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L'Envoy.

We are sick and surly—and no wonder. The Whigs are In; and " Who, pray,” we ask ourselves in soliloquy,“ brought them In ?" A well-known voice replies, “ Even We-Christopher North.” Yes-true it is, and of verity, that We drove that apostate and renegade Ministry Out-WeChristopher North-taking that Proper Name in its largest sense as designating all the True Tories of Great Britain. “ See how Kit will trim !” (taking that Proper Name in its narrowest sense as designating the old man with the crutch) exclaimed, from a hundred holes, the Sneakers, and the Shufflers, and the Snokers, and the Scoffers, at the unballowed hour when Wellington ordered Peel to sacrifice his principles, and was obeyed-aye to sacrifice-as the Tyrant afterwards insolently said-bis political existencewhich no man, we should think, can do without having previously sacrificed his personal honour. Kit did trim. He trimmed the Frigate of Athole Fir, no whit inferior to Norwood Oak, in which, for some dozen years, he had“ braved the battle and the breeze;" and scorning to take in an inch of canvass, though the currents were cross, and the winds baffling, and the breakers surfing on a lee-shore, he laid the head of the Nil Timeo right in the storm's eye, with “the silver cross to Scotland dear” flying at the mainand now, while the craft, in ludicrous alarm, are seen scudding, under bare poles, helter-skelter, for any haven, lo!

“ She walks the waters like a thing of life,
And seems to dare the elements to strife!"

We are sick and surly—and no wonder. The Whigs are In. But " yet there is ae comfort left”- the Traitor-Tories are Out. On the whole, therefore, sick and surly though we be, we are in better health and spirits-and more amiable-than we were a month ago; our face and forehead, our Physiognomical and Craniological Developement is like a majestic pile of frowning clouds fitfully illuminated by smiling sunshine. They lower but to lighten; and ere long our Countenance and Temples will be as the untroubled sky.

We know and feel our strength. It lies not, like Samson's, in our hairfor we are bald-but in our brain, and in our bosom. There it burns and beats, and will henceforth, as heretofore, speak“ with most miraculous organ.". Apostasy has not palsied our tongue, nor padlock'd our lips. Our garb is homely, but we are no turncoat

“ An honest man, close button'd to the chin;
Broadcloth without, and a warm heart within;"

on our pow a sort of half-shovel, half-quaker hat, a bold but not a braggart beaver, and in our paw, still pointed Whigward,

“A staff that makes them skip."

“ There is too much politics in Blackwood”-mutters some numskull. No. There has been too little-but there shall be more. All the most sacred blessings of freedom are now at stake-in danger of being beaten down by bestial feet. That many-mouthed Monster, the Swinish Multitude, erects its bristles, and grunts fiercely in the sty, pretending to be the People. The People indeed! Blaspheme them not

They are sprung
From earth's first blood-have titles manifold."

And we, the Friends of the People, will uphold those titles-even while they "imagine a vain thing”-and assert--not with a sword, but a pen of steel

-their true liberty and independence. The great engine now of peace and of war-of good and of evil is the Press, and we know how to work it.

“ False TRAITORS, avaunt! We have marshalld our clan

Their pens are a thousand-their bosoms are one !" The First of February shall see a Double Number of Two Hundred and Eighty victorious Pages-one half of which shall be devoted to Liberty, and one half to Literature. Not such Liberty as ye would give us-not such Literature; but both native to our own soil and sky-racyand to endure, like Trees, at once Forest-and-Fruit-Trees, after the rootless stumps ye would plant have rotted in their own fungous poison.

Ha! Maga is neither sick nor surly-but healthy as Hebe still-and sweet as all the Muses. She rejoices loyally to stoop-but scorns slavishly to prostrate herself before a Hereditary and Constitutional Throne. She pays obeisance due to a time-honoured and time-honouring Nobility, but star and garter gļitter in her eyes, only because they are emblems of good or great deeds done for the Land of Liberty. She venerates the Priesthoodbecause they, being by nature but frail as their flocks-do, nevertheless, minister well at the altars of a pure religion. She admires the “Gentlemen of England," because they care for the People whom she loves and she loves that People, because it is writ in their annals that they have been good men and true-impatient unto the death of foreign or domestic tyrannyand the only People worthy to be called—and may they never be deluded into forgetfulness, or ingratitude to Heaven for that blessing-because they are the only People now worthy to be called-free.

Edinburgh: Printul by Callantyne and Co., Paul's Work, Canongate.

