« 前へ次へ »
THE BRITISH COLONIES-ANTICOLONISTS.
TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE EARL GREY, &c. &c.
MY LORD, The following letter, forming the fourth of a series, addressed to his Grace the Duke of Wellington, your predecessor in office, upon a subject of vital importance to the British empire, was written out and ready for the press at the time when the political change took place, which brought your Lordship into a station which has placed the destinies of the British Colonial empire, together with the naval preponderance of this country, entirely in your hands; but, as connecting itself with the other letters on the same subject, the address to bis Grace is retained. Permit me to draw the attention of your Lordship to the facts which it contains regarding the colonies, and the great Colonial question, which at present agitates this country. The passages relating to myself, rendered necessary for the vindication of my character and my labours in the controversy with the Anti-colonial calumniators with whom I have to deal, are not of material consequence to the statesman, except in so far as these afford remarkable examples of that total disregard for truth which directs and impels my reckless adversaries in their unconstitutional, their unrighteous, and their ruinous course.
To you, my Lord, the British colonies now look for protection and for justice-ihat protection and that justice which has so long been denied them, but which, as British possessions and British subjects, they are entitled to expect, to receive, and to demand, from the rulers of their country. Your Lordship cannot forget that they are possessions which NAPOLeon, in the plenitude of his power, coveted; and that which he, as a politician and a statesman, coveted, your Lordship, as a British minister, will most assuredly neither endanger nor throw away.
One hundred and fifty millions of British property in the colonies, a trade giving annually ten millions of imports, and five millions of exports, and employment, in the direct trade with the mother country, to 260,000 tons of shipping, and 17,000 British seamen, depend upon the solution of the Colonial question-depend upon the judgment, firmness, and discretion of your Lordship; and it is scarcely necessary to remark, that upon the protection or the destruction of all the vast interests just alluded to, the interests of the landed proprietor, and, consequently, the interests of the aristocracy of this country, are deeply, most deeply, connected and involved.
The question before your Lordship is not a political party question, but a question relating exclusively to property-to the property of men of all parties,-a question whether two HUNDRED millions of British property and capital, and the existence and support of millions of individuals dependent upon these, shall be protected and preserved, or abandoned and destroyed. This is the real point at issue; nor is the question confined to the state of things in the Charaibbean Archipelago. No! it extends to Hindostan ; and, if carried and enforced, as the anti-colonists proclaim they mean to do, throughout all the British dominions, it will convulse that vast peninsula to its centre, and be the means of driving every Briton far from its shores. An awful responsibility, therefore, rests on your Lordship’s head, while you have it in your power at this moment, by acting as a statesman, and not as a schoolboy, to do more good, or more evil to your country--to her empire, to her resources, and to her power than any statesman who has gone before you ever had; and your Lordship has, I feel assured, had too much experience in human affairs, to make me doubt about the proper and the favourable result.
I am, &c.
TO HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON, &c. &c.
FROM JAMES MACQUEEN, ESQ.
My LORD DUKE,
hensible, disingenuous, and disgraceYour Grace has had numerous ful accusations and matter. opportunities to learn that there are At a meeting of “the Dublin Antimany inconsistent and turbulent cha- slavery Society,” held (see Dublin racters in the world, and how far Morning Post, April 14th) in that these, in order to gain any particus city on the 8th of April last, an inlar object, will depart from the truth. dividual named “ Joshua ABELL," This being the case, I may perhaps secretary, after adverting to a new stand excused for bringing, in vindi- establishment “ for the culture of cation of myself, the following col- potatoes and tobacco in the moon,” lection to the notice of your Grace, the only place where African free and to the notice of the public. labour has yet succeeded, proceed
First in the list, and the Goliath" ed thus :—" But let it be rememberof the band, I must mention JAMES ed that this same Mr Macqueen reStephen, Esq. Master in Chancery.* ceives about L.3000 yearly of that This gentleman, thinking he had, by which is robbed from the slaves, in his customary way of classing things, order to bribe him to write against a fine opportunity to do me an in- law, justice, and the rights of the jury with the powers that be, tells British people.” the world in his new anti-colonial It is time, my Lord Duke, that I volume, p. 197, and after garbling a should draw upon friend Joshua for silly and malicious statement in a this munificent income, which some Jamaica journal, in order to help out unconscionableknave of his acquainthis case, that my labours in defence ance has hitherto withheld from me. of the colonies, had been extended I do this without ceremony or courto “ the Glasgow Courier, Black- tesy, where neither are due, by brandwood's Magazine, the Morning Jour. ing, as I do, in the face of my coun. nal, and other ordinary vehicles of his try, the statement, in all its parts, as mercenary labours.”
