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plenty of Guineas in circulation ; and don alone. Hardly any change can be let the question be asked, if merchants procured for a one found no!e, but by. 2 can now as readily get goud bills dis. half guinea, and seven Shilling piece, counted by bankers and others as for- in gold, and two millings and sixpence merly?

in lilver; and in those parts of the With respect to his second propofi. town, populously inhabited by the tion, it hardly deserves an answer ; for poorer classes, many a lopkeeper and it is impossible, without a total Itagna. publican loses Imali sums because he - tion of public credit, that the Bank of cannot give change for the smallest

England should ever be called upon to gold coin ; credit must be given, and pay on demand, all their notes in fpe. the debtor never returns to the same cie; therefore the Directors cannot be fop. fuppoted, or r'equired, to keep a stock If the Restriction Bill continues aaof fpecie for that purpose ; but they other year, the distress must increase; may tafely let out a few millions in cirif it is taken off, let the Bank be obculation in aid of that extensive system liged to pay their one pound notes in of paper money, which the multipli- silver, and there will be less occasion cation of country bankers has ihrown for Guineas; and it may be found

po. into circulation. A twentieth part of licy not to increase the quantity in cir. their outstanding notes never can be culation, till the rage for visiting and demanded at once, in fpecie, or other expending money in France has subwile; they are too widely dispersed. fided. But a proposition to make the

In antwer to the question in Chapter restriction pernianent seems to be a trap II. whether metallic inoney be neces. to eninare our present honest and prufary for tupporting public credit ; in dent administrator of the public finopposition to the author, we maintain ances of the kingdom. the affirmative ; and ail his deductions Amongit other disadvantages of Guia from the low ftate of public credit in neas, the author reckons the loss of Spain, poffelled of mines of gold and time in counting large sums, of which filver, and from France, when, ac- he attempts to make an important elticording to Neckar, ninety-one millions mate; and one of the expences chargeSterling were circulating in fpecie, only able on their circulation, is the greater. ferve to prove the mal-administration number of clerks, bankers were obliged of the finances in both countries, and to keep on that account! Can any reathe violation of the honour and good foning be more futile than this ? Confaith of the Crown in the latt, to its lidering the great expertness of the creditors, which would have been pre- tellers of guineas in banker's shops, we vented, if the administrators of its believe that more time, and perhaps finances had applied a part only of that more cie:ks are required in niaking the immense sum to the regular payment of double entries of Bank notes, from the demandeble capitals of tuine, and whom received, and to whom paid, to. the interest of all the public delts; but gether with the numbers and value! Juxury and prodigality absorbed and at all events, it is too trivial a circumlent out of the kingdom considerable Itance to be produced in the discufsion fums, and foreign alliances have done of a national que lion. the fame with us.

The confounding of mercantile cre. The diladvantages of specie, as the dit with public credit, of bills of ex. prevailing medium of circulation, ftated change wih the paper inoney of Goin Chapter III. inutt be well tudied to vernment, leads the author into erro. be inderitool; it is beyond our com neous propositions in Chapter IV, on prehenson; it is laid, “that the nation the advantages

money. joses the limple intereit of all its cur- Chapter V, and the last,“ on the rent cuin." . Query, does it gain any abuses of paper credit," in some meaby paper money? The Bank of Eng- fure redeems the credit of the author, land certainly profits in capital and in. who plainly discovers himself to be a tereft, by illuing notes initead of lpecie ; trequous advocate for the political and but the publick, by which we deno- financial measures of the Ex-minister; minate the nation, lotes by the want of but he does not consider the great ina l'ufficient circulation of lpecie, more crease of country bankers as an abuse especially of, lilver; and the distress it of paper credit, yet it certainly is one occasions is felt all over the kingdom; of is greatest evils, by the facilities it a thoutand facts prove it diy, in Lone gives to monopolizers of the chief ne

reflaries

of paper

ceffaries of life, thereby enhancing Whether public credit has ever been their prices : but neither the reason in a more prosperous state than in the ings of Mr. Thornton, his favourite glorious year 1759, when the great writer, nor his own assumptions, can Mr. Pitt (great only whilft he was Mr. prevail against the dear-bought expe. Pite) was at the head of Adminiitrarience and feelings of the iniddle and tion, and the circulation of Guineas lower classes of the people. We con was abundant! Larger loans have been clude with submitting this question to raited during the late war; but the preour author, whom we refer for the fo. sent low price of the funds, and the Jution of it to Sir John Sinclair's ex. difficulty of paying in the latt loan, cellent History of the Public Revenue evidently demonstrates that the funda of the British Empire ; the fame wor. ing system, founded on the fabrication thy Member of Parliament who op- of paper money, has been carried too posed and predicted the disgraceful fate far.

