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Browning; and nearly all from Knowles, Croly, Horace Smith, and others, together with the comic dialogues from Morton, Mathews, and Coyne, having been selected or adapted for this collection.

It will be seen that the oratory of the ancients has supplied an unusual number of exercises. A certain novelty has, however, in many instances, been imparted here, by original translations. We have had little, in modern times, to surpass the Philippics of Demosthenes or the fiery invective of Æschines. The putative speeches from Livy, Tacitus, and Sallust, have been newly translated or adapted. In two or three instances, the translation has been so liberal that a nearer relationship to the original than that of a paraphrase has not been claimed. The speeches of Brutus, Caius Marius, Canuleius, Virginius, and others, have been expanded or abridged, to serve the purpose of declamation. The two speeches of Spartacus, that of Regulus, with several others, are now, for the first time, published. The extracts from that strangely depreciated work, Cowper's Homer, have the vivid simplicity and force of the original, and are among the most appropriate exercises for elocution in the whole scope of English blank verse.

Throughout the present volume, in deciding upon the insertion of a piece, the question has been, not “ Who wrote it?" or, “What country produced it?" but, “ Is it good for the purpose ?” Like other arts, that of eloquence is unhedged by geographical lines ; and it is as inconsistent with true culture, to confine pupils to American models in this art, as it would be in sculpture or painting. While exercising great freedom of range in selection, however, it has been the editor's study to meet all the demands of a liberal patriotism; to do justice to all the noblest masters of eloquence, and to all schools and styles, from which a grace may be borrowed ; and, above all, to admit nothing that could reasonably offend the ear of piety and good taste.

The Introductory Treatise embodies the views, not only of the editor, but of many of our most experienced and distinguished teachers, in regard to the unprofitable character of those “systems” which profess to teach reading and speaking by the rule and plummet of sentential analysis or rhetorical notation. Of these attempts the pupil may well exclaim, in the words of Cowper, –

“Defend me, therefore, common sense, say I,
From reveries so airy, - from the toil
Of dropping buckets into empty wells,
And growing old in drawing nothing up!”

The preceptive portion of the Treatise presents no particular claim to originality; the object being merely to give a summary of all the discoveries and hints that can be serviceable to the student, in the development of his vocal and elocutionary powers.

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTORY TREATISE.

Page

25, 26

26
26
. 26
26
26
26
27
28
28
28
29
. 29
29
29

. 16

30

. 30

. 16

. 30

. 30

30

30

31

. 31

Middle Key,

High Key,

16 Illustration from Shakspeare,

16: Curious Fact in Sound,

16 Burke's Voice,

. 16 Chatham's Voice, .

16

Monotone,

16 Illustration from Shakspeare,

from Talfourd,

16

Time,

16 Imitative Modulation,

16 Illustration from Pope,

17

Pauses,

. 17 Emphasis,

17 Illustration from Milton, .

17

from Shakspeare, .

17 III. GESTURE,

. 18 Fenelon's Directions,

. 18 Austin's Chironomia,

18 Oratorical Attitudes,

18, 19

Engraved Representations,

19 Matters for Mirth,

19 General Rules,

On Timing Gestures,

21 Walker's Direction,

21 Illustration from Shakspeare,

Whately's Theory,

Attitude,

Quintilian on the Hand,
Practical Hints,

Awkward Habits,

23 Dress and Manner,

23

The Countenance,

23

24 IV. STRENGTHENING THE VOICE,

24

Management of the Breath,

24

A Good Exercise,

Reading Aloud,

24 Its Physical Benefits,

24 Andrew Combe's Advice,

24

EXPLANATORY MARKS,

CG

ORATORY,

Eloquence,

Rhetoric,

Oratory amortg the Ancients,

The Art in Greece,

Homer,

Demosthenes,

His Speeches prepared,

Oratory in Rome,

Cicero,

Superiority of Ancients,

Modern Oratory,

Effect of the Press,

Oratory in Republics,

Mirabeau,

English Oratory,

European Oratory,

American Oratory,

Patrick Henry,

Daniel Webster, .

