accomplished, who would not cry out, an intermediate stage between wet and Fiorin for ever ?

dry." Yet the very next year my expccta- Here I am totally misunderstood; and tions were fulfilled. Col. Knox of the as the singularity in my practice of hayDonegall Militia, after measuring and making (greatly magnified) has much weighing with much care, found my impeded the adoption of this new grass, crop to exceed ten tons dry bay to the I shall set you and the world right on English acre ; and last year MAJOR that point. MONROE, and CAPTAIN M‘Kenzie of the The difference between common sward, Ross and Sutherland, found eleven and Fiorin sward, when fresh cut, is tons nine hundred; Lieut. ELLISON very great; the former dead matter, found a still greater crop in another wbile every stalk of the latter is animaplace; and from the appearance of my ted by the principle of life; common Fiorin at this early season, I answer for sward runs rapidly into putrefaction, it, my crops shall in the ensuing Octo- while Fiorin sward is protected from it ber exceed your ten tons in different by the antiseptic powers of animation. places, some of them of a very worthless The practice of converting each sward description.

into preservable hay, is governed by this Now, Sir, that I have fulfilled my difference: tbe saver of common sward promise of ten tons to the acre, do you hastens to get rid, by evaporation, of all expect that your countrymen will make atmospheric moisture, and as much of good yours, and cry out Fiorin for ever? the vegetable juices as would accelerate -Not they; Nil admirari seems a strong fermentation and putrefaction; while I, trait in the English character; and in no haste to get rid of the atmospberic were the more enlightened Agriculture moisture (from whose mischief I am ists willing to make the experiment, protected) strive to retain as much of their Bailiffs could not be induced to my vegetable juices as I can, that they submit to new rules of culture, as if may concoct and increase the nutricious. they required instruction. It is to these qualities of the hay; hence the solidity, gentry the failure of most attempts to density, and extraordinary weight of cultivate Fiorin is owing, and I appeal Fiorin Hay. to the gentlemen who have actually Now for my practice, which whoever obtained premiums 'from the BATH So- do not chuse to adopt, may with great CIETY for their Fiorin crops, if the value security save their Fiorin as if it was of these very crops bas not been reduced, common hay. and their success endangered, by the The day I mow, I put my sward, wet doggedness of their Bailiffs.

or dry, into small spherical lapcocks, 66 so enthusiastic is Dr. some twelve or sixteen pound weight; Richardson in his recommendation of after four, five, or six days, I change Fiorin, and so singular in his practice, their positions, and turn their bases to that we seem to be reading a farming the wind; after four or five days more, Romance."

I open, air them, and put them into You bere allude to my custom of mow- what we call Shake Cocks, from 200 pounds ing, and making Hay through the whole to 350; the hay or sward is put up loosely winter, which I admit I bave done un. with a fork, and not trampled down. interruptedly for seven years in the face Now we liave our material in the inof the world. But I must not allow you termediate stage you mention, between to call this my Practice of HAYMAK- grass and hay; excellent fodder, but in ING; the fact is, that five-sixths of my this state we never weigh, nor call it hay, erop is mowed in October, and made up but it will in these cocks stand safely in nearly in the common way as dry store the field for months. hay; but I find both convenience and The next, and last step, reduces it to amusement, in reserving a pittance for common hay, preservable for years; mowing through the winter ; - part for in a dry day we transfer five, six,, or seven green food, while for bravado I make up of these shake-cocks into one trampthe rest-into dry bay with great facility cock, well trodden down, conical form, in some conspicuous place.

and narrowed base. . Here Fiorin has a I must observe also on another pas- striking advantage over common hay, sage of yours, very likely to mislead, for we often see this abused and injured which I am sure is not your inten- by exposure in the field in a wet Aution.

tumn, while a Fiorin cock will brave the “When the Doctor speaks of making weather until May, without the slightest his Fiorin into bay, it is to be remem- injury. bered that this grass is not reduced to To proceed, you say, " Fiorin is Dr. that state of dryness which is caused by Richardson's Hobby Horse, and be sure. our old-fashioned hay-making, but to ly rides it most hobbyhorsically,"


