te of the Muses, I assure you, Sir, I sing very freely in

my cage ; sometimes indeed in the plaintive notes " of the nightingale; but, at others, in the cheerful « ftrains of the lark."

In another letter he observes, that he ranges from one subject to another, without confining himself to any particular talk; and that he was employed one week upon one attempt, and the next upon another:

Surely the fortitude of this man deserves, at least, to be mentioned with applause; and, whatever faults may be imputed to him, the virtue of suffering well cannot be denied him. The two powers which, in the opinion of Epictetus, constituted a wise man, are thofe of bearing and forbearing, which it cannot indeed be affirmed to have been equally possessed by Savage ; and indeed the want of one obliged him very frequently to practise the other.

He was treated by Mr. Dagg, the keeper of the prison, with great humanity; was supported by him at his own table without any certainty of recompence; had a room to himself, to which he could át any time retire from all disturbance ; was allowed to stand at the door of the prison, and sometimes taken out into the fields ; so that he suffered fewer hardships in prison than he had been accustomed to undergo in the greatest part of his life.

The keeper did not confine his benevolence to a gentle execution of his office, but made fome overtures to the creditor for his release, though without effect; and continued, during the whole time of his inprisonment, to treat him with the uuoit tenderness and civility A a 2



Virtue is undoubtedly most laudable in that state which makes it most difficult ; and therefore the humanity of a gaoler certainly deserves this public attestation; and the nian, whose heart has not been har. dened by such an employment, may be justly proposed as a pattern of benevolence. If an inscription was once engraved “ to the honest toll-gatherer," less honours ought not be paid to the tender gaoler."

Mr. Savage very frequently received visits, and sometimes presents from his acquaintances; but they did not amount to a subsistence, for the greater part of which he was indebted to the generosity of this keeper ; but these favours, however they might endear to him the particular perfons from whom he received them, were very far from impressing upon his mind any advantageous ideas of the people of Bristol, and therefore he thought he could not more properly employ himself in prison, than in writing the following poem :

LONDON and BRISTOL delineated *.

Two sea-port cities mark Britannia's fame,
And these from Commerce different honours claim.
What different honours shall the Muses pay,
While one inspires, and one untunes the lay?

Now filver Isis brightening flows along,
Echoing from Oxford's Thore each classic song;
Then weds with Tame: and these, O London, fee
Swelling with naval pride, the pride of thee !
Wide deep unsullied Thames meandering glides,
And bears thy wealth on mild majestic tides.
Thy ships, with gilded palaces that vie,
In glittering pomp, strike wondering China's eye ;

* The Author preferred this title to that of " London and Bristo! " compared ;" which, when he began the piece, he intended to prefix to it. Orig. Edit.


And thence returning bear, in splendid state,
To Britain's merchants, India's Eastern freight.
India, her treasures from her Western shores,
Due at thy feet, a willing tribute pours;
Thy warring navies distant nations awe,
And bid the world obey thy righteous law.
Thus shine thy manly fons of Jiberal mind;
Thy Change deep-bufied, yet as courts refin'd ;
Councils, like senates that enforce debate
With fluent eloquence and reason's weight';
Whose patriot virtue lawless power controuls ;
Their British emulating Roman souls.
Of these the worthiest still selected stand,
Still lead the senate, and still save the land.
Social, not selfish, here, O Learning, trace
Thy friends, the lovers of all human race !

In a dark bottom sunk, O Bristol, now,
With native malice, lift thy lowering brow!
Then as some Hell-born sprite, in mortal guise,
Borrows the shape of goodness and belies,
All fair, all smug to yon proud hall invite,
To feast all strangers ape an air polite !
From Cainbria drain’d, or England's Western coast,
Not elegant yet costly banquets boaft !
Revere, or seem the stranger to revere ;
Praise, fawn, profess, be all things but sincere ;
Insidious now, our bosom secrets steal,
And these with fly sarcastic fneer reveal.
Present we mect thy sneaking treacherous smiles :
The harmless absent ftill thy sneer reviles;
Such as in thee all parts superior find;
The fncer that marks the fool and knave combin'd.
When melting pity would afford relief,
The ruthless sneer that insult adds to grief.
What friendship canst thou boast? what honours claim?
To thee each stranger owes an injuı'd naine.


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What smiles thy fons must in their focs excite,
Thy fons to whom all discord is delight;
From whom cternal mutual railing flows
Who in cach other's crimes their own expose ;
Thy fons, though crafty, deaf to Wisdom's call

Despising all men, and despis'd by all ;
Sons, while thy cliffs a ditch-like river laves,
Rude as thy rocks, and muddy as thy waves ,
Of thoughts as narrow as of words immense ;
As full of turbulence as void of sense ;
Thee, Thee what senatorial souls adorn?
Thy natives sure would prove a senate's scorn.
Do strangers deign to serve Thee? what their praisc ?
Their generous services thy murmurs raise.
What fiend malign, that o'er thy air presides,
Around from breast to breast inherent glides,
And, as he glides, there scatters in a trice
The lurking feeds of every rank device?
Let foreign youths to thy indentures run!
Each, each will prove, in thy adopted son,
Proud, pert, and dull-though brilliant once from schools,
Will scorn all Lcarning's, as all Virtue's rules;
And, though by nature friendly, honest, brave,
Turn a fly, selfish, fimpering, sharping knave;
Boaft petty-courts, where 'stead of fluent ease;
Of cited precedents and learned pleas;
'Stead of fage council in the dubious cause,
Attornies chattering wild, burlesque the laws.
So Thameless quacks, who doctors' rights invade,
Of jargon and of poison form a trade.
So canting coblers, while from tubs they teach,
Buffoon the Gospel they pretend to preach;
Boast petty-courts, whence rules new rigour draw,
Unknown to Nature's and to statute law;
Quirks that explain all saving rights away,
To give th' Attorney and the Catch-poll prey.

Is there where Law too rigorous may descend?
Or Charity her kindly hand extend ?
Thy courts, tha: shut when pity would redreis,
Spontaneous open to inflict distress.
Try misdemeanors ! all thy wiles employ,
Not to chastise th' offender, but destroy ;
Bid the large lawless fine his fate foretell;

Bid it beyond his crime and fortune fwell.
Cut off from service due to kindred blood,
To private welfare and to public good,
Pity'd by all but thee, he sentenc'd lies,
Imprison'd languishes, imprison'd dies;

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Boast swarming vessels, whose plebeian state
Owes not to merchants but mechanics freight.
Boaft nought but pedlar fleets-In war's alarms,
Unknown to glory, as unknown to arms.
Boast thy base Tolsey *, and thy turn-fpit dogs ;
Thy halliers' horses, and thy human hogs;
Upstarts and moshrooms, proud, relentlets hearts;
Thou blank of sciences ! thou dearth of arts /
Such foes as Learning once was doorı’d to see ;
Huns, Goths, and Vandals, were but types of thee.

Proceed, great Brịítol, in all righteous ways,
And let one justice heighten yet thy praise ;
$till spare the Catamite and swinge the whore,
And be whate'er Gomorrah was before.

* A place where the merchants used to meet to tranfact their affairs before the Exchange was erected. See Gentleman's Magazine, vol. XIII. p. 496. Orig. Edit.

+ Halliers are the persons who drive or own the fledges, which we here used instead of carts. Orig. Edır.


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