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15. The sic volumus of the secretary and the commissioners superseded the directions contained in their patent.
16. Is it not grievous to see such a muck-worm spirit in one so highborn and influential ?
Chapter VII.-Paraphrasing. 75. Paraphrasing is the process of expressing an author's meaning in a different form. A sentence was defined to be a “complete thought expressed in words;" a sentence paraphrased is the same thought expressed in different words.*
* * It would probably be too great a tax upon the pupil at the present stage to ask him to write entirely original sentences, in which both the thought and the language would be his own. Preparatory to this, however, which he will be required to do in Part II., these exercises in paraphrasing should be gone through, in which the thoughts are given him, and he is required only to express them in
other language. 76. This process requires in the first place, that the author's meaning should be fully and correctly understood. It should then be expressed in the most perspicuous, energetic, and graceful language the pupil can find.
Example “ I envy not in any moods
The captive void of noble rage,
The linnet born within the cage,
That never knew the summer woods.”—Tennyson. The meaning of this stanza may be thus expressed :
“ I can only despise the indifference of those who, never having enjoyed the sweets of freedom, cannot sorrow for its loss.” The succeeding stanza in the poem,
“ I envy not the beast that takes
His licence in the field of Time,
Unfettered by the sense of crime,
* This must be distinguished both from Substitution 31), in which single expressions are varied, and from Transposition (ě 32), in which the order of the words merely is changed.
has been thus paraphrased :
“I do not esteem as of any value the mere gratifications of passion, where no moral feelings of divine law and personal responsibility are blended.”—Poetical Reading Book, p. 7, Note.
Exercise 34. Paraphrase the following passages; that is, express their meaning in different language :
1. “By night, an atheist half believes a God.”- Young.
-Shakespeare. 6. “ To reign is worth ambition, though in hell :
Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven.”—Milton. 7. “For solitude sometimes is best society,
And short retirement urges sweet return." -Milton. 8. “There's a divinity that shapes our ends,
Rough-hew them how we will.”—Shakespeare. 9. “How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is
To have a thankless child.”- Shakespeare. 10.
“ The evil that men do lives after them,
The good is oft interred with their bones.”—Shakespeare. 11. “Men's evil manners live in brass,
Their virtues we write in water."-Shakespeare. 12. “ Stone walls do not a prison make,
Nor iron bars a cage."-Lovelace. 13. “0, what a tangled web we weave
When first we practise to deceive.'- Scott.
Is of his own opinion still.”—Butler.
But from its loss : to give it then a tongue
Is wise in man. -Young.
Its loveliness increases ; it will never
“To put the power
And he but naked, tho' locked up in steel,
And as the sun breaks thro' the darkest clouds,
So honour peereth in the meanest habit.”-Shakespeare. “And say, without our hopes, without our fears, Without the home that plighted love endears, Without the smile from partial beauty won, Oh! what were man? a world without a sun.”- Campbell. " That loss is common would not make
My own less bitter, rather more:
Too common! Never morning wore
Is bound in shallows and in miseries."— Shakespeare.
And the poor beetle that we tread upon,
As when a giant dies.”—Shakespeare.
To throw a perfume on the violet,
Thy equal fear that my firm faith and love
Adam, misthought of her to thee so dear?”– Milton. 27. “And if that eye which watches guilt
And goodness, and hath power to see
Within the green, the moulder'd tree,
Or see (in Him is no before)
In more of life true life no more,
Breaks hither over Indian seas,
That shadow waiting with the keys
To cloak me from my proper scorn.”—Tennyson. 28. SATAN."
Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n."--Milton. 29.
MACBETH.-"He's here in double trust:
That tears shall drown the wind. I have no spur
And falls on the other —"-Shakespeare.
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind, to suffer
And lose the name of action.”—Shakespeare. 31. “Oh! 'tis cruelty to beat a cripple with his own crutches.”— Fuller.
32. “Every man desireth to live long; but no man would be old.”Swift.
33. “In youth is the time when some ignorance is as necesary as much knowledge.”-Ascham.
34. “We know by experience itself, that it is a marvellous pain to find out but a short way by a large wandering.”-Ascham.