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your Grace in another case, it is un- them for breakfast. A great part of the necessary to state any thing more re- two hours allowed for dinner was taken garding them here.
up in collecting wood or grass. When at Two individuals of great respecta- work, the slaves were followed by drivers, bility in that colony, namely, Mr and were continually receiving blows and and Mrs TELFAIR, the owners of an lashes. They were occasionally taken estate called Bel Ombre, stand with- out from the line and punished with out cause exposed to the blackest twenty or thirty lashes, and then sent
These inflictions were venom of the Anti-slavery Reporter. back to work. The author of this vile publication merely regarded in the light of discipline, possesses an advantage over every
The regular punishments were reserved honest man, as he can tell so many
on Bel Ombre for Sundays. The of
fenders of the week were reserved in lies in a page, as will require a volume on the part of the accused to for that day, and they were often nume
chains (in which they were made to work) answer, and hence his wicked works
rous, generally about thirty, and amountare read, while the defence is ne
ing on one occasion to about fifty. The glected. It is impossible for me to
informant often counted the lashes, and enter upon all the atrocious accusa
never knew any of the offenders to receive tions which have been brought against less than one hundred, excepting two the people of the Mauritius in gene- youths, who received about seventy each.t ral, and of Mr and Mrs Telfair in Salt and pepper were rubbed into the particular; and still less can I go wounds to prevent them from festering, into the clear and manly defence of or to enable the sufferers to return sooner the latter, occupying, as it does, near- to labour, or to bear a repetition of punishly 300 octavo pages; but I shall en
ment. The pain of this application is deavour, and as shortly as possible, described as excruciating. The instruto bring the leading features of both ment of punishment was either a whip or before your Grace and the public, split rattan. Either instrument would It would be easy for me to knock the make incisions into
the flesh, and lacerate head of Mr Pringle against the brains it at every blow. The sharp edge of the of Mr Macaulay, and to smash them
rattan would divide the flesh like a knife. with their own contradictions ; but I Military floggings were nothing to these. prefer giving the worst parts of their
The whip was a very ponderous instru
ment. One was seen on Bel Ombre charges, and breaking them down with the unimpeachable testimony the slaves fell asleep during night la
weighing upwards of seven pounds! If adduced by Mr Telfair.
bour, they were severely flogged, and The Reporter, No. 44, gives length
sometimes their hands were drawn into. ened details respecting Mauritius the mill along with the canes, and comslavery in general, and this planta- pletely crushed and mangled. In proof tion, Bel Ombre, in particular, where of this, three of the slaves on Bel Ombre the free population are represented are described as ' estropie des deux
torturing and murdering inch mains,' mutilated in both hands. Marby inch the cultivators of the soil,” riage was unknown amongst the slaves. in “a regular business-like daily The most open prostitution prevailed march ;" but as my limits render it universally among the females. Ladies impossible for me to give all his hired out their negresses to the soldiers details, so I must in a condensed by the month for this purpose. The form bring, and nearly in his own slaves were generally excluded from all words, his charges before you thus : moral and religious instruction. In July,
1821, an eye-witness saw a Mosambique “ On Bel Ombre the slaves received negro receive 150 lashes when he left the over night their food for the following day. spot, and cannot tell bow many more he This wretched and scanty aliment was received. The same person saw two manioc cakes. * Even out of crop the young women who had run away, the daily labour extended from sixteen to one for one month, the other for two years, nineteen hours. No time was allowed in the woods, and who were both advan.
Better known by the name of cassada. It is a most wholesome and nutritious food, coveted by every one, and is the flour from which tapioca is made.
