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--Aly Tchawoosh-the Lady Kha- ed. And yet the work is not merely, degé-Anagnosti—the Jew apothecary as regards matter, interest, taste, and -Gasili, the knight of industry—even choice of subjects, three hundred per the brave Panayoti-there is not a per- cent at least, under the mark of Anassonage brought in anywhere, even to tatius; but the style is never forcible fill up a group, who has not a certain or eloquent; and in many places, to quantity of finish bestowed upon him. say the truth, it is miserably bad. Some
Then the historical episodes. The of this objection may be comparative ; character of the Captain Pacha, and but objection must be so, and ought the circumstances which lead to his ap- fairly to be so. If an author takes the pointment in the Morea. Djezzar (the benefit of a certain accredited faculty Butcher) and his atrocities, in the third to get his book read, it is by the meavolume. The court of Suleiman Bey sure of that accredited faculty, that he in Egypt, and the march of Hassan must expect the production to be tried. Pacha into that country. The nervous
We can drink a wine, perhaps, of thirterseness and brief style of these de- ty sous, as a wine of thirty sous, but tails, contrasted with the brilliant elo we will not submit to have it brought to quence, the lively imagination, the us as claret. We might manage, upon strong graphic faculty, and the deep an emergency, to read a dozen lines of tone and feeling displayed in such pas- Lady Morgan; but who would read sages as the bagnio--the first field of half a line, if she were to get herself battle--the flight of Hassan Bey bound up as Lady Montague? There through the streets of Cairo—the death are chapters in Hajji Baba that may of the Hungarian Colonel—the lives of amuse ;—there are a great many, most all the women--and, beyond all, the certainly, that will not amuse ;—but, cemetery near Constantinople, and the perhaps, the easiest way of making its reflections which arise on it in the third deficiencies apparent, will be to give a volume! If, besides all this, we recol- short outline of the production itself. lect the occasional rich descriptions of Mr. Hope sets out in the character local
scenery; the wit and spirit of of " Mr. Peregrine Persic,” by writing those lighter sketches which abound in to “Doctor Fundgruben," chaplain to the first and third volumes ; and, espe- the Swedish Embassy, at the Ottoman cially, the polished, cultivated tone, and Porte-a letter which explains the inthe gracefulness of style and manner, tention of his book. which runs through the whole work,
Mr. Persic is dissatisfied (and, perit will not appear surprising that the haps, fairly, may be) with all existing production of Anastasius by an author pictures of Asiatic habits and manners; of (comparatively) no previous esti- and he suggests the advantage of inmation, should have been considered,in diting, from “ actual anecdotes” colthe literary world as a remarkable event. lected in the East,-a novel upon the
But, if it excited wonder that Mr. plan of Gil Blas, which should supply Hope should, on the sudden, have be- the (as he views it) deficiency. Dr. come the author of Anastasius, it will Fundgruben approves the idea of Mr. be found quite as surprising, that the Persic, but doubts how far any
Euroauthor of Anastasius should ever have pean would be capable of realizing it; written Hajji Baba. The curiosity he thinks an Oriental Gil Blas would about this book was great ; the disap- be most conveniently constructed, by pointment which it produces will not procuring some “ actual” Turk, or Perbe little ; not that it is absolutely desti- sian, to write his life. The discussion tute of merit, but that it falls so very which follows between the friends, far below what the public expected. would not convey a great deal to the
It is not easy to get at the solution reader. What the Swedish Doctor of a failure like this. Mr. Hope evi- opines—we will give his own wordsdently means to do his best. He sets « That no education, time, or talent, out with all the formality of a long in- can ever enable a foreigner, in any troduction—Hajji Baba is only a pre- given country, to pass for a native;" — lude to much more that is to be efiect- this, (for a Doctor, who should mind
what he says) has a smack of exaggera Hajji Baba, however, is the son of a tion; and Mr. Persic's charge of ob- barber at Ispahan, and is educated to folscurity against the Arabian Nights, (so low his father's profession. He learns far as he himself illustrates it,) seems shaving upon the “ heads” of camelto amount to nothing. At a period, drivers and muleteers—a field of
