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recognized Beatrice instantly, now holy patron, St. Dennis, I believe he thought that his plan had succeeded could himself have killed those three even beyond his expectation.

murderous villains whom thou didst re“. My gracious liege,' he cried, tain, but know that I helped himthis maiden is a ward of mine, whose that I cut the throat of that traitor person I require to be instantly restor-Sangfeu, whom, in spite of me, thou ed to me ; the youth I charge with didst cherish, to do deeds which thy having, in company with others, slain black heart planned, but dare not three of my household and having car- achieve. I helped him to carry off the ried off the maiden by force.'

maiden, thy dead friend's daughter, «• It is false,' cried Beatrice, as whom thou didst basely oppress; and she threw herself frantically at the if he had not been there I had done it King's feet, they were killed in fair myself.' combat, and I went willingly with him “ The King and his train then deto seek protection from the cruelty of parted, leaving the young people with that vicious tyrant. Here, at your Cellini, whom the disgrace of the Majesty's knees, I implore your pity Chancellor had put into mighty good and protection.'

humour. He made Ascanio tell him “ But what says the youth ? asked the story of the fight in the forest over the King, of Ascanio, who had been and over again. He kissed Beatrice, gazing on him in almost stupifying as- and called her his child; he forbade tonishment. He saw before him, in all work in Il Piccol Nello for a week; the person of the gallant Francis, the had the wedding celebrated with great stranger who had so generously aided magnificence, and said, that of all him in the Forest of Fontainbleau. works he had ever produced, none had • Has he any witness besides that mai- made him so happy as den who is too deeply interested in this

“LA TESTA DI MARTE.” matter, to prove that he killed his an

We now give a specimen of the po-
tagonist in fair fight "
6 · He is one of a band of murder-

etry-a canzonet :
ers and ravishers,' cried the Chancel My soul they say is bard and cold,
lor in a rage, he has no witness.'

And nought can move me;

Perchance 'tis so 'midst life's wild whirl,
66 • Thou art a liar though thou wert

But oh ! on beauty's lips, my girl!
a thousand Chancellors, replied the Twill melt like Cleopatra's pearl :
youth ; and since peaceful men like Then love me-love me.
thee do not make war but upon weak

I would not climb th' ambitious heights
maidens, I defy thee by thy cham That soar above me;

I do not ask thee to bestow
6. No, my liege,' he added, turning

Or wealth or honours on me now, to the King, and kneeling- I have

Or wreathe with laurel leaves my brow,

But love me-love me.
no witness save God and your Ma-

Oh ! I'll gaze op thee till my fond

Fixed glances move thee : 666 And may every honest man have

Love's glance sometimes the coldest warms, witnesses as good in time of need to Pygmalion on a statue's charms oppose to perjurors and lawyers. He Gazed, till it leaped into his arms; is no murderer, Chancellor ; by my

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Then love me-love me.

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THE stoppage and ultimate bank. ing houses there are in this metropolis

