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fend oranges this last year. The heir ot' the family being but five years of age, the trustees take care of the orangery, and this year they built a new house over them. There are some myrtles growing amodg them, but they look riot well for want of trimming. The rest of the garden is all out of order, the orangery being the gardener's chief care; but it is capable ot being made one of the best gardens in England, the foil being very agreeable,and a clear silver stream running through it.
5. Chelsea Physic Garden has great variety of plants, both in and out of green-houses. Their perennial green hedges and rows of different coloured herbs are very pretty, and so are their banks set with shades of herbs in the Irish stick way; but many plants of the garden ■were not in so good order as might be expected, and as would have been answerable lo other things in it. After J had been there, I heard that Mr. Watts, the keeper of it wasblamedforhis neglect, and that he would be removed.
6. My lord Uanelagh's Garden being but lately made, the plants are but small; but the plats, borders, and walks, are curiously kept and elegantly designed, having the advantage of opening into Chelsea College walks. The kitchen gardens there lie very fine, with walks and feats, one of which, being large and covered, was then under the hands of a curious painter. The house there is very tine within, all the rooms being
, "wainsc.oted with Korway oak, arid all the chimnies adorned with carv
.,ing, as in the council-chamber in
, 7. Arlington Garden,beingnowin
'^slte hands of my lord of Devonshire,
isafairplat, with good walks both airy and sliady. There are six ot" the greatest earthen pots that are any where else, being at least two feet over within the edge; but they stand abroad, and have nothing in them but the tree holyoke, an indifferent plant whicti grows well enough in the ground. Their green house is very well, and their green-yard excels; but their greens were not so bright and clean as farther off"in the country, as if they suffered something from the smutty air of the town.
8. My lord Fauconberg's Garden, at Sutton CoMrt, has several pleasant walks arid apartments in it; but the upper garden next the house is too irregular, and the bowling green too little to be liecnmmended. The green-house is very well made, but ill set. It is divided into three rooms, and very well furnished with good green's; but it is so placed, that the sun shines not on the plants in winter when they most heed its beams, the dwellinghouse standing betwixt the sun and it. The mazd or wilderness there is very pretty, being all set with greens, with a cypress arbour in the middle, supported with a wellwrought timber frame; of late it grows thin at the bottom, by their letting the fir-trees grow without their reach undipped. The inclosure wired in for white pheasants and partridges is a fine apartment, especially in the summer, when the bowers of Italian bayes are set out, and the timber walks with the vines on the fide are very fine, when the blue pois are on the pe- • dcstals oh the top of them, and fa is the fish-pond with the greens at the head of it.
Qg * 9. Sir
i). Sir William Temple being lately gone to live in Parnham, Jiis garden and green-house ^ at Well Sheene, where he has lived of late, years, are not so well kept as they have been, many of his orange trees, and other greens, being given to !ir John Tempi", his brother at East Sheene, and ot!«T gentlemen; but his greens that are remaining (being' as good a stock as most green-houses have) are very fresh and thriving, the room they/land in suiting well with them, and being well contrived, if it be no defect in it, that the floor is a foot at least within the ground, as is also the floor of the dwelling- hotife. He had attempted to have orange trees to grow in the ground (as at Beddington), and for that purpose had enclosed a square •often feet wide with a low brick wall, and flickered them with wood, but they would not do. His orange trees in summer stand not in any particular square or enclosure, under some shelter, as molt others do, but are disposed on pedestals of Portland stone, at equal distance, on a board over-againlt a south wall, wheK is his belt fruit, and fairest walk.
iO; Sir Henry Capeil's Garden at Kjew has as curious greens, aud is as well kept, as any about London. His two lent ileus trees (for which he paid forty pounds to Ve('prit)are said to be the best in England, not only of their kind, but of greens. He has four while striped hollies, about four feet, above their cafes, .kept round and regular, which colt him rive pounds a tree this last year; and (ix. lauruftinnses he has, with.large round equal hesKls, which a.rc very flow
ery and make a fine show-. His orange trees about fourteen fret wide, enclosed with a timber frame about seven feet high, and set with silver sirs hedge-wile, which are as high as the frame, and this to secure them from wind and tempest, and sometimes from the scorching sun. His terrace-walk bare in the middle", and grafs on either side, with a hedge of me on one side next a low wall, and a row of dwarf trees on the other, shews very fine; and so do, from thence, his yew hedges, with trees of the fame at equal distance, kept in pirtty shapes with tonsure. His flowers and fruits are of the best, for the advantage of which two parallel walls, about 14 feet high, were now raised and almost finished If the ground were not a little irregular, it would excel in other points as well as in furniture. 11. Sir Stephen Fox's Garden at Cliiswick, being of but five years flanding, is brought to great perfection for the time. It excels for a fair gravel walk betwixt two yew hedges, with rounds and spires of the fiime, a'l under smooth tonsure. At the far end of this garden are two myrtle hedges that cross the garden; they are about Ihree feet high, and covered in winter with painted board cafes. The other gardens arc full of flowers and salleting, and the walls well clad. The green-house is well built, we!) set, and well furnished.