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At length, then, we have lived to lution of July. And at length the accisee a Cabinet of Reformers ! Forty dental position of the party opposed years of opposition to Reform, as a to government, which stood greatly fantastic speculation, through every in need of some popular occasion for organ of the state ; and, until lately, elevating them into power, concurthrough every mode--shape--and red, for a moment, with the purposes function of the national property; of these real reformers. The indisopposition, therefore, which (if any cretion of the military Premier, who ever did) expressed the language of solemnly threw down the gauntlet, the national will, has at last given proclaiming as the watchword of his way. It has sunk under the com future government, no reform! threw bined assaults of design, concurring open to the antagonist faction, under with accident, and the temper of the the temper of the times, a sudden times. Yes: Reform bas triumphed! avenue to power; but under one and the very dust of some great manifest condition—that they should statesmen, whom England once vene- adopt, as their badge and cognizance, rated, might be supposed to suffer that cause which had lent them so agitation in the grave, in sympathy seasonable an aid. The existing with this great event. Three differ- passions of democracy adopted the ent agencies have co-operated to so soi-disant Whigs, on the understand. unexpected a result, the pestilent ing that the Whigs adopted them. perseverance of the sincere reform. That compact was well apprehend. ers, which, by pressing the subject, ed, and upon that the Whigs vaulted has at length reached, penetrated, into power. and mastered the passive or the The foolish many are weak enough neutral part of the public mind; to imagine that Lord Grey's cabinet secondly, the factious necessities of are unaffectedly and cordially refalse or pretended reformers ; and formers. Those who are in the lastly, the quickening excitement of secret, or have discernment enough the late French Revolution. Messrs to read what passes before their eyes, Hunt, Cobbett, and many others of know that they would make any cona more literary order, who have ceivable sacrifices to escape from either spoken or written with the their pledges. Reform they must. same violence, and the same perti. To that, under some interpretation, nacity, could not fail, at length, by and for some extent, they are sold mere dint of iteration, to produce irretrievably: Escape, loophole, absome impression upon the many in solute evasion, they have none. every community who are nerve. Something in the shape of reform, less in will, or unsettled in opinion. some one or two of those changes The seed sowed by them germinated which are within the meaning of powerfully under the French Revo- that jealous, watching, suspecting

VOL. XXIX. NO, CLXXVI.

K

party, which, for the moment, have the very refuse of the jacobin gang, lent them the popular countenance may supply a momentary force to of their name and doctrine, they are either; but in the end, and for permaunder a twofold necessity to grant; nent effects, it can elevate only the the necessity of character, such cha- last. A minister who stoops to court racter as they have, and the necessity aid from such an association, may of immediate interest. Their word and will give the elevating strength is pledged on the one hand; and on of respectability to them, but inevithe oth the storm of democratic tably by degrading his ministry. vengeance would be far heavier upon In such a contest, in such a comthe fraudulent traitor, than upon the petition for overreaching each other, frank avowed opponent.

The re

between the king's ministers and a action of public feeling would be faction of disorganizers, are we the tremendous against Lord Grey and men to abet and befriend these last? his colleagues, if they were to shew We hope not. And yet, by compaany disposition to evade their en- rison, if respect were not out of the gagements. And yet how, or under question for either, we readily conwhat modifications, is it possible that fess, that we could grant it more they should observe them? The con- cheerfully to the frank and undistest has already become-how much sembling patrons of disorder, than shall be demanded, how little shall to those who have adopted an alien be conceded? The party within the cause,-fearing, hating, loathing it, Cabinet know that they are suspect ---as the one sole means of scrambed; they know that the whole world ling into power. of the discerning understand their Is it then certain that the present situation, and are smiling at the per- Ministers do fear, hate, and loathe plexities in which a feeble instinct of the cause of reform ? And secondly, conscience, and a strong one of self- is it certain that this cause is the interest, have concurred to involve cause of social disorganizers ? We them. Their language confesses shall answer both questions firmly their sense of the public suspicions; and distinctly. they keep exclaiming that they will First, for the personal question, convince the world that they are in laying aside the general merits of earnest; knowing how ruefully they reform,—are we sure, and have we would desire to be tolerated in being convincing evidence that Lord Grey's in joke. Tentatively seeking to find Cabinet is only by compulsion the out the very minimum of compromise patron of that measure, as applied to which will be accepted, they would the constitution of parliament? Is it wish to disarm their vigilant over not upon record, that, in very early seers with a clamorous outcry that life, Lord Grey himself was the orithey are ready to go along with them ginator, and even intemperate chamto extremities.

