. of the tulip, and the trophies of magni. away in the softening idlenesies of ficence, would become objects of dif- courtship, or bigated to the gew-gaws guft; the velvet couch would disturb of itate: nor will his sorrows bear a his repose, the music of the groves grate ftricter inspection ; lie is diftressed by harlanels on his ear, the profusion of trifling miscarriages, mean resentments, the banquet displease his taste, and the or petty disappointments. Nor is the Jull of Itreams glide smooth and beau. last stage of being exempt from an tiful in vain.

equal, or even a greater, imbecility. It has been observed, that happiness The veteran is pleased or enraged at is not more various in its nature or de- the smalled circumstance ; his passions gree than it is variously pursued and are easily alarmed, but their guft is enjoyed. This may be leen in two foon over ; his powers of vociferation common illuftrations, and each will are not great, but his malignity some prove the neceflity of variety. The times coinpleces what his feebleness of man who has acquired great wealth tongue could not. It is therefore cerby the labour and affiduity of many tain, that every hour has a freth fupply years, becomes, as it were, attached of objects to engage our notice, as to his business, and considers it as the every month, as it circulates through friend which has procured him the the calendar of time, is favourable to golden bụrthen, which he therefore is the blooming of fome blossom, or the Jefs willing to resign. Happy in the ripening of fome fruits. The universe reflection of daily accumulations, he is, in truth, to variegated, that I berefufes to take teave of those means lieve, at least I have never yet feen whereby his ends may he even yet one object, however sublime or simple, VoL, XHI. Oct. 1802,




bulky or minute, fo exactly similar to . It was an observation of some wri. the principles of another, as not to ters, that there is as many sorts of possess some perfpicuous or latent mark minds as of moss. The remark is conof distinction.

cife and excellent. It is indeed aftoI am persuaded, that the eye of atten. nishing to consider the infinite diverfi. tion may discover fomething original fication of the human temper; and yet in every thing : fome itreak in the co. it is to this very commixture that we louring of the flower, some diffimili, are indebted for the essence of convera tude in the fabrication of the item or sation and the Spirit of fociety: of the leaf, varies every object of vege To render every thing wonderfully tation.

various, the very skies are for ever - In the same manner it is with the shifting their appearance upon the eye: animal world; each creature, whether almolt in the fame intant, and often in winged or footed, undoubtedly pof- the fame bour, we see the Aleeces of selling some distinctions in its plumage white darken into blackness, or, as or skin : and thus it is among our own they roll along the cloucts, tbe azure fpecies. The human countenance is so mixing with the gold, while the rain. surprisingly varied, that notwithstand: bow arches over the heavens, not only ing' it is moulded into a million of as a promise of security, but as an emforms eflentially different, yet each blem of the universal variety which it possesses harmony, force, and propor: represents. rion. Hence it is that beauty is uni. I cannot but hope that these reflee. versally different and universally ad- tions will have fonie useful effect, since mired, whereby the eye of every lover they are written to convince every may be captivated, and every taste man who considers them that he has no suited with its favourite charm.

folid reafon to complain ; for however The mind likewise Mares in the life may be over-run with debauchery rariety of nature : for although it and error, it ftills abounds with every must always act upon one uniform natural beauty that can charm the eye, principle to become virtuous, yet each every perfume that can regale the smell, loul may have a fingularity in its man, and every elegance that can animate ner which may strongly characterise its the heart. genius and inclinations.

DIONYSIUS, From The Rambler





ift Rule. AVOID ale excess, because it fons. No matter : the evacuation las MENT. You must not eat, drink, fleep, better upon it: it will therefore be for or exercife, too much : and not only so, your health not to leave it off fud. but no object either of passion or taste denly, but by degrees. should carry you beyond what your 3d RULE. Be cheerful and tranquil, trength and spirits are proportioned because this is the fures means of bealth to bear. These are excelles, which and long life.--Comment. To be cheer. always weaken, and, if continued, are fulDon't look upon the dark ade of fure to destroy

things ; don't extract only the melan. 2d RULE. Do not depart fiuddenly from choly, which will ever be one ingres what you barve been accustomed to, because dient in all human affairs ; don't fore, custom is a second nature. COMMENT. bode evils that never may happen, For instance, you, Mrs, P. B. have and be prepared to bear with realonlong been accustomed to contradict, able patience, those which assuredly to le&ture, to rate, your very good will. To be tranquilSuffer none of friend and humble servant ;--somes your passions to grow inordinate les Limes, with, but oftener without, rea. not your heart be torn with anger,



envy, malice, &c. ; be not corroded Does not this found as if one was to with little fplenetic frettings and vex. say, “ Avoid religion and priests, if ations ; nay, keep even the kind and you are desirous to be saved ainiable affections within due restraint: But, whatever may be said for phy. for these, by being suffered to indulge fic and physicians, you, I apprehend, and riọt at' large, will acquire a vio- have no occasion for either. You lence, an impetuolity, and an unruli. complain of bowels, as I do of nerves : nels, which may serve for the ground. but I do verily believe, that your work of much future tribulation, bowels are found and healthy. From

4th RULE. Affect a pure and tempe fome cause or other, a defluxion has rate air. -COMMENT. I would add, fallen upon them, which produces an and, as often as you can, change uneasy, it may be a painful sensation : your air : a change of air, even for the your great object is, that this defuxion worse, has been found to produce good palles off as easily as may be. But you effects upon invalids; to lay nothing must not use purging physic, because of the exercise, and benefits there. that, as it does some violence to all from.

natures, and would a great deal to a sth Rule. Adapt your aliments to your yours, will infallibly weaken you, who temperament, and let them be such as dif- are too weak already ; and you must folve and pass cafily. COMMENT. This not be coltive. If you can find the must be ascertained by observation and mean, you will have done your duty to experience of your own ? books and your bowels ; and I hope and trust, phylicians can do nothing here. that all your complaints will gradually

6th RULE. Obferve a proportion be wear away. tween your aliments and your exercise.