You say,

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Most people disown their Hobbies, and vegetable, of which the English Farmers none of them are believed; I shall on are now as enthusiastic admirers as Dr. the contrary admit, and justify mine, LETTSOM himself. producing you as my first advocate Whether the good Doctor has lived to for when you avow that a grass giving enjoy this triumph, I know not; but ten tons of hay to the acre, should make upon due consideration I determined your grave countrymen cry out Fiorin thirty years to be rather more tban | for ever, you surely justify the discoverer could afford to wait ; giving up therefor mounting it as his Hobby, when he fore all hopes of obtaining the best poshas actually passed your standard for sible testimony in favour of my discotwo successive years, and now pledges very, that of the English Furmers, himself again to exceed it in the ensuing I resolved to be satisfied with a second. October ; and on grounds of wortbless rate description of evidence, and applied description.

to the Scotch, Welsh, Manks, and Irish And is he not farther justified for rid- Farmers; and having ascertained the ing hobbyhorsically (to adopt your lan- success of their experiments on Fiorin guage) when it appears that this same Grass, loaded with their gratitude, and grass, which had escaped the notice of decorated by their honours, as you say, man for 5000 years, is the only vegetable I went off at score. indigenous to our Islands, that bas been

W. RICHARDSON, D.D. found worthy of a place within the pale of cultivation ?


Aug. 13. And that this stranger at home, who VOUR last Number, in common has not yet been able to find admission with some other Monthly Pub. among the favourites (not one of them lications, contains critical observanatives) upon whom the whole labour of

tions by Mr. Britton on the Monuthe agricultural world is expended, pro

inental Bust of Shakspeare at Stratduces erops every year successively, each of them, separately, of more value

ford, preparatory to its being enthan any of the crops yielded at intervals graved. It is almost too late to moby the most valuable of these intruders;

ralize on the self-delusion prevailiog for what crop of wheat could reach the in all literary projects, wherein the value of ten tons of superlative hay?

Author or Editor is blind to every One excuse more for riding, which is, thing unfavourable to his subject, that this elève of mine, whom I am un- and overleaps every impediment to able to press into the service of the the propriety of his project. One knowing Agriculturists of your country, fatality generally accompanies this is not limited to their territories; he persuasion, namely, that 'of carrying takes a wider range, Juxuriates equally the argument so far as to wound the on the mountain and in the valley, and prejudices, and excite the hostility, of produces his valuable crops in the bleak

partizans of other opinions. Iu a est regions, into which the boldest Agriculturist dares not venture his more ten

very convenient and equally clegant

edition of Shakspeare's Plays, printed der favourites.

You tell me, “ He might bave waited by Whittingham, under the superinfor the experiments of English Farmers,

tendance of Mr. Britton, a copy is before he had gone off at score."

given of the Bust of the great Bard Waited, -bow long?-HORACE presses

from his Monument at Stratford; and pretty heavily on the patience of an Au- an opinion is therein pretty contithor or Discoverer, coming forward with dently expressed by Mr. Brilton, of something new, from which he expects that head being indubitably the most to derive celebrity; he says,

authentic and probable “likeness of Nonum prematur in annum. the Poet.” Mr. Britton appears, like To nine years I might have submitted, Pyginalion, to bave contemplated his but I well knew the tardy reluctance of image till he has become enamoured English Farmers to receive any thing of it, and sioce the publication of new. I saw my predecessor, Dr. LETTSOM, bring forward, in a clear and satis

Whittingham's Shakspeare in 1814, factory manner, the high value and im

to have liberally resolved that the

world should share his passion. A portance of his protegé, Mangel Wurtzell; he pressed the adoption of this succulent print of the Stratford Monument upon and saccharine root by the English Agri

a larger scale is now proposed, and culturists; but all in vain, they were

claims are urged in various quarters perfectly satisfied with their turnip, loudly challenging subscription to the rape, and oil-cake milk.

