Luke i. 65: vii. 16. ch. ii. 43: v. 5, 11.

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of that house naked and wounded. 17 And this was known
to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and
' fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus .u
was magnified. 18 And many that believed came, and
s confessed, and shewed their deeds. 19 Many of them s Matt. ii. 6.
also which used curious arts brought their books together,
and burned them before all men : and they counted the
price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver.
20 + So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed. 24."

21 u After these things were ended, * Paul purposed in Rom.sy. 95.
the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and
Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been
there, y I must also see Rome. 22 So he sent into Mace- ych. xviii. 21:
donia two of a them that ministered unto him, Timotheus Rom. xv.
and a Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season. a (kee korn.
23 And the same time there arose no small stir about Tim. iy. 20.
i that way. 24 For a certain man named Demetrius, a

tch. vi. 7, 12,

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u Rom. xv. 95. x ch. xx.?..

xxiii. 1.

xvi. 23.)

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b 2 Cor. i. 8.

i render, the : see ch. ix. 2.

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occasion : and St. Luke has retained the the legitimate centre of his apostolic word as it stood in the record furnished to working. Or perhaps he speaks under him. Whether any similar occurrence some divine intimation that ultimately he happened to the rest, we are not informed : should be brought to Rome. If so, his this one is selected as most notorious. words were literally fulfilled. He did see 18.] The natural effect of such an occur. Rome, when he had been at Jerusalem this rence was to induce a horror of magical next time : but after considerable delay, arts, &c., which some were still continuing and as a prisoner. Compare the same to countenanceor practise secretly, together design as expressed by him, Rom. i. 15 : with a profession of Christianity. Such XV. 23–28; and Paley's remarks in the persons now came forward and confessed Horæ Paulinæ. 22.] He intended their error. The deeds mentioned in this himself to follow, after Pentecost, 1 Cor. verse were probably the association with xvi. 8. This mission of Timothy is alluded such practices: the next verse treats of to 1 Cor. iv. 17 (see also 1 Cor. i. 1); xvi. the magicians themselves. 19. their 10. The object of it was to bring these books) These books consisted of magical churches in Macedonia and Achaia into reformula, or receipt-books, or written amu. membrance of the ways and teaching of lets. These last were celebrated by the Paul. It occurred shortly before the writing name of Ephesian scrolls. They were of 1 Cor. He was (1 Cor. xvi. 11) soon copies of the mystic words engraved on to return :--but considerable uncertainty the image of the Ephesian Artemis (Diana). hangs over this journey. We find him

fifty thousand pieces of silver again with Paul in Macedonia, 2 Cor. i. 1: 50,000 drachmæ, i. e. denarii: for the but apparently he had not reached Codrachma of the Augustan and following rinth. See 1 Cor. xvi., as above: and ages was the Roman denarius-about 8 d. 2 Cor. xii. 18, where he would probably of our money : which makes the entire have been mentioned, had he done so.-On value about £1770. 21. these things] the difficult question respecting a journey The occurrences of vv. 19, 20. in of Paul himself to Corinth during this the spirit] An expression mostly used by period, see notes, 2 Cor. xii. 14; xiii. 1,St. Paul, see Rom. i. 9; viii. 16; xii. 11: and Introduction to 1 Cor. 5 5. Erastus] 1 Cor. ii. 4; v. 3, 4; xiv. 14, and other This Erastus can hardly be identical with places. I must also see Rome As he the Erastus of Rom. xvi. 23, who must was sent to the Gentiles, he saw that the have been resident at Corinth : see there : great metropolis of the Gentile world was and therefore hardly either with the Erastus

silversmith, which made silver shrines for k Diana, brought no small 1gain unto the craftsmen; 25 whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this I craft we have our wealth. 26 Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands : 27 so that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess k Diana should be despised, and m her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth. 28 And when they heard [n these sayings) they were full of wrath, and cried

out, saying, Great is k Diana of the Ephesians. 29 And

23. the [o whole] city was filled with confusion : and having e ch.91.1, caught d Gaius and e Aristarchus, men of Macedonia,

Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord

c Ps. civ. 4.

