Wield, to sling with force. Sledge, a hammer, Sexton, a man who has charge of a church, rings the bell, digs graves, &c.

Forge, a smithy, a workshop.

Chat, the husks of
Threshino-floor, the
floor on which grain
is threshed.


15 You can hear him wield * his heavy sledge, *

With measured beat and slow,
Like a sexton * ringing the village bell

When the evening sun is low.

And children coming home from school 20 Look in at the open door ;

They love to see the flaming forge, *

And hear the bellows roar,
And catch the burning sparks that fly

Like chaff * from a threshing-floor. * 25 He goes on Sunday to the church,

And sits among his boys ;
He hears the parson pray and preach ;

He hears his daughter's voice
Singing in the village choir, *

And it makes his heart rejoice : *
It sounds to him like her mother's voice,

Singing in Paradise !
He needs must think of her once more,

How in the grave she lies;
35 And with his hard, rough hand, he wipes

A tear out of his eyes.
Toiling *—rejoicing-sorrowing,

Onward through life he goes ;
Each morning sees some task begun,

Each evening sees its close ; *
Something attempted, * something done,

Has earned a night's repose. *
Thanks, thanks to thee, my worthy friend,

For the lesson thou hast taught! 45 Thus at the flaming forge of Life

Our fortunes must be wrought!*
Thus on its sounding anvil * shaped

Each burning deed and thought!

Choir, a band of singers, the part in a church assigned to the singers. Rejoice, to be glad.

Toiling, working hard.

Close, finished.
Attempted, tried.
Repose, rest.

Wrought, worked
out, made.
Anvil, an iron block
on which smiths
hammer their work
into shape.

BARBARA FRITCHIE.-J. G. Whittier. John GREENLEAF WHITTIER (1808- ) was born at Havershill, Massachusetts, where his ancestors had long been settled. Many of his poems were devoted to the cause of abolition. He contributes to all the leading American Magazines of the present day. Up from the meadows, rich with corn,

Clustered, crowded

together. Clear from the cool September morn,

Frederick, or FredeThe clustered * spires of Frederick * stand, ricksburg in Vir: Green-walled by the hills of Maryland.

ginia, U.S. Here


General Burnside Round about them orchards sweep,
was defeated (1862)
by General Lee, in Apple and peach-tree fruited deep ;
what was one of the Fair as a garden of the Lord
fiercest battles of the

To the eyes of the famished * rebel * horde.*
Famished, very

On that pleasant mom of the early fall,* Robel, one who shakes When Lee* marched over the mountain wall, 10 off, or fights against, lawful authority.

Over the mountains winding down,
Horde, company. Horse and foot, into Frederick town,
Fall, autumn.
Lee, the heroic leader

Forty flags * with their silver stars,
of the Southern forces
in the American civil Forty flags with their silver bars,
war, which com Flapped in the morning wind : the sun
menced in 1861 and
continued till 1865.

Of noon looked down and saw not one.
Forty flags, &c. The
American flag was Up rose old Barbara Fritchie then,
composed of thirteen

Bowed with her fourscore years and ten,
bars or stripes alter-
nately red and white,

Bravest of all in Frederick' town, and thirteen white

She took up the flag the men hauled * down; 20 stars on a blue ground. Hence the

In her attic window the staff she set, allusion to stars and bars.

To show that one heart was loyal * yet. Hauled, pulled, Up the street came the rebel tread, dragged with violence.

Stonewall Jackson * riding ahead ; Loyal, to be faithful and obedient to the Under his slouched * hat, left and right, laws of one's country. Stonewall

He glanced, the old flag met his sight. Jackson, an able general, fa: “Halt !"_the dust-brown ranks stood fast ; mous for his bravery. “Fire !”-out blazed the rifle blast. He received the nickname of “Stonewall” from the firmness

It shivered * the window, pane and sash; with which his men It rent the banner with seam and gash, - 30 resisted every attack.

Quick, as it fell from the broken staff, He was accidentally struck by a bullet Dame Barbara snatched the silken scarf ; * fired by one of his own soldiers at the

She leaned far out on the window sill battle of Chancellorsville, 1863.

And shook it forth with a royal will. Slouched, turned “ Shoot, if you must, this old grey head, down. Shiver, shatter, to But spare your country's flag,” she said. break into small pieces by sudden A shade of sadness, a blush of shame, violence,

Over the face of the leader came ;
Silken scarf, the ban-
ner, which was made The noble nature within him stirred
of silk.

To life at that woman's deed and word.
“ Who touches a hair of yon grey head,
Dies like a dog. March on!” he said.
All day long through Frederick street
Sounded the tread of marching feet;


laws obedie



Raid, invasion, ex.

45 All day long the free flag tossed

Over the heads of the rebel host;
Ever its torn folds rose and fell
On the loyal winds, that loved it well;
And through the hill-gaps sunset light
Shone over it with a warm good-night.
Barbara Fritchie's work is o'er,
And the rebel rides on his raid * no more.
Honour to her! and let a tear

Fall, for her sake, on Stonewall's bier ! * 55 Over Barbara Fritchie's grave,

Flag of Freedom and Union, wave !
Peace, and order, and beauty draw
Round thy symbol * of light and law;

And ever the stars above look down
60 On thy stars below, in Frederick town!


Bier, a carriage or frame of wood, for bearing the dead to the grave.

Symbol, emblem, sign,


OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES (1809- ) was born at Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. He is a doctor of medicine, and a professor at Harvard College. Among his chief works may be mentioned The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table.

