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“ The result was, that I resolved on taries) sermons on the visitation and discharging my share of these weighty communion of the fick, inviting and obligations, by giving Lectures on the pressing home upon the godly-minded Gospel of St. Matthew, in my own of both sexes, the primitive christian parish church of St. James, Westminster, custom religiously observed by our every Friday in Lent. I forelaw, forefathers, as members of the Church however, many difficulties in the un. of England, to call in the ministers of dertaking, particularly in drawing their parithes, in the hour of fickness together any conliderable number of and danger, to exhort finners, under people, to a place of public worship, thole trying circumitances, to repent. for any length of time, on a common ance and chriftian relignation, acday of the week. But it pleased God cording to the forms prescribed by that to bless the attempt, with a degree of church ; if they are no longer in ule, fucceis far beyond any thing I could let them be expunged from our comhave expected or imagined." What mon prayer books, or let this hint be this success was, few of the inha- properly taken, and this religious bitants of London, who pay any at. duty be forcibly and frequently in, tention to public occurrences, can prelied upon the minds of their reremain ignorant; but inany of our spective congregations by our paro. numerous country readers, will not chial clergy, nor any longer let he displeased with the following in- thousands of profesed christians die, formation.
without the folemn adminiftration of So great was the concourse of per any spiritual comfort in the hour of fons in the higher circles of life, to distress. With respect to our Bilhops, hear there lectures, that chairs were let them only follow the example of borrowed from the neighbouring pri. their Right Reverend brother, and they vate houses, to supply seats for them will want no other admonition, to enin the aisles of this large church, and force the incumbent religious duties on in the pallages of the galleries, after the clergy of their dioceses; and, let all the pews irad been literally crammed the decrease of the christian faith, and with nobility and gentry, whole
car. the increase of infidelity be traced, not riages lined the adjacent ftreets, and partially through fome, but to all their whole sedan chairs filled the church. Sources, and it will perhaps be found yard ; and sorry we are to add, that as that the blame lays not wholly with venality respects no fanctuary, the the different orders of the people, pew openers made strangers pay very witness the crowded attendance, on handsomely for a comfortable (the the evenings of common days of the weather being cold) squeeze in a week, (after the labours of the day are pew.
over) at the Methodist chapels. Before we proceed to an examination To counteract the baneful effects of of the lectures, be it permitted to make pestilential writings, of which our some observations on the foregoing worthy Prelate complains, let the same paisages from the preface. The good “indefatigably active means" be used Bishop seems to lay great Itress on the to diffuse such antidotes as are contain. words " my share of thele weighty ob- ed in these Lectures, throughout every ligations ; " which we conceive to be a part of the kingdom; let paftoral delicate reproof to other labourers in letters be revived in every diocele, and the vineyard of Christ, and peculiarly cheap editions be published of the called for, in the present day; for who leading principles and doctrines of that travels into other protestant coun the Gospel, as cheap as those of the tries, does not know that the active Age of Rrafon ; and let every Minifter zeal, and constant exercise of the oi that Gospel, bear in mind this rein. official duties, of the ministers of the forcement of the gentle admonition gospel, far surpasses that of our paro- already noticed." * I think it incum. chial clergy ; some of their duties are bent on me to take my share in this indeed become almost obfolete, through important contest, and to tow that I the relaxationof the religious principles with not to throw burthens on others, of their parishioners; but is nor this of which I am not willing to bear my owing, in some degree, to the indo- full proportion. See Lecture I. p.25: lence and inattention of their Rectors In the execution of this design, the and Curates. Who now hears (ex. Bishop profesies to have four objects cept from the pulpits of zealous tece principilly in view. “First, to explain
and illustrate those passages of holy We here take the liberty to exhibit. writ, which are in any degree difficult one Itriking specimen of the trangand obscure. Secondly, to point out,
cendant merit of the whole courses. as they occur in the iacred writings, “ Before I quit this noble and conthe chief leading fundamental prin folatory exordium of our Lord's disa ciples and doctrines of the Christian course, (See p. 134, 5, 6, and 7, Lect. religion. Thirdly, to confirm and VI.) I Thall request your attention strengthen your faith, by calling your to one particular part of it, which attention to those strong internal seems to require a little explanation. marks of the truth and divine au The part I allude to is this: Blessed thority of the christian religion, which are the meek, for they shall inherit the present themselves to us in almost every earth. page of the gospel. Fourthly, to lay “ The blessing here promised to the before you the great moral precepts of meek, seems at first light somewhat the gospel, to press them home upon singular, and not very appropriate to your consciences and your hearts, and the virtue recommended – That the render them effectual to the important meek, of all others, should be destined ends they were intended to serve ; to inherit the earth, is what one should namely, the due government of your not naturally have expected. If we paflions, the regulation of your con may judge from what passes in the duct, and the attainment of ever world, it is those of a quite opposite latting life.”
