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they were restrained from action. His zeal for the king's service was recompensed by the command of one of the independent troops of horse, then raised to protect the coast.

Next year he received a fummons to parliament, which, as he was then but eighteen years old, the earl of Northumberland censured as at least indecent, and his objection was allowed. He had a quarrel with the carl of Rochester, which he has perhaps too oftentatiously related, as Rochester's surviving sister, the lady Sandwich, is said to have told him with very sharp reproaches.

When another Dutch war (1672) broke out, he went again a volunteer in the ship which the celebrated lord Offory commanded; and there made, as he relates, two curious remarks,

“ I have observed two things, which I dare affirm, “ though not generally believed. One was, that the « wind of a cannon-bullet, though flying never fo "ncar, is incapable of doing the least harın; and in" deed, were it otherwise, no man above deck would « escape. The other was, that a great

shot

be « sometimes avoided, even as it flies, by changing “ one's ground a little; for, when the wind sometimes " blew away the smoke, it was so clear a fun-fhiny “ day, that we could easily perceive the bullets (that “ were half-spent) fall into the water, and from thence “ bound up again among us, which gives sufficient « time for making a step or two on any fide; though “ in .fo swift a motion, 'tis hard to judge well in

what line the bullet comes, which, if mistaken,

may by reinoving cost a man his life, instead of favo « ing it."

may

His behaviour was so favourably represented by lord Offory, that he was advanced to the command of the Katherine, the best second-rate thip in the navy.

He afterwards raised a regiment of foot, and commanded it as colonel. The land-forces were sent afhore by prince Rupert; and he ļived in the camp very familiarly with Schomberg. He was then appointed colonel cf the old Holland regiment, together with his own; and had the promise of a garter, which he obfained in his twenty-fifth year, He was likewise made gentleman of the bed-chamber,

He afterwards went into the French service, to learn the art of war under Turenne, but staid only a short time. Being by the duke of Monmouth opposed in his pretensions to the first troop of horse-guards, he, in return, made Monmouth suspected by the duke of York. He was not long after, when the unlucky Monmouth fell into disgrace, recompensed with the lieutenancy of Yorkshire and the government of Hull.

Thus rapidly did he make his way both to military and civil honours and employments; yet, busy as he was, he did not neglect his studies, but at least cultivated poetry; in which he must have been early considered as uncommonly skilful, if it be true which is reported, that, when he was yet not twenty years old, his recommendation advanced Dryden to the laurel.

The Moors having besieged Tangier, he was sent (1680) with two thousand men to its relief. A strange story is told of danger to which he was intentionally exposed in a leaky ship, to gratify some resentful jealousy of the king, whose health he therefore would

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never permit at his table, till he saw himself in a safer place. His voyage was prosperously performed in three weeks, and the Moors without a conteft retired before him.

In this voyage he composed the Vision ; a licentious poem, such as was fashionable in those times, with little power of invention or propriety of sentiment.

At his return he found the king kind, who perhaps had never been angry; and he continued a wit and a courtier as before,

At the succession of king James, to whom he was intimately known, and by whom he thought himself beloved, he naturally expected still brighter sụn-shine; but all know how soon that reign began to gather clouds. His expectations were not disappointed; he was immediately admitted into the privy-council, and made lord chamberlain. He accepted a place in the high commission, without knowledge, as he declared after the Revolution, of its illegality. Having few religious scruples, he attended the king to mass, and kneeled with the reft; but had no disposition to receive the Romish Faith, or to force it upon

others i for when the priests, encouraged by his appearances of compliance, attempted to convert him, he told them, as Burnet has recorded, that he was willing to receive instruction, and that he had taken much pains to believe in God who made the world and all men in it; but that he should not be easily perfuaded that man was quits, and made God again.

A pointed sentence is bestowed by successive transmission on the last whom it will fit; this censure of transubstantiation, whatever be its value, was uttered long ago by Anne Askew, one of the first sufferers for

the

the Protestant Religion, who, in the time of Henry VIII, was tortured in the Tower *; concerning which there is reason to wonder that it was not known to the Historian of the Reformation.

In the Revolution he acquiesced, though he did not promote it. There was once a delign of associating him in the invitation of the prince of Orange; but the earl of Shrewsbury discouraged the attempt, by declaring that Mulgrave would never concur. This king William afterwards told him, and asked what he would have done if the proposal had been made, Sir, faid he, I would have discovered it to the king whom I then served. To which King William replied, I cannot

blame you.

Finding king James irremediably excluded, he voted for the conjunctive sovereignty, upon this principle, that he thought the titles of the prince and his confort equal, and it would please the prince their protector to have a share in the sovereignty. This yote gratified

* It is possible that this sentence might have been uttered both by Anne Askew and the duke of Buckingham, and been an original sen. timent with both of them. Mr. Garrick once told me, that he and Quin went to see the house at Twickenham, which Hudson the Painter had then bought and furnished, and that Quin, contemplating its situation on the bank of the river, the beautiful scenes around it, the pi&tures, the furniture and general elegance of the dwelling, laid, “ These are the things that make a death-bed terrible," which Mr. Garrick admired as a fine moral sentiment, as it certainly is ; but it had been uttered before. The emperor Charles the fifth being at Venice, and with the duke walking through the several apartments of the palace there, and having viewed the itatues, pictures, and costly furniture, with a deep and composed melancholy exclaimed : “ Hæc funt quæ faciunt invitos mori :" These are the things which make us unwilling to die.

This story I relate from an author whom Quin can hardly be fupposed to have ever read, an old divine of Cambridge.

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king William ; yet, either by the king's diftruft or his own discontent, he lived some years without employ,

He looked on the king with malevolence, and, if his verses or his prose may be credited, with contempt. He was, notwithstanding this aversion or indifference, made marquis of Normanby (1694); but still opposed the court on fome important questions; yet at last he was received into the cabinet council, with a pension of three thousand pounds.

At the accession of queen Anne, whom he is faid to have courted when they were both young, he was highly favoured. Before her coronation (1702) The made him lord privy seal, and soon after lord lieutenant of the North-riding of Yorkshire. He was then named commiffoner for treating with the Scots about the Union; and was made next year first duke of Normanby, and then of Buckinghamshire, there being suspected to be somewhere a latent cļaim to the title of Buckingham.

Soon after, becoming jealous of the duke of Marlborough, he resigned the privy seal, and joined the discontented Tories in a motion extremely offensive to the Queen, for inviting the princess Sophia to England, The Queen courted him back with an offer no less than that of the chancellorship; which he refused. He now retired from business, and built that house in the Park, which is now the Queen's, upon ground granted by the Crown.

When the ministry was changed (1710), he was made lord chamberlain of the household, and concurred in all transactions of that time, except that he endeavoured to protect the Catalans. After the Queen's death, he became a constant opponent of the Court;

and,

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