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d chai, 8: ii.
39: iii. 15 : V. 32.
Heb. i.5: v.
ch. ii. 31.
came up with him < from Galilee to Jerusalem, dp who are ch. i. !!!
P read, who are now.
31.] The now gives peculiar force refers the prophecy in its full completion to the sentence. Who are at this moment to the Resurrection of our Lord : similarly witnesses,-living witnesses; i. e. 'I am in Rom. i. 4, “declared to be the Son of not telling you a matter of the past merely, God with power .... by the resurrection but one made present to the people of the from the dead.” 34. now no more to Jews by living and eye-witnessing testi- return ...] Compare Rom. vi. 9, “ Christ mony.'' 32. we declare unto you] being raised from the dead, dieth no more : He and Barnabas were not of the number death hath no more dominion over him.” of those who came up with Him from It is interesting to trace the same shades Galilee unto Jerusalem, ver. 31, nor was of thought in the speeches and cpistles of their mission to the Jewish people. “They Paul; and abundant opportunity of doing are at this moment witnessing to the so will occur as we proceed.- But here the people, we, preaching to you.' The we is returning to corruption does not merely emphatic. Stier observes how entirely imply death, so that Jesus should have Paul sinks himself, his history and come once undergone it, and no more hereafter, mission from Christ, in the great Object as the A. V. seems to imply: but we must of his preaching. 33. in that he hath supply to die, and in consequence to' raised up Jesus] The term raised up is before the words, understanding them as ambiguous : but here the meaning, from the the result of death, if it had dominion dead, is absolutely required by the con orer Him : thus the clause answers even text; both because the word is repeated more remarkably to Rom. vi. 9. the with that addition (ver. 31), and because holy things is the LXX rendering of the the Apostle's emphasis throughout the Hebrew word, Isa. Iv. 3, which in 2 Chron. passage is on the Resurrection (ver. 30) as vi. 42, they have translated “ the mercies.” the final fulfilment of God's promises The word "holy' should have been preregarding Jesus. The other meaning, served in the A. V., as answering to “ thine • having raised up, as in ch. vii. 37, is Holy One" below; the mercies of David, however maintained by several Commen holy and sure: or my holy promises which tators. Meyer well remarks, that this I made sure unto David. 35.] Wheremeaning would hardly in our passage have fore also, --correspondent to which purpose, been thought of or defended, had it not of His Christ not seeing corruption. been that the subjoined citation from Ps. he saith) viz. God, not David: the subject ii. has been thought necessarily to apply is continued from vy. 32 and 34, and fixed to our Lord's mission upon earth.
by “he said” and “I will give” just preThe reading of some of our ancient autho- ceding,—thou shalt not suffer(literally give) rities here, in the first psalm, is to be and thine Holy One accurately correspond accounted for by the fact that anciently to “ I will give” and “holy things” before. our second Psalm was the first, our first See on ch. ii. 27. 36.] The psalın, being reckoned as prefatory. St. Paul though spoken by David, cannot have its ful
ch. ii. 29.
k Jer. xxxi. 34.
Dan. ix. 24.
47. 1 John ii. 12.
j 1 Kings it. 10. own generation by the will of God, ' fell on sleep, and was
laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption : 37 but he, whom
God raised again, saw no corruption. 38 Be it known k Jer. xxxi. 84. unto you therefore, (a men and] brethren, that k through Luke Ixin this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:
1.11. 39 and ly by him ? all that believe are justified from all Villes. Heb. things from which ye could not be justified y by the law of
Moses. 40 Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, m Isa. !Iix. 14. which is spoken of in the prophets; 41 Behold, ye despisers,
and wonder, and perish : a for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you. 42 And b when the Jews were gone out
Rom. iii. 28: viii. 3. Heb. vii. 19.
u omit : see on ch. i. 16. X better here, announced. y render, in.
z render, every one that believeth is. a render, because. b read and render, as they were going out, they besought.