Stratford Bust as the only likeness of Thirty years elapsed before any im- the “ gentle Shakspeare. Mr. Brit. pression could be made in favour of a ton, by whoin these pretensions are


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urged, is too well read not to know of Shakspeare he“ imitated nature that other claims are preferred, and most abominably,” it will not avail that they are such as cannot be re- Mr. Britton's argument. Jonson was jected without plausible reasons. familiarly acquainted with ShaksWhether the reasons assigned by the peare for not less than 20 years; and Artist will warrant us in henceforth with Droeshout's engraving before rejecling what has been received as him he (from long personal knowthe vera effigies of Shakspeare, and ledge) pledges his veracity to the setting up the Stratford Bust in its world for the resemblance; and this stead, must (I think) be doubted. while many thousands were yet living, Every portrait collector,-an ignoble who, if his affirmation were incorrace, - is aware that the earliest en- rect, wanted neither the ability nor graved head of Sbakspeare forms part the inclination to contradict him. of the title-page of the first folio Jonson might, as Steevens suggests, edition of the Poet. - Prefixed to have no particular intimacy with the this portrait are the following pleas- graphic art, but it will (I take it) be ing lines, addressed to the Reader, never found that a man of great by his food and faithful companion general talent is insensible to the comand friend Beo Jonson :

parative merit of a work of art, JonThis figure that thou here seest put,

son saw that the portrait of his be, It was for gentle Shakspeare cut;

loved Shakspeare, notwithstanding the Wherein the graver had a strife

iosufficiency of the engraver, was a With Nature to out-do the life.

strong resemblance of his friend, and O could he but have drawn bis wit he troubled pot himself with mechaAs well in brass as he hath hit

nical proportions. With submission His face, the print would then surpass to 80 grave an authority as Mr. Brit. All that was ever writ in brass;

ton, I think it would be more seemly But since he cannot, reader, look not to talk of Ben Jonson's authority Not on his Picture but his Book.

as being “ futile and unworthy of of the portrait, thus authenticated, credit," at least till some one could be Mr.Britton says, “It would not be diffi- pointed out with equal pretensions as cult to show, to the satisfaction of to taleots, learning, and judgment. every impartial reader, that there is In contravention of such authority nothing like proof(indeed!) oor scarce- derived from the most satisfactory ly probability in the genuineness (“ a personal knowledge, what bas Mr. vile phrase") of any of the paintings Britton to urge in favour of the Strator prints that have come before the ford Bust? I speak here of evidence; publick as portraits of our unrivalled for the flashes about “ eyes and unBard. That by Droeshout caonot be derstandings, the attestations of tralike ang buman face, for it is evidently. dition and the consecrations of time,” ill drawn in all the features, and a are so many figments of a poetical bad artist can never make a good fancy, and, as far as the authenticity likeness. Ou such a print Jonson's of the likeness is concerned,“ are baselines are futile and unworthy of less as the fabric of a vision.”.. credit.” I have no inclination, Mr. Here is Mr. Brittoo's summary of Urban, to consume your pages in exevidence: " Leonard Digges, in a amining the propriety of Mr. Britton's Poem praising the works and worth axioms thus laid down in imitation of of Shakspeare,” - of whose worth, “ short-lunged Seneca." But, in few by the bye, abstracted from his works, words, I believe them to be unfaith- Digges says not a word, Digges's ful. Nothing, I believe, is more Poem, published within seven years common than to meet with a good after Shakspeare's death, speaks of likeness unequally execuied as a work the Stratford Monument, as a wellof art; unless it be to see a highly- known object. Dugdale, in his · Antifinished head wanting the character quities of War wickshire,' 1656, give which is the essence of a likepess. a plate of the Monument, but drawn Few likenesses are more perceptible and engraved in a truly tasteless and and eveo striking than what are usu- inaccurate style ; and observes in the ally denominated caricatures, in text, that the Poet was famous, and which every line is surcharged, and tbus entitled to such distinction. every feature distorted. Drocshout Langbaine, in his' Account of English hus some excellent specimens of art; Dramatic Poets,' 1691, pronounces -but, if it be adıilled that in the case the Stratford Bust Shakspeare's true


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effigies'. These are decided proofs," sible for the resemblance of the Bust continues Mr. Britton, “ of its antiqui- to the countenance of the Poet. Why, ty; and we inay safely conclude that it therefore, talk of his pronouncing ? was intended to be a faithful portrait Shakspeare died in April 1616; Gerard of the Poet."