M. of the Income Tax.

A Journal of a Party of Pleasure to Paris, in the Month of August 1802, with

thirteen Views from Nature (illustrative of French Scenery) in Aquatinta, 8vo. The love of reading journals, and produce many occasional journalists.

the love of writing them, are such The author however of the little tract general propensities in human nature, before us, seems to have taken the start that the latter class not unfrequently of any writer on this subject fince the are induced to work on the materials of peace'; for though others have given ochers, as the easiest method of provid letters, books of polt roads, and ing entertainment for the former. This French Directories, he is the first who is sometimes done, as Sancho Panca has published a minute history of his says, snug and dry-thod at home, trip from London to Paris, and back sometimes by mixing a little of what again, under the new regime ; where they have seen themselves with a great everything of use is set down, and deal of what others bave written; and commented on; every thing particu. Sometimes adding to both fome inven. Jarly curious is described, and compative anecdotes and travelling stories, ritons drawn between the two counwhich, however they may embellish ro tries of France and England, in a famance, thould not be set down in the miliar and impartial manner, faithful pages of history.

of the fidelity of the narrator, we can Of all the conntries of Europe which have no doubı; other writers may alert have excited the curiosity of Euro- it for themselves, but he proses is in peans within the last ten years, there is every page. In his outlet we fee all none to predominant as that of France: the preparation and buftle of the inher revolution has made her a new be. tended journey ; on his landing all bis ing; new in the nature of her birth firft impressions; if a beauty strikes and conception ; new in her govern. him, it partakes of the glow of his ment, legilation, religion, manners, colouring; and if an impolition angers &c. &c.; insomuch, that he who has him, he cannot restrain his irritation. known France formerly, inay be now In fhort, we see him every moment, faid to know it only from history: he whether on his journey, at his inn, must again retrace the spot, where he public places, &c. &c. bufied in obserwill not only see the foil in a great de. vation, and taking his notes with freegree turned up afresh, but the whole dom, tatte, and accuracy. discipline of the country in Church and His obfervations whilit at Dover, af. State, new modelled : so that modern ford many useful hints relative to the Republican Frenchmen seem to be as little pacquet matters, with some curious like Monarchical Frenchmen, as the latter anecdotes of the watte of public mowere like the original Gauls.

ney in the improvements of different en. This great and sudden change has gineers during the last war. At Caalready induced many Englishmen, and fais he commences with a delineation no doubt will induce many others, to of the French character, which he pur. .visit the country, and of course will sues up to Paris, in a lively description

of VOL. XLII. Dec. 1802.

LII

of their dresses, manners, inns, car- admiration of the stranger, next to the riages, poit horses, roads, &c. : At statues themselves, is the liberality of Paris his observations begin afresh, the Government, which allows all where every thing particularly curious people, of whatever nation, to make in that great capital is described, in a what copies they please from them, envery impartial and discriminating man- tirely free of expence; and there were ner; for though he speaks with be not less than twenty persons availing coming asperity of the despotism of themselves of this indulgence, whilft the military government, and the va: we were there." rious impofitions of some of the trader. . On the Theatres he has the following men, inn-keepers, &c. his praise is remarks: “ We arrived here (Calais) equalls ready to do justice to the grand. about five o'clock, and heard that the eur of their buildings, the utility of Cemedy was just began; and as the many of their public institutions, and Theatre is within the walls of the the becoming regularity of their the. inn, we were induced to order our atres, &c.

dinner at half past fix o'clock, and Of the Palace of the Louvre, he went to the Theatre. We were not says, “ No words can express the fen- ill amused ; 'the performance was a litsation of delight that this grand aflem- tle Comic Opera, in which the music blage of all that is most exquisite in the was really very pretty, and the actors fine arts, afforded us. We were first tolerably good; one in particular, an conducted into the Hall of Statues, old man, reminded me of our late fa. which is a roon of excellent propor. vourite Parsons. Whilit at this The. tion; with large niches, adinirably atre we met with an instance of politeadapted to the arrangement of the fine ness, which I must confess we are but groupes. The hall branches out se. little used to in England. Two genveral ways, and each part is named tlemen who were sitting in a box when after the grand ftatue placed at its own we came in, seeing us in the company end; as for inttance, that of Apollo, of two ladies, and that we had no Laocoon, and others. It is in vain to places, immediately left the box, and enter into the particulars of the dif- infitted on our making use of it. This ferent merits of these wonderful fta- they did with such an easy, yet foli. tues. Sutice it to fay, that each one citing politeness, that we could not re. is the first of its class, arranged in the fuse; and which, contrasted with the belt manner, and in the highest state of rude behaviour of some of our box preservation.