an odious and a positive falsehood, Your Whig Attorney-General ha- and further, that Joshua Abell, when ving, for reasons best known to him he made it, knew it to be so. selt, extinguished the Morning Jour This paragon of veracity further nal, Mr Stephen conceived it would told his hearers, that the West Inbe a good opportunity, judging of dia Colonies cost this country alyour Grace's feelings and ideas by together ten millions a-year !” The his own, to win your ear, and to at- magnitude of this falsehood no one tach odium to me, by coupling my can better appreciate than your name and labours with that journal. Grace. The gross income of Great In this way I appreciate the attack. Britain and Ireland for 1828, the year On this account I notice and reply to I can first lay my hands on, was in it shortly thus : In or for “the Morn- round numbers L.60,000,000. The exing Journal, or other ordinary vehicles penditure stood thus: L.28,200,000 of mercenary labours,” I never wrote for the interest and management of a line at any time, nor on any sub the national debt; L.5,300,000, exject; and in the face of the British Em- pense of collecting, &c.; L.8,000,000 pire, I brand the dastardly accusa for the army; L.5,700,000 for the tion as a falsehood, a deliberate false- navy; L.1,500,000 for the ordhood. The volume to which I refer, nance; civil list and miscellaneous, so far as I have yet been able to glance L.2,200,000 ; naval and military pen. into it, is made up of similar repre- sions, &c.L.1,700,000; miscellaneous,
In my last letter, I shewed that this gentleman and his family and relations received above L. 13,000 of the public money yearly. Hence his anger !
L.2,000,000, leaving aboutL.5,900,000 of every other department and office for the sinking fund, and to make and place under the British governgood the reduction of taxation, and all ment, or within the sphere of its inthe casualties attending the finances Auence, if produced, will
, I am inand the expenditure of this great formed, attest the fact, that there is country.-(See Finance Accounts, scarcely one interested job by which 1829, p. 19.)
influence or emolument could, duMoreover, with regard to the ex- ring the last forty years, be wrung istence of personal slavery in the from the country, in which the leadEast Indies, Joshua Abell told his ers of the anti-colonial or Wilberforce meeting, “ that the Anti-slavery So- party have not for themselves, or ciety never denied this point--they their friends and their dependents, merely said that no sugar was raised been engaged. The fact is notoriby slaves; and Macqueen does not ous; and the day, my Lord Duke, is deny this point." Now, “Mac- not distant, when it is hoped that queen" did, and does “ deny this some honest British senator will tear point.” He shewed also that the to pieces the veil which has for so Anti-slavery Society did deny it, till many years concealed the imbecility the production of the documents of government, and the dark doings called for by themselves, and first the boldness and the venality, and noticed by your humble servant, de- the sordid pursuits, of that “ stroyed all their impudent assertions. nary” party, as poor in numbers, as
Macqueen” not only shewed this, its members in general are deficient but from the report published by the in honesty, in plain dealing, in jusEast India Company regarding the tice, in judgment, and in truth. cultivation and the production of I leaye Joshua Abell and his antisugar in India, he further shewed, slavery associates to reply to, or to that every kind of agricultural pro refute, if they can, the above stateduce, sugar included, was raised in ments, simply and shortly observing various districts in India by the la- to “ the supporters of every bad bour of personal slaves.