Power of Oratory,

Mr. Webster's Opinion,

Success in Oratory,
How to achieve it,
Quintilian's Opinion,

Divisions of Oratory.
1. ELOCUTION, :

Among the Ancients,
Modern Theories,
Steele's Measure of Speech,

System of Marks,
Walker's Elements,
Inflections of the Voice,
Rules of Inflection,
Illustration from Pope,

from Shakspeare,

Rush on the Voice,

Artificial Rules,

Their Insufficiency,

Whately's Objections,

Failure of Walker's Method,

His own Admission, ·

Edmund Kean,

Attention the Secret,

Practical Hints, :

John Quincy Adams,

Divisions of Elocution, .

Articulation,

Pronunciation,

Defects in Pronunciation,

Importance of Dictionaries,

. 31

. 32

32

32

. 32

. 32

. 32

32

32, 33

33

33

20, 21

. 33

. 21

33

34

34

. 34

. 35

35

. 35

35

36

. 36
. 36

• 24

. 36
. 30
.813

Page

Page

Truth,

Frayssinous, 37 | 40. Death is Compensation, Rousseau, 69

2. Immortality,

Massillon, 38 41. Fate of Charles XII., Johnson, 70

3. Utility of the Beautiful, Ruskin, 39 12. Our Duties,

Story, 71

4. The Mind of Man,

Akenside, 40 +3. Love of Country, Montgomery, 772

5. The World,

Tal fourd, 41 | 44. Nature a Hard Creditor, . Carlyle, 7:33

6. Mechanical Epoch,

Kennedy, 41 15. Time's Midnight Voice, Young, it

7. Today,

Withington, 42 46. The Coromon Lot, Montgomery, 75

8. Duellist's Honor,

England, 43 47. True Source of Reform, Chapin, 76

9. Day Conceals what Night Reveals, 48. The Beacon Light,

Pardoe, 77

Nichol, 44 49. Cleon and I,

Mackay, 77

9. Sonnet,

. White, 45 50. Problem for the U. States, Boardman, 78

10. M'in's Material Triumphs, : · Fayet, 45 51. American Experiment, Everett, 78

11. Fortitude,

Anonymous, 46 52. The Ship of State,

Lunt, 79

12. The Inited States of Europe, Hugo, 46 52. Lines, .

Longfellow, 80

13. The Peace Congress of the Union,

Sprague, 80

Everett, 48 54. The Pilot,

Bayly, 81

14. The Spirit of the Age, . Beckwith, 49 55. Death Typified by Winter, Thomson, 8:2

15. Moscs in Sight of the Promised Land, 56. Religious Inducements,

James, 83

Peabody, 50 57. Never Despair,

Loror 84

16. Necessity of Law, .

Hooker, 50 58. Charity,

Talfourd, 84

17. Justice,

Carlyle, 51 59. The Battle-field,

Bryant, 85

18. To-morrow,

Cotton, 52 60. Dizzy Activities,

Everett, 86

19. Eloquence of Action,

Webster, 53 61. The Good Great Man, Coleridge, 87

20. Sincerity the Soul of Eloquence, Goethe, 53 62. Taxes,

Sydney Smith, 87

21. The Christian Orator, Villemain, 54 63. The Press,

Elliot, 88

22. Affectation in the Pulpit, . Couper, 55 64. Defence of Poetry,

Wolfe, 89

23. Utility of History, . De Ségur, 56 65. Great Ideas,

. Channing, 89

24. False Coloring Lent to War, Chalmers, 57 66. England,

Elliot, 90

25. Death's Final Conquest, Shirley, 58 67. Hallowed Ground, Campbell, 91

26. Religion,

Lamartine, 58 68. Nature Proclaims a Deity, Chateau-

27. The Saviour's Reply,

· Milton, 59

briand, 92

28. Nobility of Labor,

Dewey, 60 69. What we owe the Sword, . Grimké, 92

29. Labor is Worship,

Osgood, 61 70. Abou Ben Adhem,.

