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so conspicuous a figure in the fore- seach ; and the white cliffs of England ground of that print; bis place being became very, apparent. The road now supplied by the Garde Nationale, from hence is alinost one continued as squalid and awkward as he was series of very high and steep hills : sleek and spruce. We then passed on many of them, indeed, so steep that it through one street to the Place, is not safe for a carriage to attempt crossed it, and arrived at the Brussels descending on the pavement; but by Hotel, in the Rue St. Michel, kept the means of cootinually throwing by M. Larandon. After taking some rough earth from the ditches on the refreshment, went with Mrs. Ř. Mrs. sides of the paved part, the vehicles are H. Miss S. L. and B. to the Church, let down safely, but joltingly enough. and saw grand mass performed to an The bills, though in a state of cultiimmense congregation, upwards of vation, appear very barren ; as there is 5000, spread throughout the whole not a hedge, and scarcely a tree, to be Church, which is very large; and seen for many miles. The inhabitants not being incommoded with pews or must be very few; as, for miles togegalleries, but all kneeling in chairs, it ther you bardly meet with a single gave a most striking effect to the house. With this undiversified and whole. The people appeared tolera- dreary scene you pass on to Marquise, bly devout, but the mummery of the a large village of near 300 houses, Priests and service was shocking to a and a Church, at five leagues from Protestant mind: the singing was Calais. While our horses baited, loud to an excess, and abominably B. and I stepped down to the Church, discordant, heightened by a person which is at the bottom of the village, blowing at every interval, in the cen- and is a small structure. We saw the tre of the quire,a double serpent,whose conclusion of mass, and found the horrid groans were any thing but Church an antient building, with a musick. Returned with the party to nave and chancel groined with stone, the Hotel, and dived at six o'clock: and a North transept. Altar-piece dinner and wines good, aod remark- paltry, and other poor paintings ably cheap: spent the evening in in different parts of the structure : walking round the ramparts, and there are two very large boly water slept at the same house where we basons at the entrance. The steeple dined. Arose the next morning, break- stands in the centre, and is octangular, fasted at nine o'clock, and went to with an octagon spire not very lofty. the Maison Ville, and obtained pass. Took some slight refreshment at the porls and permits to leave Calais. inn: wine very good, charge reasonTook a coach for six passengers, at able, and people very civil; though five franks each, and set out with the equally beset with beggars here as at party for Boulogne at twelve o'clock. Calais : they surround your door and Delivered our permits at the Bureau carriage, and are offensively importuwithout the gates, and entered on a nate *. Remounted our carriage, and flat sandy road : at about a mile passed on through a similar country, passed the citadel, which appears though more stony, as the substrabut of little strength, but it is sur- tumn is a solid bed of a kind of rag rounded by a very deep and wide stone, of which the houses are built, ditch, which can be filled with water and ceinented with a lime burnt from at pleasure: the walls and ramparts are the same substance. A quarter of a in a very decayed and dilapidated state. mile from Marquise is erected a very The country for about three miles is a large and highly-ornamented crucifix. dead flat, and apparently very sterile, Ät three miles from Boulogee as a great part is covered with an im- passed through the small village of mense body of fine beach, on which Huit-mille ; it consists of few houses, not an herb or a bush grows. The and a small Church, which will be defew mean cottages sprinkled about, scribed on our return. Ascending bespoke the inhabitants miserably from this village, we had attained a poor.
About the distance before mentioned we began to ascend a long
* The sawing-machine, complained of and high hill, from whence there is a by your Correspondent, vol. LXVII. good prospect over Calais and towards
p. 453, as standing in the middle of the the Netherlands, as far as the eye can road, is removed.
