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MARK ANTONY'S * ORATION.-Shakspeare.
of the p 'pular party
among the Romans. The good is oft interred with their bones : He became the fore. So let it be with Cæsar !-Noble Brutus * most man in all the Hath told you Cæsar was ambitious
world, and the great
est general of his If it was so, it was a grievous fault;
time. And grievously hath Cæsar answered it!
Brutus, the nephew
of Cato, was a young Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest *
man, whom Cæsar ΙΟ For Brutus is an honourable man!
had ' treated almost
like a son. So are they all! all honourable men
The rest, the other Come I to speak * in Cæsar's funeral.
Roman senators, He was my friend-faithful and just to me
some of whom had
helped to murder But Brutus says he was ambitious ;
To speak, &c. It was
the custom in Rome
for the nearest friend Whose ransoms did the general coffers * fill; of any great man to Did this in Cæsar seem ambitious ?
attend his funeraland
deliver a speech in his When that the poor have cried, Cæsar hath
Coffer, a chest to hold 20 Ambition should be made of sterner stuff!
Lupercal, the place
in Rome where
Romulus and Remus, 25 Which he did thrice refuse : was this am- the founders of the bition?
city, were said to have
been suckled by a sheYet Brutus says he was ambitious ;
wolf. And sure he is an honourable man !
Kingly crown. The
Romans had a great I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke;
dislike of kings, and But here I am to speak what I do know. one of the principal 30 You all did love him once; not without cause:
against Cæsar was What cause withholds you, then, to mourn that he wished to befor him?
come king in name O judgment! thou hast fled to brutish beasts,
as well as in power. And inen have lost their reason !-Bear with
me; My heart is in the coffin there with Cæsar; 35 And I must pause till it come back to me !
* Mark Antony was connected with the family of Cæsar through his mother. After being defeated by Augustus at Actium, B.C. 31, he stabbed himself. This famous speech is taken from Shakspeare's “Julius Cæsar," Act III., Scene II.
But yesterday, the word of Cæsar might Against the world, Have stood against the world *-now lies he the Roman Empire, over which Cæsar ruled, included nearly And none so poor as to do him reverence ! the whole of the then O masters ! if I were disposed to stir known world.
Your hearts and mind to mutiny and rage, Cassius was a Roman I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius * wrong, noble, upon whom Cæsar bestowed great Who, you all know, are honourable men ! honours. He was the I will not do them wrong; I rather choose author of the conspi
• To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, racy to murder his benefactor,
Than I will wrong such honourable men ! - 45 Parchment, the skin But here's a parchment * with the seal of Cæsarof a sheep or goat I found it in his closet *—'tis his will ! prepared for writing
Let but the commons hear his testament-
And they will go and kiss dead Cæsar's wounds, 50
And, dying, mention it within their wills,
Unto their issue ! *
If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
'Twas on a summer's evening, in his tent-
n See what a rent the envious Casca * made !of France. In 57 B.C. Cæsar so totally de. Through this, the well-beloved Brutus stabbed ! feated them, that they And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away, had only 500 fighting men left out of 60,000.
18 Mark how the blood of Cæsar followed it! 65 Casca was the con- As rushing out of doors, to be resolved spirator who aimed If Brutus so unkindly knocked, or no ;the first thrust at Cæsar.
For Brutus, as you know, was Cæsar's angel !
70 For when the noble Cæsar saw him stab, Traitor, one who Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' * arms, plots against his sove
: Quite vanquished him. Then burst his mighty reign or the Govern
And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Which all the while ran blood !-great Cæsar
Then I, and you, and all of us fell down ;
Whilst bloody treason * flourished over us! Bloody treason, &c., 80 Oh! now you weep, and I perceive you feel t
the treason which
caused Cæsar's blood The dint of pity :* these are gracious drops!
to be shed, triumphed Kind souls! wbat! weep you when you but for the time being. behold
Dint of pity, the ef
fect of pity which Our Cæsar's vesture wounded ? look you here! causes you to shed Here is himself—marred,* as you see, by
Mar, ed, disfigured. traitors !85 Good friends ! sweet friends ! let me not stir
I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts.
Orator, one who is
speech, a public
Blunt, honest and
words nor worth * Worth, influence.