Langbaine was born in 1656 ; wbat If this conclusion must be drawn could Langbaine “pronouuce” with from such evidence, it might have any authority concerning the countebeen drawn without it; for there is nance of a man who died 40 years benot a tittle of proof of the Bust being fore he was born ! intended or considered to be a like. With all that Mr.Britton has urged as ness in any of the authorities here to the desireability" of obtaining an imposingly referred to. Leonard authenticated portrait of Shak speare, Digges's lines, - the crudest that ever your present Correspondent, Mr. Urcame from the pen of a courtier,-- ban, concurs; and he will go much as far as we are now concerned, are further io expressing his wish that the these ;--- inderstand them who can ! Bust of Shak speare, as it appears on “ Shake-speare, at length thy pious fel.

the Monument at Stratford, should be lows give

(which, out-live engraved in a style of excellence such The world thy workes : thy workes, by

as will enable us to compare it with Thy Tombe, thy name must : when that the portrait prefixed to the first folio stone is rent,

[ment, edition of the great Poet. Before this And Time dissolves thy Stratford Moni. be altempted it should be stripped of Here we alive shall view thee still. This its sophistications, of the fucus which booke," &c.

first adorned (with the vilest taste) the Not a word about the Bust, or the painted sepulchre," as well as the likeness! Ifthe resemblance of the Bust subsequent plasteriogs and daubings to the Poet were so indubitable and of Mr. Malone. striking as Mr. Britton would have us If, when asserting the superior tesbelieve, is it likely that Digges (with timony of Jouson in favour of the first Ben Jonson's averinent as to the por. folio portrait over every other comtrait) would have eptirely over- petitor as a genuine likeness of Shaklooked it?

speare, lam told that Steevens “thinks “ Dogdale, in his Antiquities of the verses by Ben were written as Warwickshire, 1656, gives a plate of soon as bespoke, and that Ben might the monument, but drawn and engrav- not be over-solicitous as to the style ed in a lruly tasteless and inaccurate in which the lineaments of Shakspeare style!” It would, perhaps, be upjust were transmilted to posterity;" I shall to suppose that he thought it worthy reply that there is not a word of truth no more regard. “ Dugdale," how- nor of sense in that nor in any thing ever, “ observes in the text, that the else uttered by Steevens wbere Joue Poet was famous," a piece of informa- son is concerned. Steevens knew notion for which we cannot be sufficient thing of the life or writings of Ben Jy thankful.

Jonson, and never looked into either Digges and Dugdale do not appear but for the vile purpose of slandering to have done much towards identify the Poet. At the period when Stee. ing the similitude of the Bust to the veos is ignorantly supposing Ben to Poet; but now comes Langbaine, who, have written bis ten lines for perhaps in his Account of English Dramatic half as many shillings, the learned Bard Poets, 1697, pronounces the Stratford was in the zenith of his fame and fore Bust Shakspeare's “ true effigies.” tune, and not at all in need of money, But let us have Langbaine's own which all his life he too little regarded. words: “ Shakspeare lyeth buried in Nothing then but his anxiety that the the great Church in Stratford-upon- lineaments of his friend should be Avon, with bis wife and daughter Su- faithfully transmitted to posterity insanna, the wife of Mr. John Hall. In duced him to compose the above the North wall of the Church is a Mo. short address to the Reader; wbile nument fixed, which represents his the publishers were naturally desirous true effigies leaning upon a cushion, of having the integrity of the likeness &c.” Every one perceives that all certified by the highest authority, and Langbaine meant was that there was a the highest living authority (as HeMonument of Sbakspeare at Stratford, minge and Condeli well knew)was Shakwith a figure of the Poet. He surely speare's invariable friend and comdid not mean to make himself respon- panion Ben Jonson.