Isa. xliv.
10--20. Jer
I. 3.

d Rom. xvi. 23

1 Cor. i. 14.

xxvii. 2. Col
iv. 10.
Philem. 24.

k The Greek is Artěmis. Diana is the Roman name.
1 render both times, employment.
m read, she should be deposed from her greatness.
n not expressed in the original.

o omit.

of 2 Tim. iv. 20: see note there. 24. was restored with increased magnificence, silver shrines These were small models of and accounted one of the wonders of the the celebrated temple of the Ephesian ancient world. Its dimensions were 425 Artemis (Diana), with her statue, which it by 220 feet, and it was surrounded by 127 was the custom to carry on journeys, and columns, 60 feet high. It was standing in place in houses, as a charm. We may find all its grandeur at this time. See Conybeare an exact parallel in the usages of that and Howson, ch. xvi. vol. ii. pp. 84 ff. corrupt form of Christianity, which, what. 29. having caught] It is not implied that ever it may pretend to teach, in practice they seized Gaius and Aristarchus before honours similarly the “great goddess” of they rushed into the theatre : but rather its imagination. 25. of like occu- that the two acts were simultaneous. pation i. e. manufacturers of all sorts of Gaius] A different person from the Gaias memorials or amulets connected with the of ch. xx. 4, who was of Derbe, and from worship of Artemis (Diana).- Mr. Howson the Gaius of Rom. xvi. 23, and 1 Cor. i. 15, (ii. p. 98) suggests that possibly Alexander who was evidently a Corinthian. Aris. the coppersmith may have been one of tarchus is mentioned ch. XX. 4; xxvii. 2; these craftsmen : see 2 Tim. iv. 14.

Col. iv. 10; Philem. 24. He was a native 26.] The people believed that the images of Thessalonica. into the theatre themselves were gods : see ch. xvii. 29, and The resort of the populace on occasions of the citation from Plutarch in my Greek excitement. “Of the site of the theatre, Test.–And so it is invariably, wherever the scene of the tumult raised by Demeimages are employed professedly as media trius, there can be no doubt, its ruins of worship. 27.] but that eventually being a wreck of immense grandeur. I even the temple itself of the great goddess think it must have been larger than the Artemis will be counted for nothing. one at Miletus; and that exceeds any I “ Great” was the usual epithet of the have elsewhere seen. .. .. Its form alone Ephesian Artemis.— The temple of Artemis can now be spoken of, for every seat is at Ephesus, having been burnt to the removed, and the proscenium is a heap of ground by Herostratus on the night of the ruins.' Fellows, Asia Minor, p. 274. "The birth of Alexander the Great (B.C. 355), theatre of Ephesus is said to be the largest

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into the theatre. 30 And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not. 31 And certain of the 4 chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre. 32 Some therefore cried one thing, and some another : for the assembly was confused; and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together. 33 And r they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And 'Alexander (see 1 Tim. i. 8 beckoned with the hand, and would have made his im. 2.17. defence unto the people. 34 But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is k Diana of the Ephesians. 35 And when the townclerk had appeased the s people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is á t worshipper of the great goddess k Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter ? 36 Seeing then that these things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly. 37 For ye have brought hither these men, which

a see note.
r render, some of the multitude drew forth Alexander.
8 render, multitude.

t literally, a temple-keeper : see note. known of any that have remained to us victim to the fury of the mob : or perhaps from antiquity. Conybeare and Howson, one of themselves, put forward to clear ii. p. 83, note 3. 31. certain of the them of blame on the occasion. 34. chief of Asia] Literally, of the Asiarchs. when they knew that he was a Jew] They These Asiarchs were officers elected by the would hear nothing from a Jew, as being cities of the province of Asia to preside an enemy of image-worship. 35.] The over their games and religious festivals. townclerk is the nearest English office Of these it would be natural that the one corresponding to that here mentioned in who for the time presided would bear the the original. He was the keeper of the title of the Asiarch :” but no more is archives, and public reader of decrees, &c., known of such presidency. The Asiarch in the assemblies. The word here Philip at Smyrna is mentioned by Eusebius rendered worshipper probably means a as presiding in the amphitheatre at the virger, or adorner of the temple : here used martyrdom of Polycarp. These Ephesian as implying that Ephesus had the charge games in honour of Artemis took place in and keeping of the temple. The title is May, which whole month (another sin- found on inscriptions as belonging to gular coincidence with the practices of Ephesus; and seems to have been specially idolatrous Christendom) was sacred to, and granted by the emperors to particular named Artemisian after, the goddess. cities. of the image which fell down 33. drew forth] i. e. urged forward, from Jupiter] To give peculiar sanctity to through the crowd; the Jews pushing him various images, it was given out that they on from behind.—Alexander does not seem had fallen from heaven. See examples in to be mentioned elsewhere (but see on my Greek Test. This artifice also has been 2 Tim. iv. 14). He appears to have been imitated by the paganized Christianity of a Christian convert from Judaism, whom the wretched Church of Rome. 37.7 the Jews were willing to expose as a From this verse it appears that Paul had

