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verpool delegates stated the trade compensation which the Colonists thus:
ought to receive. The value of Co, Exports by the Cus
lonial property stood thus: tom-house books, L.390,222 0 0 450,000 slaves, at Real value 436,784 0 0 L.50
L.22,500,000 0 0
cattle, &c. &c. 45,000,000 0 0 14,028 tons. Mr Samuel Taylor, the deputy from Manchester, stated the
shops in Colo Manchester African trade to be :
2,500,000 0 0 Exports, L.200,000 annually; of which L.180,000“ are for the purpose
Total L.70,000,000 0 0 of negroes only. This manufacture Including the Cape of Good Hope employs immediately about 18,000 and the Mauritius, and excluding men, women, and children.” In this India, the number of slaves now in way, the manufacturers employ the Colonies is nearly double, while L.300,000 capital, besides a stiil the value of the property in buildgreater capital in furnishing annually ings and machinery is greatly inL.300,000 exports to the West Indies, creased ; and, therefore, the value of which employ“ a still greater num- Colonial property now must be douber of hands' than the trade to Africa, ble, or L.140,000,000, exclusive of According to the Custom-house re- the British shipping employed in the turns, the British trade to Africa, in trade, and which, with all property 1786, stood thus: Exports, in 146 in warehouses, and buildings in harships, 21,483 tons; British manufac- bours here, amounting to many miltures, L.583,025, 12s. 7d. ; India lions more, must sink or swim with goods, L.176,076, 8s. 5d.; and foreign the fate of the Colonies. Where is manufactures, L.129,609, ls. 10d. ; the wildest Anti-colonist who will total, L.888,738, 14s. 4d.; Imports, be bold enough to say, that this naL.117,683, 1s. Id., exclusive of Afri- tion can either pay this enormous can produce, by way of the Colonies, sum, or withstand the shock which and of the slaves to the Colonies. would follow the destruction of it?
The trade, therefore, was most When the British government, afunquestionably a national trade. It ter the revolts in the colonies, first was, moreover, wholly British, not purchased slaves to form the West Colonial; and, as nations never die, India regiments, they paid the pro50 the present generation cannot prietors at the rate of L.80 sterling justly get clear of the consequences for each; and when our government of the legal acts of their forefathers; reimbursed the people of the United nor can they, without being guilty of States, for the slaves encouraged by the most wanton injustice and rob- our naval commanders to leave Amebery, take away from the Colonists rica, they paid at the rate of L.70 to that property which they and their L.107 sterling for their value, acforefathers sold and guaranteed to cording to the cultivation in the them, until they have paid down a state from which they had been infull and fair compensation. The veigled away. The British public quota of Manchester, which purcha- cannot offer to British subjects less sed about 18,000 annually, will, for a for their slaves than the British nacentury and a half, amount to no tion paid a foreign nation for their trifle ; Liverpool and Bristol still slaves, encouraged, contrary to the larger sums; and Buxton's purse laws of nations, to run away. Paid must refund the value of those sold at this rate, I leave the British Treaby Hanbury, and taken as an inherit- sury to calculate the cash which ance by his heirs after him, inde- would be required. pendent of the compensation to be We are confidently told, that the given to the slaves themselves for existence of personal slavery amongst the injury which they have sustained any people, degrades and debases by the arbitrary conduct of the peo- alike the nation and the individuals. ple of Great Britain !!
Where is the understanding of my The official report of 1789, already countrymen supposed to be fled to ? referred to, enables us to fix the Does history say this ? Is the Creole slave in our colonies the same stu- not make them other than property. We pid and rude being that the newly may cavil about religion, but whether Jew imported African savage was? Did or Gentile, we cannot interfere with this possession of slaves debase Abraham, property. If ever the time should arrive and any of the great characters which when those persons shall be considered appeared in the world from his day other than property, our business will to the day of the illustrious Wash
not be liere, but at home."Mr STORRS ington ? Did it degrade and debase said, “ The United States constitution the Hebrews--the Egyptians—the had nothing to do wit
this property. Babylonians—the Persians—the in
We may debate as much as we please telligent Greek—the manly and no
upon abstract metaphysical points, but it ble Roman? Did it degrade and rights which the owner has in the slave ?
must at last come to this, what are the debase the Saracen? Does it debase It is an absolute right of services, and an and degrade France-Great Britain
uncontrolled and uncontrollable custody or the United States of America ?
of his person, free from all interference History answers, No! The degrada- by individuals or by the United States tion and debasement of all the an- government, or any other authority but cient nations proceeded from other that of the state on unusual occurrences. causes; and if ever the degradation on the sacredness of this depends the and debasement of Great Britain and security of a great portion of our union, the United States take place, these and he who would interfere with it, is will be found to proceed from other guilty of a great violation of individual causes also.