filment in David. his own generation David ministered only to the generation in which he lived: but through this Man, re. mission of sins is preached to you and to all who believe on Him. after he had served his own generation by the will (i.e. according to the appointment) of God] His whole course was marked out and fixed by God-he fulfilled it, and fell asleep. (See, on the whole, 2 Sam. vii, 12; 1 Kings ii. 10.) was laid unto his fathers] An expression arising from the practice of burying families together : the expression occurs very frequently in the Old Test. 38.] Paul speaks here of justification only in its lowest sense, as negative, and synonymous with remission of sins; he does not unfold here that higher sense of justifying, the accounting righteous, which those who have from God are just by faith. It is the first office of the Spirit by which he spoke, to convict concerning sin, before He convicts concerning righteousness : therefore he dwells on the remission of sins, merely just giving a glimpse of the great doctrine of justifi. cation, of which he had such wonderful things to write and to say. 39.] And from all things (sin), from which yē could not in (under) the law of Moses be justified in Him (as in the expression, in Christ, in the Lord, frequently), every believer is (habitual present tense) justified .... but not implying that in the law of Moses there might be justification from some sins;--under the law there is no jus. tification (Gal. ii. 11) :--but it means Christ shall do for you all that the law
could not do: leaving it for inference, or for further teaching, that this was abso. lutely ALL: that the law could do nothing. The same thought is expanded Roin. viii. 3. This interpretation will be the more clearly established, when we remember that to justify from sin was not in any sense, and could not be, the office of the law, by which came the knowledge of sin, The expression “to justify from” is only once used again by St. Paul (Rom. vi. 7, marginal rendering: the A.V. has “freed from sin,” but wrongly), and that where he is arguing against the continuing in sin.
every one that believeth is not to be joined with in him, which (see above) is con. trasted with in the law of Moses. It is quite in St. Paul's manner to use erery one that believeth thus absolutely: see Rom. i. 16; iii. 22; x. 4 (Gal. ij. 22). 40.7 The object of preaching the Gospel to the Jews first was for a testimony to them : its reception was almost uniforinly unfavourable: and against such anticipated rejection he now warns them. 41. ye despisers] So the LXX render the Hebrew word, signifying among the heathen, so in A. V., for which they seem to have read some other word resembling it. The prophecy was spoken of the judga ment to be inflicted by means of the Chaldæans : but neither this nor any other prophecy is confined in its application to the occasion of which it was once spoken, but gathers up under it all analogous procedures of God's providence : such repeated fulfilments increasing in weight, and approaching nearer and nearer to that last
nch. xi. 23:
xiv, 22. o Tit. il. 11. Heb. xii. 15. 1 Pet. v. 12.
of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words. might be preached to them the next sabbath. 43 Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the nelv.); 28: grace of God. 44 And the next sabbath day came almost lleb. xii. 15. the whole city together to hear the word of God. 45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and P spake against those things which were spoken pehme: by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. 46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that. that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: 1.76.". Ko but ' seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves "Exodurii. unworthy of everlasting life, lo, swe turn to the Gentiles. I.1.5; 47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, 'I have home.18 set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest :28 be for salvation unto the ends of the earth. 48 And when ii. 32. * the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord : u and as many as were d ordained to u ch. ii. 47.
p ch. xviii. 6.
1 Pet. iv. 4. Jude 10.
9 Matt. x. 6.
ver. 20. Rom.
r Exod. xxxii.
10. Deut. xxxii. 21. Isa. lv. 5. Matt. xxi. 43.
Rom. X. 19. sch, xviii. 6:
xxviii. 28. 181. xlii. 6 : xlix.o. Luke
C render, spoken.
