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Feint, pretending to strike one part, whilst really intending to hit another. Gael, a native of the Highlands of Scotland. Maintained, kept up. Tartans, the plaids worn by Scotchmen.
Invulnerable, not to
Each looked to sun, and stream, and plain,
Chieftain, the head of a clan.
Recreant, a mean. spirited person. Adder, a poisonous serpent.
Saxon here means a native of the Lowlands of Scotland.
120 The Chieftain's gripe his throat compressed,
His knee was planted on his breast;
From blood and mist * to clear his sight, 125 Then gleamed aloft * his dagger bright!
But hate and fury * ill supplied
To turn the odds of deadly game;
Reeled soul and sense, reeled brain and eye.
The struggling foe may now unclasp 135 The fainting chief's relaxing * grasp ;
Unwounded from the dreadful close,
Clotted locks, his hair
Erring, straying from
ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY CHURCHYARD.
during Norman times The ploughman homeward plods * his weary to warn the people to way,
put out all fires and
lights. And leaves the world to darkness and to me.
Lea, grass-land, an
untilled meadow.: 5 Now fades the glimmering * landscape on the
Plod, walking as if sight,
very tired. And all the air a solemn stillness holds, Glimmering, fading
away. Save where the beetle wheels his droning * Droning, humming flight,
like a bee. And drowsy tinklings * lull the distant Drowsy tinklinge,
&c., the sound of folds ;—
bells tied round the
necks of some of the Save that from yonder ivy-mantled tower
Molest, injure, dis
Hamlet, a small vil. The rude forefathers of the hamlet * sleep. lage.
Breezy call, &c., fresh The breezy call * of incense-breathing morn, sweet air of the morn. The swallow twittering from the straw-built ing.
shed, Clarion, a narrow. The cock's shrill clarion,* or the echoing horn,* tubed trumpet
No more shall rouse them from their lowly 20 Horn, the hunter's horn heard early in the morning.
For them no more the blazing hearth shall Ply, &c., attend to Or busy housewife ply * her evening care : household duties.
No children run to lisp their sire's return,
Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share.
Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield, Furrow, the trench Their furrow * oft the stubborn glebe * has made by the plough. Glebe, land for cultibroke;
[afield ! * vating.
How jocund * did they drive their team *
Let not Ambition mock their useful toil, Afield, towards the
Their homely joys, and destiny * obscure; 30 field. Destiny, our state of Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile life.
The short and simple annals * of the poor.
The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,
The paths of glory lead but to the grave. Impute, to blame. Nor you, ye proud, impute* to these the fault, Anthem, a sacred If Memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise, song. Storied urn, a vessel Where through the long-drawn aisle and fretted containing the ashes vault of a dead person,
his The pealing anthem * swells the note of praise. 40 with the story of his life written upon it. Bust, a representa- Can storied urn * or animated bust* . tion of the head and Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? shoulders in some solid substance.
me Can Honour's voice provoke * the silent dust, Provoke, here means Or Flattery soothe the dull cold ear of to call forth.
Death ? Pregnant, full of. Celestial fire, the divine spirit of poetry. Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid Rod of empire, the Some heart once pregnant* with celestial sceptre, marking the power given to sove
fire ; * reigns to rule or Hands that the rod of empire * might have govern.
swayed, Ecstasy, great joy. Lyre, a' kind of harp. Or waked to ecstasy * the living lyre. *
o pregnant * with colati, 45 But Knowledge to their eyes her ample * page, Ample, large, wide, 50 Rich with the spoils * of time, did ne'er full...
Spoils, things taken unroll ;
from an enemy, here Chill Penury * repressed * their noble rage, means knowledge ac
quired through predeAnd froze the genial * current of the soul.
Penury, poverty. " Full * many a gem, of purest ray serene, Repressed, stopped, The dark unfathomed * caves of ocean bear :
Genial, gay, cheerful. 55 Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, Full, very many. And waste its sweetness on the desert air. Unfathomed, un
sounded, depth not
known. Some village Hampden,* that with dauntless Hampden (John) breast
lived in the reign of
Charles I. He would The little tyrant of his fields withstood;
not pay the “tax of Some mute inglorious Milton,* here may ship money," and berest,
came one of the
leaders of the insurSome Cromwell,* guiltless of his country's rection. blood.
Milton (John) was one the greatest Eng
lish poets who ever The applause * of listening senates * to com lived mand,
Cromwell, the great
leader in the rebellion The threats of pain and ruin to despise,
against Charles I.; To scatter plenty o'er a smiling land,
afterwards became And read their history in a nation's eyes,
Senate, an assembly 65 Their lot forbade : * nor circumscribed * alone for managing the afTheir growing virtues, but their crimes con
fairs of a country.
Lot forbade, denied fined ;
this privilege from Forbade to wade through slaughter to a their position in life. throne,
Circumscribed, to put
boundaries round And shut the gates of Mercy on mankind; about a thing, to
confine. The struggling pangs of conscious truth * to Conscious truth, what
one knows and feels hide,
to be true. To quench the blushes of ingenuous* shame, Ingenuous, frank, Or heap the shrine of Luxury and Pride open, straightfor
ward. - With incense kindled at the Muse's flame.
Far from the madding * crowd's ignoble strife, Madding, madden-
Sequestered, lonely, They kept the noiseless tenor * of their way. set apart, private."
Tenor, here means
their course of life. Yet even these bones from insult to protect,
Some frail memorial still erected nigh, With uncouth rhymes and shapeless sculpture decked,
Tribute, something Implores the passing tribute * of a sigh. bestowed.
Their name, their years, spelt by the un
lettered Muse, Elegy here means The place of fame and elegy * supply ; praise of the dead.
And many a holy text around she strews, Moralist, one who That teach the rustic moralist * to die. tries to learn lessons from what happens For who to dumb Forgetfulness a prey, 85 around us.
This pleasing, anxious being, e'er resigned ; Precinct, an enclosed Left the warm precincts * of the cheerful day, space.
Nor cast one longing, lingering look behind ? Parting, departing. On some fond breast the parting * soul relies, Pious, loving, affec- Some pious* drops the closing eye requires; 90
Even from the tomb the voice of Nature
If chance, by lonely Contemplation led,
Haply * some hoary-headed swain * may say,
Brushing with hasty steps the dews away, Lawn, a smooth piece To meet the sun upon the upland lawn.*, 100 of grass-land in front of a house.
“ There, at the foot of yonder nodding beech, Fantastic, odd, not That' wreathes its old fantastic * roots so real.
high, Listless, heedless, His listless * length at noontide would he careless.
stretch, Pore, to look at And pore * upon the brook that babbles by.
And pore * upon the
dedily, as a stu.
se to. “Hard by * yon wood, now smiling as in scorn, 105 near.
Muttering his wayward fancies he would
rove ; Wan, pale, faint. Now drooping, woful, wan,* like one forlorn,* Forlorn, forsaken. Crazed, 'one who is Or crazed * with care, or crossed in hopeless deranged in mind.
“One morn I missed him on the accustomed
hill, Heath, uncultivated Along the heath * and near his favourite 110 land.
tree ; Rill, a small running Another came, nor yet beside the rill, *
Nor up the lawn, nor at the wood was be ;