measure of domestic policy and miIt would be to insult the memory nisterial profligacy,” that no measure and the understanding of your Grace can be worse or so profligate as to and my readers, to return even for a take away by force and injustice the single moment to the official docu- lawful property of British people." ments previously referred to and At some anti-slavery collection produced, in order to establish these held about Carshalton, Surrey, about facts, but Abell may do so at his lei- eighteen months ago, a reverend
gentleman nained King, told, as I am At the Dublin meeting in question, informed, his gaping hearers, that Mr O'Connell, after vomiting forth your humble servant was “ the archa prodigious quantity of blarney as enemy of mankind." If I was to act senseless as the adoration of a wafer towards this gentleman as he has or the worship of an image, proceed- chosen to act towards me, I might ed thus to demolish the anti-colonial recriminate by remarking, what a battery which himself and friend blockhead of a Parson he must be Abell had raised :
who could utter this as Gospel; but " There was one thing which filled upon enquiry, I find that Mr King him with melancholy; it was this is an honest but hot-tempered man, the slave owner in the British House and on colonial subjects misled by of Commons, was, in general, a libe- “ the arch-enemy," therefore I leave ral and enlightened statesman in all him to ruminate upon the falsehood questions of general and national po- and the injustice of his accusation, licy. He generally voted against and recommend him in future to enevery job and every oppressive law, quire before he proceeds so rashly whilst, on the contrary, the advocates to asperse and to condemn. of negro emancipation in that House Some months ago, this country was were, IN GENERAL, THE SUPPORTERS stunned with the annunciation of “ a of every bad measure of domestic glorious revolution in France,” and policy and of ministerial profligacy!" presently after, we saw, as notified
The records of the Treasury, and in the Morning Chronicle of the 4th
August, at the head of the subscrip- amongst the rest, was established tion list, by special desire, “ T. P. and endowed with L,1500, as directThomson, Lieutenant-Colonel, half- ed by the benevolent testators, and pay, three months' half-pay,” L.52, carried into effect by Mr Carlisle and i2s., " for the relief of those who had his co-trustees from the proceeds of been murdered by the Bourbons !” the sale of the estates and slaves
My Lord Duke, these are inquisi- mentioned ! Mr Carlisle, therefore, tive times, and being so, I may be should remain silent till he regorges permitted to ask, is this “ T. P. his “ LARGE LEGACY" with interest. Î'homson, Lieutenant-Colonel, half Has your Grace been told of the pay,” the individual who was eight conduct of Mr Smith, a custom-house years in India, “ above the rank of a officer in Jamaica ? This gentleman common soldier," and who wrote has an anti-colonial brother in the the atrocious article in the Westmin- established church in Ireland. At ster Review, recommending the rob- the request, and from instructions bery and massacre of his fellow-sub- furnished by the latter, Mr Smith jects in the West Indies? I have a transmitted a long account of cruelright to make this enquiry, because ties and oppression exercised within the above Colonel is a portion of his own knowledge upon the slaves that “ dead weight to whom half- in Jamaica. This letter the reverend pay was granted, not for rearing up clergyman receives and adds to, and the tri-coloured flag, but for putting interlards it with the worst passages it down. Some British legislator from Mr Stephen's first volume on will, I trust, enquire, if the head of “ Colonial Slavery,” and prints the his Majesty's Treasury does not, whole in the Irish and English jour. where this man earned the laurels nals as the letter which he had receiwhich entitled him to receive half- ved from Jamaica! This made-up letpay, or any pay, and, moreover, to ter went to Jamaica. Astonishment find out how he came to learn the and indignation filled the minds of the principles of liberty, while engaged people of that colony. Mr Smith was in enslaving Hindoos.
called before the assembly, and on his A very remarkable circumstance, oath declared how far the letter had disclosing the inconsistency and hy been extended, and also that what he pocritical obliquity of the human had written regarding the treatment mind as connected with the subject of the slaves in Jamaica was altoge. of West India property, occurred in a ther untrue! Has this officer been neighbouring town, (Paisley,) where dismissed from the place he holds ? Mr Carlisle, late provost of the Is such a system to be tolerated for town, and Dr Burns, established minister of the Abbey Church there, It may be as irksome to your Grace lately figured, the former as chairman to read, as it is to me to write, about of an anti-slavery meeting, and the lat individuals like these, but as the antiter a violent speaker, each clamour colonial chieftains in Aldermanbury