Hunt, 93

30. Moral and Physical Science, . . Chapin, 62 | 71. Polonius to Laertes, Shakspeare, 94

31. The Order of Nature,

Pope, 63 72. Where is he,

· Neele, 94

32. Future Empire of Language, 73. International Sympathies, Wyland, 95

Bethune, 63 | 74. Worth of Fame,

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Baillie, 96

33. Compensations of the Imagination, 75. Frivolous Pleasures,

Young, 97

Aken side, 64 76. Forgive,

Heber, 97

34. The Great Distinction of a Nation, 77. Science Religious, Hitchcock, 98

Channing, 65 78. Triumphs of the English Language,

35. What Makes a Hero,

Taylor, 66

36. The Last Hours of Socrates,

Lyons, 99

66 79. The Water Drinker, E. Johnson, 99

37. To a Child, .

Yankee, 67 80. The Days that are Gone, Mackay, 100

88. America's Contributions, Verplanck, 68 81. The Work-shop and Camp,

101

39. The True King,

Hunt, 69 1 82. The Wise Man's Prayer, Johnson, 102

PART SECOND.

MARTIAL AND POPULAR.

Page

Page

1. Scipio to his Army,.

Livy, 103 12. Caius Marius,

Sallust, 115

2. Hannibal to his Army,

Id., 104 13. Caius Gracchus,

Knowles, 116

3. Regulus to the Roman Senate, Orig'l, 105 14. Galgacus,

Tacitus, 117

4. Leonidas to his Three llundred, Pichat, 107 15. Icilius on Virginia's Seizure, Macaulay, 118

5. Brutus over the dead Lucretia, Orig'i 16. The Spartans' March, Hemans, 119

and compiled, 107 17. The Greeks' Return,

Id., 119

6. Achilles' Reply, Cowper's Homer, 108 18. Ode,

Collins, 120

7. Hector's Rebuke,

Id., 109 19. Virginius' Refusal to Claudius, Livy, 120

8. Hector's Exploit,

Id., 110 20. Canuleius against Patrician Arrogance,

9. Hector Slain,

Id., 121

10. Telemachus to the Chiefs, Fenelon, 113 21. Catiline to his Army, . Jonson, 122

11. Titus Quintius,

Livy, 114 | 22. Spartacus to the Gladiators, Kelloge, 123

Id., 111

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Id., 205

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ANCIENT

41. Reconciliation with America, Chatham, 201

1. Against Philip, . . Demosthenes, 159 43. Lord North's Ministry,

42. Repeal claimed as a Right, .

Id., 202
2. Degeneracy of Athens,
Id., 160

Id., 203

45. On Employing Indians,

3. Democracy hateful to Philip, . . Id., 161 45. Ruinous Consequences,

Id., 204
4. Venality the Ruin of Greece, . Id., 162 46. America Unconquerable, .
5. Demosthenes Denounced, Æschines, 163 47. Frequent Executions,