lobby loungers, left a very predomi. “ The Apollo appears to me to be nant impreffion in favour of French the most atonishing production of the politeite." gerus of man: the figure is all anj Of the Theatre in Paris :-" At mation, grace, and vigour; the God night we went to the Theatre Louvois, beains in his countenance, and there is where we were amused with three well a characier of dignity, mixed with be acted comic pieces, but which lasted neficence about it, at once cominand an uncommon length of time. The ing and gentle. The point of time French aciors in Comedy have an ex. cholen by the artiit is the instant treme natural manner, and the spec. when Apollo had discharged the arrow tator would almost think he was look. at the terpent Python, and he is look. ing into a private room, where people ing with triumph on his victory. Of were conversing familiarly of their own the Laocoon allo, I know not how to affairs : so well do they carry on the ilspeak in terms of praise sufficient; the lufion, and so little is their attention marble seems to move and breathe; distracted from the buliness of the stage, the agony of the parent, the terror of Another pleasing circumstance we the children, all fix the attention, and noted, which is the great attention and an E:glishman cannot but exclai:n, that quietness of the audience, who come his journey to Paris was worth the as they say to hear and see a play, and pains, if he went no farther.

who do not think themselves autho“ There are many others, though rised, because they may happen not to less wonderful than these two, still be well amused, to interrupt others very beautiful and interesting in their who may not be 10 fastidious: the leatt several lines; such as the Diana in noise is strongly reprobated; no 11amthe chase, the dying. Gladiator, and ming of doors, or women of fashion the Antinous; but what calls for the talking louder than the actors."

On

66

lith rage

On returning likewise from the Play, Onwards he goes, and seeks a fav’site or Opera, and in short all public places, grove, no person is permitted to call for a car. Where in the days of zeal and sacred love riage, until the party to whom it be. His reverend fathers had been proud to longs are actually at the door, ready raile to itep into it; and when the carriage A holy chapel to the Virgin's praise ! is there, the soldiers oblige the coach. Jutt H:avin, he cries, and can this hel. man to drive off instantly; the conse: quence of which is, there is no confu- Note'en the prefence of their God assuage Lion, noise, or difficulty; all the car. Alas! no reverence check'd the rebel riages set down with their horses' heads band,

Thand; the same way, and take up with the No fear of God withheld the uplitted fame regularity: "and there is no dis- Onward they ruit'd, and press'd their mai puting this order.”

career, " This (among many faults which Murder in front and famine in their rear!" I have had occasion to notice in this “. Say thro' what paths must this fad journal) must be ranked amongst the mourner tread?

th's heaj ? perfections of the French people ; at Where thall the wanderer stor, where reit the same time that our want of de. Behold he kneels, and hark how pale corum in these particulars calls loudly despair

(pray'r : for reformation

Draws from his lab'ri foul this paiting Fas eft et ab boste doceri."

“No more,great God! Misturtune's shalis I mun,

[done! During the course of this cour the Thy ways aie wonderful, thy will be author is very pertinent and feeling in No more my breast with joyful lente in. his observations on the various cala.

hale's mities brought on the country by the The roseate blelling of the morning gales. j'avages of the Revolution. On the Bleak look the fields, and sad the icenes chateau and domain of the Duke de

I lov'd,

(prov'd. Fitzjames, near Clermont, which from Loft is my peace, and vain my wishes the highest itate of magnificence and Where are my friends, companions of revenue is now reduced almost to a

my youth,

[were truth? heap of ruins, he laments the trans. Whose laws were honour,and whole word's formation, under the character of an Those who reitore this derolated plain Emigrant, in such very elegant and im. Cannot give back the heroes they have pretive Poetry, as demand particular

Dain.

[own, norice in this critique.