d render, disposed : see note. and great fulfilment of all the promises of unworthy of eternal life: the Gentiles, as grace and all the threats of wrath, by which many as were disposed to eternal life, beevery prophetic word shall be exhausted. lieved. By whom so disposed, is not here
42.7 The insertions in the text fol. declared : nor need the word be in this lowed by the A. V. have been made partly place further particularized. We know, perhaps to remove the ambiguity in the that it is God who worketh in us the will - they” and “them," and to shew who to believe, and that the preparation of the they were that besought, &c. But they heart is of Him: but to find in ihis text confuse the sense. As they (the con pre-ordination to life asserteil, is to force gregation) were going out, they (the same) both the word and the context to a meanbesought. 43.) See a similar expres- ing which they do not contain. The word sion ch. xi. 23. There too, we have the in the original is the same as in 1 Cor. grace of God similarly used of the work of xvi. 15, where it is said that the house of the Gospel begun in the hearts of the Stephanas “have addicted themselves to converts. 44. came ... together] the ministry of the saints,” and in Rom. • In the synagogue;' it was the sight of xvii. 1, where it is said that “the powers the Gentile crowds in their house of prayer that be are ordained of God:” in both of which stirred up the jealousy of the Jews. which places the agents are expressed,
45. contradicting and blaspheming whereas here the word is used absolutely, These words form a graphic repetition, without an agent expressed. Calvin, &c., passing from the particular thing which find here predestination in the strongest they did, viz. contradict the words spoken sense : "This ordaining can be referred by Paul, to the spirit in which they did it, only to the eternal decree of God ... It is viz. a contradictious and blaspheming one. a ridiculous cavil to refer it to the mind
46. should first have been spoken of those who believed, as if they received to you] See ch. iii. 26; Rom. i. 16.
the Gospel who were properly disposed in 47.7 They refer the word thee in the pro- their minds." So the Vulgate translates phecy not to themselves as teachers, but to the word “pre-ordained ;' and Augustine, Christ. 48. as many as were dis. “destined." There are several other renposed to eternal life] The meaning of this derings, which see in my Greek Test. Dr. word disposed must be determined by the Wordsworth well observes, that it would be coutext. The Jews had judged themselves interesting to enquire what intiuence such
y Matt. x. 14.
Mark vi. 11.
ch. xvii.6. z Matt. v. 12.
John xvi. 22. ch. ii. 46.
eternal life believed. 49 And the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region. 50 But the Jews
stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the x 2 Tim. ili. 11. chief men of the city, and raised persecution against
Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts. y Matt: 5:11. 51 y But they shook off the dust of their feet against them,
and came unto Iconium. 52 And the disciples were filled with joy, and with the Holy Ghost.
XIV. 1 And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, that a great multitude both of the Jews and also of the Greeks believed. 2 But e the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and made their minds evil affected against
the brethren. 3 Long time therefore abode they speaking a Mark, xvi. 20. boldly in the Lord, a which gave testimony unto the word
of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by
their hands. 4 But the multitude of the city was divided : e render, the Jews which believed not stirred up and embittered the minds of the Gentiles.
a Mark xvi.
Heb. ii. 4.
renderings as this of "pre-ordained” in the lying in a fertile plain at the foot of, and Vulgate version had on the minds of men almost surrounded by, Mount Tanrus. At like St. Augustine and his followers in the this time, it was the capital of Lycaonia, Western Church, in treating the great and had around it a distinct territory, questions of free will, election, reprobation, ruled by a tetrarch, and probably on that and final perseverance; and on some writers account is not reckoned to any of the abovein the reformed churches who, though re- mentioned districts. It became famous in jecting the authority of that version, were the middle ages as the capital of the Seljuyet swayed by it away from the sense of kian Sultans, and had a great part in the the original, here and in ch. ii. 47. The growth of the Ottoman empire. It is now tendency of the Eastern Fathers, who read Konía, a town of 30,000 inhabitants. the original Greek, was, he remarks, in a
52.] See, for similar “joyful pare different direction from that of the Western orations," as Dr. Wordsworth well desig. School. 50. devout ... women] Wo- nates them, Luke xxiv. 52; ch. v. 41; xii. men had a strong religious influence both 24. for and against Christianity : see for the CHAP. XIV. 1. Greeks 7 Probably these former ch. xvi. 14; xvii. 4; Phil. iv. 3; were of the number of the devout per. 1 Cor. vii. 16: for the latter, we have sons, or worshippers of God, mentioned Josephus's statement, that the majority of ch. xii. 43, 50; xvi. 14; xvii. 4, 17; xviii. the wives of the Damascenes were prose- 7, i.e. those of the uncircumcised who lytes : which may be compared with ch. were more or less attached to the Jewish ix. 22–25. These were proselytes of the religion. 2.] which believed not, siz. gate, or at least inclined to Judaism. when Paul preached. Ver. 3 gives expelled them] Though the chief men of the sequel of ver. 1,-ver. 4, of ver. 2. the city, at the instigation, probably, of
3. speaking boldly in the Lord their wives, were concerned, this seems to i. e. 'speaking with boldness, which bold. have been no legal expulsion: for we find ness was grounded on confidence in the them revisiting Antioch on their return, Lord. By the Lord here is meant God: ch. xiv. 21 ;- but only a compulsory retire. see ch. iv. 29, 30, and ch. xx. 32, where ment for peace, and their own safety's sake. we have joined together “ God, and the
51.] As commanded by our Lord, word of His grace.” and granted] Matt. x. 14, where see note. Iconium] or, by granting, &c. 4.] This was A populous city, east of Antioch in Pisidia, the way in which God bore His testimony.