character, the bold, the forward, the In the pursuit of this comprehen- active, the enterprising, the rapacious, five plan, we have thirteen lectures in the ambitious, that are best calculated Vol.' I. now under examination, upon to secure to themselves that inheritthe following subjects. Lecture 1. ance. And undoubtedly, if by inhe“ A. compendious view of the sacred riting the earth is meant acquiring the writings ; or, in other words, a con wealth, the grandeur, the power, the çile analysis of the Holy Bible, with property of the earth, these are the Such regulation in point of order, and persons who generally seize on a large such clearness and precision in the portion of thote good things, and leave historical detail, as cannot fail of at the meek and gentle far behind them tracting general approbation." Lecture in this unequal contest for such ad. Il. is confined to the two first chap vantages. But it was far other things ters of the Gospel of St. Matthew, than there our Lord had in view. By which record the genealogy, the an. inheriting the earth, he nicant inheritnunciation and miraculous birth of our ing those things which are, without Saviour, and the arrival and offerings queition, the greatest blessings upon of the wise men of Bethlehem. Lecture earth ; calmness and composure of III. gives us the life and doctrines of spirit, tranquillity, cheerfulness, peace John the B.aprilt. Lectures IV. and V. and comfort of mind. Now these, I on the fourth chapter, are divided into apprehend, are the peculiar portion two parts; the former explains the nar and recompence of the meek. Unrative of the temptation of Christ in assuming, gentle, and humble in their the wilderness, in which it is observ. deportment, they give no offence, they able, that the Bishop differs in opinion create no enemies, they provoke no from some eminent polemical writers hostilities, and thus escape all that on this subject, who have considered it large proportion of human misery in the light of a vision, for he adduces which arises from dissensions and dirmany reasons to believe that it was a putes. If differences do unexpectedly real transaction; the second part re itart up; by patience, mildners, and lates to the choice of apostles, and prudence, they disarm their adversathe beginning of miracles. In Lec- ries, they soften resentment, they court tures VI. and vpl. our Lord's sermon reconciliation, and feldom fail of reftore on the Mount is expounded in such a ing harmony and peace. Having a manner that these two lectures inde- very humble opinion of themselves, gendently contain a volume of the they see others' succeed without unmoit beneficial instruction the caliness, without envy; having no amcommunity in general; and, as the bition, no spirit of competition, they enumeration of the various beauties feel no pain from disappointment, no of thele lectures collectively, cannot mortification from defeat. By bend. be particularized in a limited Review, ing under the forms that afail them,
they greatly mitigate their violence, substitute the word enjoy for inherita and see them pais over their heads And as our Gospels are only trandaalmost without feeling their force. tions from the original, this would be Content and satisfied with their lot, no sacrilege : all the foregoing attrithey pass quietly and silently through butes of meekness constitute the purest the crowds that surround them : and enjoyment of life. encounter much fewer difficulties and Lecture VIII. delineates the conduct calamities in their progress through' and character of the Roman Centulife, than more active and enterprising rion. Lecture IX. contains our Lord's men. This even tenor of life may, instructions to his Apostles. Lecture indeed, be called, by men of the world, X. comprises three important subjects : Hat, dull, and infipid. But the meek Observation of the Sabbath.' Demo. are excluded from no rational pleasure, niacs ; and Blasphemy against the no legitimate delight ; and as they are Holy Ghost. more exempt from anxiety and pain In Lectures XI. XII. and XIII. the than other men, their sum total of nature and use of Parables is explained'; happiness is greater, and they may, and more particularly, the Parables in the best senle of the word, be fairly of the Sower, and of the Tares, with faid to inherit the earth.” Would it which finishes Vol. I. not give a greater force ftill to this
M. tine pallage, if we were permitted to (To be concluded in otw next:)
A Journal of the Forces which failed from the Downs in April 1800, on a Secret
Expedition, under the Command of Lieutenant-General Pigot, till their Arrival in Minorca ; and continued through all the subsequent Transactions of the Army under the Command of the Right Hon. General Sir Ralph Abercromby, K. B. in the Mediterranean and Egypt; and the latter Operations, under the Command of Lieutenant General Lord Hutchinson, K. B. to the Surrender of Alexandria : with a particular Account of Malta during the Tinte it was subject to the British Government, &c. By Æneas Anderson, Lieut. 40tb Reg. One Volume Quarto. Illustrated by En.