I, who thould joy to call this land mine · After giving a general description Am joyless all to gain ii thus alone of the trides of maddening faction and Quick then, O Heaven! relcale me trom Jawless liberty which broke loose in my pain : the several parts of the late Revolu: Oh! end at once my solitary reign! tion, he particularizes the fate of the And for my Country!-May some future spot in the following affecting man.

age,

[page, These scenes retracing in the historian's

Teach France in Virtue's cause to take “ There, where once food the hospitable

the field,

[thield." board

(itorid, And how once more the lilies on her With massive plate and choicelt viands A pond'rous ruin lies, to crumbled dult, Upon the whole we look upon this Full many a painted dome, and well little journal to be written with much wrought buft!

(rode, freedom, taite, and oblervation, and The spreading lake, where once majestic when we consider the merit of the In marble pride, full many a river god : drawings (executed by tbe author himself), O'ergrown with weeds, and thick with with that of the Poetry, we cannot but waving grais,

augur well of the future literary pro. And lonely wild fowi tenants of the place. ductions of this gentleman's pen.

W.

ner:

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Lectures on the Gospel of St. Matthew; delivered in the Parish-Church of St.

James, Westminster, in the Years 1798, 1799, 1800, and soon. By the Right Reverend Beilby Porteus, D. D. Bihop of London.

Concluded from Page 356.] Oopening the second volume of her former husband, came and danced

these instructive Lectures, our ad. before Herod on his birth-day, and miration of the whole course fenfibly pleased the King and his Court fo increased. From one degree of pater. much, that, in a sudden transport of pal exhortation and weighty instruction delight, he cried out to the damsel, to another, our faithful Monitor and and then swore unto her " What{piritual Guide appears to proceed in foever thou wilt ask of me, I will give regular gradation, till he attains the it thee, even unto the half of my kingjinportant end for which they were dom." The magnitude of the promise composed.

startled her; and unfortunately the apThe fourteenth Lecture is the first of plied to her mother for advice. Most this volume, and the subject is the mothers, on such an occasion, wouid affecting history of Herod and his wife have asked for a daughter a situation Herodias, comprising the death of Jolin of high rank and power, with wealth. the Baptist ; every attraction that can be fufficient, to support it ; " but Hero. well conceived to induce the serious dias had a passion to gratisy, ftronger and close attention of auditors and perhaps than any other, when it takes readers is exbibited in the masterly full posseflion of the heart, and that was explanation and judicious application revenge. She had been mortally in. of this remarkable narrative. Difficult jured, as the conceived, by the Baptist, as the talk may seem, we shall endea who had attempted to ditiólve her infavour to give our readers a clear idea of mous connexion with Herod ; and the this Lecture, which, with great defere was afraid that his repeated remonence to better judgments, we pro. (trances might at length prevail : lhe nounce to be far superior to others therefore gave way to all the fury of both in this and the first volume. her resentment; and, without the least

Herod, a flagiticus Tyrant, had, in regard to the character, or the delicate the face of day, and in defiance of all fituation of her inexperienced daughlaws, human and divine, committed ter, the immediately ordered her to de. the complicated crime of adultery and mand the head of her detelted enemy." incest. He had been married a confi-. The bloody fequel is too well known derable time to the daughter of Aretas, to need recital.' The result, and the King of Arabia Petrca ; but conceiv- details connected with it, are eleing a violent pallion for Herodias, his gantly fet forth, and, as the pious Lec. brother's wife, he first reduced her turer justly observes—" every line of affections from her husband, then dis- this remarkable transaction is replete milled his own wife, and married He with the most important instruction. rodias, in the life-time of his brother, Several moral lessons are pointed out Joho the B.. prift had the bonelty and in the progress of the narrative; but the courage to reproach the Tyrant there are one or two of a more general with the enormity of his guilt, although import, which will deserve your very he could not be ignorant of the dan serious attention." ger he incurred: it brought down To do justice to the good Bishop's upon him the indignation of Herod, reflections on them, the Lecture itself and was ultimately, the occasion of his must be carefully peruled ; and we death, though unintentionally on the most carnettly recommend it to all part of Herod, who feared John, who well-disposed persons of both sexes ; was held in high elteem and veneration and with that view, we think it incumby all the people, and it appears that bent on us to give the heads of thele. he frequently sent for him out of two important lessons. prison to converse with him. But an 6. The first is, that in the conduct incident took place which unexpect. of life there is nothing more to be edly, and suddenly, decided the fate of dreaded and avoided, nothing more the bleiled martyr.

dangerous to our peace, to our com. Salome, the daughter of Herodias by fort, to our character, to our welfare

here

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