prachowever, subsequent to this supposed tice more extended than barbers have conversation, Mr. P. (who is employed the advantage of in Europe-and havhimself upon an embassy to Persia) ing got a smattering of poetry, and a saves Hajji Baba, a Persian of some pretty good idea of shampooing—some station, from the hands of an Italian notion of reading and writing, and a quack Doctor; and, in gratitude for perfect dexterity at cleaning people's certain doses of calomel, by the Eng- ears :-at sixteen, he is prepared to lish gentleman administered, the Ispa- make his entrée in society. hani presents his written memoirs, for Starting as a barber, is starting rather the benefit of the English public. low ; and it is one material fault in our
Now here is a blot in the very outset friend Hajji Baba, that, from beginning of the book. Mr. Hope starts, most to end, he is a low character. Obscure transparently, with Gil Blass in his eye, birth is no bar to a man's fortune in the and never considers that a character East; nor shall it be any hinderance to perfectly fitted for a hero in one coun- him among us; but we can't take cortry. may not be so well calculated to dially, East or West, to a commonfill the same role in another. The at- place fellow. Anastasius is meanly tention to Gil Blas is obvious. The born, but he has the soul that makes all chapters are headed in Le Sage's man- ranks equal. Beggar him--strip bim ner." Or Hajji Baba's birth and edu- —starve him—make a slave of himcation." 6 Into what hands Hajji still nature maintains him a prince, and Baba falls, and the fortune which his the superior (ten to one else) of the man razors prove to him.” “ Hajji Baba, that tramples upon him. Like the in his distress, becomes a Saka, or wa- Mainote captain, in that exquisite chapter-carrier.” “Of the man he meets, ter of “ The Bagnio," he is one of those and of the consequences of the encoun- spirits which of themselves, even in the ter," &c. &c. There are occasional most abject condition, will command imitations too, and not happy ones, of attention and respect ;-which,“ like the style coupée of some of the French the cedars of Lebanon,” to use the auwriters. An affectation of setting out thor's own simile, “ though scathed by about twenty unconnected facts, in just the lightning of Heaven, still overtop the same number of short unconnected all the trees in the forest.” sentences. A rolling up, as it were, But it won't do to have a hero (cerof knowledge into little hard pills, and tainly not in Turkey) an awkward felgiving us dozens of them to swallow, low. We don't profess to go entirely (without diluent,) one after the other. along with Mowbray, in Clarissa, who, This avoidance (from whatever cause extenuating Lovelace's crimes, by reit proceeds) of conjunction, and con- ference to the enormities of somebody necting observation, leads to an eternal else, throws his friend's scale up to the recurrence of pronouns-rattling stac- beam, by recollecting that the counter cato upon the ear. It makes a book
rogue is an ugly dog too !” But we read like a judge's notes of a trial, or a think, if a hero is to be a rascal, that he report of a speech of a newspaper. ought to be rascal like a gentleman. And, indeed, throughout the work be- Mr. Hope denies Hajji Baba even the fure us (we can scarcely suppose the advantage of personal courage. As he got author to have written in a hurry) on in his last work without virtue, so he but, throughout the work, there is a proposes to get on in this without qualisort of slovenliness ; an inattention to fication. This is Gil Blas; but we minute, but nevertheless material, cir- wish Mr. H. had let imitation alone. cumstances; which could scarcely, Gil Blas (per se) is no great model, one would think, have been overlooked, anywhere, for a hero. It is the book if it had been cautiously revised. carries him through—not him that car
ries the book. Gil Blas (that is the “ egregious ransom," seems hardly proman) has a great deal more whim, and bable. The scene that follows has ten times more national characteristic, some pleasantry. than Hajji Baba ; and yet we long to The poet (Asker) is doomed to cane him, or put him in a horse-pond, death, as being an animal of no utility at almost every page we read. And, any where. Hajji, however, is moved besides, Gil Blas, let it be recollected, with compassion, and interferes. Gil Blas was the ORIGINAL. We have " What folly are you about to commit ? got imitations of him already enough, to Kill the poet! Why it will be worse than be forgotten. The French Gil Blas
killing the goose with the golden egg. and the German Gil Blas—and now,
Don't you know that poets are very rich
sometimes, and can, if they choose, be rich the Persian Gil Blas ! It is an unprofit- at all times, for they carry their wealth in able task ; at least, Mr. Hope, at all their heads ? Did you never hear of the events, has made it one.