1 Tim. i. 3.

xxiii. 12: XXV. 3. ? Cor. xi. 26.

are neither robbers of x churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess. 38 Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, y the law is open, and there are deputies : let them implead one another. 39 But if ye enquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in za lawful assembly. 40 For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse. 41 And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.

XX. 1 And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called a1 Cor. xvi.b. unto him the disciples, & and embraced them, and a departed

for to go into Macedonia. ? And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he

came into Greece, 3 and there abode three months. And b ch. ir. 23: when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was about to sail cor: Bi. Že. into Syria, he purposed to return through Macedonia.

4 And there accompanied him into Asia b Sopater of Berca; x better, temples.

render, court-days are held. z render, the. a read, and exhorted them, and bade them farewell.

b read, Sopater [the son) of Pyrrhus, a Berean. proceeded at Ephesus with the same able to give an account, i.e.'po ground caution as at Athens, and had not held up whereon to build the possibility of our to contempt the worship of Artemis, any giving an account. further than unavoidably the truths which Chap. XX. 1-XXI. 16.) JOURNEY OP he preached would render it contemptible. PAUL TO MACEDONIA AND GREECE, AND This is also manifest from his having THENCE TO JERUSALEM. 2.] Notices friends among the Asiarchs, ver. 31. Chry. of this journey may be found 2 Cor. i. 12. sostom, however, treats this assertion of 13; viii. 5, 6. He delayed on the way the town-clerk merely as a device to ap- some time at Troas, waiting for Tituspease the people: “this,” he says, “was a - broke off his preaching there, though lie, and was said only for the populace." prosperous, in distress of mind at his non

38. court-days are held] The sen- arrival, 2 Cor. ii. 12, 13,-and sailed for tence implies that they were then actually Macedonia, where Titus met him, 2 Cor. going on. They were the periodical assizes vii. 6. That Epistle was written during it, of the district, held by the proconsul and from Macedonia (see 2 Cor. ix. 2, I am his assessors (see below). deputies] boasting '). He seems to have gone to the i. e.,-see on ch. xiii. 7,-proconsuls: the confines at least of Illyria, Rom. xv. 19. fit officers before whom to bring these

them] The Macedonian brethren. causes. So the Commentators generally.

Greece) Achaia : see ch. xix. 21. But perhaps the assessors of the proconsul 3. there abode] This stay was may have themselves popularly borne the made at Corinth, most probably : see name. let them implead one another] 1 Cor. xvi. 6, 7: and was during the i.e. let them (the plaintiffs and defendants) winter; see below on ver. 6. During it plead against one another. 39.] Thé the Epistle to the Romans was written : definite article points out the regularly see Introduction to Rom. § 4. as he recurring assembly, of which they all knew. was about to sail] This purpose, of going

40.] He here assumes that this from Corinth to Palestine by sea, is implied assembly was an unlawful one. The ch. xix. 21, and 1 Cor. xvi. 3–7. meaning is, There being no ground why 4. into (as far as) Asia] It is not hereby (i. e. in consequence of which) we shall be implied that they went no further than to

& the Thessaloniansj imotheus ; andre tarried for us the

ch. xix. 29: xxvii. 2. Col. iv. 10.

and of the Thessalonians, o Aristarchus and Secundus; and echipe. a Gaius of Derbe, and e Timotheus; and of Asia, 'Tychicus a c. 101. 20. and & Trophimus. 5 These going before tarried for us atten.. 21. Troas. 6 And o we sailed away from Philippi, after h the iToimi. 17.2. days of unleavened bread, and came unto them i to Tim, iv 20. Troas in five days; where we abode seven days. 7 And ich :1.. upon k the first day of the week, when d the disciples came i tim. iv, 13.

ech, xvi. l.
f Eph. vi. 21.
- Col. iv. 7.