f Matt. viii. 10:
ix. 28, 29.
h ch, viii. 10:
and part held with the Jews, and part with the bapostles. b ch. xili. 8. 5 And when there was fan assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use c 2 Tim. il. 11. them despitefully, and to stone them, 6 they were ware of it, and a fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, a Matt. x. 23. and unto the region that lieth round about: 7 and there they preached the gospel.
8 e And there sat a certain man at Lystra, impotent in o ch. iii. 2. his feet, being a cripple from his mother's womb, who never had walked : 9 the same 8 heard Paul speak: who stedfastly beholding him, and f perceiving that he had "Matt. 10 faith to be healed, 10 said with a loud voice, & Stand & Isa. xxxv. 6. upright on thy feet. And he leaped and walked. 11 And when the people saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices, saying in the speech of Lycaonia, " The gods h cho nilik:10: are come down to us in the likeness of men. 12 And they called Barnabas, h Jupiter; and Paul, i Mercurius, because
f render, a stir, or movement: see note.
i literally, Hermes (the Greek name of Mercury). Such a split into two factions was a com- district: we hear of no synagogue. mon occurrence, on far less important oe- Lycaonia] Strabo describes Lycaonia as casions, in these cities of Oriental Greeks. a hilly plain among the mountain-spurs . 5.) Dr. Howson remarks, that there of Taurus, very ill watered, cold and bare, was no “assault” made on them, as the but exceedingly adapted for sheep-pasture A.V. has it; for if there had been, they could and the growth of wool. 9.] T'he imnot but have been ware of it : but a stir, perfect tense bere in the original is iinor movement, was going on which would portant. He was listening to Paul's have led to an assault, had they not been preaching, and, while listening, his counware of it. 6. Lystra] This, as well tenance, read by the Apostle's gift of spias Derbe (of both which very little further ritual discernment, gave token of faith to is known), was probably a small town at be healed. stedfastly beholding him] the foot of the singular mountain-mass See note on ch. xii. 9. 10. with a known as the Kara-dagh, or black moun- loud voice] The original implies that he tain, Lystra being S., and Derbe S.E. from suddenly raised his voice above the tone in Iconium. The sites are very uncertain. which he was before speaking. 11. in the There are the ruins of about forty Chris. speech (dialect) of Lycaonia] The nature tian churches on the north side of the Kara- of this dialect is uncertain. The notice is dagh, at a place called by the Turks Bin- inserted to shew that the Apostles had no bir-Kilisseh (the 1001 churches), which knowledge of the inference drawn by the the most recent travellers believe may be crowd, till they saw the bulls being brought Lystra. In one of these places (probably to their doors, ver. 13. So Chrysostom: at Lystra, see note, ch. xvi. 1) Paul found “This was not yet known to the Apostles : and took up Timothy on his second jour. for the men spake in their own tongue, ney; and from the expression “my beloved and thus conveyed no meaning to them.” child” in 1 Cor. iv. 17, compared with the See, on the real nature of the gift of use of “father” in the same chapter, as tongues, and the bearing of notices of this defined ver. 15, we are justified in con- kind on its consideration, the note on ch. cluding that he had been converted by the ii. 4.- These appearances of the gods are Apostle ; and, if so, during this visit.-- frequent subjects of heathen poetry and There appear to have been few Jews in the mythology. It was in the neighbouring