+ Five thousand lashes each Sunday morning, with a whip seven pounds weight!! John Bull is a credulous animal, but not so credulous as to credit this seren pound lie.
ced in pregnancy, receive 160 lashes each. swallowed,) Mr Telfair tells us that They were made to suffer the more, be he actually had one from thirty to cause one of them had requested that she forty feet long, which a waggoner, might not be punished till after her named William Wilberforce Hulme, delivery. Collars, with projecting spikes, had got from the Cape of Good and attached to each other by an iron Hope, to direct teams of oxen by its chain, were afterwards fastened round crack, but that this was the only purtheir necks, &c.”
pose for which it was applied. The Reporter proceeds at great Moreover, the hands of the negroes length with a list of what he calls that had been mutilated, had not been judicial cruelties--one of the most so by their being put through the atrocious of which the case of the mill like sugar canes, but by the woman Nagle-I alluded to in my leprosy, and an epidemic disease last, and shewed how horridly he called berri-berri !! had misrepresented the facts regard The unmanly charge levelled by ing it. Mark his disingenuity. In this base writer against the free white page 374, he says of the ordinances females in the Mauritius, namely, of 1723 and 1767, that " while they that they hire their female slaves to armed the master with absolute the soldiers by the month for the power over the slave, they afforded purpose of prostitution, is a most into the slave no effectual protection, famous slander, and carries in the scarcely even the shadow of protec- face of it its own refutation. The tion, against its abuse;" and yet when pay of a common soldier is barely he wants to blame the judges of par- sufficient for his absolute necessaries, tiality, he finds out that the laws were and how then could he procure sejust and humane, for, in the case of veral dollars a-month to pay the woman Nagle, he says they re stitutes to gratify his passions? Such fused “ to avail themselves of a hu- “ Ladies” may be in the Mauritius, mane provision of the ordinance of but they are no doubt of a descrip1723, which authorized them to re tion similar to those who, in London, sort to slave evidence, when white under the Reporter's nose, let out evidence could not be obtained, and their female slaves for prostitution, when that of slaves was indispen or such ladies perhaps as that antisable to the ends of justice !” colonial informer, GENERAL Hall,
With regard to the punishment of started in his secret rides in the Mauthe two pregnant females, the ma ritius. Moreover, my Lord Duke, lignity with which it is related, is a the charge is an infamous slander on proof of its falsehood; nor has the the character and the discipline of jackass of a Reporter condescended the British army. If General Hall to shew us how the trees of “ the bas given the Anti-slavery Reporter woods” got a negro wench with child, such information, I would ask him who bad been two years dwelling how he dared to disgrace himself as alone in them. With regard to the a general officer by permitting such whip weighing 7 lbs., (I wonder old proceedings, and further, if the offiMac did not make it 70 lbs. at once cer who did so is fit to command a -it would just have been as readily British soldier ?*
General Hall became, I believe, a chum of the Anti-slavery Society, because he could not get the government of the Mauritius. From such jaundiced sources the Reporter draws his information! Speaking of General Hall, his conduct induces me to contrast it with the conduct of that gallant officer, the brave, and the honourable, and the lamented General David STEWART of Garth. In a letter, amongst the last he ever wrote, dated St Lucia, 20th November, 1829, and addressed to his friend Sir John SINCLAIR, he alludes to the labour and the state of the slave population of that Crown colony thus:
“ Looking out of the window this moment, I see on a field balf a mile distant npwards of 100 men and women, each with a hoe, preparatory to the planting of the cane. Three good ploughs, each with a pair of horses, would do more work than this large body of people. While such a waste of labour is lamentable, it is gratify. ing to see the appearance of comfort the people exhibit. All the women with white or calico short-goins and petticoats, and various lead coverings, and the men with
With regard to the punishments said puty quarter-master general, “is a man to be inflicted on Bel Ombre, Mr Tel- of the name of Higginson, whom I disfair minutely refutes each, and adds, charged from the departinent of roads for “ Of all the punishments on record gross misconduct as an overseer. He had at Bel Ombre, as far as I know, only
been in the habit of employing the conone case occurred in which the offend- victs placed under his charge for the pub. er received above twenty-five lashes, lic service, in the cultivation of the baliand they were inflicted by judicial tation of a woman with whom he was order, and by the police officers.”