gravings. Though duly sensible of the bleffings the active courage of the troops, or
peace, and ardently hoping for the final success of the undertaking, its long continuance, we cannot look it must be considered as a period mott back, without sentiments of exultation, highly honourable to the name and on the progress of the late war ; in character of Britons. which examples occurred of naval and Lieutenant Anderson * has arranged military enterprise and glory which we lis work in the form of a Journal, do not find transcended in the histori- which appears to be peculiarly adapted al annals of any age or nation. It to the narration of military or naval prefents, indeed, a continuity of scenes operations. History gives little more of prowess which, by every true-born than the outlines of the principal events Briton, muit be contemplated with of a war ; declining the minuteness of pride and admirarion.
detail, it deigns only to relate importIt is not for us to defcant on the ant results, and their leading causes. political good or evil of the late war; The Journal, therefore, may properly bor, indeed, were we lo disposed, is be considered as the raw material for this an occasion that would offer an history, whence the latter may select, opportunity for the discussion ; as the condense, and refine, all that is necer. vciume before us professes only to give sary to its own purpose, rejecting the an account of a military expedition, lefler parts of detail as unsuited to the and to relate the progrets of the British dignity of its character. It must, howarms ly lea and kind in one of the most ever, at the same time, be allowed, that important periods of the war ; but, the lesser detail has its use and its whether we confider the patient en- interest ; as it gives every preparatory durance, the unremitted discipline, and and progressive circumstance of an ope
Whose Narrative of the British Embely to China was reviewed in our XXVIIth volume, p. 318.
ration from the outset to its close, the of Major-General Pigot, from England, minutiæ of which, by familiarizing the till the arrival of the army at Malta; reader with the various successive trans- with the whole of the General Orders actions, increase the interest that he that were issued by the several Comtakes in the subject, and prepare his inanders during that period. This mind for a perfect comprehension of account will sufficiently prove, that, the whole.
if this army did nothing in the way The Journal may likewise be con of effective operation, it was, at all sidered as a series of instructions to events, qualified, prepared, and eager profesional men; as a kind of school. to do every thing. What its dispofio book, in fact, in which the elementary tions and active capacities were, a conparts of science may be learned. Be- fiderable part of it proved on the sands lides, the very nature of the arrange of Egypt: nor can there be any doubt ment implies that it was formed by an that the same prowess would have been eye-witness of what is narrated, and, displayed, and the same success obof course, that it possesses indubitable tained, if circumftances had afforded authenticity.
them the expected opportunities of Mr. Anderson's volume appears to unfurling the Britih itandard on the embrace three important objects, viz: plains of Italy or the lhores of Spain. the Secret Expedition which failed “ As a part of this army took pofferunder the command of General Pigot fion of Malta, on its surrender by the in March 1800; -an Account of Malta, French ; and as the battalion of the from the time when it was taken by the 40th regiment, in which I had the English, till the signature of the Preli. honour to serve, formed a part of its minaries of Peace ;-and, a Narrative garrison, I have availed myself of the of the Campaign in Egypt.
local knowledge I acquired, to give In a modest and well-written Preface some account of this extraordinary he thus introduces his work :
place. “ The general agitation which bad “ Till the present war, Malta had been occasioned throughout the coun, long remained an object of small contry by the Expedition to Holland had fideration. The lingularity of its connot altogether subsided, when the re ftitution and government, the riches of newal of very formidable preparations its knights, its Itupendous ftrength, excited the anxious curiosity of the its splendid display of useless fortifica, people, more especially as their objects tion, and the romantic character of its were enveloped in successful mystery history, bad rendered it rather a subfrom the country, for whose service ject of philosophical speculation than the expedition was formed, and from political interest ; and though, in the Europe, against some part of which it pofleflion of any of the principal Euwas directed. That it did not per. ropean Powers, it might have been form any great military service mult made a commanding position in the have arisen from circunstances which Mediterranean Sea ; from the jealousy were not foreseen, and could not be of them all, it has been left to the incontrolled. It had, however, no in- fuence of its own policy, and reconsiderable influenceon the operations mained in the security of its own in, of the enemy in Italy, as it spread alarm significance. along the coast which they posfelled, • At length the ambitious spirit of and large bodies of troops were de- the French Government, quickened tached to prevent or oppose its de- and realised by the ardent genius of scent. Thus a confiderable diversion Bonaparte, by art, by menace, and by was made in favour of our Allies, treachery, obtained possession of this though we cannot but lament that it Inand; of which it kept a troubled did not terminate more to their ad- and precarious pofleflion, till it was vantage.