rights. This government cannot touch Naming the United States, brings it. It is not a question to be debated. me properly to notice the opinions No man of any reflection in his state, of the legislators of that country thinks for a moment that the United upon this great question, for the rea- States government is competent to touch soning which applies to them applies it."- Mr. DrartOn, of South Carolina, equally forcibly to the point at issue
said, “ What were the doctrines ? Why, between this country and her colo
that the inhabitant of any southern state nies, as these were delivered by some
holds his personal property at the will of
the United States-who can take it when of their ablest legislators, thus :
they please, allowing no compensation Mr RANDOLPH said, “ he would earn- therefore! What security, then, have the estly request, that no member south of inhabitants of the South, that all their the Ohio, and west of the Mississippi, property will not be taken from themwould debate this question ; that no one that they may not at a breath be reduced would deign, would condescend, to de- to ruin and beggary? And when the bate the point which had now arisen, inhabitant of the South is brought to this whether persons can or cannot be pro- situation, will he sit, and count and calperty; or allow that the Federal Govern- culate whether he is to gain or lose by ment can at any time, or under any cir- submission to such invasion of his rights? cumstances, touch it directly or indirectly. No, sir, he will not count and calculate It was a question with which the Fede- upon such a question. He would rather ral Government had nothing to do; for perish, than submit to such degrading vasthe moment it lays its unhallowed hands salage. If I know my countrymen, they on that ark of our safety, it ceases to be would sooner perish with arms in their a government. The gentleman had said hands-arms dyed with the blood of those that this question was settled forty years whose oppression shall have brought upon ago. It was settled 200 years ago. It them such calamitous necessity." was settled when the first cargo of Afri.
My Lord Duke, if the West Incans was sold in our market. And what is the difference between persons and pro
dians, at home and abroad, in Parperty, as if there was an incompatibility
liament and out of Parliament, had on that point? There is no difference. adopted similar constitutional, raThere can be no difference. PROPERTY
tional, honest, and manly language, IS THE CREATURE OF THE LAW. What they would not have stood in the the law makes property is property. What perilous, and apparently helpless, it does not, is not property. Here, and situation that they do this day. John here alone, exists the distinction. The Bull despises the man who is afraid point was settled more than half a cen- to defend his property; and when tury ago, at the same time that we threw the legislators and government of off our allegiance to Great Britain. Slaves Great Britain adopt the rational and are made property by law, and you can- statesmanlike language of Mr Randolph and his fellows, then our coun- attempt to lay open. The cause of try and our colonies will be safe, the prosecution, or, as I may call it, prosperous, and bappy.
persecution, was this : Mr and Mrs Mr Brougham's speech, delivered Moss had a female domestic slave, on the 16th July last, and most ex- named Kate, who having been detensively circulated over the coun- tected in theft, was, as a punishment, try, scarcely deserves notice. It is sent to labour in the fields. This in character-full of unconstitutional labour she most obstinately and poinvective and forensic insolence. It sitively refused to perform. She is made up of falsehood, misrepre- was, in consequence, ordered into sentation, and fabrication-of state- confinement in the stocks, where she ments which have often been made, remained seventeen days; and though and often refuted, and put into his well supplied with food, no threats hands, cut and dry, by that great nor punishment could induce her, father of lies, the Anti-slavery Re- during that period, to do the work porter, which, as Colonel SibTHORPE she was required to do, and which justly observed, had “ in five thou- was by no means heavy, no, not even sand words” hardly one word of truth! to mend her own clothes. Not even
According to his instructions, Mr the entreaties, the commands, and Brougham made the most that he punishment inflicted by her own could of the case of MR AND Mrs father, could induce her to do so. Moss of the Bahama islands. This During the time she was in confinecase has afforded the anti-colonists ment, she received at different times food for a considerable time. It has sixty-four stripes, “ all over her become one of their “ stock stories,” clothes,” twenty-four of which were with which they work upon the pas- by her own father," of his own acsions of the multitude. I enter upon cord !” At the end of the period this case with reluctance. I notice mentioned she was again sent to the it, not to justify severity or crueltyfield-her obstinacy continued, and but to lay the simple facts concisely on the fifth day she was suddenly before the British public, free from seized with a disease in the head, that malignant misrepresentation and dropped down, and died. This disexaggeration with which anti-colonial
ease was very common, and also rancour has clothed it.