Dumb mouths, here Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech, the wounds of 'Cæsar To stir men's blood : I only speak right on! are compared to I tell you that which you yourselves do know ; power of speech.
mouths having no 100 Show you sweet Cæsar's wounds, poor, poor And Brutus Antony, dumb mouths ! *
&c. If Antony were
as clever a speaker And bid them speak for me. But, were I as Brutus, he would Brutus,
so work upon their
feelings as to make And Brutus Antony,* there were an Antony
them instantly rise Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue up against the traitors In every wound of Cæsar, that should move
who had so foully
murdered their great105 The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny!
But pleasures are like poppies spread,
MERCHANT OF VENICE* ACT IV., SCENE I.
Magnificoes were Enter the DUKE; the MAGNIFICOES ;* ANTONIO, BASSANIO, the higher or
GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALANIO, and others.
ne Duke. What, is Antonio * here? merchant, who Ant. Ready, so please your grace. used to lend
Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to money to distressed people
answer without receiving A stony adversary,* an inhuman wretch any interest for it. Uncapable* of pity, void and empty
5 Adversary, an From any dram * of mercy. enemy. Ant.
I have heard, Uncapable (now written incap Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify * able), not being His rigorous* course; but, since he stands obdurate,* able to pity. Dram, the small
mall. And that no lawful means can carry me est quantity. Out of his envy's reach, I do oppose To qualify, &c, My patience to his fury; and an arm’d to turn him from his cruel inten- To suffer, with a quietness of spirit, tion.
The very tyranny and rage of his. Rigorous, severe, stern, cruel.
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew* into the court. 15 Obdurate, harsh, Salan. He's ready at the door : he comes, my very cruel, stub
• lord. born. The Jew, Shylock, who hated An.
Enter SaylocK. tonio because the latter had often Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our insulted him in the streets and public places, and Shylock, the world * thinks, and I think so too, found fault with
vith That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice him for lending money at a high To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, 20 rate of interest. Thou’lt show thy mercy and remorse more strange The world, those interested in the Than isuny strange apparent matter.
And, where* thou now exact’st the penalty,
Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,
- 25 But, touch'd with human gentleness and love, Moiety, portion. Forgive a moiety* of the principal,
Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
* Venice was once an important commercial city. It is situated on the islands at the mouth of the river Po, in northern Italy. It has canals for streets, and above 300 bridges over them, the chief of which is the Rialto, built of white marble.
Enough to press a royal merchant* down.
Royal merchant, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
the great Italian
merchants who Shy. I have possess'd* your grace of what I
had claims on purpose ;
kingdoms, and And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn
acquired princiTo have the due and forfeit of my bond.*
palities for themIf you deny it, let the danger light
Bond, a binding A weight of carrion flesh than to receive
Charter, that on Three thousand ducats.* I'll not answer that,
which the laws But say it is my humour. Is it answer'd ?
Ducat, a silver What if my house be troubled with a rat,
coin, varying in And I be pleased to give ten thousand ducats
value in different To have it baned ?* What, are you answer'd yet ?
called because Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, coined in the To excuse the current* of thy cruelty.
dominions of a
Baned, destroyed, answer.
poisoned. Ant. I pray you, think you question with the
Think you ques. Jew :*
tion with the Jew, You may as well go stand upon the beach,
are dealing with And bid the main flood* bate* his usual height;
a Jew. You may as well use question with the wolf
Main flood, the Why he hath made the ewe * bleat for the lamb, ocean.
Bate, or abate, As try to melt his Jewish heart to kindness.
to stop, lower, or Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here are six. diminish.
Ewe, a female
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering
Shy. What judgment* shall I dread, doing no Judgment,
sentence. The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, 60 Is dearly bought; 'tis mine, and I will have it :
Decrees, laws. If you deny me, fie upon your law !
Judgment here There is no force in the decrees * of Venice :
means a verdict.
Upon my power, I stand for judgment : * answer; shall I have it?
on my authority. Duke. Upon my power * I may dismiss this court, Bellario, a cele65 Unless Bellario,* a learned doctor,
brated doctor of
laws. Whom I have sent for to determine * this,
Determine, deCome here to-day.
Padua, a cele-
brated and anA messenger with letters from the doctor,
cient city in Lom70 New come from Padua.*
twenty miles Duke. Bring us the letters ; call the messenger. from Venice.