2 Tim. iv. 12.

Tit. iii. 12. g ch. xxi. 29.

h Exod. xii. 14.

15: xxiii. 16.

2 Cor. ii. 12.

k 1 Cor. xvi. 2.

Rev. i. 10.

C render, we ourselves.
d read, with all our ancient authorities, we.

Asia : Trophimus (ch. xxi. 29) and Aristar. ch. xvi. 10 (where see note), that the
chus (ch. xxvii. 2), and probably others, as anonymous narrator was in very intimate
the bearers of the alms from Macedonia connexion with Paul; and on this occasion
and Corinth (1 Cor. xvi. 3, 4), accompanied we find him remaining with him when the
him to Jerusalem. Sopater (the son] rest went forward. going before
of Pyrrhus, a Berean] This mention of his &c. . .] For what reason, is not said: but
father is perhaps made to distinguish him we may well conceive, that if they bore the
(?) from Sosipater, who was with Paul at contributions of the churches, a better op-
Corinth (Rom. xvi. 21). The name Pyrrhus portunity, or safer ship, may have deter-
has in our copies been erased as that of an mined Paul to send them on, he himself
unknown person, and because the mention having work to do at Philippi; or perhaps,
of the father is unusual in the N. T.:-no again, as Meyer suggests, Paul may have
possible reason can be given for its inser. remained behind to keep the days of un-
tion by copyists. Aristarchus] See leavened bread. But then why should not
ch. xix. 29; xxvii. 2; Col. iv. 10; Philem. they have remained too? The same motive
24.- Secundus is altogether unknown.- may not have operated with them : but in
The Gaius here is not the Gaius of ch. xix. that case no reason can be given why they
29, who was a Macedonian. The epithet should have been sent on except as above.
of Derbe is inserted for distinction's sake. It is not impossible that both may have
Timotheus was from Lystra, which pro- been combined :- before the end of the days
bably gives occasion to his being mentioned of unleavened bread, a favourable oppor-
here in close company with Gaius of Derbe. tunity occurs of sailing to Troas, of which
The name Caius (Gaius) was far too com- they, with their charge, avail themselves :
mon to create any difficulty in there Paul and Luke waiting till the end of
being two, or three (see note, ch. xix. 29) the feast, and taking the risk of a less
companions of Paul so called. of Asia, desirable conveyance. That the feast had
Tychicus and Trophimus] Tychicus is something to do with it, the mention of
mentioned Eph. vi. 21, as sent (to Ephesus after the days of unleavened bread seems
from Rome) with that Epistle. He bore to imply : such notices being not inserted
also that to the Colossians, Col. iv. 7, at ordinarily by Luke for the sake of
the same time. See also 2 Tim. iv. 12; dates. The assumption made by some
Tit. iii. 12.— Trophimus, an Ephesian, was that the rest of the company sailed at once
in Jerusalem with Paul, ch. xxi. 29 : and for Troas from Corinth, while Paul and
had been, shortly before 2 Tim. was written, Luke went by land to Philippi, is incon.
left sick at Miletus. (See Introduction to sistent with the words used in the opening
2 Tim. § 1. 5.) 5. These] The per- of ver. 4.–From the notice here, we learn
sons mentioned in ver. 4: not only Tychi. that Paul's stay in Europe on this occasion
cus and Trophimus. The mention of was about three-quarters of a year : viz.
Timotheus in this list, distinguished from from shortly after Pentecost, when he left
those included under the word us, has Ephesus (see on ch. xix. 10), to the next
created an insuperable difficulty to those Easter. 6. in five days) The wind
who suppose Timotheus himself to be the must have been adverse : for the voyage
narrator of what follows : which certainly from Troas to Philippi (Neapolis) in ch.
cannot be got over (as De Wette) by sup. xvi. 11, seems to have been made in two
posing that Timotheus might have inserted days. It appears that they arrived on a
himself in the list, and then tacitly ex- Monday.- Compare notes, 2 Cor. ï. 12 ff.
cepted himself by the us afterwards. The

7. upon the first day of the week] • truth is apparent here, as well as before, we have here an intimation of the con

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