living in a state of concubinage !* IIe Speaking of education, he says, "far
was accordingly dismissed. The other from neglecting education at Bel is named Kendrick. I met him in a state Ombre, it was the favourite employ- of filth and nakedness. He had formerment of the family, who never missly been an overseer in the convict depart
ment. He had been more than once ed the school hours, and who were
discharged, and was finally dismissed for accompanied in this pleasing avoca
drunkenness. I found his character in tion by visitors, either of the most respectable inhabitants of the Mau, quently entered, and was dismissed from,
that department to be bad. Ile subseritius, or of the constant stream of
the Gen.d'armerie, as a worthless vagatravellers who considered this island bond." Tie Colonel gives Mr Telsair as a house of call in their journey to the highest character for humanity, and and from India and the Cape of Good the “extreme attention paid to the comHope. The blacks on my estates are fort and religious instruction of the blacks" regular in their attendance at church, on his estates, and the Scriptures are explained to them every Sunday. Many, indeed
Such are the characters and the most, of the respectable inhabitants
witnesses on which the Anti-slavery are more like fathers than masters on
Reporter has built and directed bis their estates. Their negroes repay gigantic fabric of falsehood and cruthem with a just fidelity and love. elty against Sir Robert Farquhar and The habitation becomes, as I have Mr and Mrs Telfair. The enormity often seen, an immense family, and of the Reporter's guilt will, however, the owner resembles a patriarch.” appear more conspicuous when it
But let us draw the characters of is shewn, that the falsehood of these the Anti-slavery Reporter's inform- statements was known to the Reportants, and the contradiction to his in
er and his associates, and that too famous charges, from disinterested from a most unquestionable source and unimpeachable pens.
of information, several years before COLONEL DRAPER, collector of cus
they published their catalogue of hortoms of Port Louis, states, p. 184, “that
rors. On the 24th November, 1820, the lower class of informers of the Anti
Mr STEPHEN, upon the authority of slavery Reporter, consists of drunken and some spies in the Mauritius, wrote discarded convict overseers, one of whom, bis friend Judge Smith of that colony, by name Kendrick, deposed in England, censuring him, it would appear, in that he witnessed an importation of slaves no very civil terms, for associating at Bel Ombre, on the very day when he with slave trad
and the perpetrawas in prison at Port Louis as a gens-de. tors of cruelties. The Judge, tremarme, for bad conduct.”—“ The first in. bling at the charge, coming from the formant,” says Colonel STAVELEY, de- quarter from which it did, refutes it.
blue or light-coloured jackets and trowsers. The field at this distance exhibits a gay and enlivenirig sight with so many moving objects, more especially if within hearing of their jokes, talk, and SINGING.
Here are no whips, no chains, no collars, and no lacerations ! But General Stewart was neither the informant nor the slave of the Anti-slavery Reporter, nor can the slanders of that little anti-colonial owl, picked up about the English Channel, and sent to tease, and to calumniate, and oppress British subjects, affect or injure the character and the memory of that excellent man and lamented officer, whose death was, I know, precipitated by the mental torture which the headstrong conduct of the other brought upon him.
* On this infamous conduct and fact the Anti-slavery Reporter grounds his charge of ladies in the Mauritius hiring their female slaves for prostitution,
as far as it applies to himself, telling lies in, and every family with a Bible, and Mr Stephen, in a letter dated July some among them capable of reading it 1st, 1821, that in the colony he only to them. I could scarcely believe those associated with the “ families of the were dwellings for slaves !" The Rev. Governor-General Darling and Mr Mr Denny, first civil chaplain, Mauritius, Telfair,” adding, with strong marks gave equally strong and satisfactory testiof terror and alarm, “ do for God's mony in favour of Mr Telfair, his characsake let me know with whom I am
ter and his conduct. thus associated. As for Telfair, I
Mr Warwick, civil engineer, says, should think the Missionary Society page 182," I had the best possible opcould vouch in his favour, and I can
portunity of knowing the events of every only further say, that I have made passing day on the whole of the negroes both open and secret enquiries * as to
on Bel Ombre. The instances of cruelty his slave property--and I solemnly the years 1821 and 1822, the instru
enumerated as having occurred during declare as a Christian and a gentle- ments of cruelty mentioned, and the man, that I firmly believe him to have
details relative to the housing, bedding, been most infamously and wickedly clothing, over-working, half-starving, and slandered by those who have accused general punishment of the blacks, all so him !!”
