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Tue First Volume of the COMPANION TO THE NEWSPAPER has been closed earlier than was originally arranged. The Annual Retrospect and Chronicle of Events which are now published, naturally determined the completion of the present Volume; and the arrangement allows a change in the plan of the Work, the expediency of which has been established by a sufficient experience. It is, for the future, intended to discontinue the publication of Supplements, which have been found inconvenient; and to enlarge the size of the Monthly Publication. The “ Companion to the Newspaper" will, therefore, consist of 24 pages instead of 16; and the additional space thus gained will, for the most part, be devoted to a “ JOURNAL OF Facts,” which will not only keep the most important political events more completely before the reader, and form a tolerably full record of the progress of Statistics and Public Economy, but be a Register also of such other circumstances as may appear to demand a place in a work calculated for future reference, as well as present information. The enlarged Number will be charged 4d. instead of 2d. ; so that the annual cost will be 4s. for 288 pages. This advance of price, beyond the advance arising out of the increase of size, is rendered necessary by. these circumstances. The expense of conducting this work has been greater than originally estimated, and the sale, though large, reaching to 20,000, is not a remunerating sale at the original price. The nature of the subjects treated on, interesting and important as they are, preclude the expectation that the work would attain the extensive circulation of others of a more miscellaneous nature issued by the same Publisher. To have lessened the literary expenses, would have been to produce a Journal of inferior quality. The small advance of price, founded upon the experiment which has been made, is the just and natural course; and one which will not be objected to by those who perceive that every literary undertaking must stand or fall, in proportion as the public demand makes a return for the capital and labour employed in its production. If the demand had been doubled, the price would have remained the same. The present demand, with the increased price, will enable the work to be continued without any sacrifice of the character which it has attained, and with new and strenuous attempts at higher excellence.
December 31st, 1833.
Question regarding the propriety
of permitting Europeans to re-
37 NUMBER 7 (SUPPLEMENT).
The Banking system of Great
mistake, at 373, and 278., instead of 32s, and 24s.
9 Quakers' Affirmation .
10 Private Bills
1 Election Petitions.
12 South Carolina and the American Tariff.
uses. There are a number of scattered materials necesPAGE
sary for the proper understanding of any political question, Prospectus. 1 Revenue and Expenditure
which are apt to be overlooked in the unavoidable hurry of Constitution and Usages of Par. Parliamentary Petitions
newspaper controversy; and many details of the highest liament 1
importance to Commercial Interests, are in the same way Parliamentary Ferms.
neglected. These materials are to be chietly found in ParBelgium 4
liamentary Reports, and in Foreign Journals; and it will Bank of England .
5 Enst India Company
be the duty of this publication to collect and simplify them, 6
so that they may be easily referred to. The course of Irish Church
6 Ireland 7
Legislation, too, upon matters which affect the daily actions
of large bodies of persons, ought to be pointed out in a clear PROSPECTUS.
and untechnical manner, so that those who are called upon In the United Kingdom there are now published 369 News- to obey any new law may know of its existence, before papers, viz., 248 in England, 46 in Scotland, and 75 in they incur its penalties or neglect its protection. This object Ireland. The total number of stamps annually issued for will be here systematically attempted. Again, the great these Papers is about thirty millions. Should any material measures of national improvement, which are going forward reduction of the Stamp Duty take place, there can be no in the shape of Private Bills, are very imperfectly borne in doubt that the whole number of Newspapers circulated mind, except by the few who are directly interested in their would be very largely increased.