ruptcy of Messrs. Marsh and Co. similarly situated, with respect to the in Berner’s-street was a circumstance, description of their transactions, and in itself, sufficient to produce a more standing in do respect upon any than nine-days' sensation. Though higher grounds of credit and reputanot bankers of the first order, with tion, than the firm of Marsh and Co. respect to the gross amount of capital had, for several years maintaincd, will entrusted to their care, the customers it seem other than in the course of of the firm, in point of number, were things, that an eager run of alarm and perhaps more numerous than those of apprehension should be made upon the several of the banking-houses, which minor banking-houses, in general; and stand foremost in the ranks of whole- that one in particular (though deficient, sale estimation. A large proportion, perhaps, in nothing but immediatelyalso, of those whose interests were af- availing resources to answer such unfected were probably of those descrip- expected demands), should have been tions to whom the loss, or the tempo- obliged, a few days after, to follow the rary privation even, of their hundreds, ominous example of avowing a temor their thousands, was of more conse- porary inability to answer such imporquence, both to their present credit, tunate claims. The wonder is rather, and their future prospects, than the that more were not reduced to the tens of thousands, and hundreds of same dilemma. thousands of those great capitalists and But these were, in reality, the proprietors, whose securities and rent- slightest of the causes, which excited rolls are vested in the bands, and trust the general interest and discussion. ed to the management of the supposed « The extraordinary conduct of the Creesus of the banking trade. They partner, Mr. Fauntleroy” (to adopt were bankers, in fact, in whose hands the language of the firm itself, in the what monied men would call “small public announcement of their temporasums” were kept: that is to say, with ry suspension of payments), which whom tradespeople, and others of the was the immediate, and, for a while, middle orders of society, were in the supposed to be the only cause of failhabit of trusting the whole of that ure, gave a direction to the general floating capital which their credit or sympathy, more honourable perhaps their concerns rendered it necessary to the social character of the public, should be always at command; but than consoling to the conscious feelings which it was neither safe nor conve- of those to whom it was directed. - It nient to keep in their own bureaus. was the crime of an individual," it The number of families, therefore, was said, not the default of the general whom the sudden stagnation of these firm, that had produced the calamity, resources must have thrown into per- whatever might be its extent; and plexing difficulties, or overwhelmed the partners were joint victimes, not with dismay, could not but be very principals or voluntary agents, in the considerable; as the dejected and ruin." Nor were there wanting among anxious countenances of the multitude the suffering creditors themselves, gathered around the doors, the day those, who expressed more compassion after the suspension of payment was for three respectable families, hurled declared, sufficiently evinced: and from esteem and affluence to distress when the secondary and remote action and degradation, than for their own upon those who, in the complicated pecuniary embarrassments and losses. chain of trading connexion, were im The part that was taken through the plicated with the immediate sufferers, medium of the public press, to estend is considered, it cannot be at all sur- this feeling, is so fresh in remembrance, prising, that a very extensive emotion that it need not here be noticed, if it should have been awakened. Nor, were not for the importance of wartwhen it is recollected how many bank- ing the public against the uses that

may be made, as they are attempted to That such has been the result, is be made, of every discrepancy of that sufficiently obvious: that such must, important organ, of its conduct in this ultimately, be the case with respect to particular. The rival eagerness of the all the aberrations of a free press, numerous agents of that press to seize recollection and reflection will demonupon every flying rumour, that can strate : it is only inasınuch as it is not gratify the avidity, “ both of the great. frre, that the press can be permanentvulgar and the small,” for mysterious ly or ultimately injurious, even to those anecdote, personality, and chit-chat whom it wrongfully assails; for the (rather, perhaps, than malignant) slan- day of reaction, if it be free, is sure der, did most assuredly, for a while, to come; when the very wrongs it has blacken, much beyond the measure of committed will become graces. equity and truth, the character of the Whence, but from this very cause, it unfortunate culprit. Accumulated may confidently be demanded, has charges of profligacy and prodigality arisen that very general and very libewere heaped upon the character of ral sympathy expressed for the imMr. Fauntleroy, sufficient to have pending fate of Mr. Fauntleroy ? broken the backs of all the banking Far be jt from the thought of every firms in the metropolis. To support friend to the essential justice of hubis luxurious prodigalities, it was sup- manity, when the life of a fellow being posed, the enormous and undoubt- is at stake, to step between the pleaded forgeries had been committed ; and ing pity of the public, however excitMessrs. Marsh, Stracey, and Graham, ed, and the attribute of mercy which together with all who had confided in “becomes the throned monarch better thern, were involved in ruin, by the than his crown,” and to which that unprincipled dissipation of the manag- sympathy appeals. But, assuredly, it ing and confidential partner ; who had may be said, without detriment to such appealed to forgery, when other re. appral, which may be urged upon sources failed, to supply his criminal more cogent principles, that there is indulgences.