ingeniously published for the information It might have been supposed that of the world, in the 44th number of the this refutation by the judge of the Anti-slavery Monthly Reporter, are a colony, and that judge, too, Mr tissue of falsehoods ! !" Colonel Draper, Stephen's particular friend, of the collector of the customs, 1st Sept. 1829, slanders against Mr Telfair and the says: “ These assertions in the AntiMauritius, given so far back as 1820 slavery Monthly Reporter, are gross vioand 1821, would have prevented the lations of truth. Indeed, were I called publication of calumnies and false- upon to delineate a character whose hoods by the Anti-slavery Reporter clemency would bear the strictest ordeal, in January, 1829. But no
such thing. the true likeness would be found in the The defence of Mr Telfair and his proprietor of Bel Ombre, whom I could amiable wife I must continue to draw, present even to the members of the Antinot from himself, but, as being more
slavery institution, and particularly to the conclusive, from disinterested wit- speakers at its anniversary in 1828, as a
philanthropist in whom nature had im
planted the best affections of the heart." B. D. SAGE, Esq., page 227, says: Captain MACKAY of his Majesty's 820 “ The chains, hooks, and collars, described Regt., thus writes Mr Telfair : “I went by the Anti-slavery Monthly Reporter, over every part of the establishment of are matters of pure invention, and in short, Bel Ombre in 1819. This was no cur. all that he says about yourself and Belsory view. I walked alone among the Ombre, is a rhapsody of disgusting folly, people at all times, saw them at their A tissue of bare-faced falsehoods. He meals, at their work, at their dances, must have had the heart of a demon at their devotions, and in their houses. who, amidst such a scene as your estates I have never seen more hilarity and abunexbibit, could have imagined that man dance in the same number of the labouralone was starved and wretched, and ing class at home. They are well fed, tortured with unheard-of cruelty, and clothed, and sensible of their happiness. flogged to death." Mr LE BRUN, mis Their children are kept clean and neat in sionary, page 189, states, “that Mr dress, and daily schooled for two or three Telfair was the first who attempted with hours in reading, writing, and arithmetic. success to teach the slaves reading, wri. I never saw any punishment, nor heard ting, and moral and religious instruction." the sound of the whip in correction! As And of Mr Telfair's estate, he says, for the occupation of Sunday, it was dedi. “ The little villa we saw in 1828, bore cated to devotion in your family, when I more the resemblance of a country village often read sermon after you had read the in England, than to huts for slaves. I prayers of the Church, surrounded by all admired it, and said to my late friend (Mr youroverseers, servants, and house slaves, Jones), how many country peasants in and the whole of the estate had orders Europe would feel happy if they had such to attend at the school-house every evencomfortable dwellings to put their fami- ing, to join in prayers, &c. Such is the
What infamous and dangerous employments colonial judges are thus compelled to undertake, by those who are suffered to rule and to trample upon our colonies !!
statement which I can with truth solemnly “If the united wisdom of Wilberforce give to the anonymous witnesses whom the and Buxton had been consulted to make Anti-slavery Reporter mentions, and no an estate happy, the illustration was to be doubt these persons will be found as little found at Bel Ombre, which proved the entitled to credit as those already brought anxiety of the owner to do his duty to forward before the select Committee of the God and to his fellow creatures the House of Commons, whose PERJURIES were slaves. The Anti-slavery Reporter, No. rendered evident BY THE OATHS of those 44, is a pampbiet replete with misrepremen in my own regiment, whom they sentation, and its aim is to libel the conappealed to for corroboration !!”
stitution of the Mauritius, and to reflect About four years ago Mr Buxton,
discredit upon the Government at home.