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May 21.


nature, that they were rent asunder. Thed

several hours on the ContiHOUGH you bave lately insert- Be this as it may, England has cause

to rejoice that the isthmus is no more; nent, particularly that of your old and or, too probably, the insatiable Tyrant esteemed Correspondent Clericus Lei- would long ere this have subjected cestriensis ; yet, as his and others' de- our happy laud to his irun yoke. But clared object was to describe men and thank God, now his glory is departed, manners, I trust you will give place and his power is no more!* Calais in your Miscellany, to the following from the sea lies very low, being short Visit to the neighbouring Con- seated at the bottom of a deep bay; tinent, the principal object of which but its three lofty towers (hereafter is to give minute descriptions of the described) are very distinguishing Churches, and principal buildings. marks, by which the mariner may T. Mor, F.S. M. safely steer his course. At half-past

three we entered the mouth of the Having resolved on a visit to the harbour, between the two jetties or shore of the neighbouring Continent, pier-heads, which are of wood, and on April 12, I set out for Dover, but extend nearly a mile into the sea. the inclemency of the weather was The entrance is guarded by Fort such for the season, the snow lying Rouge, close to the pier-beads; it is nearly two inches deep on the groupd, built of wood, and stands upon piles, that I was prevented reaching that port so that the sea runs under ihe whole before the following morning, when of it. Higher up the harbour is the the weather became so tempestuous, castle, or fort Risban; it is built of with heavy snow, that it was pot pru- stone on the sand-hills, and stands in a dent to embark until the morning of very commanding situation : it has the 14th. The wind then appeared its communication with the town by very favourable. I engaged with Cap- the Long Pont; which is a wooden tain Carlton), to sail with him in the bridge of a great number of arches. Industry Packet of Dover, for the We glided up the barbour to the very usual fare, ten shillings and sixpence. spot where Louis the XVIIIth landed Embarked at eleven o'clock; but, the on his first return to France ; and wind dying away soon after we left wbich is marked by a large brass the pier, we drifted back again into plate, bearing a fleur-de-lis at the corthe harbour, when, after lying half ners, and the shape of his foot cut an hour, a breeze springing up, we through the plate to the stone, to got under weigh, with a fair prospect · which it is affixed. On the opposite of soon making our destined. port. side of the pier is erected a handsome When about half sea across, Dover Tuscan column of stone, standing on Cliffs, with its proud Castle, was a · a square pedestal, bearing on its front most imposing sigbt. As we proceeded, face a brass plate, with an inscription, the English land became low; and be- stating the event and its date, which fore we reached Calais, we entirely is April 24, 1814. On the top of the lost sight of it. The idea of thus column is a globe, bearing a large losing sight of our native land, for gilt fleur-de-lis: the whole height of the first time, creates a sensation in the column is about twenty feet. the mind, which none know but those While on our passage we had to who have made the experiment; but sign our names to a list to be delivered the French coast opening upon us to the Commissaire de la Police, who fast, soon dissipated those reflections,

board immediately the which gave place to an anxiety to Packet came alongside the quay, mark every object as it presented it asked for passports, and ordered the

The similarity of the baggage on sbore. We then went to cliffs to those of the opposite coast, the Bureau, where our luggage was and the risings and fallings of the closely inspected, and we were perJand so exactly corresponding, do mitted to enter the town. Passing certainly strengthen the idea which through Hogarth's famed Gate, i some naturalists have promulgated, could not but observe the strict simithat the two coasts at some very larity it still bears to his drawing : early period were conjoined ; and that though I missed the meagre French it was by some violent convulsion of soldier in the old costume, who stands Gent. Mag. August, 1816.


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