THE Sun stepped down from his golden throne,

And lay in the silent sea, And the Lily * had folded her satin leaves, Lily, a water-lily is a

water plant like a lily, For a sleepy thing was she ;

and is remarkable for 5 What is the Lily dreaming of ?

its beautiful flowers Why crisp the waters blue ?

and large floating

leaves. See, see, she is lifting her varnished lid !

Her white leaves are glistening * through! Glistening, shining.

The Rose is cooling his burning cheek 10 In the lap of the breathless tide ;

The Lily hath sisters fresh and fair,

That would lie by the Rose's side;
He would love her better than all the rest,

And he would be fond and true;
15 But the Lily unfolded her weary lids,

And looked at the sky so blue. Remember, remember, thou silly one, How fast will thy summer glide,

Glide, pass by. And wilt thou wither a virgin pale, 20 Or flourish a blooming bride ?

Ruffle, to become rough and stormy.


“Oh, the Rose is old, and thorny, and cold,

And he lives on earth," said she;
“But the Star is fair, and he lives in the air,

And he shall my bridegroom be.”
But what if the stormy cloud should come, 25

And ruffle * the silver sea ?
Would he turn his eye from the distant sky,

To smile on a thing like thee?
Oh no, fair Lily, he will not send

One ray from his far-off throne;
The winds shall blow and the waves shall flow,

And thou wilt be left alone.
There is not a leaf on the mountain top,

Nor a drop of evening dew,
Nor a golden sand on the sparkling shore, 35

Nor a pearl in the waters blue,
That he has not cheered with his fickle* smile,

And warmed with his faithless beam-
And will he be true to a pallid * flower,
That floats on the quiet stream ?

40 Alas, for the Lily ! she would not heed, *

But turned to the skies afar,
And bared her breast to the trembling ray

That shot from the rising Star ;
The cloud came over the darkened sky, 45

And over the waters wide ;
She looked in vain through the beating rain,

And sank in the stormy tide.

Fickle, inconstant,
Pallid, pale, white.

Heed, pay attention.

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THE PARTING OF MARMION AND DOUGLAS.-Scott. Marmion, English Not far advanced was morning day envoy to the court of King James IV. of

When Marmion * did his troop array,* Scotland.

To Surrey's * camp to ride ; Array, arrange; to

He had safe conduct * for his band, place in order of battle.

Beneath * the royal seal and hand, Surrey, Earl Surrey

And Douglas * gave a guide. was lieutenant general of the Northern

The ancient earl, with stately grace, counties, and com Would Clara * on her palfrey * place ; manded the English

And whispered, in an under-tone, army at Flodden. Safe-conduct, a pass

“ Let the ħawk stoop, his prey is flown.”* 10 port granted to a per The train from out the castle drew; son to enable him to pass safely through

But Marmion stopped to bid adieu :*any place.


“Though something I might plain,”* he said,

Beneath, &c., written

by the king, and hav“Of cold respect to stranger guest,

ing his seal affixed to 15 Sent hither by your king's behest, * While in Tantallon's * towers I stayed,

Douglas. Archibald

Douglas, Earl of Part we in friendship from your land,

Augus, was remarkAnd, noble earl, receive * my hand.”—

able for his strength

of body and mind. But Douglas round him drew his cloak,

Clara, an English Folded his arms, and thus he spoke :

heiress, whose hand

Marmion had sought “My manors, halls, and bowers, shall still

in marriage, but had Be open, at my sovereign's will,

been unsuccessful. To each one whom he lists,* howe'er

He had tried to ruin

her lover, De Wilton, Unmeet * to be the owner's peer : *

but had failed in this 25 My castles are my king's alone,


Palfrey, a
From turret * to foundation * stone ;-


horse for a lady. The hand of Douglas is his own,

His prey is flown, De And never shall in friendly grasp

Wilton, who, in the

disguise of a pilgrim The hand of such as Marmion clasp.” —

from the Holy Land,

had guided Lord Mar30 Burned Marmion's swarthy * cheek like fire,

mion in Scotland, had

left the castle at dayAnd shook his very frame for ire,*

break. And—“ This to me!” he said ;

Adieu, farewell. “ An 'twere not for thy hoary * beard,

Plain, complain.

Behest, command. Such hand as Marmion's had not spared

Tantallon, the castle To cleave * the Douglas' head !

of Douglas on the

coast of East Lothian. And, first, I tell thee, haughty * peer,

Receive, accept.
He who does England's message here,

He lists, he pleases
Although the meanest * in her state,

or chooses.

Unmeet, unworthy. May well, proud Angus, be thy mate !

Peer, an equal, 40 And, Douglas, more I tell thee here,

Turret, a tower on a

building. Even in thy pitch of pride,

Foundation, baseHere in thy hoīd, thy vassals * near,


Swarthy, tawny. (Nay, never look upon your lord,

Ire, full of wrath. And lay your hands upon your sword),–

Hoary, white or grey I tell thee thou’rt defied ! *

with age.

Cleave, to split.
And if thou saidst I am not peer

Haughty, proud.
To any lord in Scotland here,

Meanest, poorest,

lowliest. Lowland or Highland, far or near,

Vassal, one who holds Lord Angus, thou hast lied !”—

lands from and pays 50 On the earl's cheek the flush of rage

homage to a superior.

Defied, dared.
O’ercame the ashen hue* of age. [then,

Ashen hue, pale
Fierce he broke forth :-"And darest thou, colour.

Unscathed, unharmed.
To beard the lion in his den,

Warder, a warder, The Douglas in his hall ?

Portcullis, a sliding 55 And hop'st thou hence unscathed * to go? door of cross timbers

pointed with iron, No! by Saint Bride of Bothwell, no !

hung over a gateway Up drawbridge, grooms !-what, warder,* ho ! so as to be let down

in a moment to keep Let the portcullis * fall.”—

out an enemy.



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