Id., 206

6. Exordium, : . . : . Demosthenes, 165 48. Parliamentary Innovations, Beau foy, 208

Meredith, 207

7. Public Spirit of Athenians, .

8. Demosthenes not Vanquished, .. Id., 167 50. America's Obligations, .

Id., 166 49. Religious Persecution, . Compilation, 209

9. Catiline Denounced, Cicero, 168 51. Reply to Lord North,

Barré, 210

10. Catiline Expelled,
Id., 169

Id., 211

11. Verres Denounced,

52. Bold Predictions,

Id., 170 53. Conquest of Americans,

Wilkes, 212

Id., 213

54. Reply to Duke of Grafton, Thurlow, 214

55. Present Popularity, Lord Mansfield, 214

12. Against the Nobility, &c., Mirabeau, 171 56. Magnanimity in Politics Burke, 215

13. Necker's Financial Plan,
Id., 172 57. American Enterprise,

Id., 216
14. Disobedience to National Assembly, Id., 173 58. American Taxation,

Id., 217
16. Reply, .
Id., 174 59. Despotism Unrighteous,

Id., 218

16. On being Suspected,

Id., 175 60. Impeachment of Hastings, Id., 219

17. Eulogium on Franklin,
Id., 177 61. Peroration against Hastings,

Id., 220
18. Church and State,
Id., 177 62. To the Bristol Electors,

Id., 221

19. To the French,

Vergniaud, 178 63. Marie Antoinette,

Id., 222

20. Terrorism of Jacobins,

Id., 179 64. Irish Rights,

Grattan, 223

21. Against War, . Robespierre, 180 | 65. Reply to Flood,

Id., 224
22. Morality the Basis of Society, Id., 181 66. National Gratitude,

Id., 225

23. Last Speech,

Id., 182 67. Catholic Disqualification, Id., 226

24. To the Peers, .

Trélat, 18368. Heaven on the side of Principle, Id., 226

25. The Republic,
Lamartine, 185 69. Against Corry,

id., 227
28. Democracy adverse to Socialism, De 70. Union with Great Britain,

Id., 228

Tocqueville, 185 71. The Catholic Question,

Id., 229

27. Practical Religious Instruction, Hugo, 186 72. Religion Independent,

Id., 230

28. Necessity of Religion,

Id., 187 73. Sectarian Tyranny,

Id., 231

29. Universal Suffrage,

Id., 188 74. American War Denounced,

Pitt, 232

30. Liberty of the Press,

Id., 189 | 75. Motion to Censure Ministry,

Id., 232

31. A Republic or Monarchy, Id., 190 76. Attempt to make him Resign,

Id., 233
32. The Two Napoleons,
Id., 191 77. Barbarism of Ancient Britons,

Id., 234

78. Results of American War, For, 235

79. Washington's Foreign Policy,

BRITISH.

Id., 236

80. Liberty is Strength,

Id., 237

33. The End of Government, Pym, 192 81. Democratic Governments, Id., 238

34. Defence,
Earl of Strafford, 193 82. Partition of Poland,

Id., 239

85. Reducing the Army, Pulteney, 195 83. Atheist Government null, Sheridan, 240

36. Against Richard Cromwell, . Vane, 196 84. Political Jobbing,

Id., 241

37. How to make Patriots, . Walpole, 196 85. Popular and Kingly Examples, . Id., 241

38. Against Pitt (Earl of Chatham), . id., 197 86. Reform in Parliament, · Lord Grey, 242

39. Reply to Walpole, Earl of Chatham, 198 87. Conservative Innovators, Huskisson, 243

40. Reply to Grenville,

Id., 199 88. The Pension System, Curran, 244

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89. On Threats of Violence, Curran, 245 144. The Strongest Government, Jefferson, 297

90. Religious Distinctions,

Id., 246 145. Freedom of Judges, Bayard, 293

91. War with France, Canning, 246 146. Judiciary Act, .

Morris, 299

92. Bank-notes and Coin,

Id., 217 147. Free Navigation, .

Id., 300)

93. Lord J. Russell's Motion, . Id., 243 148. Foreign Conquest, Clinton, 301

94. Mr. Tierney's Motion,

Id., 249 149. Innovations, .

Maison, 302

96. Defence of Pitt,

Id., 250 150. Party Intemperance, Gaston, 302

96. Measures, not Men,

Id., 251 151. The Embargo,

Quincy, 303

97. Balance of Power,

Id., 252 152. Disunion,

Pinkney, 30+

98. Collision of Vices,

Id., 253 153. British Influence, J. Randolph, 305

99. England and America, Mackintosh, 234 154. Greek Question,

Id., 306
100. Fate of Reformers, . Brougham, 255 155. Virginia Constitution,

Id., 307

101. Parliamentary Reform, . Id., 256 156. Against Duelling, . Compilation, 303

102. Religious Liberty, O'Connell, 257 | 157. The Declaration, J. Q. Adams, 309

103. Irish Disturbance Bill,

Id., 259 153. Washington's Sword, &c.,

Id., 310

104. The Death Penalty,

Byron, 259 159. Union with Liberty, Jackson, 311

105. Charges against Catholics, Sheil, 260 160. War,

Binney, 312

106. Irish Aliens,

Id., 261 161. The Supreme Court,

Id., 312

107. Irish Establishment,

II., 262 162. U.S. Constitution,

Legaró, 313

108. Repeal of Union, .
Id., 263 163. On Returning to the U. States,

Id., 314

109. England's Misrule, .

Id., 264 164. In Favor of War, 1813, .