fatal to many slaves in the Bahama Mr and Mrs Moss, of the Bahamas, islands at that time. were indicted for murder. The It does not appear from the eviGrand Jury threw out the bill. By a dence of a single witness adduced, bare majority they afterwards found that this woman's death was at all a true bill for a misdemeanour. They occasioned, or in the remotest dewere tried, and convicted, and sen- gree occasioned, by the punishment tenced; Mr Moss to pay a fine of which she had received. Nay, the L.300, over and above the costs of evidence for the prosecution, on exathe prosecution; and both to impri- mination and cross-examination, desonment for five months in the com- cidedly proves the reverse. I shall mon jail of Nassau, amongst thieves condense a few of the leading and and prostitutes of all grades and more material passages of it, for the colours, but chiefly blacks. The pro- consideration of your Grace and the secution originated in private ma- public, as follows: lice on the part of a worthless, discarded black driver; and the trans
“ 'Kate was not severely flogged while mission of the documents connected
in the stocks.' • Never heard Kate,' says with the trial to this country, gar
James Spencer, witness for the prosecubled, and mutilated, and imperfect her that if she would mend her own
tion, 'ask to be forgiven. Witness told as they are, had the same despicable clothes, she would be forgiven. She reand dangerous origin. There are two names which appear in the pa
plied she would not, and did not care
whether she was let out of the stocks or pers, as published by order of the
Ile advised Kate to mend her House of Commons, and which now clothes. She was insolent to him for lie before me, namely, John J. For. doing so. It would not have occupied bes and President Munnings, whose ber more than two hours.' " She would feelings, when they reflect upon this not mend her clothes, nor do any thing,' subject, I do not envy, and shall not says another witness. While her father
was punishing her of his own accord,' the instrument with which Kate was says a witness, ‘ Mr Moss came out and punished, was the mildest in use. PREVENTED HIM, saying it was of no use A copy of the proceedings on this flogging her ; it was better to put ber in trial was sent to this country by the field;' and he further adds, Kate VESEY MUNNINGS, President of the did not mind the flogging.' Once, while Bahamas, accompanied by a letter in confinement, she bad, in order to keep to Lord Bathurst, in which that huher from sleeping, cayenne pepper rubbed mane functionary informs his Lordinto her eyes, a practice that Africans
ship thus :-“ I have been solicited frequently resort to with their children;
to remit or to shorten the term of Mr bat says the witness who rubbed it,' does
and Mrs Moss's imprisonment, but not know whether any of the pepper got
I shall in no degree whatever alter into her eyes. She shut them when he
the sentence of the general court, by was going to do it ;' and another witness
the extension of mercy to those by says, ' does not think any got in. It was done to prevent her from sleeping.' A
whom it appears none was exerciwitness for the prosecution says, 'does
sed !” This was a noble ruler for not think Kate could have died from any
the purposes of those who, in antiill-treatment she received while in the colonial phraseology, drive Downing stocks. Never heard any surmise that
Street! Soon after this, however, such was the case, until three weeks af. GENERAL Grant came to the goterwards. Never heard any surmises vernment of the Bahamas, and that that the body of Kate exbibited any gallant officer readily transmitted to marks of lashes, bruises, or injuries.' Earl Bathurst two memorials adAny one could bave seen the body. Does dressed to him, one from Mr and notthink she was lacerated by the floggings. Mrs Moss, and one from the princiThere was a fever raging at that time on pal inhabitants of New Providence, the island, and particularly on Mr Moss's praying that the Crown would liberplantation. The fever was attended with ate Mr and Mrs Moss. On this subdizziness, that made the patient spin ject General Grant, under date 3d round and fall. Every one of Mr Moss's July 1827, writes Lord Bathurst as people had had the fever in the course of
follows:two months. Kate's sister, Eliza, died of it after an illness of four days. She
“ I had the honour to inform your was five or six years old.
The general Lordship, that I had every reason to think conduct of Mr and Mrs Moss towards
that the case of cruelty towards Kate their slaves, was that of great humanity.