very considerable elevation, and had very large ditto at the East end - all the first sight of Buonaparte's erection very tastefully glazed with plain glas. for his famed Column. About a mile Handsome painting in the centre of a further, obtained a sight of Boulogne, fine altar-piece, superbly decked out filling the sinuses of a large and deep for the ceremony of high mass-siogvalley. The face of the country was ing much better than any we had heard bere considerably improved, and much before; particularly a charming duett, more fertile than any we had yet sung beautifully by two boys unacpassed. Arriving at the Bureau, about companied. Walked round the raina quarter of a mile from the entrance parts, fine prospect of the neighbourof the town, our passports were exą. ing country ;
excellent gardens in mined, and we were permitted to pro
the deep ditch, and for a great disceed. Ascending one more bill, we
tance round: two good rows of trees, entered the barrier of the town, close and a beautiful walk between them, by the North side of the citadel, and
all round the citadel, or upper town. descended a very steep and dangerous At the East end is a very lofty large pavement to Lower Boulogne; alight- antient Chateau, with a draw-bridge, ed at Hotel de l'Europe, Rue de and very deep ditch, apparently very l'Ecu, where the ladies were destined; strong, and which I have no doubt left them, and went to the Hotel de was originally the keep of the citadel, Londres, Monsieur Boutroy, a most
but is now used as a military prison. civil host, and has excellent accom- The weather becoming far worse, modations. We walked over most
with a considerable quantity of snow, parts of the lower town, returned, drove us to our hotel. dined, and spent the evening at our
Before one the weather cleared up hotel. Found our beds excellent ;
and became fine: we then set off and arose early, visited the upper town
walked to Buona parte's Columo, or citadel," and returned to breakfast which is situated on a very high hill, with a friend, Monsieur B. Rue de
one mile to theNorth-east from the end Neuf. At breakfast introduced the of Boulogne. It stands in the midst subject of the Ex-Emperor ; but soon
of an inclosure of about four acres. found it was
so irritating, that I The scaffolding is erected to the inthought it prudent to wave it. From tended height of the column, and is the little observation I was enabled one of the best, and by far the most to make, it appeared to me, that the
immense piece of framing I ever saw. loyalty manifested was in general Its base is not less than fifty feet assumed, and that there was a strong
square; the soles or sleepers, are laid and general bias, though smothered, on cross walls of large blocks of stone, in favour of the late goveroment.
into which all the uprights are strongAt Calais, I believe it to be far other- ly footed — the uprights are whole wise, for there Buonaparte was never
trees of fir, more than eighteen inches generally liked ; and of course never
in diameter, and many of them sixty favoured the town : but his wish an
feet high : the whole appears, not as peared to be to do every thing possi- if intended for a temporary erection ble for Boulogne. The weather be but as if to stand for ages ; as all the ing very inclement, rain and snow, timbers are exceedingly large and of rather circumscribed our walks in the great lengths, well scarfed, and strongmorning; but went to St. Nicholas' ly bolted together with large iron Church, and heard mass performed.
bolts, at all intersections. A stairTbe
congregation was not large, and case is formed in it from the bottom the singing nearly as discordant as to the top, consisting of 337 steps of that at Calais. Left the Church, and seven inches deep and upwards, giving visited the upper towi) — buildings
a height to the whole of more than very good, and fine lofty square tower 200 feet. The column is carried up to the Maison Ville, clock-dials on all at present not more than 60 feet; sides, with five small bells over each.
but the materials are prepared for the Went to the Eglise Paroissiale et
whole; and the workmen are still Royale de St. Joseph, a very lofty
engaged op them, wbo assured us Corinthian structure, of a nave and that the work was to be completed. chancel of equal height, without any The design is a most noble l'uscau division, with two ranges of large column, but of many more diameters circular - headed windows, and one
in height than that Order allowsa
standing on a' pedestal 15 feet square, rather two towns; as it is usually deand as many bigh, ornamented on nominated the Upper and the Lower. each face with beautiful basso-re- It is built on such a site of bill and lievos, representing the principal ac- dale, that many of the streets are so tions of Napoleon. The shaft of the steep that it would be unsafe for a column is twelve feet or upwards in carriage to attempt, going down diameter, having a spiral staircase them. The lower town is principally within-side. It must be exceedingly seated on the side of the harbour, strong and permanent, as it is formed which is a very spacious one, and runs of large solid blocks of marble, one some miles up the country; but the stone forming the wall, steps, and access to it is frequently difficult, and cylinder in the centre, all hewn out of oftentimes dangerous, owing to a the solid block, and admirably well shifting bar of sand and beach, which executed. From the plan which is extends a great distance from the piershewn in the Clerk of Works' Office, heads. In consequence of the amazit is said to be erected in the centre ing extent of the harbour in-land, of the spot, where the grand army, there is such a rush of the water with destined to " cross the ocean," was the flowing tide between the pierencamped. The material of which heads, that it requires a very strong the work is composed is a close dove- wind to render a vessel manageable, coloured white-veined marble, which except to near high water : and to is obtained from a quarry about five attempt to enter or leave it at any miles distant: and the labour of get- other time, without such an auxiting such immense blocks up so high liary, would be very hazardous, as and steep a hill must have been pro- the vessel would be taken whither