Clay, 315

110. Civil War, Lord Palmerston, 265 165. Jefferson Defended,

Id., 316

111. Reform,

Lord J. Russell, 266 166. Military Insubordination, Id., 316

112. Irish Church,
Macaulay, 267 167. Noblest Public Virtue,

Id., 317

113. Hours of Labor,

Id., 268 163. Expunging Resolution,

Id., 313

114. Reform, to Preserve,

Id., 269 169. Independence of Greece, Id., 319

115. Men always fit to be Free, Id., 270 170. Prospect of War, . Calhoun, 320

116. Second Bill of Rights,

Id., 270 171. The Force Bill,

Id., 321

117. Public Opinion, the Sword, Id., 271 172. Purse and Sword,

Id., 322
118. A Government should Grow, Id., 272 173. Liberty the Meed,

Id., 323
119. Reform irresistible,

Id., 273 174. Popular Elections, McDuffie, 32+

120. Reply to 119,

Croker, 275 175. Military Qualifications, . Sergeant, 325

121. Perils of Reform, .

Id., 275 176. Opposition,

Webster, 328

122. Copyright,
Talfourd, 276 177. Moral Force,

Id., 327
123. Literary Property, .

Id., 277 178. Sympathy with South America, Id., 323
124. International Copyright, Id., 278 179. The Poor and Rich,

Id., 323
125. Legislative Union,
Peel, 279 180. Sudden Conversions,

Id., 330
126. American Vessels,
Cobden, 280 181. Constitution Platform,

Id., 331

182. Resistance to Oppression,

Id., 332

183. Peaceable Secession,

AMERICAN

Id., 333

184. Clay's Resolutions, .

333

127. Resistance,

Henry, 281 | 185. Justice to the Whole,

Id., 334

128. War inevitable,

Id., 292 | 186. Matches and Over-matches, Id., 335

129. Return of British Fugitives, I., 283 187. S. Carolina and Mass.,

Id., 336

130. Supposed Speech,

Olis, 281 188. Liberty and Union,

131. For Independence, .
Lee, 285 189. Reply to Webster,

.

Id.,

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Id., 338

Hayne, 339

132. Federal Constitution, . Franklin, 256 | 190. The South in 1776, .

Id., 340

133. God Governs,

Id., 287 | 191. The South in 1812,

Id., 341

131. For a Declaration,

Adams, 283 192. Defalcations,

Prentiss, 312

135. Conclusion of foregoing,

Id., 289 193. American Laborers, Naylor, 343

136. On Government,

Hamilton, 200 194. Fulton's Invention, . Hoffman, 344

137. U. S. Constitution,

Id., 291 195. Sectional Services, Cushing, 315

138. Aristocracy, .

Livingston, 292 | 196. National Hatreds,

Choate, 346

139. Extent of Country, Randolph, 233 | 197. Precedents,

Cass, 347

140. France and the U. S. . Washington, 294 193. On Intervention, J. Clemens, 348

141. Foreign Influence,

Id., 294 200. Hazards of Prosperity, W. R. Smith, 319

142. Sanctity of Treaties, Ames, 295 201. Flogging in the Navy, . Stockton, 350

143. The British Treaty,

. Id., 296 | 202. Gov't Extravagance, Crittenden, 352

PART FOURTH.

FORENSIC AND JUDICIAL.

7

Id., 353

Page

Page

1. Liberty of the Press,

Curran, 353 8. Defence of Peltier, .. Mackintosh, 365

2. Mr. Rowan,

9. Instigators of Treason,

Wirt, 366

3. Habeas Corpus Act,

Id., 351 10. Burr and Blennerhassett,

Id., 367

4. Appeal to Lord Avonmore, Id., 355 11. Reply to Wickham,

Id., 369

5. On being found Guilty, Emmet, 357 12. Guilt its own Betrayer, Webster, 369

6. Great Minds and Christianity, Erskine, 362 13. Moral Power, .

McLean, 370

7. On Biasing Judgment, Mansfield, 364 | 14. The Death Penalty,

Hugo, 371

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