The statements made by the said Reportwith his customary asperity, attacked
er, of the treatment of slaves in the MauMr Telfair's character in the House of Commons. In consequence of ritius, and upon the Bel Ombre, are false;
and rather than become the slave of a this, a lady, named MARY ANNE Berry, in a letter dated Warrington, and support to publications like No. 44
faction, the dupe of a party, to give aid 20 April, 1827, wrote Mrs ADMIRAL
of the Anti-slavery Monthly Reporter, I Chamberlaine, mother to Mrs Tel
would prefer to be a slave on the Bel fair, thus :
Ombre estate." PATRICK SALTER, Esq. “ Had I been asked to point out two acting registrar of slaves in the Mauritius, men in the Colony of Mauritius, against on the 7th Sept. 1829, writes Mr whom such an accusation would have been Telfair thus : “ I have perused with brought by any person of respectability, horror, indignation, and utter contempt, an Mr FARQUHAR and Mr Telpair would attack that is made upon you in the 44th have been the last in my mind, they would number of the Anti-slavery Reporter. have been the most remote from any sug
I feel it incumbent on me to declare sopicion. Mr Telfair stood amongst the lemnly my perfect conviction, that never highest, not only for science and general was any individual so deeply injured by knowledge, but still more so as a man of
an abuse of the liberty of the press. I integrity and philanthropy. Never did I DECLARE TO God I never heard of such hear him accused of severity towards his cruelties as those alluded to in the Antislaves, never in one single instance! On slavery Reporter at Bel Ombre, nor on the 26th April, 1820, I reached Bel any other estate of the colony." &c. &c. Ombre, on a visit to Mrs Telfair, and I remained her guest till the 7th July fol
To add testimonies to the same lowing. During that time I never saw effect, is deemed superfluous. Is it nor heard of any act of cruelty, nor even possible, my Lord Duke, to conceive of severity, towards his slaves. On the any thing more hideous, iniquitous, contrary, I witnessed many instances of and reprehensible, than such prohis fatherly care and kindness towards ceedings on the part of the antithem. As much wine was sent to the colonists? No British subject can hospital as Dr Desnoyers chose to order
, patiently submit to have his characand sometimes I thought profusely. On ter thus murdered by the most prothe 21 May I went to the school, and Aligate falsehoods, nor can the coloheard the children, about fifty-spell
, nists ever be brought to believe that read, sing, and pray. The two last exercises were very affecting and gratifying.
the government of their country in. All seemed to have made a wonderful
tends to do them justice, or to afford progress, particularly in their prayers.
them security and protection, while To hear so many little voices listed up in the part of their enemies, are conti
such proceedings and such libels, on praise of their Maker and Redeemer, affected me even to tears. Mrs Telfair
nued uncensured and unpunished. was so much afraid of the slaves being If the Colonial Office did its duty, overworked, that I frequently thought such things uttered, either in Parliathat she sometimes ran a little into the
ment or out of Parliament, would opposite extreme. I never saw a black instantly be noticed, replied to, and household servant in the isle of France refuted. But no such thing is done, do a tithe of the work done by many female
and the mischievous lies circulated servants in England. There is no starv- over this country, consequently, reing population in the country; no beggars; main uncontradicted, and are left to would I could say so here !".
work the mischief which they were J. ALEXANDER, Esq., chief of the calculated to do. ordnance department, Mauritius, on the Yet the authors of such falsehoods 17th Oct. 1829, writes Mr Telfair thus ; and such misrepresentations, are the