digious. We were informed that the current set, and probably be every soldier composing the army lost; and, indeed, many have been in paid oe sou a day towards the ex- so attempting it. Viewing the situapence. The shaft of the column is tion of the harbour and its vast explain, but the torus moulding, in the tent, together with the dangerous base is ornamented with laurel leaves, shoals on the coast, I am not surbound with fillets, admirably prized at the failure of the attack of carved. The cap was to be enriched tbe great Nelson on the flotilla; as, with vine leaves and tendrils, and clearly, he could not approach them with spread eagles on the frieze: by miles. On inquiry, I found that from the top of the cap, which is only one house was destroyed, and surrounded with a balustrade, rises a that was by a Congreve rocket, which dome, on which are fixed very large burnt it to the ground. The lower eagles, supporting a very fine statue town is in general very well built, has of the ex-Emperor, habited in a Ro- one fine open street, Rue de l'Ecu, man costume, holding in his right with several good Hotels; the other hand the staff and cap of liberty. No streets, which are at right angles, are doubt, if the column is finished the rather narrow, but all well paved, and basso-relievos will be changed; and kept very clean. On the quay facing instead of the ci-devant Emperor the barbour, are several good houses, gracing its summit, a statue of Louis pleasantly situated, with fine land and XVII. is, with much more propriety, sea prospects. There stands also the to be substiluted; for which purpose Marine Arsenal, which is a very spaa most excellent bust of that Monarch cious regular handsome structure, has been sent from Paris, and is now well built of stone. before the workmen on the spot. Near the centre of the lower town*, The prospect from the summit of the in a pretty good square, stands the scaffolding is beautifully fine and ex- Church of St. Nicholas, a good structensive on every side: the coast of ture, though its walls are disfigured by Kent being very discernible from it.
Returned to dinner, after which visited St. Nicholas's Church, and most
* Your Correspondent, vol. LXVII. parts of the tow; a more particular P: 453, is mistaken in saying that the
Palais and Cathedral Church are situdescriptive of which follows.
ated in the lower town. They are Boulogne-sur-Mer, antiently Portus in the upper, and will be hereafter deMarinorum, is a very large town, or scribed.
a number of paltry dirty buts, built imposing than the more chastely up against them, which I have omitted adorned Church of Calais. in the drawing *. It is a Corin- The upper town of Boulogne is thian building, at least of the cir- but small, not more than one quarter cular architecture, and consists of of a mile in diameter, of a circular a nave, side aisles, North and South form, surrounded by an old and detransepts, with
the tower in the cayed wall, and dry ditch. It evicentre, and a spacious choir, the deutly is not, nor ever was, of any whole groined with stone; the East great strength; and could make but end of the choir is octangular, semi- å feeble resistance to a besieging circular: headed clerestory windows t. army, being so commanded by the Fine Corinthian high altar, good paint- neighbouring heights, that it would ing of the Crucifixion by De Conté ; be obliged to capitulate after a few in the tympanum a figure of the hours' attack. The square is tolerably Father holding a cross on a large good, but of small extent; the streets globe- fine statues of St. Nicholas issue from it at right angles, and are and St. Honoré. Six statues of Saints narrow and consequently very dull; supporting the springings of the except some of the houses next the groinings of the ceiling. On the rampart, on the country side, which South side, the fine altar of St. have good prospects. Simeon, with good statues of the The Palais, or Maison Ville, is on Saint, St. George, St. Honoré, and the West side of the square, and is St. Sycropa. In the South trapsept but a mean irregular building. The is a very large fine black marble site of the Cathedral Church of the sarcophagus for Admiral Brueys, Nel. Virgin Mary, was to the Eastward of son's antagonist; but without any in the square, in a very inclosed situascription. Before it is suspended from tion. From its ruids, which are no the ceiling, a model of a man-of-war where remaining above ten or twelve dressed up with the flags of all na- feet high, it appears to have been a tions. Several other ships are sus- very large and magnificent structure pended in the same manner in dif- of the Corinthian order. It was deferent parts of the Church, which stroyed under the reign of Robespierre, make a puerile paltry appearance. and is now only a receptacle for filth On the South side is the small but and rubbish. handsome altar of St. Eroulph. Having viewed every thing worthy North of the choir is the Chapel or of notice in the towns, we prepared Altar of the Virgin Mary, very fine; for our departure the vext morning : and at the sides are the statues of St. having found during our stay our Peter and St. Paul. The French call Host, Monsieur Boutroy, and his the sites of all their altars chapels, smart amiable daughter, increasiogly whether they be in separate buildings civil and obliging. The next mornor in the open ailes of their Churches. ing, having engaged a cabriolet for Tbere are also good statues of St. twelve francs, for Calais, we took Fezack and Ste. Julienne; good our leave of Boulogne at half-past pictures of the Assumption and of eight o'clock. John the Baptist ; and several indif
(To be continued.) ferent ones of shipwreck, battle-pieces, &c. A good painting of the Adoration of the Wise Men. The altar of
Aug. 3. SI. Eddroit, small but handsome; VOUR Correspondent, An Inquirer, subject Crucifixion. The many paltry paintings, with the tawdry ships be- p. 40, requested information of Mr. fore mentioned, render the general Betton's Charity for the redemption view of the inside of the Church less of British Slaves from Algiers, the
following brief account may not be * Our worthy old friend and Corre- unacceptable to himself and to your spondent will excuse our omitting his
numerous charitable Readers. Drawings.