king who gave a famous poet a miscal of
gold for every stanza that he composed ? To proceed, however, with Mr. And—who knows ?--perhaps your priHajji Baba, whom we drag along, as it soner may be the king's poet-laureat himwere, critically, by the ears; and whose self.'” first step in public life is into the service This observation changes the face of of Osman Aga, a merchant of Bagdad. the affair, and the Turcomans are deHis father gives him a blessing, accom- lighted with poetry. panied by a new case of razors ;" «"Is that the case ?' said one of the his mother adds 6 a small tin case of a
(then let him make stanzas for us certain precious unguent,” calculated immediately; and if they don't fetch a misto cure « all fractures and internal com
cal* each, he shall die.'
16. Make on! make on!' exclaimed the plaints ;" and he is directed to leave
whole of them to the poet, elated by so the house with his face towards the bright a prospect of gain ; ' if you don't, door," by way of propitiating a happy we'll cut your tongue out.?»
At length it is decided that all the Osman Aga has in view a journey prisoners shall be spared ; and the cato Meshed, where he will buy the lamb di is set to work to divide the booty skins of Bokhara, and afterwards resell among the thieves. When it comes, them at Constantinople. He leaves however, to Hajji's turn to share, he Ispahan with the caravan, accompanied finds that he is to be allowed nothing, by his servant; and both are taken pri and thereupon resolves to escape from soners by certain Turcomans of the de
his new brethren; which he does on sert. Hajji's sojourn among these wan- the first opportunity. dering people, with their attack and pil Arriving at Meshed, without any lage of the caravan, is given with the means of subsistence, he becomes first şame apparent knowledge of what he
Saka,” a water-bearer, and afterwrites about, which Mr. Hope display- wards an itinerant tobacconist, or ed in Anastasius.
“ vender of smoke.” He afterwards The prisoners, after being stripped, gets acquainted with a party of dervishare disposed of according to their me
es--one, a man of sanctity--another, a rits. Osman Aga, who is middle-aged, story-teller-and a third, a talisman and inclining to be fat, is deputed to writer. He is bastinadoed by the wait upon the camels of his new mas- Mohtesib for adulterating his wares, ters ; Hajji is admitted a robber, upon turns dervish himself and quits the city. liking, in which capacity he guides the A variety of adventures, readable, band on an excursion to Ispahan, his but not worth talking about, then connative city.
duct Hajji to Tehran, and place him in The movement upon Ispahan is suc- the service of the king's chief physician. cessful; the robbers plunder the cara- He reaches this promotion just as we vanserai. Afterwards, in a lonely dell, are terribly tired of reading on, almost five parasangs from the town, they ex- without knowing, or caring, about what, amine the prisoners, who turn out not and recollecting how, in Anastasius, so good as was expected. A poeta we stopped at every third page, to ferash (house servant) and a cadi;
* Twenty-four grains of gold.
read something or other half-a-dozen This lady, who sorts tobacco leaves, times over. At last our feelings get a fil- is a slave belonging to the chief physilip, by Monsieur Hajji's falling in love. cian, and an object of jealousy and dis
Hajji Baba is a vulgar man, and of like to his wife. The lovers meet on course makes but an indifferent lover. the next evening; and Zeenab's scanThe lady, however, “ holds her state,” dal about the affairs of the harem is as of whom he becomes enamoured, and light and chatty as Miss Biddy Fudge's prattles away through twenty pages very letters about << Pa !” and “Monsieur thoughtlessly and delightfully.