nuthing, in the naked case of Mr. To suspect those partners of having Fauntleroy to distinguish it so broadly been accessory to the dissemination of from those of many a wretched victim, these statements, would be as unau. who has been quietly resigned to the thorized, as it would be uncharitable; merciless penalty of a sanguinary law, but surely it would not be improper tó without a sigh or an effort in his beinquire whether, if they knew them hall, except from private and personal to be untrue, they were not called connexions. It would be absurd to upon, to discourage and contradict suppose, that the extent of the injury them? If the press was misled by resulting from the crime, is the cause gaping newsgatherers, who, like the of the extensive sympathy exerted in spies of a distempered government, favour of the criminal. Whence, then, must have credulity or invention tó has arisen this extraordinary sympamake out a tale, if they mean to get thy, but primarily from those very exbread by telling, -it was as open to aggerations which the enemies of the them to confute the exaggerations, as public press, on every such occasion, it was, to the gleaners and glossers of would use as an argument for its supthe random gossip of clubs and coffee. pression. It cannot be said that they houses to give them ephemeral cur- had any influence in procuring the rency.

conviction. The Attorney-General But, perhaps, they may answer (for found no political motive for availing they might answer truly) that it was himself of the prejudices excited; he better to leave misrepresentation to its repelled and discarded them, therenatural course —to let the lie of the fore, in a manner which, it is hoped, day gossip itself out of breath; for that will be remembered as a precedent on Mr. Fauntleroy, in the end, would be all future occasions whatever; and any thing rather than injured by the nothing could be more candid and disexaggerated colourings of his crime. passionate than the whole proceedings.

Mr. Fauntleroy, in fact, was convicted, the nature of the mystery. The pubas far as forgery was at issue, upon lic, in the mean time, in comaiseration his own evidence. He had most for the calumnies which had aggrastrangely recorded against himself, that vated so unmercifully the oflencs of he had committed a mass of forgeries, the criminal, extend their sympathies which should make the Bank smart from the aggravation to the crice itfor having injured the credit of his , self; and by a reaction natural to the house. Let the Bank Directors be- innate, though sometimes slumbering, ware, that in pursuing their victim to benevolence of the human breast, und execution, they mingle, in their turn, ing that the offender has not been ss no feeling of retaliative revenge. Some guilty as they imagined, forego their of them, perhaps, are members of the resentment for the proven guilt. Bible Society; or, at least, occasional Nor does the current of considerate ly say their prayers. Let them re- inquiry pause even here. General member, that in that short and beauti- conclusions, “ of great pith and moful formula, dictated by the author of ment,” are, not unfrequently, the retheir religion, and which sums up in a sults of the attention excited by indifew words every thing, perhaps, which vidual occorrences. The eyes of the a Christian ought to pray for, there is public seemed to have opened, at last, a clause of covenant," forgive us to the conviction, to which reason our trespasses, as we forgive them that and humanity ought never to have trespass against us ;” and let them re. been blind, that the punishment awardmember that every man who pursues ed is too heavy, and disproportioned to revenge (whether as an individual or a the offence : while the press itself, parcorporationist), every time that he pro- taking of the reaction, urges on the nounces this prayer, pronounces his prayer of mercy and forbearance ; and own condemnation.

chimes in with, and diffuses, the general But to return to the cause of the sentiment, that those only who have general sympathy in behalf of the un- shed the blood of man, should pay the happy convict.

price of atonement with their blood. It became evident from the circum

This then, and not any peculiarity, stances, which came out upon the in the particular case itself, is the true trial, that the character of Mr. Faunt- ground of petition for the life of Mr. leroy had been much traduced--that Fauntleroy. his crime, at least, was free from many The necessary limits of this essay of the aggravations imputed, by previ- render it impracticable to enter, at ous rumour; and it is now sufficiently large, into all the important consideranotorious, that a part at least, of his tions involved in the general subject; plea of palliation is substantiated; or to amplify upon the axioms, howthat the monies procured by his for ever capable of illustration, that all geries, were not, as had been rumour- unnecessary punishments by death are ed, profligately wasted in debauchery no other than legalized murders ;-tbat and extravagance, but were regularly murders, by the law, are, in fact, much paid in to the general stock, to sup- more enormous and atrocious stains port the else tottering credit of the con- upon national character, than murders cern. Hence, to the creditors of the against the law ;-that the latter are firm, the aspect of the onus of moral the crimes of individuals only, the forresponsibility, for the default, becomes mer are the crimes of the state ; and, essentially altered ; and a question as far as the nation can be regarded as naturally arises, whether it was possi- assenting to such laws, are the crimes ble that the partners could be ignorant of the nation at large. that something wrong was going on ? But the best way, perhaps, for the -that the large sums of money, by petitioners to fortify their plea is, by which their credit was, successively, appeal, not to Scripture and Christibolstered, were, to say the least, mys- anity (more talked of than reverenced teriously obtained : whatever reasons in matters of government and legislathey might have for not inquiring into tion!) but to the politician's creed, ex