POSTSCRIPT. COMMENT. I would rather say, proportion your exercise to your itrength

Your bilious ailment, if you mean and spirits, and your aliments to the any thing more by it than a propensity appetite this exercise thall give you.. now and then to be cross and peevil, and (let me add) have a special regard especially with you know whom, is anto the temperature of the air, at the other affair. This propensity, which time of your using it; for I am by no you call bilious, is mistaken by some for means with those who think, that ex

a fourners in the stomach :-an acri. ercise in all kinds of weather is equally monious humour undoubtedly it is. salubrious,

Charlotte-ftreet, Sobo, 7th Rule. Avoid phyfic and physi 30 Jan. 1778, cians, if you would be well. -- COMMENT.

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Habit of pleasantry and good hu- tempts us to prefer our own caprice to

mour is of such very great import- the most serious comforts of our friends. ance, that we cannot be too fedulous in Though we are conscious, that it is the acquiring it. Were we to reflect, how duty of every one to contribute to the much we have it in our power, by our happiness of others, we yet with an deportment, either to overcalt the exception to this general rule to be cheerfulness, or lighten the sorrows, of made in our favour, and a peculiar those with whom we are connected, licence, we know not wberefore, to this consideration would of itself be a be granted to us. But by feeding the fufficient inducement to a generous fame of our peevilhness, we not only mind to cultivate so amiable a disposi. occasion unnecessary vexation to others, tion. But there is too often found in but also create imaginary evils to our our nature a shameful felfilhness, which felves. The man who accuftoms him



felf to survey every object with faftidi. superintendance of youth hould be ous nicety, will scarcely ever have a particularly careful in forming the tenrespite to his disquiet.

der difpofition, in encouraging every Aufterity of manners strikes at the thing which tends to affability and root of every social pleasure : affabi. focial pleasantry, and checking every lity, on the contrary, not only heightens disorderly inclination. That mistaken the charms of friendfhip, but wins, by fondness which gratifies every with is an irresistible impulse, the admiration extremely prejudicial to the real interest of our inferiors, the confid-nce of our of youth. Caprice will be matured equals, the favour of our fuperiors, into peevithness, and peevishness will and the affections of even our enemies. soon lead to habitual asperity. When The churl, whatever may be the endow. the child is removed from the arms of ments of his mind, or the sterling vir. the doting parent, his wishes will in tues of bis heart, will find it difficult to crease with his years; but in vain will obtain access to our esteem ; while the he look for that immediate gratification artful knave, under the semblance of of them to which he has been accufgood humour, will frequently impose tomed. The forced tear, or the mo. upon our credulity, and bewy us into mentary pet, once the price of the most the latent snare.

unreasonable whim, he will now find to But notwithstanding these advan- his sorrow to be of no avail in a sphere tages to be derived from a courteous where his pleasure is no longer con. disposition, yet there are many who sulted in preference to that of others. are more delirous of commanding our If we attend him into the world, we admiration than of gaining our affec- fhall here see every forrow exacerbated tions, who swallow the specious bait of by the testiness of his own dispofition. cringing adulation with eagerness, but We shall find him displeased with others efteem the familiarities of friendship and with bimself, and thall observe the degrading to their dignity. But such crosses, which occur to him in common forget, that though we may venerate with his fellow-creatures, revenged the luftre of diftinguished talents and upon his unoffending family, not be profound erudition, or the intrinsic cause they have in any degree contri. value of unspotted integrity, still these buted to his uneasiness, but because eminent qualities become doubly at they cannot regst his power. Many tractive, when there is superadded a of his griefs may be traced to the source pliancy of disposition, wbich adapts of excessive indulgence in early life. itself reasonably to the inclinations of Had he been taught that he should others. He who thus spurns the reci-. confider himself as on a level with those procal obligations of friendthip, facris around him, that he had no right to ħces at the altar of his own felf- exercise any greater authority, or foster importance some of the most pure of more buoyant expectations, than others, all those enjoyments that counter. he would not to frequently have felt balance the mileries of human life. the tortures of insulted pride and difa

But here I would wish to distinguish appointed hope. It should also be the between good-bumour and that servile care of the guardians of the rising geobsequiousness which acquiesces in neration to discourage every appearance every polition that is advanced, how. of fullen gloominels. I do not mean to ever absurd or untrue. This may be recommend that frivolous turn which invariably confidered as a proof either is too generally prevalent in the preof weakness or duplicity. He who sent age, but that happy medium which regularly coincides with us in matters exists between the madness of mirth of opinion may, perhaps, be an object and the morosenets of melancholy, that of our pity rather than our contempt. delightful habit of mind which is well But when we observe that any one con calculated to endear our fociery to our firms us in every assertion, however friends, and roarm us against the power notorioufly inaccurate, we cannot be of those trivial misfortunes which every too much upon our guard; in every day befall us. sentence which he delivers, we may It is certain, that the disposition, with reason fufpect the stratagem of although its general outlines are laid designing hypocrisy. The most unfor. down at first, may nevertheless be contunate (port of nature can secern truth siderably iinproved by attention, or froin falsehood.

greatly corrupted hy neglect. For this Those who are entrusted with the reason it thould be the Itudy of our


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