Calicot,” and the 6 rabbit-skin” shawls. The spring bas passed over, and the
“ We are five in the harem, besides our first heats of summer are driving most mistress," said she : “ There is Shireen, of the inhabitants of Tehran to sleep the Georgian slave, then Nur Jehan, the upon their house-tops. Hajji disposes Ethiopian slave girl; Fatneh, the cook, his bed in the corner of a terrace, is that of hand-maid to the khanum, so
and old Seilah, the duepna. My situation which overlooks the court-yard of his my mistress is called ; I attend her pipe ; I master's anderun, or woman's apart- hand her her coffee, bring in the meals, go ments ; and, one night, looking over
with her to the bath, dress and undress the wall, he sees a female in this court, pound tobacco, and stand before ber.
her; make her clothes, spread, sift, and whose figure, and her face, (as far as Shireen, the Georgian, is the sandukdar, he can see it,) are exquisite. After or housekeeper; she has the care of the gazing for some time, he makes a clothes of both my master and mistress, slight noise, which causes the lady to and indeed the clothes of all the house
she superintends the expenses, lays in the
corn for the house, as well as the other " And, before she could cover herself provisions ; she takes charge of all the with her veil, I had had time to see the porcelain, the silver, and other ware; and most enchanting features that the imagina. in short, has the care of whatever is either tion can conceive, and to receive a look precious, or of consequence, in the family. from eyes so bewitching, that I immediate- Nur Jehan, the black slave, acts as ferash, ly felt my heart in a blaze. With appar. or carpet-spreader ; she does all the dirty ent displeasare, she covered herself; but work; spreads the carpets, sweeps the still I could perceive that she had managed rooms, sprinkles the water over the courther veil with so much art, that there was yard, helps the cook, carries parcels and room for a certain dark and sparkling eye messages, and, in short, is at the call of to look at me, and enjoy my agitation.
All this is delightfully naif, and nawork,
tural ! One sees so plainly that Zeenab [She is sorting tobacco leaves, has not had any one to talk to for
Why do you look at me :-it is crimi. “ these two hours."
" As for old Leilah, she is a sort of duenI exclaimed, do not turn from me ; it is
pa over the young slaves; she is employed no crime to love-your eyes have made in the out-of-door service, carries on any roast meat of my heart. By the mother little nffair that the Khanum may have with that bore you, let me look upon your face other harems, and is also supposed to be a again!
spy upon the actions of the doctor. Such " In a more subdued voice she answered
as we are, our days are passed in peevish me, Why do you ask me? You know it disputes, whilst, at the same time, two of is a crime for a woman to let her face be
us are usually leagued in strict friendship, seen, and you are neither my father, my
to the exclusion of the others. At this prebrother, nor my husband; I do not even
sent moment, I am at open war with the know who you are. Have you no shame Georgian, who, some time ago, found her to talk thus to a maid ?'”
good luck in life had forsaken her, and she
in consequence contrived to procure a talThis is a touch of our author's true spi- isman from a Dervish. She had no sooner rit; but unfortunately, it is but transient. obtained it, than, on the very next day, At this moment, she lets her veil fall the Khanum presented her with a new jack(so showing her face) as if by accident; et; this so excited my jealousy, that Ỉ also
made interest with the Dervish to supply -but the voice is heard within, impa- me with a talisman that should secure me tiently repeating the name of “ Zee- a good husband. On that very same evennab;" and she disappears, leaving Haj- ing I saw you on the terrace-conceive my ji nailed to the spot from whence she happiness ?" departed.
We will be crucified if there be not
six Zeenabs in every boarding-school That fine perception about the for five miles round London.