On the 15th of February 1723-4, + The pillars are light, and all the Mr. Thos. Betton, of Hoxton-square, arches circular, except the one between by will gave the residue of his prothe nave and choir, which is pointed. perty to the Company, in trust, to
pay balf the interest of the whole, years. Conferences were renewed yearly, for ever, to the redemption by Lord Castlereagh with Russia, of British Slaves in Turkey or Bar. Austria, and Prussia, and with Talbary; one fourth to Charity Schools leyrand' on the part of France; and in the City and Suburbs, where the the former having all concurred in education is according to the Church the necessity of the proposed meaof England, in which number that in' sure, Talleycand signified by a letter the Parish of Shoreditch, where he on July 30, 1815, that this “ Trade resided, to be always included, and was for ever abolished through the pot giving any one above 201. per dominions of France. The letter annum; and out of the remaining states, that “the King had issued dione fourth to pay 101. per annum to rections that, on the part of France, the Chaplain of the Alms houses, and the traffick in Slaves should cease from the rest to necessitated decayed free. the present time every where and for men of the Company, their widows ever.” This arrangement was formed and children, not exceeding 101. a into an article of the grand Treaty year to any family, reserving sufficient between the Allies at Paris on Nov. to keep his towb in the burial-ground 20, 1815; and was also made part of at the Alms-houses in repair.
the ratification. In the year 1734, about 135 captive Thus the Slave Trade was aban. Britons, nine of whom were Com. doned by the five grand Powers of Eumanders of vessels, arrived in England rope; and Spain and Portugal are the from the States of Barbary, and were only Naiions whose subjects are perpresented to the King and the Lords mitted to practise it. Commissioners of the Admiralty; During ihe intervals of
with The King gave them 1001. and several France, many of the Directors of the of the nobility and gentry five and African Society visited that country, ten guineas each, to which Sir Chas. and disseminated books and informaWager added 501. They afterwards tion tending effectually to eradicate dined together at the Company's Hall. all remaining prejudices against this
The Company, through correspond- trade: and some of the captures preence with the British Consuls at viously made by English cruizers, of Algiers and its Dependencies, have Slave-ships bound from Havre, Nantes, been continually instrumentalin effect- and Bourdeaux, have been restored, ing the liberty of many slaves, about under the exemption, by the former 30 of whom have been emancipated Orders of Council, of vessels sailing within the last six years, and some of under the wbite flag, and bound to them have presented themselves at ports where that flag was erected. the Company's great meetings. The In one of these vessels, the Hermione, amount of this Trust is very consi- the cargo consisted of 210 slaves, derable. SeeMalcolm's London, I. 42. having only four feet six inches alHighmore's Pietas Londinensis, 525. lowed in some places for each man
There is no doubt of the liberal every night, and no air but through manner in which the worshipful Com- the gratings. pany administer this Trust; and it is The English Government paid believed that, op proper applications, £.300,000 to Portugal, to cover losses full explanations have never been sustained by our captures of her withbeld.
Slave-ships, arising from the dubious language of the Treaty of Amity.
Spain has not yet relinquished her THE SLAVE TRADE-since the Treaty trade; and it is now questioned whe. for its general Abolition.—No. II.
ther it is not lawful to restrain ber at A
mediately upon his re-ascension deg. of North lat. a portion of the to the throne of France, passed a de- coast where no other Power can cree in March 1815, instantly abolish- carry it on. ing the Slave Trade in that Kingdom, The registry of Slaves has been yet it remained for Louis XVIII., adopted in the Isles of France and of upon the fall of the Imperial Usurpa. Trinidad. tion, to confirm that decree, or to re- The Slave Trade prevails in the vert to the terms of the Treaty of Gambia very near Goree, Cuba, and 1814, which'had continued it for five the coast of Africa.