Almost we could pion, of some such scheme, differing, pity their dilemma, were pity for the perhaps, in its details, but going upon distresses of the unprincipled an al- the same grounds, assuming the lowable infirmity; for they have to same abuses, providing the same redeal with a faction, that, beyond all medies in substance, as Major Cartothers, n'entendent pas la raillerie, wright, or any later politician who gloomily and sternly keeping watch has moved in that cause? The Major, upon them, precisely understanding no doubt, being a thoroughly honest, what they want, resolute to accept zealous, incorrupt man, (however of nothing less, absolutely inaccessi wrong-headed,) and more unchecked ble to all cajolery, and upon any by aristocratic prejudices, was disattempt in that direction armed and posed to go somewhat farther: he competent to let loose a storm of would wholly hare annihilated the popular fury upon Lord Grey and influences of property; and he would his party, such as no administration have gone the full length of universal has yet experienced. It is past doubt- suffrage, and even of annual parliaing, that, by accepting a momentary ments. But Mr Grey, of the year strength from the reformers, Lord 1792, was not very far from Major Grey has for ever communicated Cartwright's standard. Whatsoever strength to them.

The monstrous he narrowed in the Major's sweeping alliance between the government and plans, would very soon (and that he

could not disguise from himself) was no prospect at all that his own have been enlarged to the most libe- party could come into power; none ral expansion by a parliament framed therefore that they could be sumupon his democratic constitution. moned to give effect to their theoTivo sessions of such a Parliament ries. England was for them a pure would have annihilated the distinc- Utopia or Laputa, in which they tions between him and the most re- might safely indulge any excess of volutionary of his rivals. How, then, speculation, because their chance it will be demanded of us, should was so little of having any opportuni. it seem so clear a certainty that Lord ty, in that reign, for acting or legisGrey, the peer of 1830, may not lating upon the wild schemes they be as sincere as Mr Grey, the aristo- threw out, that it was hardly poscratic commoner of 1792? As sin- sible to charge them even with excis cere by possibility; that we can be- ting unreasonable expectations. None lieve, though age is found to modify at all were excited in any quarter ; a man's views upon such questions. their own exclusion from office The simple and child-like Major seemed very probably commensue Cartwright might be an exception; rate with that reign and that war. but, generally speaking, there is a Secondly, even on the slender conwide difference between the theories tingency of their acceding to office, of a man at the age of twenty-nine, the sovereign was known to be of a and the same man at the age of sixty- temper that would tolerate no innoseven, on questions affecting popular vations in that direction. And lastly, privileges. But what reason is there, which was a barrier still more inwe demand, in our turn, for presu- surmountable, the spirit of the na, ming Mr Grey to have been sincere tion, in those years, and the all but in 1792 ? It is a most obvious policy universal hostility to innovating docfor a young man to court popularity trines, was an absolute guarantee that for himself, and to sustain the in the constitution of the House of Com. terests of opposition for his party, mons would remain unaltered. With by patronising measures of reform, this triple security, fenced in this which he is absolutely certain have impregnable manner by his very anno chance for success. Firmly se tagonists, Mr Grey might safely incured in the privileges of his “ or- dulge bimself in a young man's li. der,"'* those interests placed be cense; nor was it even necessary that yond hazard, he could well afford (as he should question his conscience others have often done before and very severely upon the exact measure since) to offer ideal concessions, and of his own sincerity. to parade a spirit of self-sacrifice, That was the state of things in which was sure of being called to no 1792. At present, how immeasurapractical test. In reality, the Whig ble are the changes that have been traders of that day, and in particue wrought in the whole condition of lar Mr Grey, and his principal, Mr society; and, above all, in such of Fox, were notoriously more aristo its aspects as bear upon this particu. cratic, and, by temper and in man lar question! What was then the ners, at least, more jealous of their most romantic of chimeras, is now patrician pretensions, than Mr Pitt, bare fact, and matter of absolute the tutelar support and patron mi- practice. What was pure jest, has nister of the aristocracy; a spirit become the most earnest of realities. which, perhaps, they derived in part And the mere vision of youthful spefrom their position throwing them culators, indulged by the minister more frequently upon the necessity with one night's discussion in each of courting plebeian favour, and in lustrum, as a theme for academic part perhaps from the novelty of rhetoric, is now entered upon the their own family claims. Mr Grey minister's note-book, as the most im. relied, at that era, upon three mighty perative, and the most immediate of antagonists, which were these, Mr the necessities which he has to meet Pitt, the King, and the Nation. There in the public service. Trilling is

• Mr Grey's family did not then belong to the peerage, but was sure of pising to it on a favourable position of parties.

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