“ black handkerchief,” is worth a mil“ But this has established a rivalship be- lion! Zeenab afterwards relates her tween myself and Shireen, which has end- life, which is amusing, but not remarked in hatred, and we are now mortal ene. able-exhibiting the customs of the mies; perhaps we may as suddenly be Yezeedies, a wild Curdish tribe, to friends again."
which she belonged. Eventually, the Agreeable variety !
chief physician makes a present of her "I am now on the most intimate terms with Nur Jehan ; and, at my persuasion,
to the Shah ; and Hajji (who, in the she reports to the Khanum every story un
meantime, has become a nasakchi, or favourable to my rival. Some rare sweet- sub-provost-marshall) is compelled to meats, with baklava (sweet-cake) made in witness her execution, for a fault of the royal seraglio, were sent, a few days which he himself is the author. But ago, from one of the Shah's ladies as a pre- this scene, which the same pen that sent to our mistress; the rats eat a part of them, and we gave out that the Georgian wrote the history of Euphrosyne, might was the culprit, for which she received have rendered (we should have supblows on the feet, which Nur Jehan ad. posed) almost too fearful for endurministered. I broke my mistress's favour. ite drinking cup, Shireen incurred the ance, has, abstractedly, very little meblame, and was obliged to supply another. rit ; and, coming from the author of I know that she is plotting against me, for Anastasius, is a decided failure. she is eternally closeted with Leilah, who is at present the confidante of our mistress.
Indeed, the latter part of the book I take care not to eat or drink anything consists mainly of matter, very little which has passed through her hands to me, worthy of a considerable writer. Hajfor fear of poison, and she returns me the ji's adventures as a nasakchi have not same compliment.” The ladies will kill Mr. Hope for and the personages are weak into
a great deal of novelty about them ; having written this part of the book, whose association he is thrown. The and we shall kill him for having writ- chief executioner, for instance, is a dull ten the other parts of it.
fellow; and the attack (vol. II. p. There is a subsequent scene, in 272) by two Russian soldiers upon which Hajji is admitted to the anderun, five hundred Turkish horse, should be written with the same sprightliness authenticated. The subsequent busiand gossiping pleasantry as the forego- ness, in which Hajji becomes a mollah, ing. Zeenab has been engaged to cry (priest,) with the attack upon the Arat a funeral, to which the Khanum menians, tends to almost nothing. The goes with all the family; and for episodes, too, are in no instance fortuwhich service she is to receive a black
nate. The story of Yusuf and Marihandkerchief, and “to eat sweet am is tedious. The adventures of meats.” Instead of going,she beckons the Dervises few persons will get Hajji into the anderun to breakfast.
through ; and the legend of « The «• By what miraclc,' exclaimed I,'have Baked Head” is a weak imitation of you done this? Where is the Khanum! the little Hunchback of the Arabian where are the women! And how, if they are not here, shall I escape the doctor?'
Nights. "Do not fear,' she repeated again, 'I
The hero subsequently runs, during have barred all the doors. You must know the whole of the last volume, through that our destinies are on the rise, and that
a round of incoherent, and often careit was a lucky hour when we first saw each
He beother. My rival, the Georgian, put it into lessly related adventures. the Khanum's head that Leilah, who is a comes a merchant, and that is not enprofessed weeper at burials, having learned tertaining; marries, and is divorced the art in all its branches since a child, was again ; writes accounts of the Europea personage absolutely necessary on the
ans and their customs, which are puepresent occasion, and that she ought to go in preference to me, who am a Curd, and rile; and, at last, just as he is appointcan know but little of Persian customs; all ed secretary-in-chief to the Persian this, of course, to deprive me of my black English embassy in Persia, (our sopcordingly, I have been left at home; and posed translator,) stops short, and ad. the whole party went off, an hour ago, to dresses the reader. ' Profiting by the the house of the deceased.'"
example of the Persian story-tellers, he