12. Sir Thomas Cooke's garden at Hackney, is very large, and not so tine, at present, because of his intending to be at three thousand pounds cbafoe with it this next summer, as his. gardener laid. There are two green-houses
in it, but the green1! are not extraordinary; for one of the roofs being made a receptacle for water, overcharged, with weight, fell down last year upon the greens', and made a great destruction among the trees and pots In one parr of it is a warren, containing about two acre*, and very full of conevs, though there was but a couple put in a few years since- There is a pond or a mote round about them, aud tm the outside of that a brick vail four feet high, both which I think will not keep them- within their compass. .There is a large iiili-pond lying on the south to a brick wall, which is finely clad with philana. Water brought from far in pipes furnishes his leveral ponds as they want it.
13. Sir JofiahChild's plantations of walnut and other trees at Wanfled, are much more worth feeing than his garden-., which are but indifferent Besides the great number of fruit trees he has plauied in his enclosures with great regularity, lie has vast number ot elms, aih.es, limes, &e. planted in rows on lipping Forest. Before bisoutgate, which is above twelve score feet distance from his; house, are- two large filli-putids on the forest, in the way from his house, with trees on either tide lyinix betwixt them; in the middle of either pond i.; an island betwixt 20 and 50 yards over ; in the middle of ,pycb a house, the cue like tin; other. They are said to be well stocked wiih filh, and lo they had need to be, if lliey cost him 5000I as it is said they did; as also that his plantations,cost, twice as 11 itch.
14. Sir Ruben Clayton has a
•fit«a.t plantation at Warden in
Suirey, ill a foil not very benign to
plants j but with great charge'he
forces nature to obey him. His gardens are big enough but strangely irregular, his chief walk not bring level, but rising in the middle, and falli, g much more at one end ihan theother; neither is the wall carried by a line either on the top or sides, but runs like an ordinary park wall, built ns the ground goes: fie built a good green-house, but set it so that she hills in wint< r keep the fun from it; so that they place their greens in a h(Aise on higher ground, not built for that purpose. His dwelling-house stands very low, surrounded with great hills; and yet they have no water but what is forced from a deep well into a , water-house, whence they are furnished at pleasure.
15. The arcl bishop of Canterburv's Garden at Lambeth has little in it but walks, the late archbishop not delighting in one; bnt they are now making it better; and they have already made a greenhouse, one of the Yin Hi ant) costliest about the town. It is of three rooms, the middle having a stove. under it: the loreficies of the mums are almost all glass, the roof covered with le.^0 the whole part (to ado/u the building) rising gravel-wife higher than tile rest; but it is placed so near Lambeth chui'qh, that the sun ihines most on it in winter after eleven o clock ; -a fault owned by the gardener, but not thought on by the contrivers. Most of the greens are oranges and lemons, winch have very large rip- fruits on them.
16. Dr. L'vedale, of Enfield, is a greater lover ot plants, and, having an extraordinary art in managing them, is become master or the greatest and chutetst collection of exotic greens that-is perhaps am* where in this laud. His greer-i
<S g 3 takt
take up six or seven houses or roomsteads. His orange trees and largest myrtles fill up his biggest house, and another house is filled ■with myrtlesof a less size: :>nd those more nice and curious plants that need closer keeping are in warmer rooms, and some of them stoved when he thinks fit. His flowers are choice, his stock numerous, and his culture of them very methodical and curious; hut, to speak of the garden in the whole, it does riot lie fine to please the eye; his delight and care lying more in the ordering particular plants, than in the pleasing view and form of his garden.
j 7. Dr. Tillotson's Garden near Enfield is a pleasurable place for walks, and some good walls there are too; but the tall aspin trees, aud the many ponds in the heart of it, are not so agreeable. He has two houses for greens, but had few in them, all the rest being removed to Lambeth. The house m<5ated about.