success or failure; and it is of the highest importance that The principal object which the conductors of Newspapers the mass of the people should understand the real nature have in view is to excite and gratify curiosity upon the most of such measures, which, more than any other, indicate the recent topics. The subjects which they discuss are of the advance of the country in civilization. This information highest importance to every individual of the community ; will be found in the proposed work. Lastly-it has been but it is rarely that the Newspaper can, consistently with its shown, in several recent publications, that the science of temporary nature, furnish the reader with the materials for Political Economy may be rendered intelligible and interesta complete and impartial judgment. Detached portions only ing to all persons, by pointing out its bearings upon the of great political questions can be considered, in the snatches circumstances of individual life, and by selecting illustrations of argument which are employed in stirring men's minds to within the reach of every-day experience. To diffuse the adopt the opinions of the writer; and, too often, invective knowledge of those principles of the science which are most takes the place of reasoning, where the end is the triumph capable of practical application, may do something for the of party and not the upholding of truth. It would be diffi- correction of popular error and the advance of general hapcult, certainly, to bring a calm judgment to the examination piness. of passing events, while the necessity for presenting them
From this imperfect outline it will be seen that the Comin their freshest gloss is unavoidable.
PANION TO THE NEWSPAPER, treating of matters of univerThe law demands a stamp upon periodical publications of sal and lasting interest, aspires to become an assistant to a certain bulk, which discuss “ any matter in Church and every newspaper reader, whatever may be his individual State," but exempts those which are published at intervals opinions as to particular measures of Government. It proof twenty-eight days. It has therefore been thought that a poses carefully to examine those materials which the writer Monthly CompanION TO THE Newspaper, published at of the day has not always leisure to consult; and to bear in that very cheap rate which can only be obtained by a large mind those comprehensive principles of political philosophy, circulation, might be an important instrument in the diffusion by which every passing question must eventually be tried. of sound Political Knowledge. Politics, in the highest sense
In general, the work will contain a number of short articles of the word, constitute a science which it is of great moment
on subjects to which the public mind is directed; but, should be well understood by the people; for in this, as in occasionally, some matter involving a great many facts must all other matters, the uninformed will ever be the dupes of be treated at length. To accomplish this, a SUPPLEMENT the designing and mischievous. The extremes of indiffer- will appear, either quarterly or every second Month, also at ence and of violence with regard to public affairs are equally the price of Twopence, which will, in most cases, be occuthe result of want of knowledge.
pied by some complete question of Political Inquiry. At the The commencement of an undertaking like the present end of the year, one of these Supplements will be devoted may be properly dated from the first Session of a Reformed to a Retrospective Chronicle of Events, so that the entire Parliament; because the deliberations and acts of a repre- Volume, which will not exceed the price of Three Shillings, sentative body, fairly chosen by the people, must naturally sewed, may serve the purposes of an Annual Register. call upon the public to examine all legislative proceedings with a diligent scrutiny, and to seek every assistance in
CONSTITUTION AND USAGES OF PARforming a correct judgment upon matters which come home
LIAMENT. to each man's business and understanding. Passing occur- | The meeting of the present Parliament, the first which has rences are known, indeed, daily to many, and weekly to most been called together since the passing of the Reform Bill, persons. But as the readers of newspapers are much more took place on the 29th of January, exactly at the commencenumerous than the purchasers, there are thousands in the ment of the period over which the review of public affairs kingdom who, after having satisfied their curiosity as to the attempted in this publication is to be considered as extendcourse of events, would be glad to possess a cheap Manual to | ing. We mean, therefore, to embrace the opportunity which turn to, which should, from time to time, present the prin- | the ocoasion seems to present, of laying before our readers ciples and facts of most important public topics, in a clear and such a brief notice of the leading particulars regarding the dispassionate point of view. The confidence of this large constitution of the two houses of the legislature, and their body of readers may, we think, be secured, by addressing manner of conducting their proceedings, as may probably be them without regard to party, but with a desire to advance found to convey, to many of them, some new and useful inevery measure of social improvement.
formation on a subject of great interest. The limits to Endeavouring to furnish the materials for thinking, which we are confined must compel us, of course, to omit rather than urging a one-sided direction of the course of many things which might be properly included in a longer thought, the COMPANION TO THE NEWSPAPER will, in and more complete statement; but we shall at least be able great part, be a storehouse of Facts applied to practical to go over most of those points which a person reading the Vol. I.