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Seiz'd on the realm;, depos'd the rightful king; • Sent his poor queen to France, from whence she

came, And him to Pomfret; where, as all you know, · Harmless Richard was murder'd traitorously.

* War. Father, the duke hath told the truth; * Thus got the house of Lancaster the crown. * York. Which now they hold by force, and not

by right; * For Richard, the first son's heir being dead, * The issue of the next son should have reign'd.

* Sal. But William of Hatfield died without an heir. * York. The third son, duke of Clarence, (from

whose line * I claim the crown,) hadissue-Philippe, a daughter, * Who married Edmund Mortimer, earl of March, * Edmund had issue-Roger, earl of March: * Roger had issue-Edmund, Anne, and Eleanor.

Sal. This Edmund, in the reign of Bolingbroke, As I have read, laid claim unto the crown;

And, but for Owen Glendower, had been king, · Who kept him in captivity, till he died. * But, to the rest. York.

His eldest sister, Anne, My mother being heir unto the crown, • Married Richard, earl of Cambridge; who was son « To Edmund Langley, Edward the third's fifth son. • By her I claim the kingdom: she was heir "To Roger, earl of March; who was the son

Of Edmund Mortimer, who married Philippe, Sole daughter unto Lionel, duke of Clarence: • So, if the issue of the elder son • Succeed before the younger, I am king. War. What plain proceedings are more plain

than this? Henry doth claim the crown from John of Gaunt, • The fourth son; York claims it from the third.

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"Till Lionel's issue fails, his should not reign: • It fails not yet; but flourishes in thee, . And in thy sons, fair slips of such a stock.“Then, father Salisbury, kneel we both together; • And, in this private plot, be we the first, "That shall salute our rightful sovereign • With honour of his birthright to the crown. Both. Long live our sovereign Richard, England's

king! York. We thank you, lords. But I am not your

king • Till I be crown'd; and that my sword be stain'd • With heart-blood of the house of Lancaster: * And that's not suddenly to be perform’d; * But with advice, and silent secrecy. * Do you, as I do, in these dangerous days, * Wink at the duke of Suffolk's insolence, * At Beaufort's pride, at Somerset's ambition, * At Buckingham, and all the crew of them, * Till they have snar'd the shepherd of the flock, * That virtuous prince, the good duke Humphrey: * 'Tis that they seek; and they, in seeking that,

Shall find their deaths, if York can prophesy. * Sal. My lord, break we off; we know your mind

at full. · War. My heart assures me, that the earl of

Warwick "Shall one day make the duke of York a king.

York. And, Nevil, this I do assure myself, Richard shall live to make the earl of Warwick 'The greatest man in England, but the king.

Exeunt.

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SCENE III.
The same. A Hall of Justice.

Trumpets sounded. Enter King Henry, Queen MarGARET, GLOSTER, YORK, SUFFOLK, and SalisBURY; the Duchess of GloSTÉR, MARGERY JOURDAIN, SOUTHWELL, HUME, and BOLINGBROKE, under guard.

K. Hen. Stand forth, dame Eleanor Cobham,

· Gloster's wife: “In sight of God, and us, your guilt is great ; • Receive the sentence of the law, for sins • Such as by God's book are adjudg'd to death.* You four, from hence to prison back again;

(To JOURD. &c. * From thence, unto the place of execution: * The witch in Smithfield shall be burn'd to ashes, * And you three shall be strangled on the gallows.* You, madam, for you are more nobly born,

Despoiled of your honour in your life, • Shall, after three days' open penance done, • Live in your country here, in banishment, • With sir John Stanley, in the isle of Man. Duch. Welcome is banishment, welcome were

my death. * Glo. Eleanor, the law, thou seest, hath judged

thee; * I cannot justify whom the law condemns. [Exeunt the Duchess, and the other Prisoners,

guarded. • Mine eyes are full of tears, my heart of grief. "Ah, Humphrey, this dishonour in thine age • Will bring thy head with sorrow to the ground!

I beseech your majesty, give me leave to go;

• Sorrow would solace, and mine age would ease.”
'K. Hen. Stay, Humphrey duke of Gloster: ere

thou go,
Give up thy staff; Henry will to himself
Protector be: and God shall be my hope,
My stay, my guide, and lantern to my feet ;

And go in Peace, Humphrey; no less belov’d, * Than when thou wert protector to thy king.

* Q. Mar. I see no reason, why a king of years * Should be to be protected like a child.‘God and king Henry govern England's helm: “Give up your staff, sir, and the king his realm.

Glo. My staff ?-here, noble Henry, is my staff: As willingly do I the same resign, • As ere thy father Henry made it mine; And even as willingly at thy feet I leave it, . As others would ambitiously receive it. • Farewell, good king : when I am dead and gone, May honourable peace attend thy throne! [Exit. * Q. Mar. Why, now is Henry king, and Mar

garet queen; * And Humphrey, duke of Gloster, scarce himself, * That bears so shrewd a main; two pulls at once,* His lady banish’d, and a limb lopp'd off; * This staff of honour raught:3—There let it stand, "Where it best fits to be, in Henry's hand. * Suf. Thus droops this lofty pine, and hangs his

sprays; * Thus Eleanor's pride dies in her youngest days.

York. Lords, let him go.—Please it your majesty, This is the day appointed for the combat; • And ready are the appellant and defendant, · The armourer and his man, to enter the lists,

? Sorrow would solace, and mine age would ease.] That is, Sor. row would have, sorrow requires, solace, and age requires ease.

* This staff of honour raught:] Raught is the antient preterite of the verb reach, and is frequently used by Spenser.

vur highness to behold the fight. lar. Ay, good my lord; for purposely

erefore ... De court, to see this quarrel tried.

. O' God's name, see the lists and all

things fit; wie et them end it, and God defend the right!

4. I never saw a fellow worse bested, more afraid to fight, than is the appellant, e servant of this armourer, my lords.

ner, on one side, HORNER, and his Neighbours, priảing to him so much that he is drunk; and he inters bearing his staff with a sand-bag fastened to

;a drum before him: at the other side, Peter, with a drum and a similar staff; accompanied by Prentices drinking to him. .

i Neigh. Here, neighbour Horner, I drink to you in a cup of sack; And fear not, neighbour, you shall do well enough.

2 Neigh. And here, neighbour, here's a cup of charneco.

3 Neigh. And here's a pot of good double beer, neighbour: drink, and fear not your man.

Hor. Let it come, i'faith, and I'll pledge you all; And a fig for Peter!

i Pren. Here, Peter, I drink to thee; and be not afraid.

worse bested,] In a worse plight. 5 with a sand-bag fastened to it;] As, according to the old laws of duels, knights were to fight with the lance and sword; 80 those of inferior rank fought with an ebon staff or battoon, to the farther end of which was fixed a bag crammed hard with sand. Mr. Sympson, in his notes on Ben Jonson, observes, that a passage in St. Chrysostom very clearly proves the great antiquity of this practice. ..6 a cup of charneco.] A common name for a sort of sweet wine, made at a village so called near Lisbon.

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