from Mr and Mrs Moss, was not in acThey are particularly attentive to them
cordance with the general treatment, but in times of sickness. Mrs Moss person
an especial exception, which would apally attends them. He imagines many
pear to have resulted from a perseveof the negroes would have fallen victims ring obstinate disposition on the part of to the fever, if it had not been for the at
the slave Kate, and an equal determina. tention of Mr and Mrs Moss. Several tion on the part of her owners, to carry witnesses of great respectability, and
their authority into effect. This I truly wholly unimpeached and uncontradicted, believe was the case of Mr and Mrs Moss. gave Mr and Mrs Moss the highest cha
I will be candid, and say, my Lord, that racter for humanity and attention to their
I regret the nature of the sentence which negroes; and one witness, Eliza Camp has been past on them.” And in a letter, BELL, who had known them twenty years,
dated 16th January, 1828, written to his states, 'they are very kind to their negroes
friend the Honourable Charles Grant, both in health and sickness; when they soliciting his friendship to turn aside Mr are ill, they are as attentive to them as Huskisson's anger, as will presently be if they were their own children.'" more particularly noticed, the governor Such are the facts and real merits
says; “ I had an opportunity, when going of the case and trial of Mr and Mrs
round the several governments of this
island, to see Mr Moss's treatment of his Moss, except Kate's statement, that
slaves, and certainly they appeared to me she had a slight fever on the day be
to have more than ordinary indulgence, fore she died, but wbich does not
and their condition in all that met the appear to have been correct, nor does
eye, seemed particularly comfortable ; he any other matter elicited in the exa
gave them as much land on their own acmination, or the cross-examination
count as they could cultivate, and he of the witnesses, alter the general allowed them a fair proportion of time to features of the case, one way or the work it. Mr Moss bestowed most praise other; and according to the evidence, and encouragement on those who were
most industrious; and the children, as soon reply to their address, 13th May last, as they were of an age fit to be taken from bestows upon the inhabitants of these their mothers, were usually brought up islands for their treatment of their about the family, and in this way ac slaves, bears us out in this view of quired a degree of civiLISATION FAR BE the subject. He addresses them YOND that which is to be found on most
thus :other properties."
" The local situation of these islands, Such are the simple facts of this and their valuable productions, will at all case, which the anti-colonists have so
times render them of great importance to dreadfully exaggerated and misre- the British Empire; while the praisepresented. Governor Grant, and the worthy morality, sobriety, and industry of inhabitants of the Bahamas, consi, the inhabitants will ensure the respect dered mercy to be due. Mr Huskis- of, and endear them to, their fellow-subson was compelled to think otherwise; jects;" and "the KIND AND HUMANE TREATand in a letter filled with special ment of the black population, will ever be pleading, remark, and twisting, (on acceptable and admired by all those whose my conscience, I believe Dr Lush- prejudices do not lead them into those ington and Mr Stephen, not Mr Hus
errors which you have dispelled, by raising kisson, were the concocters of this
that class of the inhabitants to an intelliJetter,) severely reprimands the go- gence, probity, and industry, far above that vernor for being so stupid as to re
of any of their colour, and equal to those commend a white man and woman
in the same sphere IN ANY COUNTRY." to mercy! This letter terrified the Bitterly and unjustly, however, as governor more than the appearance our western colonies have been traof a regiment of Napoleon's old duced, still the accusations against guard ever did or could, and in alarm them have been light, compared to he wrote his friend, thé Honourable those which have been directed Charles Grant, as has been already against that important and more disadverted to, earnestly soliciting him tant colony, the Mauritius. The most to express to Mr Huskisson how savage venom of the pen of the Anti“ much he had been instructed by the slavery Reporter has been directed contents of the dispatch, as to the against this appendage of the British manner of viewing both faults and Empire. The conduct of its free offences,” and imploring his friend population has been presented to the to procure pardon and forgiveness British public, as exceeding in wickfor him! But had the gallant Gene- edness and ferocity the conduct and ral merely returned to the jesuitical the actions of people the most savage advisers of the Colonial Secretary, and barbarous. Its late governor, the calm dignified reply that, as the Sir ROBERT FARQUHAR, was long the representative of his sovereign, he butt of Buxtonian venom, while the had only done his duty in recom official authorities, who, knowing the mending to mercy where he concei- truth, ought to have vindicated and ved mercy was due, he would have defended him, remained silent before required no friend to have interceded his implacable foes, until the persefor him, nor left himself exposed to cutions of the latter, and the labour, the sarcasm and reproach which Mr grief, and anxiety which these perseBrougham, when he mentioned this cutions entailed upon him, brought case in the House of Commons, le- him to an untimely grave! In my velled against him.
former letter, I gave your Grace When Mr and Mrs Moss were shocking proofs of the cruel perseculiberated, the respectable inhabitants tion which was directed against Sir of the Bahamas welcomed them with Robert. It would therefore be a satisfaction. The Anti-slavery Re- work of supererogation to advert to porter sets this conduct down as them here, simply observing that the proceeding from a hardened feeling, Buxtonian accusations were drawn and a love of cruelty. Charity and from the testimony of men outcasts common sense would lead us to be- from society, as appears from the lieve and to say that it proceeded papers printed by order of the House from better motives, and from a con- of Commons, received from Sir viction that they had been hardly Lowry COLE; but as these convict dealt with. The praise which the informers will, in their proper chaHonourable ADMIRAL FLEMING, in his racters, be presently brought before