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see what the flag means. Yes, the colors mean all that the fifth stanza says. Cannon salute it; foreign nations honor it. Let us always take off our hats and keep them off while —

“The flag is passing by," to show to everybody that we love our beautiful country. No truly loyal American boy or man will stand covered while —

“The flag is passing by!” Study carefully the meanings of the following words before you study the poem : blare of bugles: a loud, harsh | nified honor that we show to noise of trumpets.

the flag. rufile of drums: a low beat of reverend awe: a deep and silent

a drum, not so loud as a roll. respect shown to the flag as equal justice : the same justice the symbol or sign of our to rich and poor.

country's greatness. equal right: the same right for to ward : to guard.

all citizens, rich and poor. foreign wrong: mistreatment of equal law: laws which give American citizens when in equal protection to all.

foreign lands; or attacks upon stately honor: the solemn, dig-| America by foreign nations.

THE FLAG GOES BY

1

Hats off!
Along the street there comes
A blare of bugles, a ruffle of drums,
A flash of color beneath the sky:
Hats off !
The flag is passing by!

5

2
Blue and crimson and white it shines,
Over the steel-tipped, ordered lines.
Hats off!
The colors before us fly;
But more than the flag is passing by.

5

3

10

Sea-fights and land-fights, grim and great,
Fought to make and to save the State:
Weary marches and sinking ships;
Cheers of victory on'dying lips;

4
Days of plenty and years of peace;
March of a strong land's swift increase;
Equal justice, right and law,
Stately honor and reverend awe;

5
Sign of a nation, great and strong
To ward her people from foreign wrong:
Pride and glory and honor, — all
Live in the colors to stand or fall.

15

6
Hats off!
Along the street there comes
A blare of bugles, a ruffle of drums;
And loyal hearts are beating high :
Hats off !
The flag is passing by!

20

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QUESTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION 1. Describe the scene as the Answer by reading aloud

soldiers pass up the street the fifth stanza.
with the flag.

7. What three things stand or 2. What do all loyal American fall with the flag?

men and boys do when 8. What is “equal justice?

“the flag is passing by”? | 9. What is equal “right"? 3. Why do they do this? 10. What is equal“ law”? , 4. What is meant by, —“But 11. What is “ stately honor "?

more than the flag is 12. What is "reverend awe"? passing by”? Answer by | 13. Do you know any boys in reading aloud, with spirit, America who do not take the third and fourth off their hats or caps stanzas.

when 5. Is it easier to see military

“The flag is passing by "? glory in a flag than it is to see in it the greater 14. How may this poem help glories of years of peace you to see more in the mentioned in stanza 4?

flag than you could see 6. What is the flag the sign of ?! before studying it?

Henry Holcomb Bennett, the author of this thrilling poem about “ Old Glory," was born at Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1863.

There are many flags in many lands,

There are flags of every hue,
But there is no flag in any land

Like our own red, white, and blue.

AMERICA

SAMUEL FRANCIS SMITH

Nearly every country has some song which it calls its “ National Hymn" or its “ National Anthem.” In England the people sing “God Save the King”; in Italy, “The Garibaldi Hymn"; in France,“ The Marseillaise” (mär-sě-lāz'). In America, we sing “ America ” or “ The Star-Spangled Banner.”

Every one is supposed to know the words and the tune of the national hymn or anthem of his country. It is sad to say, but it is true, that only a small part of our hundred million Americans can repeat the words of “ America" or of “ The Star-Spangled Banner.” Every American boy and girl should know them both with their tunes, so as to be able to join in singing them whenever they are sung.

Whenever you hear “ America ” or “ The Star-Spangled Banner" sung or played, you should stand up at once, and all boys and men should at once take off their hats and stand uncovered while the music lasts. This is to show our respect and our love for our dear old flag and for our beautiful country.

"America” was written in 1832 by Dr. Samuel Francis Smith. The tune is a very old one. It was first sung in England about the year 1640. It is also the tune of the English National Hymn, “God Save the King,” and of the hymns of other countries. To this tune, Dr. Smith wrote the famous song “ America ” in less than an hour.

This great song has been sung by many millions of people who have loved the hymn and the beautiful country of which it tells.

Remember that in the first three stanzas you are singing of and also to your own country, but that in the last stanza you are singing

to the Great God who has done so much to bless and protect your native land.

If you are a good patriotic American boy or girl, you will feel your blood tingle at the words and the music of the great song, and you will at once rise and remain standing till the song is finished. Whether you are a good singer or not, you should join lustily in the singing of the hymn.

Now what does the song mean? What kind of land does the poet call it in the second line? .

What is the very first word in the song? Whom does that word mean?

The poet says, — “ Land where my fathers died.” Find out what he means by this. Do you know of the American Revolution and what it was fought for? Do you know of any other wars in which our "fathers died” to keep our liberties safe? The poet says, —

“ I love thy rocks and rills,

Thy woods and templed hills;
My heart with rapture thrills

Like that above." This means that his heart thrills with a rapture like the love that the angels in heaven feel.

Do you also love your country's rocks and rills and templed hills because they are a part of your beautiful country, America ? Do you love our beautiful flag because it stands for America and for liberty? Does your "heart with rapture thrill ” when you see the beautiful flag flying high on a great flagstaff?

Are you trying to get an education so that you will be able to know what our country and our flag stand for and so that you can be a good citizen? To sing “America” loudly does not mean much unless you are also willing to work for your country, to be a good, loyal citizen, and to give up your life for your country if she needs it.

A good citizen” is one who loves his country; who obeys

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