ng for the annihilation of colonial Street employ such individuals as property in slaves, as a most sinful their tools, it becomes necessary to and criminal thing for either nations notice them. Leaving, however, the or individuals to hold or to be con smaller anti-colonial fry, I proceed to nected with. Some time ago, JOHN notice the labours of those who, bePark and MARGARET Hutchison of ing more confident and ferocious Paisley left, as the deed of trust than their fellows, think that they are will shew, one West India estate, and beings superior to, and wiser than, a mortgage upon another, having on the rest of mankind. both at least 250 slaves, in legacies Your Grace has heard of Mr OTWAY and endowments. Mr Carlisle and Cave, a fraction of those dangerous the other trustees sold the estate, the political materials which you had to mortgage, and the slaves. Out of watch and to manage in conducting the proceeds Mr Carlisle got one the affairs of this country. This exlarge legacy, and Mr Ninian Hodgart, senator was ousted at the last elecanother trustee, another large legacy. tion for Leicester, although he was Hutchison's Charity School, at pre- drawn into and through that town sent chiefly under the superintend- by a cavalcade of free labour Ladies, ence of the parochial clergy of Pais- instead of horses! Mr_Lovell
, thé Jey, and Þr Burns, presume, mayor, informs us (see Leicester He
rald, Sept. 1, an able and honest have condescended to preach from journal) that they were only able Otway's text, with inferences, each to draw L.2450 from Mr Cave to peculiar to himself. wards an account of many thousands In the House of Commons, June due from him”-for “expenses in 16, (I quote from the Mirror of Parcurred in taking up freedoms," that liament,) Mr Smith said: “ It is one is, buying the bodies and the souls thing to claim a property in a man's of Englishmen! The newspapers also person, and another to claim a right inform us that he has lately been to his labour, enforcible by law. dismissed from the commission of The first, I maintain, is FORBIDDEN the peace in a county-not surely for ALIKE BY THE LAW OF God and man preaching righteousness or building by the former ever since the crechurches. This Otway Cave, in his ation of the world.” At the Edinsenatorial capacity in the House of burgh anti-slavery meeting, held in Commons, June 14,(see London Cou- October last, Mr Jeffrey took the rier,) spoke thus :
same course, thus: “ In the courts
both of England and Scotland, it had “ He called upon any lawyer, if he been ruled that man had no right in could, to point out to him the statute by property of man;" and he confidently which slavery was established in any part asked, “ Had he (God) given him a of the British dominions ; it existed not
ight of property over his fellow by law, but by connivance.”—“ He main
man ?" It is easy to ask a question tained, that, under the existing law, the West India proprietors possessed no legal
with legal quibble, but not so easy or
convenient to solve it. Dr Thomson, property in their slaves.”—“ To say that
the divine, takes the same ground, the slave had not a right to resist the man who oppressed him, was a doctrine too
and demands “ immediate" emancimonstrous for any man of common sense
pation, reckless of the consequences. The right was as clear as the
They were afraid,” said he, “ of right of resistance in the beasts of the shedding a little bloodHe would field.”_" They would be justified in the deprecate as much as any man the eyes of God and man in using their best shedding of blood, but he would raefforts to shake off the yoke by which they ther that a GREAT DEAL WAS SHED, if are now oppressed."
necessary, than that 800,000 indivi.
duals should remain in the hopeless The West India proprietors and bondage of West India slavery, which their slaves not being either op was an infinitely greater evil than all pressors or oppressed, nor beasts that coULD BE SUFFERED by their opof the field,” are guided in their re ponents”-“he would break the fetlations to each other by different ters of the slaves ; and if it should principles from those which animate be on those who resisted their emanMr Cave, whose reasoning, if it was cipation, let their blood be upon their good for any thing, would entitle own heads.” every Colonist to knock him on the At a subsequent meeting, the same head like a wild beast, in their “ef- divine held still more bloodthirsty forts to shake off the yoke by which language; and, as it was gloried in they are now oppressed” by the and applauded by ladies and genreal oppressor ; but quitting this tlemen in Edinburgh, so your Grace fiery and senseless legislator, I have and the ill-fated Colonists may rest to observe, that Otway's language assured that the precept and the and reasoning have become the pro- principle will be acted upon. Let minent matter of every anti-colonial a great deal” of blood flow to acpamphlet since published, and of complish our object, is the doctrine every anti-colonial meeting since of a Christian divine, and the reheld, while a stiff-necked senator in commendation of British legislators, the British senate, Mr William Smith, and no one either in the colonies a leading lawyer at the Scotch bar, or in this country can possibly misMr Jeffrey, and a leading divine in understand the object or the import* the Scotch church, Dr Thomson, of such declarations.
In his intemperate course, Dr Thomson has been followed by a minor member of the Scotch church, namely, Dr P. Macfarlane of St Enoch's Church, Glasgow. This gentleman is, I am told, setting his face upon removal to Edinburgh, by way of