pediency. This is, in fact, and, per- we acknowledge as a gentleman, or as haps, for ever must be, while states and worthy of gentlemanly association, the legislation last, the load-star of judicial man whom we believed to be as much enactment. Our constitutional lawyers in dread of death, as of a life of brandwell know, though the surly lexicogra- ed infamy and degradation ? pher, who still from the sepulchre dog It may be true, indeed that, when it matizes over our language did not,* comes to the pinch-when the executhat the object of punishment is not tioner and vital extinction are immedirevenge, or even atonement, but pre- ately before our eyes,-that the invention. 6 You are

not hanged," stinctive shrinking-the fearful clingsaid the judge to a remonstrating con- ing to mere consciousness and sensavict," for stealing a sheep; but you tion, which belong to the frailty of our are hanged that sheep may not be nature, may bow almost the proudest stolen."

spirit; and life, upon almost any terms, The question then resolves itself in- may appear preferable to immediate to this, “Does experience of the past, dissolution. or does what we know of the prospec

"For who would lose tive passions and apprehensions of hu " Though full of pain, this intellectual being, man nature, indicate that the punish

“ Those thoughts that wander through eternity ?" ment of death is an adequate, or the

But, for objects that are viewed most likely preventive of the crime of in prospective distance, we have forgery?"To the first part of this different and more reasoning eyes ; inquiry, the reply is obvious. Forge- and to the educated mind, familiar to ry has increased, and is increasing in the proud decencies and respectful disdespite of the sanguinary severity of tinctions of society, to die, to cease to the law ;t and the crime, always, of be, to bid an eternal farewell to the necessity, confined to the comparative- embarrassments and anxieties that surly educated classes, has kept climbing round us—to the privations, the expulupwards, in the midst of increasing ex sion from the accustomed sphere of asecutions, till it has tainted some of al- sociation that menace us, appears but a most the best families in the nation. It trifle, in comparison with the degradis a crime of gentlemen. And though, ing toil, the branding front, the stigin all sane and moral estimation, the matizing fetters, the felon's sordid higher the rank of the offender, the garb, the wretched pallet, the noisome more atrocious and unpardonable the dungeon, and worst of all, the contempoffence; yet, legislating for preven- tuous exposure and brutified assimilation, we should consider only the mo- tion, to which a less sanguinary code tives of apprehension that are likely to might condemn the educated and sensibe operative on the classes to whom tive offender. It is, in fact, to avoid the legislative prevention is to ap- the lesser degradation, that the offence ply. Now, is the fear of death, the of forgery is frequently committedmost powerful of preventive motives that it was, as it appears, committed in in the minds of gentlemen? Should the case in question. How horrible to

imagination the greater which reason * See the miserable misinterpretration of the

would therefore commend as the expeword punishment in Johnson's Dictionary.

dient of preventive legislation. * In Scotland, where it is not punished with death, it is much less frequent.



Angels ever bright and fair,

Take, Oh take me to your care!"
While you implore the angels' care,
In strains so sweet, so soft, so rare,
I tremble Jest you should be heard,
And they should take you at your word.

Nay, Chloe, gaze not on his form,

Nor think the friendly caution vain";
Those eyes the marble's self may warm,

And look bim ioto life again.

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