surrendered to the Englith force that “ This Expedition, however, though had been employed io blockade it. not diftinguished by any brilliant event, As it thus formed a part of the British is an interesting feature in the war, and empire, it naturally became interesting is preparatory to the Egyptian Cam- to the British people; and, from suo. paign, which closes the glory of it. fequent circumstances, has been a subI have, therefore, given a regular jour, ject of very serious consideration: I nal of its tranfactions, from the failing have, therefore, given fuch an account of the first divilion, under the cominand of it, as my experience and means
of information enabled me, and which drawn up on the Lazaretto fide. The will, I fatter myself, be sufficient to two battalions of the 35th on the convey adequate and correct notions right; Dillon's, and the ancient Irish of its strength, its resources, commer fencibles, in the centre; and the two cial advantages, and political import- battalions of the 40th regiment on ance.”
the left. At eleven o'clock
was formed on their respective Stations, “ Here, indeed, it was my original in open columns of companies; and intention to have concluded my foon after was wheeled into line, when Work; but, as the expedition with the files opened from right to left, which I failed from England formed which extended the line from the a part of that army which proceeded, river on the Lazaretto side, over tbe with subsequent augmentations, under inequalities of the camp ground, till the command of Sir Ralph Abercrom- it terminated on the ruinmit of an hill by, for Egypt, and the second batta of confiderable height. lion of the regiment to which I be “ Immediately opposite, on the longed having formed a part of it, I George Town lide of the river, the felt myself in some degree connected line commenced on the banks, and with the Egyptian service, though I stretched, in an oblique manner, along had not the honour of being person. the glacis of Fort George for about ally engaged in it. At the same time, three quarters of a mile. The regibeing favoured with the Journals of ments that composed this part of the Several Officers who witnessed the line were the sth or king's, the two whole of that Campaign, and having battalions of the 17th, the 48th and opportunities of obtaining whatever gotli, the Minorca regiment, and De was to be procured on the subject from Rolles' Swiss guards; they were also oral communication, I have ventured wheeled by fignals into line. At half to continue the Work in the original patt eleven the Lieutenant-Governor, form which I had adopted, to the fur- with a numerous retinue, arrived in render of Alexandria.
barges at Fort George, when the logo “ The Campaign of Egypt, though nal was made for the lines on either one continued scene of British glory, side of the river to prime and load. was a succession of simple operaiions; The men then came to ordered arms, and consequently requires nothing and within a few minutes of twelve more than the attention which will, o'clock the whole line shouldered I trust, appear to have been bestowed, arms. to produce a correct and authentic “ At twelve, the great guns hegan narrative of them."
to fire from Citadella, and the firing From the failing of the expe- continued successively along the whole dition from Malta, under Sir Ralph coalt of the island till it reached Fort Abercromby, during the time it re. George, where every piece of artillery inained in Marmorice Bay, and to was regularly discharged. A fimilar the final evacuation of Egypt by the cannonade then continued on the side French, an almost daily account is opposite from Fort Philipet, and from given of the proceedings of the Bri- all the towers, till every gun was dis. tish army; not only in its principal charged. The infantry then compolitions, as at Aboukir, Alexandria, menced a feu de-joye from the 35th and Cairo, but in its detached services, regiment, and continued like the roll and all its intermediate operations. of a drum along the whole line till it
The part of this volume which is terminated with the 40th. It was appropriated to the Secret Expedition then renewed on the opposite ihore, gives some account of Minorca, and and run on without the least interrupthe occupations of the army during tion to the end of the lines. This the time that it remained in that illand; firing was repeated twice, and followed we shall extract from it a relation of by. three cheers, whole loyal andf the manner in which the King's Birth. animating sound, proceeding from the day was celebrated there.
tongues and hearts of lo large a body • This being the anniversary of his of Britith troops, produced an effect Majesty's birth-day, the fame was ce which my feeble powers are unable to lebrated hy every demonstratio. of describe. The scene was grand and joy suited to the happy occafion. imprellive, and received no Imall addi" The focuwing regiments were cior from the beauty of the day.