18. Mr. Evelyn has a pleasant villa at Deptford, a sine garden for walks and hedges (especially his holly one, which he writes of in his Sylva) anda pretty little green-house Avi.th an indifferent stock in it. In his garden he has four large, round phi-area, smooth clipped, raised on a single stalk from the ground, a fashion now much used. Part of his garden is very woody and shady for walking; but his garden not being walled has little of the best fruits.
19. Mr. "Watts's house and garden made near Ensield are new; but the garden for, the time is very fine, and large, and regularly laid put, with a lair fithp>md in the middle. He built a green-house
this summer with three roo»» (somewhat like the archbishop of Canterbury's), the middle with a stove under it and a skylight above, and both of them of glass on the foreside, with shutters within, and the roof finely covered with Irish slate. But this sine house is under the fame great fault with three before (Numbers 8, 14, 15): they built it in summer, and thought notof winter; the dwelling-house on the south fide interposing betwixt the sun and it, now when its beams should refresh plants.
20. Brompton Park Garden, belonging to Mr. London and 'Mr. Wise, has a large long green-house, the front all glass and board, the northfide brick. Here the King's greens, which were in summer at Kensington, are placed: but they take but little room in comparison of their own. Their garden is chiesiy a nursery for all sorts of plants, of which they are very full.
21. Mr. R ay n ton's Garden at Ensield is observable for nothing but his green house, which be has had for many years. His orange, lemon, and myrtle trees are as lull and furnished as any in cases. Ht has a myrtlecut in ihapeof achaise, that is at least six feet high from the case, but the lower part is thin of leaves. The reft of the garden is very ordinary, and on the outside of his garden he has a warren, which makes the ground about his seat lie rudely, and sometimes the coneys work under the wall into the garden.
11. Mr. Richardson at East Barnet has a pretty garden, with fine walks and good flowers; but the garden not being walled about they have lei's summer fruit, yet are, therefore, the more induihupus in ruanagiog managing the peach and apricot dwarf standards, which, they fay, supply them plentifully with very good fruit. There is a good fishpond in the middle of it, from which a broad gravel walk leads to the highway, where a fair pair of broad gates, with a narrower on either side, open at the top to look through small bars, well wrought and well painted, are a great ornament to the garden. They have orange and lemon trees j but the wife and sou being the managers of the garden (the husband being gouty aud not minding it) they cannot prevail for a house for them other than a barn end.
aj. Captain Forster's Garden at Lambeth has many curiosities in it. His green-house is full of fresh and rlourilhing plants, and before it is the finest striped holly-hedge that perhaps is in England. He has many myrtles, not the greatest but of the most fanciful shapes, that are any where else. He has a framed walk of timber covered with vines, which with others, running «n most of his walls without prejudice to his lower trees, yield him a deal of wine. Of flowers he has a good choice, and his Virginia and other birds in a great variety, with his glass hive, add much to the pleasure of his garden.
24. Monsieur Authony Vesprit has a little garden of very choice things. His green-house has no very great number of plants, but what lie has are of the best sort, and very well ordered. His orange and lemon (fruit and tree) are extraordinary fair, and for lentiseuses and and Roman bayes he has choice above others.
25. Ricketts at Hoxton has a large ground, and abundantly
stocked with all manner of flowers, fruit trees, and other garden plants, with lime trees, which are now much planted; and, for a sale garden, he has a very good greenhouse, and well filled with fresh greens; besides which he has another room very full of greens in pots. He has a greater stock of Assyrian thyme than any body else; for besides many pots of it, he has beds abroad, with plenty of roots, which they cover with mats and straw in winter. He fells his things with the dearest, and not taking due care to have his plants prove well, he is supposed to have lost much of his custom.
26. Pearson has not near ib large a ground as Ricketts (on whom he almost joins, and therefore he has not so many trees; but of flowers he has great choice, and of anemonies he avers he has the best about London, and fells them only to gentlemen. He has no greenhouse, yet has abundance of myrtle and striped philareas, with, oranges and other greens, which he keeps safe enough under sheds funk a foot within ground, and covered with straw. He has abundance of cypresses, which at three feet high, he fells for four pence apiece to those that take any number. He is moderate in his prices, and accounted very honest in his dealing, which gets him much chapmanry.
27. Darby, at Hoxton, has but a little garden, but is master' of several curious greens that other sale gardeners Want, and which, he saves from cold and winter weather in green houses of his own making. His Fritalaria Crastk (a greeu) had a flower on it of the breadth of half a crown, like an
G g 4 embroidered